MessageParameterAttribute 類別

定義

控制要求的名稱並回應參數名稱。Controls the name of the request and response parameter names. 不能與 Message 或訊息合約一起使用。Cannot be used with Message or message contracts.

public ref class MessageParameterAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, Inherited=false)]
public sealed class MessageParameterAttribute : Attribute
[<System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, Inherited=false)>]
type MessageParameterAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class MessageParameterAttribute
Inherits Attribute
繼承
MessageParameterAttribute
屬性

範例

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用 MessageParameterAttribute 建立參數的名稱以及中繼資料內的傳回值。The following code example shows the use of MessageParameterAttribute to establish the name of the parameter and the return value in metadata.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Text;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation")]
  public interface ISampleService{
    [OperationContract]
    [return:MessageParameter(Name = "Output")]
    string SampleMethod([MessageParameter(Name = "Input")]string msg);
  }

  /*
   The preceding use of MessageParameterAttribute generates the following XSD:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
  <xs:schema
    elementFormDefault="qualified"
    targetNamespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation"
    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
    xmlns:tns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
    <xs:element name="SampleMethod">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Input" nillable="true" type="xs:string" />
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
    <xs:element name="SampleMethodResponse">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Output" nillable="true" type="xs:string" />
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
  </xs:schema>

   And the message sent is edited for clarity:
  <s:Body>
    <SampleMethod xmlns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
      <Input>hello!</Input>
    </SampleMethod>
  </s:Body>
   */
Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.Text

Namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
  <ServiceContract(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation")> _
  Public Interface ISampleService
    <OperationContract> _
    Function SampleMethod(<MessageParameter(Name := "Input")> ByVal msg As String) As <MessageParameter(Name := "Output")> String
  End Interface

'  
'   The preceding use of MessageParameterAttribute generates the following XSD:
'
'<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
'  <xs:schema 
'    elementFormDefault="qualified" 
'    targetNamespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation" 
'    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
'    xmlns:tns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
'    <xs:element name="SampleMethod">
'      <xs:complexType>
'        <xs:sequence>
'          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Input" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
'        </xs:sequence>
'      </xs:complexType>
'    </xs:element>
'    <xs:element name="SampleMethodResponse">
'      <xs:complexType>
'        <xs:sequence>
'          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Output" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
'        </xs:sequence>
'      </xs:complexType>
'    </xs:element>
'  </xs:schema>
'   
'   And the message sent is edited for clarity:
'  <s:Body>
'    <SampleMethod xmlns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
'      <Input>hello!</Input>
'  </s:Body>   
'   

下列程式碼範例會顯示針對先前服務產生的服務合約。The following example shows the generated service contract for the preceding service. 請注意,參數名稱目前為 InputNote that the name of the parameter is now Input.

[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.ServiceModel", "3.0.0.0")]
[System.ServiceModel.ServiceContractAttribute(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", ConfigurationName="ISampleService")]
public interface ISampleService
{

    [System.ServiceModel.OperationContractAttribute(
      Action="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethod",
      ReplyAction="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethodResponse"
    )]
    [return: System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute(Name="Output")]
    string SampleMethod(string Input);
}
<System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.ServiceModel", "3.0.0.0"), _
System.ServiceModel.ServiceContractAttribute(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", _
                                             ConfigurationName:="ISampleService")> _
Public Interface ISampleService

    <System.ServiceModel.OperationContractAttribute(Action:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethod", _
                    ReplyAction:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethodResponse")> _
    Function SampleMethod(ByVal Input As String) As <System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute(Name:="Output")> String
End Interface

備註

使用 MessageParameterAttribute 控制參數名稱或傳回值。Use the MessageParameterAttribute to control the name of the parameter or the return value. 若參數由 MessageContractAttribute 屬性標記,則此屬性無作用。This attribute has no effect if the parameters are marked by the MessageContractAttribute attribute.

注意

作業簽章中參數名稱的值是合約的一部分,而且必須區分大小寫。The value of the parameter names in the operation signature are part of the contract and are case sensitive. 當您需要區分本機參數名稱和描述用戶端應用程式的作業的中繼資料時,請使用此屬性。Use this attribute when you need to distinguish between the local parameter name and the metadata that describes the operation for client applications.

如需如何控制 SOAP 本文內容的序列化,而不修改預設 SOAP 封套本身的詳細資訊,請參閱 System.Runtime.Serialization.DataContractAttribute指定服務合約中的資料傳輸,以及 使用資料合約For more information about controlling the serialization of the contents of a SOAP body without modifying the default SOAP envelope itself, see System.Runtime.Serialization.DataContractAttribute, Specifying Data Transfer in Service Contracts, and Using Data Contracts.

如需建立訊息合約的詳細資訊,請參閱 使用訊息合約For more information about creating message contracts, see Using Message Contracts.

建構函式

MessageParameterAttribute()

初始化 MessageParameterAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the MessageParameterAttribute class.

屬性

Name

取得或設定 XML 結構描述 (XSD) 中參數的名稱屬性。Obtains or sets the name attribute of the parameter in the XML Schema (XSD).

TypeId

在衍生類別中實作時,取得這個 Attribute 的唯一識別碼。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object)

傳回值,這個值指出此執行個體是否與指定的物件相等。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetHashCode()

傳回這個執行個體的雜湊碼。Returns the hash code for this instance.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,表示這個執行個體的值是衍生類別的預設值。When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
Match(Object)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,會傳回值,表示這個執行個體是否等於指定物件。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

明確介面實作

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

將一組名稱對應至一組對應的分派識別項 (Dispatch Identifier)。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

擷取物件的類型資訊,可以用來取得介面的類型資訊。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

擷取物件提供的類型資訊介面數目 (0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供物件所公開的屬性和方法的存取權。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

適用於