NativeWindow 類別

定義

提供視窗控制代碼 (Window Handle) 和視窗程序 (Window Procedure) 的低階封裝。Provides a low-level encapsulation of a window handle and a window procedure.

public ref class NativeWindow : MarshalByRefObject, System::Windows::Forms::IWin32Window
public ref class NativeWindow : MarshalByRefObject
public class NativeWindow : MarshalByRefObject, System.Windows.Forms.IWin32Window
public class NativeWindow : MarshalByRefObject
type NativeWindow = class
    inherit MarshalByRefObject
    interface IWin32Window
type NativeWindow = class
    inherit MarshalByRefObject
Public Class NativeWindow
Inherits MarshalByRefObject
Implements IWin32Window
Public Class NativeWindow
Inherits MarshalByRefObject
繼承
NativeWindow
實作

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何在視窗程式中攔截作業系統視窗訊息,以及如何建立具有特定作業系統視窗類別名稱的視窗。The following code example demonstrates intercepting operating system window messages in a window procedure, and creating a window with a specific operating system window class name. 此範例會建立兩個繼承自 NativeWindow 的類別,以達成這個目的。The example creates two classes that inherit from NativeWindow that accomplish this.

類別會連結至 MyNativeWindowListener 傳遞給函式之表單的視窗程式,並覆寫 WndProc 方法來攔截 WM_ACTIVATEAPP 視窗訊息。The MyNativeWindowListener class hooks into the window procedure of the form passed into the constructor, and overrides the WndProc method to intercept the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message. 類別會示範和方法的使用 AssignHandle ReleaseHandle 方式,以識別將使用的視窗控制碼 NativeWindowThe class demonstrates the usage of the AssignHandle and ReleaseHandle methods to identify the window handle the NativeWindow will use. 控制碼是根據 Control.HandleCreated 和事件來指派 Control.HandleDestroyedThe handle is assign based upon the Control.HandleCreated and Control.HandleDestroyed events. WM_ACTIVATEAPP收到視窗訊息時,類別會呼叫 form1.ApplicationActivated 方法。When the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message is received, the class calls the form1.ApplicationActivated method.

類別會建立將 MyNativeWindow 設定為的新視窗 ClassName BUTTONThe MyNativeWindow class creates a new window with the ClassName set to BUTTON. 類別會示範如何使用 CreateHandle 方法,並覆寫 WndProc 方法來攔截接收的視窗訊息。The class demonstrates using the CreateHandle method and overriding the WndProc method to intercept window messages that are received.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;
ref class MyNativeWindowListener;
ref class MyNativeWindow;

// Summary description for Form1.
ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   MyNativeWindowListener^ nwl;
   MyNativeWindow^ nw;

internal:
   void ApplicationActived( bool ApplicationActivated )
   {
      // The application has been activated or deactivated
      #if defined(DEBUG)
      System::Diagnostics::Debug::WriteLine( "Application Active = {0}", ApplicationActivated.ToString() );
      #endif
   }


public:
   Form1();
};

// NativeWindow class to listen to operating system messages.
ref class MyNativeWindowListener: public NativeWindow
{
private:

   // Constant value was found in the S"windows.h" header file.
   literal int WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;
   Form1^ parent;

public:
   MyNativeWindowListener( Form1^ parent )
   {
      parent->HandleCreated += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyNativeWindowListener::OnHandleCreated );
      parent->HandleDestroyed += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyNativeWindowListener::OnHandleDestroyed );
      this->parent = parent;
   }

internal:

   // Listen for the control's window creation and then hook into it.
   void OnHandleCreated( Object^ sender, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Window is now created, assign handle to NativeWindow.
      AssignHandle( (dynamic_cast<Form1^>(sender))->Handle );
   }

   void OnHandleDestroyed( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Window was destroyed, release hook.
      ReleaseHandle();
   }

protected:

   virtual void WndProc( Message %m ) override
   {
      // Listen for operating system messages
      switch ( m.Msg )
      {
         case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:

            // Notify the form that this message was received.
            // Application is activated or deactivated,
            // based upon the WParam parameter.
            parent->ApplicationActived( ((int)m.WParam != 0) );
            break;
      }
      NativeWindow::WndProc( m );
   }

};

// MyNativeWindow class to create a window given a class name.
ref class MyNativeWindow: public NativeWindow
{
private:

   // Constant values were found in the S"windows.h" header file.
   literal int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000,WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000,WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;
   int windowHandle;

public:
   MyNativeWindow( Form^ parent )
   {
      CreateParams^ cp = gcnew CreateParams;

      // Fill in the CreateParams details.
      cp->Caption = "Click here";
      cp->ClassName = "Button";

      // Set the position on the form
      cp->X = 100;
      cp->Y = 100;
      cp->Height = 100;
      cp->Width = 100;

      // Specify the form as the parent.
      cp->Parent = parent->Handle;

      // Create as a child of the specified parent
      cp->Style = WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE;

      // Create the actual window
      this->CreateHandle( cp );
   }

protected:

   // Listen to when the handle changes to keep the variable in sync

   virtual void OnHandleChange() override
   {
      windowHandle = (int)this->Handle;
   }

   virtual void WndProc( Message % m ) override
   {
      // Listen for messages that are sent to the button window. Some messages are sent
      // to the parent window instead of the button's window.
      switch ( m.Msg )
      {
         case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:
            
            // Do something here in response to messages
            break;
      }
      NativeWindow::WndProc( m );
   }
};

Form1::Form1()
{
   this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 300, 300 );
   this->Text = "Form1";
   nwl = gcnew MyNativeWindowListener( this );
   nw = gcnew MyNativeWindow( this );
}

// The main entry point for the application.

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace NativeWindowApplication
{

    // Summary description for Form1.
    [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private MyNativeWindowListener nwl;
        private MyNativeWindow nw;

        internal void ApplicationActivated(bool ApplicationActivated)
        {
            // The application has been activated or deactivated
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("Application Active = " + ApplicationActivated.ToString());
        }

        private Form1()
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300, 300);
            this.Text = "Form1";

            nwl = new MyNativeWindowListener(this);
            nw = new MyNativeWindow(this);
        }

        // The main entry point for the application.
        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    // NativeWindow class to listen to operating system messages.
    [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    internal class MyNativeWindowListener : NativeWindow
    {

        // Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
        private const int WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;

        private Form1 parent;

        public MyNativeWindowListener(Form1 parent)
        {

            parent.HandleCreated += new EventHandler(this.OnHandleCreated);
            parent.HandleDestroyed += new EventHandler(this.OnHandleDestroyed);
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        // Listen for the control's window creation and then hook into it.
        internal void OnHandleCreated(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Window is now created, assign handle to NativeWindow.
            AssignHandle(((Form1)sender).Handle);
        }
        internal void OnHandleDestroyed(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Window was destroyed, release hook.
            ReleaseHandle();
        }
        [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
        protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
        {
            // Listen for operating system messages

            switch (m.Msg)
            {
                case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:

                    // Notify the form that this message was received.
                    // Application is activated or deactivated, 
                    // based upon the WParam parameter.
                    parent.ApplicationActivated(((int)m.WParam != 0));

                    break;
            }
            base.WndProc(ref m);
        }
    }

    // MyNativeWindow class to create a window given a class name.
    [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    internal class MyNativeWindow : NativeWindow
    {

        // Constant values were found in the "windows.h" header file.
        private const int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000,
                          WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000,
                          WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;

        private int windowHandle;

        public MyNativeWindow(Form parent)
        {

            CreateParams cp = new CreateParams();

            // Fill in the CreateParams details.
            cp.Caption = "Click here";
            cp.ClassName = "Button";

            // Set the position on the form
            cp.X = 100;
            cp.Y = 100;
            cp.Height = 100;
            cp.Width = 100;

            // Specify the form as the parent.
            cp.Parent = parent.Handle;

            // Create as a child of the specified parent
            cp.Style = WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE;

            // Create the actual window
            this.CreateHandle(cp);
        }

        // Listen to when the handle changes to keep the variable in sync
        [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
        protected override void OnHandleChange()
        {
            windowHandle = (int)this.Handle;
        }

        [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
        protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
        {
            // Listen for messages that are sent to the button window. Some messages are sent
            // to the parent window instead of the button's window.

            switch (m.Msg)
            {
                case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:
                    // Do something here in response to messages
                    break;
            }
            base.WndProc(ref m);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

<System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Private nwl As MyNativeWindowListener
    Private nw As MyNativeWindow

    Friend Sub ApplicationActivated(ByVal ApplicationActivated As Boolean)
        ' The application has been activated or deactivated
        System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("Application Active = " + ApplicationActivated.ToString())
    End Sub

    Private Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(300, 300)
        Me.Text = "Form1"

        nwl = New MyNativeWindowListener(Me)
        nw = New MyNativeWindow(Me)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub
End Class

' NativeWindow class to listen to operating system messages.
Friend Class MyNativeWindowListener
    Inherits NativeWindow

    ' Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
    Private Const WM_ACTIVATEAPP As Integer = &H1C

    Private parent As Form1

    Public Sub New(ByVal parent As Form1)

        AddHandler parent.HandleCreated, AddressOf Me.OnHandleCreated
        AddHandler parent.HandleDestroyed, AddressOf Me.OnHandleDestroyed
        Me.parent = parent
    End Sub

    ' Listen for the control's window creation and hook into it.    
    Private Sub OnHandleCreated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Window is now created, assign handle to NativeWindow.
        AssignHandle(CType(sender, Form).Handle)
    End Sub

    Private Sub OnHandleDestroyed(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Window was destroyed, release hook.
        ReleaseHandle()
    End Sub

    <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As Message)
        ' Listen for operating system messages

        Select Case (m.Msg)
            Case WM_ACTIVATEAPP

                ' Notify the form that this message was received.
                ' Application is activated or deactivated, 
                ' based upon the WParam parameter.
                parent.ApplicationActivated(m.WParam.ToInt32() <> 0)

        End Select

        MyBase.WndProc(m)
    End Sub
End Class

' MyNativeWindow class to create a window given a class name.
<System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
Friend Class MyNativeWindow
    Inherits NativeWindow

    ' Constant values were found in the "windows.h" header file.
    Private Const WS_CHILD As Integer = &H40000000, _
                  WS_VISIBLE As Integer = &H10000000, _
                  WM_ACTIVATEAPP As Integer = &H1C

    Private windowHandle As Integer

    Public Sub New(ByVal parent As Form)

        Dim cp As CreateParams = New CreateParams()

        ' Fill in the CreateParams details.
        cp.Caption = "Click here"
        cp.ClassName = "Button"

        ' Set the position on the form
        cp.X = 100
        cp.Y = 100
        cp.Height = 100
        cp.Width = 100

        ' Specify the form as the parent.
        cp.Parent = parent.Handle

        ' Create as a child of the specified parent
        cp.Style = WS_CHILD Or WS_VISIBLE

        ' Create the actual window
        Me.CreateHandle(cp)
    End Sub

    ' Listen to when the handle changes to keep the variable in sync
    <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
    Protected Overrides Sub OnHandleChange()
        windowHandle = Me.Handle.ToInt32()
    End Sub

    <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As Message)
        ' Listen for messages that are sent to the button window. Some messages are sent
        ' to the parent window instead of the button's window.

        Select Case (m.Msg)
            Case WM_ACTIVATEAPP
                ' Do something here in response to messages
        End Select

        MyBase.WndProc(m)
    End Sub

End Class

備註

此類別會自動管理視窗類別的建立和註冊。This class automatically manages window class creation and registration.

當視窗與視窗控制碼相關聯時,不適合進行垃圾收集。A window is not eligible for garbage collection when it is associated with a window handle. 為了確保適當的垃圾收集,必須使用或釋放的來手動終結處理 DestroyHandle ReleaseHandleTo ensure proper garbage collection, handles must either be destroyed manually using DestroyHandle or released using ReleaseHandle.

注意

ReleaseHandle處理 WM_NCDESTROY 訊息時,會呼叫方法。The ReleaseHandle method is called when the WM_NCDESTROY message is processed. 這表示在某些情況下,您不需要手動呼叫 ReleaseHandle ,但最好的作法就是這麼做。This means there are cases in which when you do not need to manually call ReleaseHandle, but it is good practice to do so.

NativeWindow類別提供下列屬性和方法來管理控制碼: HandleCreateHandleAssignHandleDestroyHandleReleaseHandleThe NativeWindow class provides the following properties and methods to manage handles: Handle, CreateHandle, AssignHandle, DestroyHandle, and ReleaseHandle.

建構函式

NativeWindow()

初始化 NativeWindow 類別的執行個體。Initializes an instance of the NativeWindow class.

屬性

Handle

取得這個視窗的控制代碼。Gets the handle for this window.

方法

AssignHandle(IntPtr)

將控制代碼指派到這個視窗。Assigns a handle to this window.

CreateHandle(CreateParams)

使用指定的建立參數建立視窗和它的控制代碼。Creates a window and its handle with the specified creation parameters.

CreateObjRef(Type)

建立包含所有相關資訊的物件,這些資訊是產生用來與遠端物件通訊的所需 Proxy。Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
DefWndProc(Message)

叫用與這個視窗相關的預設視窗程序。Invokes the default window procedure associated with this window.

DestroyHandle()

終結視窗和它的控制代碼。Destroys the window and its handle.

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
Finalize()

釋放與這個視窗關聯的資源。Releases the resources associated with this window.

FromHandle(IntPtr)

擷取與指定控制代碼關聯的視窗。Retrieves the window associated with the specified handle.

GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetLifetimeService()
已過時。

擷取控制這個執行個體存留期 (Lifetime) 原則的目前存留期服務物件。Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
InitializeLifetimeService()
已過時。

取得存留期服務物件,以控制這個執行個體的存留期原則。Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

建立目前 MarshalByRefObject 物件的淺層複本。Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
OnHandleChange()

指定告知方法,當視窗的控制代碼變更時便會呼叫該方法。Specifies a notification method that is called when the handle for a window is changed.

OnThreadException(Exception)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,管理無法處理的執行緒例外狀況。When overridden in a derived class, manages an unhandled thread exception.

ReleaseHandle()

釋放與這個視窗相關的控制代碼。Releases the handle associated with this window.

ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
WndProc(Message)

叫用與這個視窗相關的預設視窗程序。Invokes the default window procedure associated with this window.

適用於

另請參閱