Enum.GetUnderlyingType(Type) 方法

定義

傳回指定列舉的基礎類型。Returns the underlying type of the specified enumeration.

public:
 static Type ^ GetUnderlyingType(Type ^ enumType);
public static Type GetUnderlyingType (Type enumType);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public static Type GetUnderlyingType (Type enumType);
static member GetUnderlyingType : Type -> Type
Public Shared Function GetUnderlyingType (enumType As Type) As Type

參數

enumType
Type

要擷取其基礎類型的列舉。The enumeration whose underlying type will be retrieved.

傳回

enumType 的基礎類型。The underlying type of enumType.

屬性

例外狀況

enumTypenullenumType is null.

enumType 不是 EnumenumType is not an Enum.

範例

下列範例會呼叫 GetUnderlyingType 方法,以顯示某些列舉成員的基礎類型。The following example calls the GetUnderlyingType method to display the underlying type of some enumeration members.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Enum[] enumValues = { ConsoleColor.Red, DayOfWeek.Monday, 
                            MidpointRounding.ToEven, PlatformID.Win32NT, 
                            DateTimeKind.Utc, StringComparison.Ordinal };
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}\n", 
                        "Member", "Enumeration", "Underlying Type");
      foreach (var enumValue in enumValues)
         DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue);
   }

   static void DisplayEnumInfo(Enum enumValue)
   {
      Type enumType = enumValue.GetType();
      Type underlyingType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType(enumType);
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}",
                        enumValue, enumType.Name, underlyingType.Name);   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Member            Enumeration   Underlying Type
//       
//       Red              ConsoleColor             Int32
//       Monday              DayOfWeek             Int32
//       ToEven       MidpointRounding             Int32
//       Win32NT            PlatformID             Int32
//       Utc              DateTimeKind             Int32
//       Ordinal      StringComparison             Int32
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim enumValues() As [Enum] = { ConsoleColor.Red, DayOfWeek.Monday, 
                                     MidpointRounding.ToEven, PlatformID.Win32NT, 
                                     DateTimeKind.Utc, StringComparison.Ordinal }
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}", 
                        "Member", "Enumeration", "Underlying Type")
      Console.WriteLine()
      For Each enumValue In enumValues
         DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue)
      Next
   End Sub

   Sub DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue As [Enum])
      Dim enumType As Type = enumValue.GetType()
      Dim underlyingType As Type = [Enum].GetUnderlyingType(enumType)
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}",
                        enumValue, enumType.Name, underlyingType.Name)   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Member            Enumeration   Underlying Type
'       
'       Red              ConsoleColor             Int32
'       Monday              DayOfWeek             Int32
'       ToEven       MidpointRounding             Int32
'       Win32NT            PlatformID             Int32
'       Utc              DateTimeKind             Int32
'       Ordinal      StringComparison             Int32

備註

Enum 結構可讓值以指名的常數表示。The Enum structure enables values to be represented as named constants. 列舉值的資料類型稱為其基礎類型。The data type of the enumeration's values is known as its underlying type. 例如,DayOfWeek 列舉的基礎類型,其中包含代表一周每一天的常數(DayOfWeek.MondayDayOfWeek.Tuesday等等 Int32)。For example, the underlying type of the DayOfWeek enumeration, which consists of constants that represent each day of the week (DayOfWeek.Monday, DayOfWeek.Tuesday, and so on), is Int32.

適用於

另請參閱