Control.OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) 方法

定義

引發 Paint 事件。Raises the Paint event.

protected:
 virtual void OnPaint(System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs ^ e);
protected virtual void OnPaint (System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e);
abstract member OnPaint : System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs -> unit
override this.OnPaint : System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs -> unit
Protected Overridable Sub OnPaint (e As PaintEventArgs)

參數

e
PaintEventArgs

PaintEventArgs,其中包含事件資料。A PaintEventArgs that contains the event data.

範例

下列程式碼範例可讓使用者將影像或影像檔案拖曳至表單上,並將它顯示在卸載的位置。The following code example enables the user to drag an image or image file onto the form, and have it be displayed at the point on which it is dropped. 每次繪製表單時,都會覆寫 OnPaint 方法來重新繪製影像;否則,只有在下一次重新繪製之後,才會保存影像。The OnPaint method is overridden to repaint the image each time the form is painted; otherwise the image would only persist until the next repainting. DragEnter 事件處理方法會決定要拖曳至表單中的資料類型,並提供適當的意見反應。The DragEnter event-handling method determines the type of data being dragged into the form and provides the appropriate feedback. 如果可以從資料建立 Image,則 DragDrop 事件處理方法會在表單上顯示影像。The DragDrop event-handling method displays the image on the form, if an Image can be created from the data. 因為 DragEventArgs.XDragEventArgs.Y 值是螢幕座標,所以範例會使用 PointToClient 方法,將它們轉換成用戶端座標。Because the DragEventArgs.X and DragEventArgs.Y values are screen coordinates, the example uses the PointToClient method to convert them to client coordinates.

private:
   Image^ picture;
   Point pictureLocation;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      
      // Enable drag-and-drop operations and
      // add handlers for DragEnter and DragDrop.
      this->AllowDrop = true;
      this->DragDrop += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragDrop );
      this->DragEnter += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragEnter );
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      
      // If there is an image and it has a location,
      // paint it when the Form is repainted.
      Form::OnPaint( e );
      if ( this->picture != nullptr && this->pictureLocation != Point::Empty )
      {
         e->Graphics->DrawImage( this->picture, this->pictureLocation );
      }
   }

private:
   void Form1_DragDrop( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {
      
      // Handle FileDrop data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         // Assign the file names to a String* array, in
         // case the user has selected multiple files.
         array<String^>^files = (array<String^>^)e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::FileDrop );
         try
         {
            // Assign the first image to the picture variable.
            this->picture = Image::FromFile( files[ 0 ] );
            
            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }

      }
      
      // Handle Bitmap data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) )
      {
         try
         {
            // Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
            this->picture = dynamic_cast<Image^>(e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::Bitmap ));

            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
      this->Invalidate();
   }

   void Form1_DragEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) || e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;
      }
      else
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
      }
   }
private Image picture;
private Point pictureLocation;

public Form1()
{
   // Enable drag-and-drop operations and 
   // add handlers for DragEnter and DragDrop.
   this.AllowDrop = true;
   this.DragDrop += new DragEventHandler(this.Form1_DragDrop);
   this.DragEnter += new DragEventHandler(this.Form1_DragEnter);
}

protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
{
   // If there is an image and it has a location, 
   // paint it when the Form is repainted.
   base.OnPaint(e);
   if(this.picture != null && this.pictureLocation != Point.Empty)
   {
      e.Graphics.DrawImage(this.picture, this.pictureLocation);
   }
}

private void Form1_DragDrop(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
   // Handle FileDrop data.
   if(e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) )
   {
      // Assign the file names to a string array, in 
      // case the user has selected multiple files.
      string[] files = (string[])e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop);
      try
      {
         // Assign the first image to the picture variable.
         this.picture = Image.FromFile(files[0]);
         // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         this.pictureLocation = this.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y) );
      }
      catch(Exception ex)
      {
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
         return;
      }
   }

   // Handle Bitmap data.
   if(e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) )
   {
      try
      {
         // Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
         this.picture = (Image)e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.Bitmap);
         // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         this.pictureLocation = this.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y) );
      }
      catch(Exception ex)
      {
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
         return;
      }
   }
   // Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
   this.Invalidate();
}

private void Form1_DragEnter(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
   // If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
   if (e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) || 
      e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) ) 
   {
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;
   }
   else
   {
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
   }
}
Private picture As Image
Private pictureLocation As Point

Public Sub New()
   ' Enable drag-and-drop operations.
   Me.AllowDrop = True
End Sub

Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
   MyBase.OnPaint(e)

   ' If there is an image and it has a location, 
   ' paint it when the Form is repainted.
   If (Me.picture IsNot Nothing) And _
     Not (Me.pictureLocation.Equals(Point.Empty)) Then
      e.Graphics.DrawImage(Me.picture, Me.pictureLocation)
   End If
End Sub

Private Sub Form1_DragDrop(ByVal sender As Object, _
  ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles MyBase.DragDrop
   ' Handle FileDrop data.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) Then
      ' Assign the file names to a string array, in 
      ' case the user has selected multiple files.
      Dim files As String() = CType(e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop), String())
      Try
         ' Assign the first image to the 'picture' variable.
         Me.picture = Image.FromFile(files(0))
         ' Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         Me.pictureLocation = Me.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y))
      Catch ex As Exception
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message)
         Return
      End Try
   End If

   ' Handle Bitmap data.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) Then
      Try
         ' Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
         Me.picture = CType(e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.Bitmap), Image)
         ' Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
         Me.pictureLocation = Me.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y))
      Catch ex As Exception
         MessageBox.Show(ex.Message)
         Return
      End Try
   End If

   ' Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
   Me.Invalidate()
End Sub

Private Sub Form1_DragEnter(ByVal sender As Object, _
  ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles MyBase.DragEnter
   ' If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
   If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Bitmap) _
      Or e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) Then
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy
   Else
      e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
   End If
End Sub
   // This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it.
   // This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is
   // connected to the Load event of the form.
private:
   PictureBox^ pictureBox1;
   void Form1_Load( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      pictureBox1 = gcnew PictureBox;

      // Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
      pictureBox1->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      pictureBox1->BackColor = Color::White;

      // Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
      pictureBox1->Paint += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventHandler( this, &Form1::pictureBox1_Paint );

      // Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
      this->Controls->Add( pictureBox1 );
   }

   void pictureBox1_Paint( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
      Graphics^ g = e->Graphics;

      // Draw a string on the PictureBox.
      g->DrawString( "This is a diagonal line drawn on the control",
         gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",10 ), System::Drawing::Brushes::Blue, Point(30,30) );

      // Draw a line in the PictureBox.
      g->DrawLine( System::Drawing::Pens::Red, pictureBox1->Left, pictureBox1->Top,
         pictureBox1->Right, pictureBox1->Bottom );
   }
// This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it.
// This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is
// connected to the Load event of the form.

private PictureBox pictureBox1 = new PictureBox();
// Cache font instead of recreating font objects each time we paint.
private Font fnt = new Font("Arial",10);
private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    // Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
    pictureBox1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    pictureBox1.BackColor = Color.White;
    // Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
    pictureBox1.Paint += new System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventHandler(this.pictureBox1_Paint);

    // Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
    this.Controls.Add(pictureBox1);
}

private void pictureBox1_Paint(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e)
{
    // Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
    Graphics g = e.Graphics;

    // Draw a string on the PictureBox.
    g.DrawString("This is a diagonal line drawn on the control",
        fnt, System.Drawing.Brushes.Blue, new Point(30,30));
    // Draw a line in the PictureBox.
    g.DrawLine(System.Drawing.Pens.Red, pictureBox1.Left, pictureBox1.Top,
        pictureBox1.Right, pictureBox1.Bottom);
}
' This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it. 
' This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is connected 
' to the Load event of the form.
Private pictureBox1 As New PictureBox()
Private fnt as New Font("Arial", 10)

Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    ' Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
    pictureBox1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    pictureBox1.BackColor = Color.White
    ' Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
    AddHandler pictureBox1.Paint, AddressOf Me.pictureBox1_Paint

    ' Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
    Me.Controls.Add(pictureBox1)
End Sub


Private Sub pictureBox1_Paint(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs)
    ' Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
    Dim g As Graphics = e.Graphics

    ' Draw a string on the PictureBox.
    g.DrawString("This is a diagonal line drawn on the control", _
        fnt, Brushes.Red, New PointF(30.0F, 30.0F))
    ' Draw a line in the PictureBox.
    g.DrawLine(System.Drawing.Pens.Red, pictureBox1.Left, _ 
        pictureBox1.Top, pictureBox1.Right, pictureBox1.Bottom)
End Sub

備註

引發事件會透過委派叫用此事件處理常式。Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱處理和引發事件For more information, see Handling and Raising Events.

OnPaint 方法也可讓衍生類別處理事件,而不需要附加委派。The OnPaint method also enables derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. 這是在衍生類別中處理事件的慣用技巧。This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

給繼承者的注意事項

當在衍生類別中覆寫 OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) 時,請確定呼叫基底類別的 OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) 方法,使已註冊的委派能接收到事件。When overriding OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnPaint(PaintEventArgs) method so that registered delegates receive the event.

適用於

另請參閱