ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform Class

定義

CryptoStream 轉換為 Base 64。Converts a CryptoStream to base 64.

public ref class ToBase64Transform : System::Security::Cryptography::ICryptoTransform
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ToBase64Transform : System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform
type ToBase64Transform = class
    interface ICryptoTransform
    interface IDisposable
Public Class ToBase64Transform
Implements ICryptoTransform
繼承
ToBase64TransformToBase64TransformToBase64TransformToBase64Transform
屬性
實作

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用成員ToBase64Transform類別。The following code example demonstrates how to use members of the ToBase64Transform class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;

ref class Members
{
public:
   [STAThread]
   static void Main()
   {
      String^ appPath = (String::Concat(
         System::IO::Directory::GetCurrentDirectory(), L"\\" ));
      
      // Insert your file names into this method call.
      EncodeFromFile( String::Concat( appPath, L"members.cpp" ),
         String::Concat( appPath, L"members.enc" ) );
      Console::WriteLine( L"This sample completed successfully; "
         L"press Enter to exit." );
      Console::ReadLine();
   }

private:
   // Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
   static void EncodeFromFile( String^ sourceFile, String^ targetFile )
   {
      // Verify members.cpp exists at the specified directory.
      if (  !File::Exists( sourceFile ) )
      {
         Console::Write( L"Unable to locate source file located at " );
         Console::WriteLine( L"{0}.", sourceFile );
         Console::Write( L"Please correct the path and run the " );
         Console::WriteLine( L"sample again." );
         return;
      }

      // Retrieve the input and output file streams.
      FileStream^ inputFileStream = gcnew FileStream(
         sourceFile,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read );
      FileStream^ outputFileStream = gcnew FileStream(
         targetFile,FileMode::Create,FileAccess::Write );

      // Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
      ToBase64Transform^ base64Transform = gcnew ToBase64Transform;

      // Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
      array<Byte>^outputBytes = gcnew array<Byte>(
         base64Transform->OutputBlockSize);

      // Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
      array<Byte>^inputBytes = gcnew array<Byte>(inputFileStream->Length);
      inputFileStream->Read( inputBytes, 0, inputBytes->Length );

      // Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
      if (  !base64Transform->CanTransformMultipleBlocks )
      {
         // Initializie the offset size.
         int inputOffset = 0;

         // Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
         int inputBlockSize = base64Transform->InputBlockSize;
         while ( inputBytes->Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize )
         {
            base64Transform->TransformBlock(
               inputBytes,
               inputOffset,
               inputBytes->Length - inputOffset,
               outputBytes,
               0 );

            inputOffset += base64Transform->InputBlockSize;
            outputFileStream->Write(
               outputBytes,
               0,
               base64Transform->OutputBlockSize );
         }
         
         // Transform the final block of data.
         outputBytes = base64Transform->TransformFinalBlock(
            inputBytes,
            inputOffset,
            inputBytes->Length - inputOffset );
         outputFileStream->Write( outputBytes, 0, outputBytes->Length );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Created encoded file at {0}", targetFile );
      }

      // Determine if the current transform can be reused.
      if (  !base64Transform->CanReuseTransform )
      {
         // Free up any used resources.
         base64Transform->Clear();
      }

      // Close file streams.
      inputFileStream->Close();
      outputFileStream->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Members::Main();
}

//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Created encoded file at C:\ConsoleApplication1\\membersvcs.enc
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

class Members
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        string appPath = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory() + "\\");

        // Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath + "members.cs", appPath + "members.enc");

        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
            "press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
    private static void EncodeFromFile(string sourceFile, string targetFile) 
    {
        // Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory.
        if (!File.Exists(sourceFile))
        {
            Console.Write("Unable to locate source file located at ");
            Console.WriteLine(sourceFile + ".");
            Console.Write("Please correct the path and run the ");
            Console.WriteLine("sample again.");
            return;
        }

        // Retrieve the input and output file streams.
        FileStream inputFileStream = 
            new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        FileStream outputFileStream = 
            new FileStream(targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write);

        // Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
        ToBase64Transform base64Transform = new ToBase64Transform();

        // Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
        byte[] outputBytes = new byte[base64Transform.OutputBlockSize];

        // Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
        byte[] inputBytes = new byte[inputFileStream.Length];
        inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length);

        // Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
        if (!base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks)
        {
            // Initializie the offset size.
            int inputOffset = 0;

            // Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
            int inputBlockSize = base64Transform.InputBlockSize;

            while(inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize)
            {
                base64Transform.TransformBlock(
                    inputBytes,
                    inputOffset,
                    inputBytes.Length - inputOffset,
                    outputBytes,
                    0);

                inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize;
                outputFileStream.Write(
                    outputBytes, 
                    0, 
                    base64Transform.OutputBlockSize);
            }

            // Transform the final block of data.
            outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock(
                inputBytes,
                inputOffset,
                inputBytes.Length - inputOffset);

            outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length);
            Console.WriteLine("Created encoded file at " + targetFile);
        }

        // Determine if the current transform can be reused.
        if (! base64Transform.CanReuseTransform)
        {
            // Free up any used resources.
            base64Transform.Clear();
        }

        // Close file streams.
        inputFileStream.Close();
        outputFileStream.Close();
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Created encoded file at C:\ConsoleApplication1\\membersvcs.enc
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    ' Event handler for Run button.
    Private Sub Button1_Click( _
        ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

        tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor
        tbxOutput.Text = ""

        Dim appPath As String
        appPath = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory() + "\\")

        ' Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath + "members.vb", appPath + "membersvb.enc")

        ' Reset the cursor and conclude application.
        tbxOutput.AppendText(vbCrLf + "This sample completed " + _
            "successfully; press Exit to continue.")
        tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.Default
    End Sub

    ' Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
    Private Sub EncodeFromFile( _
        ByVal sourceFile As String, _
        ByVal targetFile As String)

        ' Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory.
        If (Not File.Exists(sourceFile)) Then
            tbxOutput.AppendText("Unable to locate source file located at ")
            tbxOutput.AppendText(sourceFile + ". Please correct the path ")
            tbxOutput.AppendText("and run the sample again.")

            Exit Sub
        End If

        ' Retrieve the input and output file streams.
        Dim inputFileStream As New FileStream( _
            sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
        Dim outputFileStream As New FileStream( _
            targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

        ' Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
        Dim base64Transform As New ToBase64Transform

        ' Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
        Dim outputBytes(base64Transform.OutputBlockSize) As Byte

        ' Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
        Dim inputBytes(inputFileStream.Length) As Byte
        inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length)

        ' Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
        If (Not base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks) Then
            ' Initializie the offset size.
            Dim inputOffset As Integer = 0

            ' Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
            Dim inputBlockSize As Integer = base64Transform.InputBlockSize

            While (inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize)
                base64Transform.TransformBlock( _
                    inputBytes, _
                    inputOffset, _
                    inputBytes.Length - inputOffset, _
                    outputBytes, _
                    0)

                inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize
                outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, _
                    0, _
                    base64Transform.OutputBlockSize)
            End While

            ' Transform the final block of data.
            outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock( _
                inputBytes, _
                inputOffset, _
                inputBytes.Length - inputOffset)

            outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length)
            tbxOutput.AppendText("Created encoded file at " + targetFile)
        End If

        ' Determine if the current transform can be reused.
        If (Not base64Transform.CanReuseTransform) Then
            ' Free up any used resources.
            base64Transform.Clear()
        End If

        ' Close file streams.
        inputFileStream.Close()
        outputFileStream.Close()
    End Sub

    ' Event handler for Exit button.
    Private Sub Button2_Click( _
        ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click

        Application.Exit()
    End Sub
#Region " Windows Form Designer generated code "

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        'This call is required by the Windows Form Designer.
        InitializeComponent()

        'Add any initialization after the InitializeComponent() call

    End Sub

    'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
    Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                components.Dispose()
            End If
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    'Required by the Windows Form Designer
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

    'NOTE: The following procedure is required by the Windows Form Designer
    'It can be modified using the Windows Form Designer.  
    'Do not modify it using the code editor.
    Friend WithEvents Panel2 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
    Friend WithEvents Panel1 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
    Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents tbxOutput As System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
    <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> _
    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.Panel2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Panel1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Me.tbxOutput = New System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
        Me.Panel2.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Panel1.SuspendLayout()
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        '
        'Panel2
        '
        Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
        Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
        Me.Panel2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom
        Me.Panel2.DockPadding.All = 20
        Me.Panel2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 320)
        Me.Panel2.Name = "Panel2"
        Me.Panel2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 64)
        Me.Panel2.TabIndex = 1
        '
        'Button1
        '
        Me.Button1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
        Me.Button1.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
            "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
            9.0!, _
            System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
            System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
            CType(0, Byte))
        Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(446, 20)
        Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
        Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
        Me.Button1.TabIndex = 2
        Me.Button1.Text = "&Run"
        '
        'Button2
        '
        Me.Button2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
        Me.Button2.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
            "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
            9.0!, _
            System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
            System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
            CType(0, Byte))
        Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(521, 20)
        Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
        Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
        Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
        Me.Button2.Text = "E&xit"
        '
        'Panel1
        '
        Me.Panel1.Controls.Add(Me.tbxOutput)
        Me.Panel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
        Me.Panel1.DockPadding.All = 20
        Me.Panel1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
        Me.Panel1.Name = "Panel1"
        Me.Panel1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 320)
        Me.Panel1.TabIndex = 2
        '
        'tbxOutput
        '
        Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleDescription = _
            "Displays output from application."
        Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleName = "Output textbox."
        Me.tbxOutput.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
        Me.tbxOutput.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(20, 20)
        Me.tbxOutput.Name = "tbxOutput"
        Me.tbxOutput.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(576, 280)
        Me.tbxOutput.TabIndex = 1
        Me.tbxOutput.Text = "Click the Run button to run the application."
        '
        'Form1
        '
        Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(6, 15)
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 384)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel2)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "ToBase64Transform"
        Me.Panel2.ResumeLayout(False)
        Me.Panel1.ResumeLayout(False)
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

#End Region
End Class
'
' This sample produces the following output:
'
' Created encoded file at C:\WindowsApplication1\\membersvb.enc
' This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.

備註

Base 64 內容轉移編碼代表任意的位元序列的形式為人類無法讀取。Base 64 Content-Transfer-Encoding represents arbitrary bit sequences in a form that is not human readable.

建構函式

ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform()

初始化 ToBase64Transform 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the ToBase64Transform class.

屬性

CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform

取得值,表示目前的轉換是否可重複使用。Gets a value indicating whether the current transform can be reused.

CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks

取得值,指出多個區塊是否可以轉換。Gets a value that indicates whether multiple blocks can be transformed.

InputBlockSize InputBlockSize InputBlockSize InputBlockSize

取得輸入區塊的大小。Gets the input block size.

OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize

取得輸出區塊的大小。Gets the output block size.

方法

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

釋放 ToBase64Transform 所使用的所有資源。Releases all resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

釋放 ToBase64Transform 類別目前的執行個體所使用的全部資源。Releases all resources used by the current instance of the ToBase64Transform class.

Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

釋放 ToBase64Transform 所使用的 Unmanaged 資源,並選擇性地釋放 Managed 資源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
Finalize() Finalize() Finalize() Finalize()

釋放由 ToBase64Transform 使用的 Unmanaged 資源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32)

將輸入位元組陣列的指定區域轉換為 Base 64,並且將結果複製至輸出位元組陣列的指定區域。Converts the specified region of the input byte array to base 64 and copies the result to the specified region of the output byte array.

TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

將指定位元組陣列的指定區域轉換為 Base 64。Converts the specified region of the specified byte array to base 64.

明確介面實作

IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose()

釋放由 ToBase64Transform 使用的 Unmanaged 資源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

適用於

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