Queryable.OrderBy 方法

定義

依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order.

多載

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>)

依據索引鍵,按遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ OrderBy(System::Linq::IQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, TKey> ^> ^ keySelector, System::Collections::Generic::IComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderBy<TSource,TKey> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>> keySelector, System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<TKey> comparer);
public static System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderBy<TSource,TKey> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>> keySelector, System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<TKey>? comparer);
static member OrderBy : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, 'Key>> * System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<'Key> -> System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function OrderBy(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IQueryable(Of TSource), keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), comparer As IComparer(Of TKey)) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)

類型參數

TSource

source 項目的類型。The type of the elements of source.

TKey

keySelector 表示之函式所傳回索引鍵的型別。The type of the key returned by the function that is represented by keySelector.

參數

source
IQueryable<TSource>

要排序的值序列。A sequence of values to order.

keySelector
Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>

用來從項目擷取索引鍵的函式。A function to extract a key from an element.

comparer
IComparer<TKey>

用來比較金鑰的 IComparer<T>An IComparer<T> to compare keys.

傳回

IOrderedQueryable<TSource>

依據索引鍵排序其項目的 IOrderedQueryable<T>An IOrderedQueryable<T> whose elements are sorted according to a key.

例外狀況

sourcekeySelectorcomparernullsource or keySelector or comparer is null.

備註

這個方法至少有一個類型的參數 Expression<TDelegate> ,其型別引數是其中一種 Func<T,TResult> 類型。This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. 針對這些參數,您可以傳入 lambda 運算式,並將其編譯為 Expression<TDelegate>For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)方法 MethodCallExpression 會產生,代表呼叫 OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) 本身做為已建立的泛型方法。The OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) itself as a constructed generic method. 然後,它會將傳遞 MethodCallExpression 給以 CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) 參數的屬性所表示的方法 IQueryProvider Provider sourceIt then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. 呼叫的結果 CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) 會轉換成型別 IOrderedQueryable<T> 並傳回。The result of calling CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable<T> and returned.

執行表示呼叫的運算式樹狀架構所產生的查詢行為, OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) 取決於參數類型的實作為 sourceThe query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. 預期的行為是它會 source 根據在 keySelector 的每個專案上叫用所取得的索引鍵來排序的元素 sourceThe expected behavior is that it sorts the elements of source based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source. comparer參數是用來比較索引鍵。The comparer parameter is used to compare keys.

適用於

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>)

依據索引鍵,按遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ OrderBy(System::Linq::IQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, TKey> ^> ^ keySelector);
public static System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderBy<TSource,TKey> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>> keySelector);
static member OrderBy : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, 'Key>> -> System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function OrderBy(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IQueryable(Of TSource), keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey))) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)

類型參數

TSource

source 項目的類型。The type of the elements of source.

TKey

keySelector 表示之函式所傳回索引鍵的型別。The type of the key returned by the function that is represented by keySelector.

參數

source
IQueryable<TSource>

要排序的值序列。A sequence of values to order.

keySelector
Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>

用來從項目擷取索引鍵的函式。A function to extract a key from an element.

傳回

IOrderedQueryable<TSource>

依據索引鍵排序其項目的 IOrderedQueryable<T>An IOrderedQueryable<T> whose elements are sorted according to a key.

例外狀況

sourcekeySelectornullsource or keySelector is null.

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用 OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) 來排序序列的元素。The following code example demonstrates how to use OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) to sort the elements of a sequence.

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
}

public static void OrderByEx1()
{
    Pet[] pets = { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=8 },
                   new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=4 },
                   new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=1 } };

    // Sort the Pet objects in the array by Pet.Age.
    IEnumerable<Pet> query =
        pets.AsQueryable().OrderBy(pet => pet.Age);

    foreach (Pet pet in query)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}", pet.Name, pet.Age);
}

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    Whiskers - 1
    Boots - 4
    Barley - 8
*/

Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Age As Integer
End Structure

Shared Sub OrderByEx1()
    Dim pets() As Pet = {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Age = 8}, _
                         New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Age = 4}, _
                         New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Age = 1}}

    ' Sort the Pet objects in the array by Pet.Age.
    Dim query As IEnumerable(Of Pet) = _
                pets.AsQueryable().OrderBy(Function(pet) pet.Age)

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
    For Each pet As Pet In query
        output.AppendLine(String.Format("{0} - {1}", pet.Name, pet.Age))
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())
End Sub

' This code produces the following output:

' Whiskers - 1
' Boots - 4
' Barley - 8

備註

這個方法至少有一個類型的參數 Expression<TDelegate> ,其型別引數是其中一種 Func<T,TResult> 類型。This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. 針對這些參數,您可以傳入 lambda 運算式,並將其編譯為 Expression<TDelegate>For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>)方法 MethodCallExpression 會產生,代表呼叫 OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) 本身做為已建立的泛型方法。The OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) itself as a constructed generic method. 然後,它會將傳遞 MethodCallExpression 給以 CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) 參數的屬性所表示的方法 IQueryProvider Provider sourceIt then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. 呼叫的結果 CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) 會轉換成型別 IOrderedQueryable<T> 並傳回。The result of calling CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable<T> and returned.

執行表示呼叫的運算式樹狀架構所產生的查詢行為, OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) 取決於參數類型的實作為 sourceThe query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. 預期的行為是它會 source 根據在 keySelector 的每個專案上叫用所取得的索引鍵來排序的元素 sourceThe expected behavior is that it sorts the elements of source based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source.

適用於