GridView.RowCreated 事件

定義

建立 GridView 控制項中的資料列時發生。Occurs when a row is created in a GridView control.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewRowEventHandler ^ RowCreated;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler RowCreated;
member this.RowCreated : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowCreated As GridViewRowEventHandler 

事件類型

GridViewRowEventHandler

範例

下列範例示範如何使用 RowCreated 事件,將建立的資料列索引儲存在資料 CommandArgument 列所包含之控制項的屬性中 LinkButtonThe following example demonstrates how to use the RowCreated event to store the index of the row being created in the CommandArgument property of a LinkButton control contained in the row. 這可讓您在 LinkButton 使用者按一下按鈕時,判斷包含控制項的資料列索引。This enables you to determine the index of the row that contains the LinkButton control when the user clicked the button.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ProductsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[1].Text);

      // If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }

  void ProductsGridView_RowCreated(Object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
  {

    // The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    // property that indicates which row's command button was
    // clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    // the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    // row's index.
    if(e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
    {
      // Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      LinkButton addButton = (LinkButton)e.Row.FindControl("AddButton");

      // Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      // row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString();
    }

  }

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)

      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row As GridViewRow = ProductsGridView.Rows(index)

      ' Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      Dim item As New ListItem()
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(1).Text)

      ' If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      ' object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      If Not ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then

        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item)

      End If

    End If

  End Sub

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCreated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewRowEventArgs)

    ' The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    ' property that indicates which row's command button was
    ' clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    ' the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    ' row's index.
    If e.Row.RowType = DataControlRowType.DataRow Then

      ' Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      Dim addButton As LinkButton = CType(e.Row.FindControl("AddButton"), LinkButton)

      ' Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      ' row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString()

    End If

  End Sub

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

備註

GridView 可以轉譯控制項之前,必須為 GridViewRow 控制項中的每個資料列建立物件。Before the GridView control can be rendered, a GridViewRow object must be created for each row in the control. RowCreated建立控制項中的每個資料列時,就會引發事件 GridViewThe RowCreated event is raised when each row in the GridView control is created. 這可讓您提供事件處理方法來執行自訂常式,例如,每當發生此事件時,將自訂內容新增至資料列。This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as adding custom content to a row, whenever this event occurs.

GridViewRowEventArgs物件會傳遞至事件處理方法,可讓您存取所建立之資料列的屬性。A GridViewRowEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to access the properties of the row being created. 若要存取資料列中的特定資料格,請使用 Cells 物件的屬性 GridViewRowEventArgsTo access a specific cell in the row, use the Cells property of the GridViewRowEventArgs object. 您可以使用屬性來決定要建立 (標頭資料列、資料列等) 的資料列類型 RowTypeYou can determine which row type (header row, data row, and so on) is being created by using the RowType property.

如需如何處理事件的詳細資訊,請參閱 處理和引發事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用於

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