TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones Method

定義

傳回本機系統上有其資訊之所有時區的排序集合。Returns a sorted collection of all the time zones about which information is available on the local system.

public:
 static System::Collections::ObjectModel::ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo ^> ^ GetSystemTimeZones();
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
[System.Security.SecurityTreatAsSafe]
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones ();
static member GetSystemTimeZones : unit -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
Public Shared Function GetSystemTimeZones () As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo)

傳回

TimeZoneInfo 物件的唯讀集合。A read-only collection of TimeZoneInfo objects.

例外狀況

記憶體不足,無法儲存所有時區資訊。There is insufficient memory to store all time zone information.

使用者沒有讀取包含時區資訊之登錄機碼所需的權限。The user does not have permission to read from the registry keys that contain time zone information.

範例

下列範例會擷取代表電腦上所定義的時區的時區物件的集合,並將其相關資訊寫入至文字檔。The following example retrieves a collection of time zone objects that represent the time zones defined on a computer and writes information about them to a text file.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      const string OUTPUTFILENAME = @"C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt";
   
      DateTimeFormatInfo dateFormats = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat;
      ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones(); 
      StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, false);
   
      foreach (TimeZoneInfo timeZone in timeZones)
      {
         bool hasDST = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime;
         TimeSpan offsetFromUtc = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset;
         TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustRules;
         string offsetString;
      
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id);
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName);
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName);
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName);
         sw.Write(hasDST ? "   ***Has " : "   ***Does Not Have ");
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***");
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes);
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString);
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules();
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length);  
         if (adjustRules.Length > 0)
         {
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:");
            foreach (TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule rule in adjustRules)
            {
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeStart = rule.DaylightTransitionStart;
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeEnd = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd; 
            
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd);
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta);
               if (! transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
               else
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, 
                                                                 dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                               dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
            }
         }            
      }
      sw.Close();
   }
}
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.IO

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Const OUTPUTFILENAME As String = "C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt"
      
      Dim timeZones As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo) = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones() 
      Dim sw As StreamWriter = New StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, False)
      
      For Each timeZone As TimeZoneInfo in timeZones
         Dim hasDST As Boolean = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
         Dim offsetFromUtc As TimeSpan = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset
         Dim adjustRules() As System.TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule
         Dim offsetString As String
         
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id)
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName)
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName)
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName)
         sw.Write(iif(hasDST, "   ***Has ", "   ***Does Not Have "))
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes)
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString)
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length)  
         If adjustRules.Length > 0 Then
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
            For Each rule As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule In adjustRules
               Dim transTimeStart As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionStart
               Dim transTimeEnd As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd 
               
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd)
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta)
               If Not transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               Else
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, _
                                                                 MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, _
                                                               MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               End If
            Next
         End If            
      Next
      sw.Close()
#  Get timezone/date details and open a stream writer
$DateFormats    = [System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat
$TimeZones      = [System.TimeZoneInfo]::GetSystemTimeZones()
$OutputFileName = 'C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt'
$Sw             = New-Object -TypeName System.IO.StreamWriter -ArgumentList $OutputFileName,$false
# Write overview information
$Sw.WriteLine('{0} Time zones on this system' -f $TimeZones.Count)

# Process each timezone on the system
# Write details to the streamwriter
foreach ($TimeZone in $TimeZones) {
 $HasDST        = $TimeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
 $OffsetFromUtc = $TimeZone.BaseUtcOffset
 $Sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}" -f $TimeZone.Id)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Display Name:  {0}" -f $TimeZone.DisplayName)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.StandardName)
 $Sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.DaylightName)
 $Sw.Write( $(If ($HasDST) {"  ***Has: "} Else {"  ***Does Not Have: "}))
 $Sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
 $OffsetString = "{0} hours, {1} minutes" -f $OffsetFromUtc.Hours, $OffsetFromUtc.Minutes
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0}"  -f $offsetString)
 $AdjustRules = $timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0}" -f $adjustRules.Count)
 If ($AdjustRules.Count -gt 0)
 {
    $Sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
    foreach ($Rule in $AdjustRules)
    {
       $TransTimeStart = $Rule.DaylightTransitionStart
       $TransTimeEnd   = $Rule.DaylightTransitionEnd
       $Sw.WriteLine(("     From   {0} to {1}" -f $Rule.DateStart, $Rule.DateEnd))
       $Sw.WriteLine(("       Delta: {0}" -f $Rule.DaylightDelta))
       if (-Not  $TransTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
       {
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$TransTimeStart.Month - 1]))
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[[int] $TransTimeEnd.Month - 1]))
       }
     else
       {
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeStart.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeStart.Month - 1]))
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}"   -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeEnd.Month - 1]))        
       }
    } # End of processing each adjustment rule
 } # End of checking adjustment rules
} # End of processing Time Zones

# Close stream writer then display output in notepad
$Sw.Close() 

#  Output of 1st three time zones:
#  135 Time zones on this system
#  ID: Dateline Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-12:00) International Date Line West
#     Standard Name: Dateline Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Dateline Summer Time  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -12 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: UTC-11
#     Display Name:  (UTC-11:00) Co-ordinated Universal Time-11
#     Standard Name: UTC-11
#     Daylight Name: UTC-11  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -11 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-10:00) Aleutian Islands
#     Standard Name: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Aleutian Summer Time  ***Has: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -10 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 2
#     Adjustment Rules:
#       From   01/01/0001 00:00:00 to 31/12/2006 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of April
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 5 of October
#       From   01/01/2007 00:00:00 to 31/12/9999 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 2 of March
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of November

備註

GetSystemTimeZones方法會從登錄 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Time Zones 機碼在 Windows 系統上進出的子機碼來擷取所有可用的時區資訊ICU文件庫在 Linux 和 macOS 上。The GetSystemTimeZones method retrieves all available time zone information from the subkeys of the registry's HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Time Zones key on Windows systems and from the ICU Library on Linux and macOS. 如果無法成功地擷取及剖析特定的字串屬性的個別值TimeZoneInfo物件,這個方法會設定它們的值為空字串 ("")。If it is unable to successfully retrieve and parse values for particular string properties of individual TimeZoneInfo objects, this method sets their value to an empty string ("").

重要

GetSystemTimeZones方法傳回的集合TimeZoneInfo中定義的時區的物件或 ICU 文件庫。The GetSystemTimeZones method returns a collection of TimeZoneInfo objects only for time zones defined in the or ICU library. 它不包含時區使用多載建立CreateCustomTimeZone方法。It does not include time zones created using the overloads of the CreateCustomTimeZone method. 這些是只可透過存取時區建立方法所傳回的物件參考。These are accessible only through the object reference returned by the time zone creation method.

這個方法所傳回的集合被排序的 UTC 時差,並針對時區具有相同的 UTC 時差,以使用目前文化特性的顯示名稱。The collection returned by this method is sorted by UTC offset and, for time zones that have the same UTC offset, by the display name using the current culture. 顯示名稱的詳細資訊,請參閱DisplayNameFor information about the display name, see DisplayName.

ReadOnlyCollection<T>這個方法所傳回的物件支援IEnumerable<T>介面,這表示使用者可以使用具重複它foreach(在 C# 中) 或For Each…Next(在 Visual Basic) 陳述式。The ReadOnlyCollection<T> object returned by this method supports the IEnumerable<T> interface, which means that it can be iterated using the foreach (in C#) or For Each…Next (in Visual Basic) statements. 迴圈的每個反覆項目提供下一個TimeZoneInfo集合中的物件。Each iteration of the loop provides the next TimeZoneInfo object in the collection.

集合TimeZoneInfo物件表示本機電腦上定義的時區,它不一定會提供在所有的時段內所有時區的完整資訊。The collection of TimeZoneInfo objects represents time zones defined on the local computer; it does not necessarily provide complete information for all time zones during all time periods. 如果您的應用程式需要在本機電腦上找不到的時區,您可以建立自訂的時區使用多載CreateCustomTimeZone方法。If your application requires time zones not found on the local computer, you can create custom time zones using the overloads of the CreateCustomTimeZone method. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何:建立沒有調整規則的時區How to:建立有調整規則的時區For more information, see How to: Create Time Zones Without Adjustment Rules and How to: Create Time Zones with Adjustment Rules.

您也可以判斷是否為個別的時區在本機電腦上所定義呼叫FindSystemTimeZoneById方法,並提供您想要擷取做為參數的時區的識別項。You can also determine whether an individual time zone is defined on the local computer by calling the FindSystemTimeZoneById method and providing the identifier of the time zone you want to retrieve as a parameter.

適用於