FormView.ItemUpdating 事件

定義

發生於按一下 FormView 控制項內的 [更新] 按鈕時,但在更新作業之前。Occurs when an Update button within a FormView control is clicked, but before the update operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewUpdateEventHandler ^ ItemUpdating;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewUpdateEventHandler ItemUpdating;
member this.ItemUpdating : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewUpdateEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemUpdating As FormViewUpdateEventHandler 

事件類型

FormViewUpdateEventHandler

範例

下列範例示範如何使用 ItemUpdating 事件來取消更新作業。The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemUpdating event to cancel an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, FormViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {

    // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    // example determines whether the user left any fields
    // empty. The names of the empty fields are added to
    // an ArrayList object.
     
    // Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    // values entered by the user.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = ValidateFields((OrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

    if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
    {

      // The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      String keyValue = e.Keys["EmployeeID"].ToString();

      MessageLabel.Text = "You must enter a value for each field of record " +
        keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

      // Display the missing fields.
      foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
      {
        // Use the OldValues property to access the original value
        // of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " + 
          e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
      }

      // Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = true;

    }
    else
    {
      // The field values passed validation. Clear the
      // error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
    }

  }

  ArrayList ValidateFields(OrderedDictionary list)
  {
    
    // Create an ArrayList object to store the
    // names of any empty fields.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

    // Iterate though the field values entered by
    // the user and check for an empty field.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
    {
      if (entry.Value.Equals(""))
      {
        // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
        emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
      }
    }

    return emptyFieldList;
  }

  void EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
      // Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        onitemupdating="EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdating"
        onmodechanged="EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged"   
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  accesskey="n" tabindex="1" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  accesskey="l" tabindex="2" runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  accesskey="t" tabindex="3" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="HireDateUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Hire Date" />:</b>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  accesskey="h" tabindex="4" runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="AddressUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Address" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  accesskey="a" tabindex="5" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  accesskey="c" tabindex="6" runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  accesskey="r" tabindex="7" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  accesskey="p" tabindex="8" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  accesskey="u" tabindex="9" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update" tabindex="10" 
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel" tabindex="11" 
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewUpdateEventArgs) Handles EmployeeFormView.ItemUpdating

    ' Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    ' example determines whether the user left any fields
    ' empty. The names of the empty fields are added to
    ' an ArrayList object.
     
    ' Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    ' values entered by the user.
    Dim emptyFieldList As ArrayList = ValidateFields(CType(e.NewValues, OrderedDictionary))

    If emptyFieldList.Count > 0 Then

      ' The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      ' Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      Dim keyValue As String = e.Keys("EmployeeID").ToString()

      MessageLabel.Text = "You must enter a value for each field of record " & _
        keyValue & ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>"

      ' Display the missing fields.
      Dim value As String
      For Each value In emptyFieldList
      
        ' Use the OldValues property access the original value
        ' of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text &= value & " - Original Value = " & _
          e.OldValues(value).ToString() & "<br />"
        
      Next

      ' Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = True

    Else
    
      ' The field values passed validation. Clear the
      ' error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
      
    End If

  End Sub

  Function ValidateFields(ByVal list As OrderedDictionary) As ArrayList
    
    ' Create an ArrayList object to store the
    ' names of any empty fields.
    Dim emptyFieldList As New ArrayList()

    ' Iterate though the field values entered by
    ' the user and check for an empty field.
    Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    For Each entry In list
    
      If entry.Value.Equals("") Then
      
        ' Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
        emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString())
        
      End If
      
    Next

    Return emptyFieldList
      
  End Function

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles EmployeeFormView.ModeChanged

    ' Clear the error message label.
    MessageLabel.Text = ""
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  accesskey="n" tabindex="1" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  accesskey="l" tabindex="2" runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  accesskey="t" tabindex="3" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="HireDateUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Hire Date" />:</b>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  accesskey="h" tabindex="4" runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="AddressUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Address" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  accesskey="a" tabindex="5" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  accesskey="c" tabindex="6" runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  accesskey="r" tabindex="7" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  accesskey="p" tabindex="8" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  accesskey="u" tabindex="9" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update" tabindex="10" 
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel" tabindex="11" 
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

備註

FormView ItemUpdating 當 [更新] 按鈕 (按鈕的 CommandName 屬性設為 [更新] ) 在控制項中按一下,但 FormView 控制項更新記錄之前,控制項會引發事件。The FormView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the FormView control updates the record. 這可讓您提供執行自訂常式的事件處理方法,例如在資料來源中更新記錄之前,HTML 編碼之前的記錄值,在此事件發生時。This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as HTML encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

FormViewUpdateEventArgs物件會傳遞至事件處理方法,可讓您決定傳送至控制項的選擇性命令引數值, FormView 並指出應該取消更新作業。A FormViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the FormView control and to indicate that the update operation should be canceled. 命令引數值會對應至 CommandArgument [更新] 按鈕的屬性。The command argument value corresponds to the CommandArgument property of the Update button. CommandArgument 設定 [更新] 按鈕的屬性時,請使用 CommandArgument 屬性來判斷命令引數的值。When the CommandArgument property of the Update button is set, use the CommandArgument property to determine the value of the command argument. 若要取消更新作業,請將 Cancel 屬性設定為 trueTo cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property to true. 您也可以使用和屬性來讀取或修改使用者輸入的新值 Keys NewValuesYou can also read or modify the new values entered by the user by using the Keys and NewValues properties. Keys屬性包含索引鍵欄位,而 NewValues 屬性包含非索引鍵欄位。The Keys property contains the key fields, while the NewValues property contains the non-key fields. 如果您需要存取原始的非索引鍵域值,請使用 OldValues 屬性。If you need to access the original non-key field values, use the OldValues property.

如需如何處理事件的詳細資訊,請參閱 處理和引發事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用於

另請參閱