Enumerable.Count 方法

定義

傳回序列中的項目數。

多載

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列中的項目數。

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回數字,代表指定之序列中符合條件的項目數目。

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列中的項目數。

public:
generic <typename TSource>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static int Count(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source);
public static int Count<TSource> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source);
static member Count : seq<'Source> -> int
<Extension()>
Public Function Count(Of TSource) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource)) As Integer

類型參數

TSource

source 項目的類型。

參數

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

包含要計算之項目的序列。

傳回

Int32

輸入序列中的項目數目。

例外狀況

sourcenull

source 中的項目數目大於 MaxValue

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用 Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>) 來計算陣列中的專案。

string[] fruits = { "apple", "banana", "mango", "orange", "passionfruit", "grape" };

try
{
    int numberOfFruits = fruits.Count();
    Console.WriteLine(
        "There are {0} fruits in the collection.",
        numberOfFruits);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
    Console.WriteLine("The count is too large to store as an Int32.");
    Console.WriteLine("Try using the LongCount() method instead.");
}

// This code produces the following output:
//
// There are 6 fruits in the collection.
' Create an array of strings.
Dim fruits() As String = {"apple", "banana", "mango", "orange", "passionfruit", "grape"}

Try
    ' Count the number of items in the array.
    Dim numberOfFruits As Integer = fruits.Count()
    ' Display the output.
    Console.WriteLine($"There are {numberOfFruits} fruits in the collection.")
Catch e As OverflowException
    Console.WriteLine("The count is too large to store as an Int32. Try using LongCount() instead.")
End Try

' This code produces the following output:
'
' There are 6 fruits in the collection.

備註

如果 的型 source 別實作 ICollection<T> ,則會使用該實作來取得元素計數。 否則,這個方法會決定計數。

LongCount當您預期且想要允許結果大於 MaxValue 時,請使用 方法。

在Visual Basic查詢運算式語法中, Aggregate Into Count() 子句會轉譯為 的 Count 調用。

另請參閱

適用於

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回數字,代表指定之序列中符合條件的項目數目。

public:
generic <typename TSource>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static int Count(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, bool> ^ predicate);
public static int Count<TSource> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,bool> predicate);
static member Count : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, bool> -> int
<Extension()>
Public Function Count(Of TSource) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), predicate As Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) As Integer

類型參數

TSource

source 項目的類型。

參數

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

包含要測試及計算之項目的序列。

predicate
Func<TSource,Boolean>

用來測試每個項目是否符合條件的函式。

傳回

Int32

數字,代表序列中符合述詞函式之條件的項目數目。

例外狀況

sourcepredicatenull

source 中的項目數目大於 MaxValue

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用 Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>) 來計算陣列中滿足條件的專案。

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public bool Vaccinated { get; set; }
}

public static void CountEx2()
{
    Pet[] pets = { new Pet { Name="Barley", Vaccinated=true },
                   new Pet { Name="Boots", Vaccinated=false },
                   new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Vaccinated=false } };

    try
    {
        int numberUnvaccinated = pets.Count(p => p.Vaccinated == false);
        Console.WriteLine("There are {0} unvaccinated animals.", numberUnvaccinated);
    }
    catch (OverflowException)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The count is too large to store as an Int32.");
        Console.WriteLine("Try using the LongCount() method instead.");
    }
}

// This code produces the following output:
//
// There are 2 unvaccinated animals.
Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Vaccinated As Boolean
End Structure

Public Shared Sub CountEx2()
    ' Create an array of Pet objects.
    Dim pets() As Pet = {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Vaccinated = True},
                 New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Vaccinated = False},
                 New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Vaccinated = False}}

    Try
        ' Count the number of Pets in the array where the Vaccinated property is False.
        Dim numberUnvaccinated As Integer =
    pets.Count(Function(p) p.Vaccinated = False)
        ' Display the output.
        Console.WriteLine($"There are {numberUnvaccinated} unvaccinated animals.")
    Catch e As OverflowException
        Console.WriteLine("The count is too large to store as an Int32. Try using LongCount() instead.")
    End Try

End Sub

' This code produces the following output:
'
' There are 2 unvaccinated animals.

備註

如果 的型 source 別實作 ICollection<T> ,則會使用該實作來取得元素計數。 否則,這個方法會決定計數。

當您預期且想要允許結果大於 MaxValue 時,應該使用 LongCount 方法。

在Visual Basic查詢運算式語法中, Aggregate Into Count() 子句會轉譯為 的 Count 調用。

另請參閱

適用於