LayoutEngine 類別

定義

提供用來實作配置引擎的基底型別 (Base Class)。Provides the base class for implementing layout engines.

public ref class LayoutEngine abstract
public abstract class LayoutEngine
type LayoutEngine = class
Public MustInherit Class LayoutEngine
繼承
LayoutEngine

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用LayoutEngine類別來執行自訂版面配置行為。The following code example demonstrates the use of the LayoutEngine class to implement custom layout behavior.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::Layout;

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
public ref class DemoFlowLayout : public LayoutEngine
{
public:
    virtual bool Layout(Object^ container,
        LayoutEventArgs^ layoutEventArgs) override
    {
        Control^ parent = nullptr;
        try
        {
            parent = (Control ^) container;
        }
        catch (InvalidCastException^ ex)
        {
            throw gcnew ArgumentException(
                "The parameter 'container' must be a control", "container", ex);
        }
        // Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Rectangle parentDisplayRectangle = parent->DisplayRectangle;
        Point nextControlLocation = parentDisplayRectangle.Location;

        for each (Control^ currentControl in parent->Controls)
        {
            // Only apply layout to visible controls.
            if (!currentControl->Visible)
            {
                continue;
            }

            // Respect the margin of the control:
            // shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(currentControl->Margin.Left,
                currentControl->Margin.Top);

            // Set the location of the control.
            currentControl->Location = nextControlLocation;

            // Set the autosized controls to their
            // autosized heights.
            if (currentControl->AutoSize)
            {
                currentControl->Size = currentControl->GetPreferredSize(
                    parentDisplayRectangle.Size);
            }

            // Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X;

            // Increment Y by the height of the control
            // and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += currentControl->Height +
                currentControl->Margin.Bottom;
        }

        // Optional: Return whether or not the container's
        // parent should perform layout as a result of this
        // layout. Some layout engines return the value of
        // the container's AutoSize property.

        return false;
    }
};

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
// It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
// control to provide a custom layout engine.
public ref class DemoFlowPanel : public Panel
{
private:
    DemoFlowLayout^ layoutEngine;

public:
    DemoFlowPanel()
    {
        layoutEngine = gcnew DemoFlowLayout();
    }

public:
    virtual property System::Windows::Forms::Layout::LayoutEngine^ LayoutEngine
    {
        System::Windows::Forms::Layout::LayoutEngine^ get() override
        {
            if (layoutEngine == nullptr)
            {
                layoutEngine = gcnew DemoFlowLayout();
            }

            return layoutEngine;
        }
    }
};

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.Layout;

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
// It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
// control to provide a custom layout engine. 
public class DemoFlowPanel : Panel
{
    private DemoFlowLayout layoutEngine;

    public DemoFlowPanel()
    {
    }

    public override LayoutEngine LayoutEngine
    {
        get
        {
            layoutEngine ??= new DemoFlowLayout();

            return layoutEngine;
        }
    }
}

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
public class DemoFlowLayout : LayoutEngine
{
    public override bool Layout(
        object container,
        LayoutEventArgs layoutEventArgs)
    {
        Control parent = container as Control;

        // Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Rectangle parentDisplayRectangle = parent.DisplayRectangle;
        Point nextControlLocation = parentDisplayRectangle.Location;

        foreach (Control c in parent.Controls)
        {
            // Only apply layout to visible controls.
            if (!c.Visible)
            {
                continue;
            }

            // Respect the margin of the control:
            // shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(c.Margin.Left, c.Margin.Top);

            // Set the location of the control.
            c.Location = nextControlLocation;

            // Set the autosized controls to their 
            // autosized heights.
            if (c.AutoSize)
            {
                c.Size = c.GetPreferredSize(parentDisplayRectangle.Size);
            }

            // Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X;

            // Increment Y by the height of the control 
            // and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += c.Height + c.Margin.Bottom;
        }

        // Optional: Return whether or not the container's 
        // parent should perform layout as a result of this 
        // layout. Some layout engines return the value of 
        // the container's AutoSize property.

        return false;
    }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Layout

' This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
' It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
' control to provide a custom layout engine. 
Public Class DemoFlowPanel
    Inherits Panel

    Private layoutEng As DemoFlowLayout

    Public Sub New()
    End Sub

    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property LayoutEngine() As LayoutEngine
        Get
            If layoutEng Is Nothing Then
                layoutEng = New DemoFlowLayout()
            End If

            Return layoutEng
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

' This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
Public Class DemoFlowLayout
   Inherits LayoutEngine

    Public Overrides Function Layout( _
    ByVal container As Object, _
    ByVal layoutEventArgs As LayoutEventArgs) As Boolean

        Dim parent As Control = container

        ' Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Dim parentDisplayRectangle As Rectangle = parent.DisplayRectangle
        Dim nextControlLocation As Point = parentDisplayRectangle.Location

        Dim c As Control
        For Each c In parent.Controls

            ' Only apply layout to visible controls.
            If c.Visible <> True Then
                Continue For
            End If

            ' Respect the margin of the control:
            ' shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(c.Margin.Left, c.Margin.Top)

            ' Set the location of the control.
            c.Location = nextControlLocation

            ' Set the autosized controls to their 
            ' autosized heights.
            If c.AutoSize Then
                c.Size = c.GetPreferredSize(parentDisplayRectangle.Size)
            End If

            ' Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X

            ' Increment Y by the height of the control 
            ' and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += c.Height + c.Margin.Bottom
        Next c

        ' Optional: Return whether or not the container's 
        ' parent should perform layout as a result of this 
        ' layout. Some layout engines return the value of 
        ' the container's AutoSize property.
        Return False

    End Function
End Class

備註

當您LayoutEngine想要在執行時間建立自訂版面配置行為時, 請使用類別。Use the LayoutEngine class when you want to create custom layout behavior at run time. LayoutEngine類別衍生您自己的類別, 並覆Layout寫方法以定義您的自訂版面配置行為。Derive your own class from the LayoutEngine class and override the Layout method to define your custom layout behavior.

建構函式

LayoutEngine()

初始化 LayoutEngine 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the LayoutEngine class.

方法

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

作為預設雜湊函數。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
InitLayout(Object, BoundsSpecified)

初始化配置引擎。Initializes the layout engine.

Layout(Object, LayoutEventArgs)

要求配置引擎執行一個配置作業。Requests that the layout engine perform a layout operation.

MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

適用於

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