BinaryMessageFormatter 類別

定義

使用二進位格式將訊息佇列訊息的主體序列化或還原序列化物件,或連接物件的整個圖解。Serializes or deserializes an object, or an entire graph of connected objects, to or from the body of a Message Queuing message, using a binary format.

public ref class BinaryMessageFormatter : ICloneable, System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter
public class BinaryMessageFormatter : ICloneable, System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter
type BinaryMessageFormatter = class
    interface IMessageFormatter
    interface ICloneable
Public Class BinaryMessageFormatter
Implements ICloneable, IMessageFormatter
繼承
BinaryMessageFormatter
實作

範例

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:

   //*************************************************
   // Creates a new queue.
   //*************************************************
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }


   //*************************************************
   // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
   //*************************************************
   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create a new bitmap.
         // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
         // you must give a full path to its location.
         Image^ myImage = Bitmap::FromFile( "SentImage::bmp" );
         
         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( myImage,gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter );
         
         // Send the image to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }


   //*************************************************
   // Receives a message containing an image.
   //*************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         
         // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue->Formatter = gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter;
         
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Bitmap^ myImage = static_cast<Bitmap^>(myMessage->Body);
         
         // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
         myImage->Save( "ReceivedImage::bmp", System::Drawing::Imaging::ImageFormat::Bmp );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }
      catch ( IOException^ e ) 
      {
         
         // Handle file access exceptions.
      }

      
      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }

};


//*************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//         
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//*************************************************
int main()
{
   
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;
   
   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
   
   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();
   
   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try{

                // Create a new bitmap.
                // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
                // you must give a full path to its location.
                Image myImage = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp");

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");
                
                Message myMessage = new Message(myImage, new BinaryMessageFormatter());

                // Send the image to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an image.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
                        
            try
            {

                // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

                // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
                myQueue.Formatter = new BinaryMessageFormatter();

                // Receive and format the message.
                System.Messaging.Message myMessage = myQueue.Receive();
                Bitmap myImage = (Bitmap)myMessage.Body;
                
                // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
                myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp",System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp);
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            catch (IOException e)
            {
                // Handle file access exceptions.
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO


Namespace MyProj
    _
   
   
   Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Create a queue on the local computer.
         CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Send a message to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage()
         
         ' Receive a message from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Creates a new queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
         Try
            If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
               MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
            End If
         Catch e As MessageQueueException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
      End Sub
       
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub SendMessage()
         Try
            
            ' Create a new bitmap.
            ' The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
            ' you must give a full path to its location.
            Dim myImage As Image = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp")
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            Dim myMessage As New Message(myImage, New BinaryMessageFormatter())
            
            ' Send the image to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try 
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Receives a message containing an image.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         
         Try
            
            ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = New BinaryMessageFormatter()
            
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As System.Messaging.Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myImage As Bitmap = CType(myMessage.Body, Bitmap)
            
            ' This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
            myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp", System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp)
         
         
         
         'Catch
         ' Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         
         Catch e As IOException
         End Try
         ' Handle file access exceptions.
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace 'MyProj

備註

重要

使用不信任的資料呼叫此類別的方法,會造成安全性上的風險。Calling methods from this class with untrusted data is a security risk. 呼叫此類別的方法時,請一律使用信任的資料。Call the methods from this class only with trusted data. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱資料驗證For more information, see Data Validation.

BinaryMessageFormatter 有效率,而且可以用來序列化大部分的物件。The BinaryMessageFormatter is very efficient and can be used to serialize most objects. 結果非常精簡且快速地剖析,但不允許像這樣的鬆散結合訊息 XmlMessageFormatterThe result is very compact and fast to parse, but does not allow for loosely coupled messaging as the XmlMessageFormatter does. 鬆散結合表示用戶端和伺服器可以獨立地版本傳送和接收的型別。Loosely coupled means that the client and the server can independently version the type that is sent and received.

當應用程式使用類別的實例將訊息傳送至佇列時 MessageQueue ,格式器會將物件序列化為數據流,並將它插入訊息主體中。When the application sends a message to the queue using an instance of the MessageQueue class, the formatter serializes the object into a stream and inserts it into the message body. 使用從佇列讀取時 MessageQueue ,格式器會將訊息資料還原序列化為的 Body 屬性 MessageWhen reading from a queue using a MessageQueue, the formatter deserializes the message data into the Body property of a Message.

BinaryMessageFormatter 提供比更快的輸送量 XmlMessageFormatterBinaryMessageFormatter provides faster throughput than the XmlMessageFormatter. BinaryMessageFormatter如果需要單純的速度而不是鬆散結合的訊息,請使用。Use the BinaryMessageFormatter when pure speed rather than loosely coupled messaging is desired.

建構函式

BinaryMessageFormatter()

初始化 BinaryMessageFormatter 類別的新執行個體,而不指定型別樣式或最上層物件組件樣式。Initializes a new instance of the BinaryMessageFormatter class without specifying a type style or top object assembly style.

BinaryMessageFormatter(FormatterAssemblyStyle, FormatterTypeStyle)

初始化 BinaryMessageFormatter 類別的新執行個體,指定根物件和型別描述的格式。Initializes a new instance of the BinaryMessageFormatter class, specifying the formats of the root object and the type descriptions.

屬性

TopObjectFormat

取得或設定值,定義在尋找和載入圖形之最上層 (根) 物件的組件時還原序列化它的方式。Gets or sets a value that defines how the top (root) object of a graph is deserialized with regards to finding and loading its assembly.

TypeFormat

取得或設定數值,定義如何在序列資料流中配置型別描述。Gets or sets a value that defines how type descriptions are laid out in the serialized stream.

方法

CanRead(Message)

決定格式子是否能夠還原序列化訊息的內容。Determines whether the formatter can deserialize the contents of the message.

Clone()

建立 BinaryMessageFormatter 類別的執行個體,其讀取/寫入屬性 (根物件和型別描述格式) 和目前的 BinaryMessageFormatter 相同。Creates an instance of the BinaryMessageFormatter class whose read/write properties (the root object and type description formats) are the same as the current BinaryMessageFormatter.

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
Read(Message)

讀取指定訊息的內容,並建立包含還原序列化訊息的物件。Reads the contents from the given message and creates an object that contains the deserialized message.

ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
Write(Message, Object)

將物件序列化到訊息主體中。Serializes an object into the body of the message.

適用於

另請參閱