SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler 代理人

定義

表示將處理 Updating 控制項之 InsertingDeletingSqlDataSource 事件的方法。Represents the method that will handle the Updating, Inserting, and Deleting events of the SqlDataSource control.

public delegate void SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler(object sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs e);
type SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler = delegate of obj * SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler(sender As Object, e As SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs)

參數

sender
Object

事件的來源,即 SqlDataSource 控制項。The source of the event, the SqlDataSource control.

e
SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs

SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs,其中包含事件資料。A SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs that contains the event data.

繼承
SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何處理 Inserting 事件以執行任何前置處理步驟,例如在 DbCommand 執行資料庫動作之前,將參數加入至所包含的物件, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs 以捕獲輸出參數的值。The following code example demonstrates how to handle the Inserting event to perform any preprocessing steps, such as adding a parameter to the DbCommand object contained by the SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs to capture the value of an output parameter, before a database action is performed. 在此範例中 DetailsView ,會使用預存程式,在傳統主版詳細資料案例中的控制項執行插入。In this example an insert is performed by a DetailsView control in a classic master-detail scenario, using a stored procedure. 輸出參數的值(表示新插入之資料列的主鍵)會在作業 Inserted 完成後引發事件時進行檢查。The value of the output parameter, which represents the primary key of the newly inserted row, is examined when the Inserted event is raised after the operation completes.

<%@Page  Language="C#" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
 private void On_Inserting(Object sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs e) {

    SqlParameter insertedKey = new SqlParameter("@PK_New", SqlDbType.Int);
    insertedKey.Direction    = ParameterDirection.Output;        
    e.Command.Parameters.Add(insertedKey);
 }

 private void On_Inserted(Object sender, SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs e) {
    DbCommand command = e.Command;    
    
    // The label displays the primary key of the recently inserted row.
    Label1.Text = command.Parameters["@PK_New"].Value.ToString();
    
    // Force a refresh after the data is inserted.
    GridView1.DataBind();
 }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"        
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <columns>          
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                id="TitleDropDownList"
                runat="server"
                selectedvalue="<%# Bind('Title') %>" >
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommandType = "StoredProcedure"
        InsertCommand="sp_insertemployee"        
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted ="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID={0}">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedValue" />
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

<!-- 
     -- An example sp_insertemployee stored procedure that returns
     -- the primary key of the row that was inserted in an OUT parameter.
     CREATE PROCEDURE sp_insertemployee 
        @FirstName nvarchar(10), 
        @LastName nvarchar(20) , 
        @Title nvarchar(30), 
        @Notes nvarchar(200), 
        @PK_New int OUTPUT
      AS
        INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)
        SELECT @PK_New = @@IDENTITY
        RETURN (1)    
      GO
-->      

      <asp:Label 
        id="Label1"
        runat="server" />
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@Page  Language="VB" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

 Sub On_Inserting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs)

    Dim insertedKey As SqlParameter  
    insertedKey = New SqlParameter("@PK_New", SqlDbType.Int)
    insertedKey.Direction    = ParameterDirection.Output     
    
    e.Command.Parameters.Add(insertedKey)

 End Sub 'On_Inserting

 Sub On_Inserted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs)
    Dim command As DbCommand 
    command = e.Command
    
    ' The label displays the primary key of the recently inserted row.
    Label1.Text = command.Parameters("@PK_New").Value.ToString()    
    
    ' Explicitly call DataBind to refresh the data
    ' and show the newly inserted row.
    GridView1.DataBind()
 End Sub 'On_Inserted

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"        
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <columns>          
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                id="TitleDropDownList"
                runat="server"
                selectedvalue="<%# Bind('Title') %>" >
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommandType = "StoredProcedure"
        InsertCommand="sp_insertemployee"        
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted ="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID={0}">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedValue" />
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

<!-- 
     -- An example sp_insertemployee stored procedure that returns
     -- the primary key of the row that was inserted in an OUT parameter.
     CREATE PROCEDURE sp_insertemployee 
        @FirstName nvarchar(10), 
        @LastName nvarchar(20) , 
        @Title nvarchar(30), 
        @Notes nvarchar(200), 
        @PK_New int OUTPUT
      AS
        INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)
        SELECT @PK_New = @@IDENTITY
        RETURN (1)    
      GO
-->      

      <asp:Label 
        id="Label1"
        runat="server" />
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

下列程式碼範例示範如何處理控制項所 RowUpdating 引發的事件 GridView ,可能會取消 SqlDataSource 與控制項相關聯的控制項所執行的資料庫動作 GridViewThe following code example demonstrates how to handle the RowUpdating event raised by the GridView control, to possibly cancel a database action performed by a SqlDataSource control associated with the GridView control.

<%@Page  Language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

 // Set helper text and cancel the update if the values submitted to update the row
 // do not meet requirements.
 private void OnRowUpdatingHandler(Object source, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e) {
    // You can examine the values submitted by the user and perform additional
    // processing as required.
    if (e.OldValues[0].Equals("Nancy")) {
        e.Cancel = true;
        Label1.Text="This Row is Not Updatable!";
    }
 }

 // Ensure any helper text is cleared.
 private void OnRowCancellingHandler(Object source, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e) {
    Label1.Text="";
 }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceMode="DataSet"
          ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
          SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees"
          UpdateCommand="Update Employees SET FirstName=@FirstName,LastName=@LastName,Title=@Title WHERE EmployeeID=@EmployeeID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:GridView
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          AutoGenerateColumns="False"
          DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"
          AutoGenerateEditButton="True"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1"
          OnRowUpdating="OnRowUpdatingHandler"
          OnRowCancelingEdit="OnRowCancellingHandler">
          <columns>
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:Label
          id="Label1"
          runat="server">
      </asp:Label>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@Page  Language="VB" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

 ' Set helper text and cancel the update if the values submitted to update the row
 ' do not meet requirements.
 Sub OnRowUpdatingHandler(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As GridViewUpdateEventArgs)
    If e.OldValues(0).Equals("Nancy") Then
        e.Cancel = "True"
        Label1.Text="This Row is Not Updatable!"
    End If
 End Sub 'OnRowUpdatingHandler

 ' Ensure any helper text is cleared.
 Sub OnRowCancellingHandler(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCancelEditEventArgs)
    Label1.Text=""
 End Sub 'OnRowCancellingHandler
</script>


<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceMode="DataSet"
          ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
          SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees"
          UpdateCommand="Update Employees SET FirstName=@FirstName,LastName=@LastName,Title=@Title WHERE EmployeeID=@EmployeeID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:GridView
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          AutoGenerateColumns="False"
          DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"
          AutoGenerateEditButton="True"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1"
          OnRowUpdating="OnRowUpdatingHandler"
          OnRowCancelingEdit="OnRowCancellingHandler">
          <columns>
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:Label
          id="Label1"
          runat="server">
      </asp:Label>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

備註

建立 SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler 委派時,必須識別處理事件的方法。When you create a SqlDataSourceCommandEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. 若要使事件與您的事件處理常式產生關聯,請將委派的執行個體 (Instance) 加入至事件。To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. 除非您移除委派,否則每當事件發生時就會呼叫事件處理常式。The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. 如需如何處理事件的詳細資訊,請參閱處理和引發事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

擴充方法

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

取得表示特定委派所代表之方法的物件。Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

適用於

另請參閱