AccessibleObject.Bounds 屬性

定義

取得可存取物件的位置和大小。Gets the location and size of the accessible object.

public:
 virtual property System::Drawing::Rectangle Bounds { System::Drawing::Rectangle get(); };
public virtual System.Drawing.Rectangle Bounds { get; }
member this.Bounds : System.Drawing.Rectangle
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property Bounds As Rectangle

屬性值

Rectangle,表示可存取物件的界限。A Rectangle that represents the bounds of the accessible object.

例外狀況

無法擷取控制項的界限。The bounds of control cannot be retrieved.

範例

下列範例示範如何建立可感知存取範圍的圖表控制項,使用 AccessibleObjectControl.ControlAccessibleObject 類別來公開可存取的資訊。The following example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. 控制項繪製兩個曲線和一個圖例。The control plots two curves along with a legend. 衍生自 ControlAccessibleObjectChartControlAccessibleObject 類別,會用於 CreateAccessibilityInstance 方法中,以便為 chart 控制項提供自訂的可存取訊號。The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. 因為圖表圖例不是實際的 Control 型控制項,而是由 chart 控制項繪製,所以沒有任何內建的可存取訊號。Since the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not have any built-in accessible information. 因此,ChartControlAccessibleObject 類別會覆寫 GetChild 方法,以傳回代表圖例每個部分之可存取訊號的 CurveLegendAccessibleObjectBecause of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. 當可存取的感知應用程式使用此控制項時,控制項可以提供必要的可存取訊號。When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

這段程式碼摘錄會示範如何覆寫 Bounds 的屬性。This code excerpt demonstrates overriding the Bounds property. 如需完整的程式碼範例,請參閱 AccessibleObject 類別總覽。See the AccessibleObject class overview for the complete code example.

   // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information
   // associated with the CurveLegend object.
public:
   ref class CurveLegendAccessibleObject: public AccessibleObject
   {
   private:
      CurveLegend^ curveLegend;

   public:
      CurveLegendAccessibleObject( CurveLegend^ curveLegend )
         : AccessibleObject()
      {
         this->curveLegend = curveLegend;
      }


   private:

      property ChartControlAccessibleObject^ ChartControl 
      {

         // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
         ChartControlAccessibleObject^ get()
         {
            return dynamic_cast<ChartControlAccessibleObject^>(Parent);
         }

      }

   internal:

      property int ID 
      {

         // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
         int get()
         {
            for ( int i = 0; i < ChartControl->GetChildCount(); i++ )
            {
               if ( ChartControl->GetChild( i ) == this )
               {
                  return i;
               }

            }
            return  -1;
         }

      }

   public:

      property Rectangle Bounds 
      {

         // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual Rectangle get() override
         {
            
            // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
            Point loc = curveLegend->Location;
            return Rectangle(curveLegend->chart->PointToScreen( loc ),curveLegend->Size);
         }

      }

      property String^ Name 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual String^ get() override
         {
            return curveLegend->Name;
         }

         virtual void set( String^ value ) override
         {
            curveLegend->Name = value;
         }

      }

      property AccessibleObject^ Parent 
      {

         // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
         // This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleObject^ get() override
         {
            return curveLegend->chart->AccessibilityObject;
         }

      }

      property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
      {

         // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
         {
            return ::AccessibleRole::StaticText;
         }

      }

      property AccessibleStates State 
      {

         // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend.
         // This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleStates get() override
         {
            AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates::Selectable;
            if ( curveLegend->Selected )
            {
               state = static_cast<AccessibleStates>(state | AccessibleStates::Selected);
            }

            return state;
         }

      }

      // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual AccessibleObject^ Navigate( AccessibleNavigation navdir ) override
      {
         
         // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
         // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
         return ChartControl->NavigateFromChild( this, navdir );
      }


      // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual void Select( AccessibleSelection selection ) override
      {
         
         // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
         // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
         ChartControl->SelectChild( this, selection );
      }

   };
// Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
// associated with the CurveLegend object.
public class CurveLegendAccessibleObject : AccessibleObject
{
    private CurveLegend curveLegend;

    public CurveLegendAccessibleObject(CurveLegend curveLegend) : base() 
    {
        this.curveLegend = curveLegend;                    
    }                

    // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
    private ChartControlAccessibleObject ChartControl
    {   
        get {
            return Parent as ChartControlAccessibleObject;
        }
    }

    // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
    internal int ID
    {
        get {
            for(int i = 0; i < ChartControl.GetChildCount(); i++) {
                if (ChartControl.GetChild(i) == this) {
                    return i;
                }
            }
            return -1;
        }
    }

    // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override Rectangle Bounds
    {
        get {                        
            // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
            Point loc = curveLegend.Location;
            return new Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size);
        }
    }

    // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override string Name
    {
        get {
            return curveLegend.Name;
        }
        set {
            curveLegend.Name = value;                        
        }
    }

    // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
    // This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleObject Parent
    {
        get {
            return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject;
        }
    }

    // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleRole Role 
    {
        get {
            return AccessibleRole.StaticText;
        }
    }

    // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
    // This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleStates State 
    {
        get {
            AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates.Selectable;
            if (curveLegend.Selected) 
            {
                state |= AccessibleStates.Selected;
            }
            return state;
        }
    }

    // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleObject Navigate(AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
    {
        // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
        // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
        return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(this, navdir);
    }

    // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override void Select(AccessibleSelection selection) 
    {
        // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
        // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
        ChartControl.SelectChild(this, selection);
    }
}
' Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
' associated with the CurveLegend object.
Public Class CurveLegendAccessibleObject
    Inherits AccessibleObject

    Private curveLegend As CurveLegend
    
    Public Sub New(curveLegend As CurveLegend)
        Me.curveLegend = curveLegend
    End Sub
    
    ' Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.                
    Private ReadOnly Property ChartControl() As ChartControlAccessibleObject
        Get
            Return CType(Parent, ChartControlAccessibleObject)
        End Get
    End Property

    ' Friend helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.                
    Friend ReadOnly Property ID() As Integer
        Get
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To (ChartControl.GetChildCount()) - 1
                If ChartControl.GetChild(i) Is Me Then
                    Return i
                End If
            Next i
            Return - 1
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
        Get
            ' The bounds is in screen coordinates.
            Dim loc As Point = curveLegend.Location
            Return New Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size)
        End Get
    End Property

    ' Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
    Public Overrides Property Name() As String
        Get
            Return curveLegend.Name
        End Get
        Set
            curveLegend.Name = value
        End Set
    End Property
    
    ' Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
    ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Parent() As AccessibleObject
        Get
            Return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
        Get
            Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.StaticText
        End Get
    End Property

    ' Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
    ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
        Get
            Dim stateTemp As AccessibleStates = AccessibleStates.Selectable
            If curveLegend.Selected Then
                stateTemp = stateTemp Or AccessibleStates.Selected
            End If
            Return stateTemp
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
    Public Overrides Function Navigate(navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
        ' Use the Friend NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
        ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
        Return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(Me, navdir)
    End Function
    
    ' Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
    Public Overrides Sub [Select](selection As AccessibleSelection)

        ' Use the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
        ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
        ChartControl.SelectChild(Me, selection)
    End Sub

End Class

備註

Bounds 屬性會以螢幕座標抓取物件的周框矩形。The Bounds property retrieves the object's bounding rectangle in screen coordinates. 如果物件具有非矩形圖形,則此屬性代表完全包含整個物件區域的最小矩形。If the object has a nonrectangular shape, then this property represents the smallest rectangle that completely encompasses the entire object region. 因此,對於非矩形物件(例如清單視圖專案),物件的周框矩形的座標會藉由呼叫 HitTest 方法而失敗(如果經過測試),因為 HitTest 會以圖元為單位來決定物件的界限。Therefore, for nonrectangular objects such as list view items, the coordinates of the object's bounding rectangle can fail, if tested, by calling the HitTest method, because HitTest determines the object's boundaries on a pixel-by-pixel basis.

給繼承者的注意事項

如果物件包裝了系統控制項,則預設的實值會傳回可存取物件的周框。否則,它會傳回 EmptyThe default implementation returns the accessible object's bounding rectangle if the object wraps a system control; otherwise, it returns Empty. 所有可見的可存取物件都必須支援這個方法。All visible accessible objects must support this method. 音效物件不支援這個方法。Sound objects do not support this method.

適用於

另請參閱