Decimal.CompareTo Decimal.CompareTo Decimal.CompareTo Decimal.CompareTo Method

定義

將這個執行個體與指定的物件或 Decimal 相比較,並傳回它們的相對值指示。Compares this instance to a specified object or Decimal and returns an indication of their relative values.

多載

CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal)

將這個執行個體與指定的 Decimal 物件相比較,並傳回其相對值的比較。Compares this instance to a specified Decimal object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object)

將這個執行個體與指定的物件相比較,並傳回它們相對值的比較。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal) CompareTo(Decimal)

將這個執行個體與指定的 Decimal 物件相比較,並傳回其相對值的比較。Compares this instance to a specified Decimal object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Decimal value);
public int CompareTo (decimal value);
abstract member CompareTo : decimal -> int
override this.CompareTo : decimal -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Decimal) As Integer

參數

value
Decimal Decimal Decimal Decimal

與這個執行個體相互比較的物件。The object to compare with this instance.

傳回

帶正負號的數字,指出這個執行個體與 value 的相對值。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

傳回值Return value 意義Meaning
小於零Less than zero 這個執行個體小於 valueThis instance is less than value.
Zero 這個執行個體等於 valueThis instance is equal to value.
大於零Greater than zero 這個執行個體大於 valueThis instance is greater than value.

實作

範例

下列程式碼範例示範CompareTo方法的泛型和非泛型版本,以用於數個值和參考型別。The following code example demonstrates generic and nongeneric versions of the CompareTo method for several value and reference types.

// This example demonstrates the two versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The general version takes a parameter of type Object, while the specific
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.
using namespace System;

void Show( String^ caption, Object^ var1, Object^ var2, int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric )
{
   String^ relation;
   Console::Write( caption );
   if ( resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric )
   {
      if ( resultGeneric < 0 )
            relation = "less than";
      else
      if ( resultGeneric > 0 )
            relation = "greater than";
      else
            relation = "equal to";
      Console::WriteLine( "{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2 );
   }
   // The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
   // CompareTo methods are equivalent.
   else
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric );
   }
}

int main()
{
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   String^ msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}"
   "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";
   Object^ obj; // An Object used to insure CompareTo(Object) is called.

   DateTime now = DateTime::Now;
   
   // Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
   TimeSpan tsX = TimeSpan(11,22,33,44);
   
   // Version = 1.2.333.4
   Version^ versX = gcnew Version(  "1.2.333.4" );
   
   // Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
   Guid guidX = Guid( "{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");
   Boolean a1 = true,a2 = true;
   Byte b1 = 1,b2 = 1;
   Int16 c1 = -2,c2 = 2;
   Int32 d1 = 3,d2 = 3;
   Int64 e1 = 4,e2 = -4;
   Decimal f1 = Decimal(-5.5), f2 = Decimal(5.5);
   Single g1 = 6.6f,g2 = 6.6f;
   Double h1 = 7.7,h2 = -7.7;
   Char i1 = 'A',i2 = 'A';
   String^ j1 = "abc", ^j2 = "abc";
   DateTime k1 = now,k2 = now;
   TimeSpan l1 = tsX,l2 = tsX;
   Version^ m1 = versX, ^m2 = gcnew Version(  "2.0" );
   Guid n1 = guidX,n2 = guidX;
   
   // The following types are not CLS-compliant.
   SByte w1 = 8,w2 = 8;
   UInt16 x1 = 9,x2 = 9;
   UInt32 y1 = 10,y2 = 10;
   UInt64 z1 = 11,z2 = 11;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( msg, nl );
   try
   {
      Show( "Boolean: ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo( a2 ), a1.CompareTo( a2 ) );
      Show( "Byte:    ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo( b2 ), b1.CompareTo( b2 ) );
      Show( "Int16:   ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo( c2 ), c1.CompareTo( c2 ) );
      Show( "Int32:   ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo( d2 ), d1.CompareTo( d2 ) );
      Show( "Int64:   ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo( e2 ), e1.CompareTo( e2 ) );
      Show( "Decimal: ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo( f2 ), f1.CompareTo( f2 ) );
      Show( "Single:  ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo( g2 ), g1.CompareTo( g2 ) );
      Show( "Double:  ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo( h2 ), h1.CompareTo( h2 ) );
      Show( "Char:    ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo( i2 ), i1.CompareTo( i2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the String object.
      obj = j2;
      Show( "String:  ", j1, j2, j1->CompareTo( j2 ), j1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show( "DateTime:", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo( k2 ), k1.CompareTo( k2 ) );
      Show(  "TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo( l2 ), l1.CompareTo( l2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the Version object.
      obj = m2;
      Show(  "Version:  ", m1, m2, m1->CompareTo( m2 ), m1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show(  "Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo( n2 ), n1.CompareTo( n2 ) );
      
      //
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl );
      Show( "SByte:   ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo( w2 ), w1.CompareTo( w2 ) );
      Show( "UInt16:  ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo( x2 ), x1.CompareTo( x2 ) );
      Show( "UInt32:  ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo( y2 ), y1.CompareTo( y2 ) );
      Show( "UInt64:  ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo( z2 ), z1.CompareTo( z2 ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

}
//     This example displays the following output:
//     
//     The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
//     CompareTo method for several base types:
//     
//     Boolean:  True is equal to True
//     Byte:     1 is equal to 1
//     Int16:    -2 is less than 2
//     Int32:    3 is equal to 3
//     Int64:    4 is greater than -4
//     Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
//     Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
//     Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
//     Char:     A is equal to A
//     String:   abc is equal to abc
//     DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
//     TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
//     Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
//     Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
//     aa0057b223
//     
//     The following types are not CLS-compliant:
//     SByte:    8 is equal to 8
//     UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
//     UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
//     UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
// This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string    nl = Environment.NewLine;
    string    msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" +
                    "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";

    DateTime  now = DateTime.Now;
// Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
    TimeSpan  tsX = new TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44); 
// Version = 1.2.333.4
    Version   versX = new Version("1.2.333.4");  
// Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
    Guid      guidX = new Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");

    Boolean  a1 = true,  a2 = true;
    Byte     b1 = 1,     b2 = 1;
    Int16    c1 = -2,    c2 = 2;
    Int32    d1 = 3,     d2 = 3;
    Int64    e1 = 4,     e2 = -4;
    Decimal  f1 = -5.5m, f2 = 5.5m;
    Single   g1 = 6.6f,  g2 = 6.6f;
    Double   h1 = 7.7d,  h2 = -7.7d;
    Char     i1 = 'A',   i2 = 'A';
    String   j1 = "abc", j2 = "abc";
    DateTime k1 = now,   k2 = now;
    TimeSpan l1 = tsX,   l2 = tsX;
    Version  m1 = versX, m2 = new Version("2.0");
    Guid     n1 = guidX, n2 = guidX;

// The following types are not CLS-compliant.
    SByte    w1 = 8,     w2 = 8;
    UInt16   x1 = 9,     x2 = 9;
    UInt32   y1 = 10,    y2 = 10;
    UInt64   z1 = 11,    z2 = 11;
//
    Console.WriteLine(msg, nl);
    try 
        {
// The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
// the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

        Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo((Object)a2));
        Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo((Object)b2));
        Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo((Object)c2));
        Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo((Object)d2));
        Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo((Object)e2));
        Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo((Object)f2));
        Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo((Object)g2));
        Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo((Object)h2));
        Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo((Object)i2));
        Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo((Object)j2));
        Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo((Object)k2));
        Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo((Object)l2));
        Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo((Object)m2));
        Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo((Object)n2));
//
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl);
        Show("SByte:    ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo(w2), w1.CompareTo((Object)w2));
        Show("UInt16:   ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo(x2), x1.CompareTo((Object)x2));
        Show("UInt32:   ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo(y2), y1.CompareTo((Object)y2));
        Show("UInt64:   ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo(z2), z1.CompareTo((Object)z2));
        }
    catch (Exception e)
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
    }

    public static void Show(string caption, Object var1, Object var2, 
                            int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric)
    {
    string relation;

    Console.Write(caption);
    if (resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric) 
        {
        if      (resultGeneric < 0) relation = "less than";
        else if (resultGeneric > 0) relation = "greater than";
        else                        relation = "equal to";
        Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2);
        }

// The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
// CompareTo methods are equivalent.

    else
        {
        Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", 
                           resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric);
        }
   }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
CompareTo method for several base types:

Boolean:  True is equal to True
Byte:     1 is equal to 1
Int16:    -2 is less than 2
Int32:    3 is equal to 3
Int64:    4 is greater than -4
Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
Char:     A is equal to A
String:   abc is equal to abc
DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
aa0057b223

The following types are not CLS-compliant:
SByte:    8 is equal to 8
UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
*/
' This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
' CompareTo method for several base types.
' The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
' version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      Dim msg As String = _
          "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" & _
          "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}"
      
      Dim now As DateTime = DateTime.Now
      ' Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
      Dim tsX As New TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44)
      ' Version = 1.2.333.4
      Dim versX As New Version("1.2.333.4")
      ' Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
      Dim guidX As New Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}")
      
      Dim a1 As [Boolean] = True,    a2 As [Boolean] = True
      Dim b1 As [Byte] = 1,          b2 As [Byte] = 1
      Dim c1 As Int16 = -2,          c2 As Int16 = 2
      Dim d1 As Int32 = 3,           d2 As Int32 = 3
      Dim e1 As Int64 = 4,           e2 As Int64 = -4
      Dim f1 As [Decimal] = -5.5D,   f2 As [Decimal] = 5.5D
      Dim g1 As [Single] = 6.6F,     g2 As [Single] = 6.6F
      Dim h1 As [Double] = 7.7,      h2 As [Double] = -7.7
      Dim i1 As [Char] = "A"c,       i2 As [Char] = "A"c
      Dim j1 As String = "abc",      j2 As String = "abc"
      Dim k1 As DateTime = now,      k2 As DateTime = now
      Dim l1 As TimeSpan = tsX,      l2 As TimeSpan = tsX
      Dim m1 As Version = versX,     m2 As New Version("2.0")
      Dim n1 As Guid = guidX,        n2 As Guid = guidX
      
      ' The following types are not CLS-compliant.
      ' SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64

      Console.WriteLine(msg, nl)
      Try
         ' The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
         ' the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

         Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo(CObj(a2)))
         Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo(CObj(b2)))
         Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo(CObj(c2)))
         Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo(CObj(d2)))
         Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo(CObj(e2)))
         Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo(CObj(f2)))
         Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo(CObj(g2)))
         Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo(CObj(h2)))
         Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo(CObj(i2)))
         Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo(CObj(j2)))
         Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo(CObj(k2)))
         Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo(CObj(l2)))
         Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo(CObj(m2)))
         Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo(CObj(n2)))
         '
         Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl)
         Console.WriteLine("SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64")

      Catch e As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(e)
      End Try
   End Sub 'Main
   
   Public Shared Sub Show(caption As String, var1 As [Object], var2 As [Object], _
                          resultGeneric As Integer, resultNonGeneric As Integer)
      Dim relation As String
      
      Console.Write(caption)
      If resultGeneric = resultNonGeneric Then
         If resultGeneric < 0 Then
            relation = "less than"
         ElseIf resultGeneric > 0 Then
            relation = "greater than"
         Else
            relation = "equal to"
         End If
         Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2)
      
      ' The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
      ' CompareTo methods are equivalent.

      Else
         Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", _
                            resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric)
      End If
   End Sub 'Show
End Class 'Sample
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
'CompareTo method for several base types:
'
'Boolean:  True is equal to True
'Byte:     1 is equal to 1
'Int16:    -2 is less than 2
'Int32:    3 is equal to 3
'Int64:    4 is greater than -4
'Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
'Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
'Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
'Char:     A is equal to A
'String:   abc is equal to abc
'DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
'TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
'Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
'Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
'aa0057b223
'
'The following types are not CLS-compliant:
'SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64
'

備註

這個方法System.IComparable<T>會實作用介面,而且執行Decimal.CompareTo方式稍微優於方法,因為它value不需要將參數轉換成物件。This method implements the System.IComparable<T> interface and performs slightly better than the Decimal.CompareTo method because it does not have to convert the value parameter to an object.

視您的程式設計語言而定,可能會將CompareTo方法編碼為參數類型的位(較窄),而不是實例類型。Depending on your programming language, it might be possible to code a CompareTo method where the parameter type has fewer bits (is narrower) than the instance type. 這是可行的,因為有些程式設計語言會執行隱含的擴輾轉換,將參數表示為具有與實例多個位的類型。This is possible because some programming languages perform an implicit widening conversion that represents the parameter as a type with as many bits as the instance.

例如,假設實例型別為Int32 ,且參數型別為。 ByteFor example, suppose the instance type is Int32 and the parameter type is Byte. C# Microsoft 編譯器會產生指示,將參數表示為Int32物件Int32.CompareTo ,然後產生Int32方法來比較實例的值和Int32參數表示。The Microsoft C# compiler generates instructions to represent the parameter as an Int32 object, then generates a Int32.CompareTo method to compare the values of the Int32 instance and the Int32 parameter representation.

請參閱程式設計語言的檔,以判斷其編譯器是否對數數值型別執行隱含的擴輾轉換。Consult your programming language's documentation to determine whether its compiler performs implicit widening conversions on numeric types.

另請參閱

CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object)

將這個執行個體與指定的物件相比較,並傳回它們相對值的比較。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Object ^ value);
public int CompareTo (object value);
abstract member CompareTo : obj -> int
override this.CompareTo : obj -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Object) As Integer

參數

value
Object Object Object Object

要與這個執行個體比較的物件,或為 nullThe object to compare with this instance, or null.

傳回

帶正負號的數字,指出這個執行個體與 value 的相對值。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

傳回值Return value 意義Meaning
小於零Less than zero 這個執行個體小於 valueThis instance is less than value.
Zero 這個執行個體等於 valueThis instance is equal to value.
大於零Greater than zero 這個執行個體大於 valueThis instance is greater than value. -或--or- valuenullvalue is null.

實作

例外狀況

範例

下列程式碼範例會使用Decimal CompareTo方法,將數個和Decimal其他物件與參考值進行比較。The following code example compares several Decimal and other objects to a reference Decimal value using the CompareTo method.

// Example of the Decimal::CompareTo and Decimal::Equals instance 
// methods.
using namespace System;

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Compare the Decimal to the Object parameters, 
// and display the Object parameters with the results.
void CompDecimalToObject( Decimal Left, Object^ Right, String^ RightText )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", String::Concat( "Object: ", RightText ), Right );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( Object )", Left.Equals( Right ) );
   Console::Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( Object )" );
   try
   {
      
      // Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}\n", Left.CompareTo( Right ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}\n", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
   }

}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal::Equals( Object* ) and \n"
   "Decimal::CompareTo( Object* ) methods generates the \n"
   "following output. It creates several different "
   "Decimal \nvalues and compares them with the following "
   "reference value.\n" );
   
   // Create a reference Decimal value.
   Decimal Left = Decimal(987.654);
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}\n", "Left: Decimal( 987.654 )", Left );
   
   // Create objects to compare with the reference.
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal(9.8765400E+2), "Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal::Parse( "987.6541" ), "Decimal::Parse( \"987.6541\" )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal::Parse( "987.6539" ), "Decimal::Parse( \"987.6539\" )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal(987654000,0,0,false,6), "Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, "Double 9.8765400E+2" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", "String \"987.654\"" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal::Equals( Object* ) and
Decimal::CompareTo( Object* ) methods generates the
following output. It creates several different Decimal
values and compares them with the following reference value.

Left: Decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654

Object: Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0

Object: Decimal::Parse( "987.6541" )          987.6541
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      -1

Object: Decimal::Parse( "987.6539" )          987.6539
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      1

Object: Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
Left.Equals( Object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0

Object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException

Object: String "987.654"                      987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException
*/
// Example of the decimal.CompareTo and decimal.Equals instance 
// methods.
using System;

class DecCompToEqualsObjDemo
{
    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Compare the decimal to the object parameters, 
    // and display the object parameters with the results.
    public static void CompDecimalToObject( decimal Left, 
        object Right, string RightText )
    {

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "object: "+RightText, 
            Right );
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( object )", 
            Left.Equals( Right ) );
        Console.Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( object )" );

        try
        {
            // Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}\n", Left.CompareTo( Right ) );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}\n", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
        }
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the decimal.Equals( object ) and \n" +
            "decimal.CompareTo( object ) methods generates the \n" +
            "following output. It creates several different " +
            "decimal \nvalues and compares them with the following " +
            "reference value.\n" );

        // Create a reference decimal value.
        decimal Left = new decimal( 987.654 );

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}\n", 
            "Left: decimal( 987.654 )", Left );

        // Create objects to compare with the reference.
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, new decimal( 9.8765400E+2 ), 
            "decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6541M, "987.6541D" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6539M, "987.6539D" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 
            new decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 ), 
            "decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, 
            "Double 9.8765400E+2" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", "String \"987.654\"" );
    }
}

/*
This example of the decimal.Equals( object ) and
decimal.CompareTo( object ) methods generates the
following output. It creates several different decimal
values and compares them with the following reference value.

Left: decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654

object: decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( object )                      0

object: 987.6541D                             987.6541
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      -1

object: 987.6539D                             987.6539
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      1

object: decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
Left.Equals( object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( object )                      0

object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      ArgumentException

object: String "987.654"                      987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      ArgumentException
*/ 
' Example of the Decimal.CompareTo and Decimal.Equals instance methods.
Module DecCompToEqualsObjDemo
    
    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    ' Compare the Decimal to the Object parameters, 
    ' and display the Object parameters with the results.
    Sub CompDecimalToObject( Left as Decimal, Right as Object, _
        RightText as String )

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Object: " & RightText, _
            Right )
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( Object )", _
            Left.Equals( Right ) )
        Console.Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( Object )" )

        ' Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
        Try
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}" & vbCrLf, _
                Left.CompareTo( Right ) )
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}" & vbCrLf, _
                GetExceptionType( ex ) )
        End Try
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the Decimal.Equals( Object ) " & _
            "and " & vbCrLf & "Decimal.CompareTo( Object ) " & _
            "methods generates the " & vbCrLf & _
            "following output. It creates several different " & _
            "Decimal " & vbCrLf & "values and compares them " & _
            "with the following reference value." & vbCrLf )

        ' Create a reference Decimal value.
        Dim Left as New Decimal( 987.654 )

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}" & vbCrLf, _
            "Left: Decimal( 987.654 )", Left )

        ' Create objects to compare with the reference.
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, New Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 ), _
            "Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6541D, "987.6541D" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6539D, "987.6539D" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, _
            New Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 ), _
            "Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, _
            "Double 9.8765400E+2" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", _
            "String ""987.654""" )
    End Sub
End Module 

' This example of the Decimal.Equals( Object ) and
' Decimal.CompareTo( Object ) methods generates the
' following output. It creates several different Decimal
' values and compares them with the following reference value.
' 
' Left: Decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654
' 
' Object: Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         True
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0
' 
' Object: 987.6541D                             987.6541
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      -1
' 
' Object: 987.6539D                             987.6539
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      1
' 
' Object: Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
' Left.Equals( Object )                         True
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0
' 
' Object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException
' 
' Object: String "987.654"                      987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException

備註

任何實例Decimal(不論其值為何)都會被視為null大於。Any instance of Decimal, regardless of its value, is considered greater than null.

參數value必須是null或的實例Decimal,否則會擲回例外狀況。Parameter value must be null or an instance of Decimal; otherwise, an exception is thrown.

另請參閱

適用於