了解用戶端如何找到 Configuration Manager 的站台資源和服務Learn how clients find site resources and services for Configuration Manager

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

Configuration Manager 用戶端使用稱為服務位置的處理序尋找可與其通訊的站台系統伺服器,而該伺服器會提供指示用戶端使用的服務。Configuration Manager clients use a process called service location to locate site system servers that they can communicate with, and that provide services that clients are directed to use. 了解用戶端使用服務位置以尋找站台資源的方法與時機,這些資源有助於您設定站台以順利支援用戶端工作。Understanding how and when clients use service location to find site resources can help you configure your sites to successfully support client tasks. 這些設定會要求站台與 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 和 DNS 之類的網域和網路設定進行互動,These configurations can require the site to interact with domain and network configurations like Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) and DNS. 也可能會要求您設定更複雜的替代方案。Or they can require you to configure more complex alternatives.

提供服務的站台系統角色範例包括︰Examples of site system roles that provide services include:

  • 用戶端核心站台系統伺服器。The core site system server for clients.
  • 管理點。The management point.
  • 能與用戶端通訊的其他站台系統伺服器,如發佈點和軟體更新點。Additional site system servers that the client can communicate with, like distribution points and software update points.

Fundamentals of service locationFundamentals of service location

使用服務位置找到與其進行通訊的管理點時,用戶端會評估其目前網路位置、通訊協定喜好設定和指派的站台。A client evaluates its current network location, communication protocol preference, and assigned site when it is using service location to find a management point that it can communicate with.

用戶端與管理點通訊︰A client communicates with a management point to:

  • 下載站台其他管理點的相關資訊,讓它們建置已知的管理點清單 (稱為「管理組件 (MP) 清單」 ),用於未來服務位置循環。Download information about other management points for the site, so it can build a list of known management points (known as the MP list) for future service location cycles.
  • 上傳設定詳細資料 (例如清查和狀態)。Upload configuration details, like inventory and status.
  • 下載原則,可在用戶端上進行設定,並通知用戶端有關它可以或必須安裝的軟體和其他相關工作。Download a policy that sets configurations on the client and can inform the client of software that it can or must install, and other related tasks.
  • 針對提供用戶端已設定要使用之服務的其他站台系統角色,要求角色的相關資訊。Request information about additional site system roles that provide services that the client has been configured to use. 範例包括用戶端可安裝之軟體的發佈點,或取得更新的來源軟體更新點。Examples include distribution points for software that the client can install, or a software update point from which to get updates.

Configuration Manager 用戶端提出服務位置要求:A Configuration Manager client makes a service location request:

  • 每 25 個小時的連續作業。Every 25 hours of continuous operation.
  • 用戶端偵測到其網路設定或位置的變更時。When the client detects a change in its network configuration or location.
  • 電腦上的 ccmexec.exe 服務 (核心用戶端服務) 啟動時。When the ccmexec.exe service on the computer (the core client service) starts.
  • 用戶端必須找出提供所需服務的站台系統角色時。When the client must locate a site system role that provides a required service.

用戶端嘗試尋找裝載站台系統角色的伺服器時,會使用服務位置找到支援用戶端通訊協定 (HTTP 或 HTTPS) 的站台系統角色。When a client is attempting to find servers that host site system roles, it uses service location to find a site system role that supports the client's protocol (HTTP or HTTPS). 根據預設,用戶端會使用最安全的可用方法。By default, clients use the most secure method available to them. 請考慮下列事項:Consider the following:

  • 若要使用 HTTPS,您必須具有公開金鑰基礎結構 (PKI),並且必須在用戶端與伺服器上安裝 PKI 憑證。To use HTTPS, you must have a public key infrastructure (PKI) and install PKI certificates on clients and servers. 如需如何使用憑證的資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 的 PKI 憑證需求For information about how to use certificates, see PKI certificate requirements for Configuration Manager.

  • 在部署使用網際網路資訊服務 (IIS) 並支援從用戶端進行通訊的網站系統角色時,您必須指定用戶端要使用 HTTP 或 HTTPS 連線至網站系統。When you deploy a site system role that uses Internet Information Services (IIS) and supports communication from clients, you must specify whether clients connect to the site system by using HTTP or HTTPS. 如果您使用 HTTP,您也必須考慮簽署和加密選擇。If you use HTTP, you must also consider signing and encryption choices. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃安全性中的規劃簽署與加密For more information, see Planning for Signing and Encryption in the Plan for security.

服務位置以及用戶端如何判斷其指派的管理點Service location and how clients determine their assigned management point

用戶端第一次指派至主要站台時,它會為該站台選取預設管理點。When a client is first assigned to a primary site, it selects a default management point for that site. 主要站台支援多個管理點,且每個用戶端會獨立地將管理點識別為其預設管理點。Primary sites support multiple management points, and each client independently identifies a management point as its default management point. 這個預設管理點接著會變成用戶端指派的管理點。This default management point then becomes that client's assigned management point. (您也可以使用用戶端安裝命令,來設定用戶端於安裝時指派的管理點。)(You can also use client installation commands to set the assigned management point for a client when it's installed.)

用戶端會依據用戶端目前的網路位置與界限群組組態,選取要通訊的管理點。A client selects a management point to communicate with based on the client's current network location and boundary group configurations. 用戶端即使有指派的管理點,可能也不是用戶端所使用的管理點。Even though it has an assigned management point, this might not be the management point that the client uses.

注意

即使其他通訊會傳送至 Proxy 或本機管理點,用戶端仍一律使用指派的管理點,以登錄訊息與特定原則訊息。A client always uses the assigned management point for registration messages and certain policy messages, even when other communications are sent to a proxy or local management point.

您可以使用慣用的管理點。You can use preferred management points. 慣用的管理點都是用戶端指派的站台管理點,與用戶端用來找出站台系統伺服器的界限群組相關聯。Preferred management points are management points from a client's assigned site that are associated with a boundary group that the client is using to find site system servers. 慣用管理點做為站台系統伺服器與界限群組之間的關聯,類似於發佈點或狀態移轉點與界限群組相關聯的方式。A preferred management point's association with a boundary group as a site system server is similar to how distribution points or state migration points are associated with a boundary group. 當用戶端從其指派的站台使用管理點時,如果您啟用此階層慣用的管理點,它就會先嘗試使用慣用的管理點,然後才從其指派的站台使用其他管理點。If you enable preferred management points for the hierarchy, when a client uses a management point from its assigned site, it will try to use a preferred management point before using other management points from its assigned site.

您也可以使用管理點同質 (英文) 部落格中的資訊來設定管理點同質。You can also use the information in the management point affinity blog to configure management point affinity. 管理點親和性會為指派的管理點覆寫預設行為,並讓用戶端能使用一個或多個特定的管理點。Management point affinity overrides the default behavior for assigned management points and lets the client use one or more specific management points.

用戶端每次需要連絡管理點時會檢查管理組件 (MP) 清單,其儲存在本機 Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) 中。Each time a client needs to contact a management point, it checks the MP list, which it stores locally in Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI). 在安裝用戶端時,它會建立初始的管理組件 (MP) 清單。The client creates an initial MP list when it's installed. 接著,用戶端會定期更新清單及階層中每個管理點的相關詳細資料。The client then periodically updates the list with details about each management point in the hierarchy.

當用戶端在管理組件 (MP) 清單中找不到有效的管理點時,就會依序搜尋下列服務位置來源,直到找到可使用的管理點:When the client cannot find a valid management point in its MP list, it searches the following service location sources, in order, until it finds a management point that it can use:

  1. 管理點Management point
  2. AD DSAD DS
  3. DNSDNS
  4. WINSWINS

在用戶端順利找出並連絡管理點之後,它會下載階層中目前可用的管理點清單,並更新本機管理組件 (MP) 清單。After a client successfully locates and contacts a management point, it downloads the current list of management points that are available in the hierarchy, and it updates the local MP list. 這同樣適用於加入網域及未加入網域的用戶端。This applies equally to clients that are domain joined and those that are not.

例如,當位於網際網路的 Configuration Manager 用戶端連線到以網際網路為基礎的管理點時,管理點即會將站台中以網際網路為基礎的可用管理點清單傳送給該用戶端。For example, when a Configuration Manager client that is on the internet connects to an internet-based management point, the management point sends that client a list of available internet-based management points in the site. 同樣地,加入網域或工作群組中的用戶端也會收到可使用的管理點清單。Similarly, clients that are domain joined or in workgroups also receive the list of management points that they might use.

若不是針對網際網路設定的用戶端,就不會提供僅限網際網路對向的管理點。A client that is not configured for the internet is not provided internet-facing-only management points. 針對網際網路設定的工作群組用戶端只會與網際網路對向管理點通訊。Workgroup clients configured for the internet communicate only with internet-facing management points.

管理組件 (MP) 清單The MP list

管理組件清單是用戶端偏好的服務位置來源,因為它是用戶端先前所識別管理點的優先使用清單。The MP list is the preferred service location source for a client, because it is a prioritized list of management points that the client previously identified. 當用戶端更新清單時,這份清單即會依每個用戶端的網路位置排序,並本機儲存在 WMI 中的用戶端上。This list is sorted by each client based on its network location when the client updates the list, and then stored locally on the client in WMI.

建立初始管理組件 (MP) 清單Building the initial MP list

在用戶端安裝期間,下列規則可用來建立用戶端的初始管理組件 (MP) 清單:During installation of the client, the following rules are used to build the client's initial MP list:

  • 初始清單包含在用戶端安裝期間指定的管理點 (使用 SMSMP= 或 /MP 選項)。The initial list includes management points specified during client installation (when you use the SMSMP= or /MP option).
  • 用戶端會查詢 AD DS 以取得發佈的管理點。The client queries AD DS for published management points. 若要從 AD DS 進行識別,管理點必須來自用戶端指派的站台,且必須與用戶端的產品版本相同。To be identified from AD DS, the management point must be from the client's assigned site, and it must be of the same product version as the client.
  • 如果在用戶端安裝期間未指定任何管理點,且 Active Directory 架構未擴充,用戶端會檢查 DNS 與 WINS 以取得發佈的管理點。If no management point was specified during client installation, and the Active Directory schema is not extended, the client checks DNS and WINS for published management points.
  • 當用戶端建立初始清單時,階層中某些管理點的相關資訊可能是未知狀態。When the client builds the initial list, information about some management points in the hierarchy might not be known.

組織管理組件 (MP) 清單Organizing the MP list

用戶端會使用下列分類來組織管理點清單:Clients organize their list of management points by using the following classifications:

  • Proxy:次要站台的管理點。Proxy: A management point at a secondary site.

  • 本機:與用戶端目前網路位置建立關聯的任何管理點 (根據站台界限所定義)。Local: Any management point that is associated with the client's current network location, as defined by site boundaries. 請注意以下界限相關資訊︰Note the following information about boundaries:

    • 當用戶端屬於多個界限群組時,本機管理點清單會由包含目前用戶端網路位置之所有界限的聯合而定。When a client belongs to more than one boundary group, the list of local management points is determined from the union of all boundaries that include the current network location of the client.
    • 一般而言,本機管理點是用戶端指派的管理點的子集,除非用戶端位於與其他網站 (其管理點適用於該用戶端的界限群組) 相關聯的網路位置上。Local management points are typically a subset of a client's assigned management points, unless the client is in a network location that is associated with another site with management points servicing its boundary groups.
  • 已指派:屬於用戶端指派網站之網站系統的任何管理點。Assigned: Any management point that is a site system for the client's assigned site.

您可以使用慣用的管理點。You can use preferred management points. 不與界限群組相關聯之站台的管理點,或不在未與用戶端目前站台位置相關聯之界限群組的管理點,都不會當成慣用管理點。Management points at a site that are not associated with a boundary group, or that are not in a boundary group associated with a client's current network location, are not considered preferred. 它們會在用戶端無法識別可用的慣用管理點時使用。They will be used when the client cannot identify an available preferred management point.

選取要使用的管理點Selecting a management point to use

若是一般通訊,用戶端會根據用戶端的站台位置並以下列分類順序來嘗試使用管理點:For typical communications, a client attempts to use a use a management point from the classifications in the following order, based on the client's network location:

  1. ProxyProxy
  2. 本機Local
  3. 指派的Assigned

不過,即使其他通訊會傳送至 Proxy 或本機管理點,針對登錄訊息與特定原則訊息,用戶端一律會使用指派的管理點。However, the client always uses the assigned management point for registration messages and certain policy messages, even when other communications are sent to a proxy or local management point.

在每個分類 (Proxy、本機或已指派) 中,用戶端會嘗試根據喜好設定並以下列順序使用管理點:Within each classification (proxy, local, or assigned), the client attempts to use a management point based on preferences, in the following order:

  1. 在受信任樹系或本機樹系中支援的 HTTPS (當用戶端設定為 HTTPS 通訊)HTTPS capable in a trusted or local forest (when the client is configured for HTTPS communication)
  2. 不在受信任樹系或本機樹系中支援的 HTTPS (當用戶端設定為 HTTPS 通訊)HTTPS capable not in a trusted or local forest (when the client is configured for HTTPS communication)
  3. 在受信任樹系或本機樹系中支援的 HTTPHTTP capable in a trusted or local forest
  4. 不在受信任樹系或本機樹系中支援的 HTTPHTTP capable not in a trusted or local forest

在依據喜好設定排序的一組管理點當中,用戶端會嘗試使用清單上的第一個管理點。From the set of management points sorted by preferences, the client attempts to use the first management point on the list. 此管理點清單是隨機排序,並不會按照順序。This sorted list of management points is random and cannot be ordered. 每當用戶端更新管理組件 (MP) 清單時,清單順序即會變更。The order of the list can change each time the client updates its MP list.

當用戶端無法連絡第一個管理點時,它會嘗試清單上每個後續的管理點。When a client cannot establish contact with the first management point, it tries each successive management point on its list. 它會嘗試分類中每個慣用的管理點,然後再嘗試非慣用的管理點。It tries each preferred management point in the classification before trying the non-preferred management points. 如果用戶端無法順利與分類中的任何管理點進行通訊,即會嘗試從下一個分類中連絡慣用的管理點,直到用戶端找到可用的管理點,依此類推。If a client cannot successfully communicate with any management point in the classification, it attempts to contact a preferred management point from the next classification, and so on, until it finds a management point to use.

用戶端與管理點建立通訊之後,會繼續使用相同的管理點,除非發生下列情況:After a client establishes communication with a management point, it continues to use that same management point until:

  • 已過了 25 個小時。25 hours have passed.
  • 用戶端在 10 分鐘的期間內嘗試管理點通訊失敗五次。The client is unable to communicate with the management point for five attempts over a period of 10 minutes.

接下來,用戶端會隨機選擇要使用的新管理點。The client then randomly selects a new management point to use.

Active DirectoryActive Directory

加入網域的用戶端可以使用適用於服務位置的 AD DS。Clients that are domain joined can use AD DS for service location. 若要這麼做,需具備可 將資料發佈至 Active Directory的網站。This requires sites to publish data to Active Directory.

當下列任何條件成立時,用戶端可以使用適用於服務位置的 AD DS:A client can use AD DS for service location when all the following conditions are true:

如果用戶端無法從 AD DS 找到要用於服務位置的管理點,就會嘗試使用 DNS。If a client cannot find a management point to use for service location from AD DS, it attempts to use DNS.

DNSDNS

內部網路上的用戶端可以使用適用於服務位置的 DNS。Clients on the intranet can use DNS for service location. 若要這麼做,階層中至少需具備一個可將管理點相關資訊發佈至 DNS 的網站。This requires at least one site in a hierarchy to publish information about management points to DNS.

當下列任何條件成立時,請考慮使用適用於服務位置的 DNS:Consider using DNS for service location when any of the following conditions are true:

  • 未擴充 AD DS 架構以支援 Configuration Manager。The AD DS schema is not extended to support Configuration Manager.
  • 內部網路上的用戶端位於未啟用 Configuration Manager 發行的樹系中。Clients on the intranet are located in a forest that is not enabled for Configuration Manager publishing.
  • 用戶端位於工作群組電腦上,且未設定為僅限網際網路用戶端管理You have clients on workgroup computers, and those clients are not configured for internet-only client management. (針對網際網路設定的工作群組用戶端只會與網際網路對向的管理點通訊,且不會使用適用於服務位置的 DNS)。(A workgroup client configured for the internet will communicate only with internet-facing management points and will not use DNS for service location.)
  • 您可以 設定用戶端從 DNS 尋找管理點You can configure clients to find management points from DNS.

若網站會將管理點的服務位置記錄發佈到 DNS:When a site publishes service location records for management points to DNS:

  • 發佈作業只適用於接受來自內部網路之用戶端連線的管理點。Publishing is applicable only to management points that accept client connections from the intranet.
  • 發佈作業會在管理點電腦的 DNS 區域中,新增服務位置資源記錄 (SRV RR)。Publishing adds a service location resource record (SRV RR) in the DNS zone of the management point computer. 該電腦的 DNS 中必須有對應的主機項目。There must be a corresponding host entry in DNS for that computer.

根據預設,加入網域的用戶端會從用戶端的本機網域搜尋 DNS 以取得管理點記錄。By default, domain-joined clients search DNS for management point records from the client's local domain. 您可以設定用戶端內容,針對已將管理點資訊發佈到 DNS 的網域指定網域尾碼。You can configure a client property that specifies a domain suffix for a domain that has management point information published to DNS.

如需如何設定 DNS 尾碼用戶端內容的詳細資訊,請參閱如何設定用戶端電腦使用 DNS 發行尋找管理點For more information about how to configure the DNS suffix client property, see How to configure client computers to find management points by using DNS publishing.

如果用戶端無法從 DNS 找到要用於服務位置的管理點,即會嘗試使用 WINS。If a client cannot find a management point to use for service location from DNS, it attempts to use WINS.

將管理點發佈至 DNSPublish management points to DNS

若要將管理點發佈至 DNS,下列兩種條件必須成立:To publish management points to DNS, the following two conditions must be true:

  • 您的 DNS 伺服器支援服務位置資源記錄,方法是使用 8.1.2 以上版本的 BIND。Your DNS servers support service location resource records, by using a version of BIND that is at least 8.1.2.
  • 在 Configuration Manager 中為管理點指定的內部網路 FQDN,在 DNS 中擁有主機項目 (例如,A 記錄)。The specified intranet FQDNs for the management points in Configuration Manager have host entries (for example, A records) in DNS.

重要

Configuration Manager DNS 發行不支援脫離的命名空間。Configuration Manager DNS publishing does not support a disjoint namespace. 如果有脫離的命名空間,您可以手動將管理點發佈到 DNS,或使用本節中說明的其他服務位置方法的其中之一。If you have a disjoint namespace, you can manually publish management points to DNS or use one of the other service location methods that are documented in this section.

當您的 DNS 伺服器支援自動更新時,可以將 Configuration Manager 設定為自動在內部網路將管理點發行到 DNS,或者手動將這些記錄發行到 DNS。When your DNS servers support automatic updates, you can configure Configuration Manager to automatically publish management points on the intranet to DNS, or you can manually publish these records to DNS. 將管理點發佈到 DNS 時,會在服務位置 (SRV) 記錄中發佈其內部網路 FQDN 和連接埠號碼。When management points are published to DNS, their intranet FQDN and port number are published in the service location (SRV) record. 您可在 [管理點元件內容] 中設定網站的 DNS 發佈功能。You configure DNS publishing at a site in the site's Management Point Component Properties. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 的站台元件For more information, see Site components for Configuration Manager.

當您的 DNS 區域針對動態更新設為「只有安全的」時,只有第一個要發佈到 DNS 的管理點可使用預設權限順利完成此作業。When your DNS zone is set to "Secure only" for dynamic updates, only the first management point to publish to DNS can do so successfully with default permissions.

如果只有一個管理點可以順利地發佈和變更其 DNS 記錄,且該管理點伺服器狀況良好,用戶端就能從該管理點取得完整的管理組件 (MP) 清單,並找出其慣用的管理點。If only one management point can successfully publish and change its DNS record, and the management point server is healthy, clients can get the full MP list from that management point and then find their preferred management point.

當您的 DNS 伺服器不支援自動更新,但支援服務位置記錄時,您可以手動將管理點發佈到 DNS。When your DNS servers do not support automatic updates but do support service location records, you can manually publish management points to DNS. 若要完成此動作,您必須手動在 DNS 中指定服務位置資源記錄 (SRV RR)。To accomplish this, you must manually specify the service location resource record (SRV RR) in DNS.

Configuration Manager 支援服務位置記錄的 RFC 2782。Configuration Manager supports RFC 2782 for service location records. 這些記錄的格式如下: _Service._Proto.Name TTL 類別 SRV 優先順序權重連接埠目標These records have the following format: _Service._Proto.Name TTL Class SRV Priority Weight Port Target

若要將管理點發行到 Configuration Manager,請指定下列值:To publish a management point to Configuration Manager, specify the following values:

  • _Service:輸入 _mssms_mp<站台碼>,其中 <站台碼> 是管理點的站台碼。_Service: Enter _mssms_mp<sitecode>, where <sitecode> is the management point's site code.

  • ._Proto:指定 ._tcp._Proto: Specify ._tcp.

  • .Name:輸入管理點的 DNS 尾碼,例如 contoso.com.Name: Enter the DNS suffix of the management point, for example contoso.com.

  • TTL:輸入 14400,表示四小時。TTL: Enter 14400, which is four hours.

  • 類別:指定 IN (符合 RFC 1035 規範)。Class: Specify IN (in compliance with RFC 1035).

  • 優先順序:Configuration Manager 不使用此欄位。Priority: Configuration Manager does not use this field.

  • 權重:Configuration Manager 不使用此欄位。Weight: Configuration Manager does not use this field.

  • 連接埠:輸入管理點所使用的連接埠號碼,例如 HTTP 為 80 ,而 HTTPS 為 443Port: Enter the port number that the management point uses, for example 80 for HTTP and 443 for HTTPS.

    注意

    SRV 記錄連接埠應符合管理點所使用的通訊埠。The SRV record port should match the communication port that the management point uses. 根據預設,HTTP 通訊為 80,HTTPS 通訊為 443By default, this is 80 for HTTP communication and 443 for HTTPS communication.

  • 目標:輸入內部網路 FQDN,這是針對使用管理點站台角色設定的站台系統所指定。Target: Enter the intranet FQDN that is specified for the site system that is configured with the management point site role.

如果您使用的是 Windows Server DNS,便可以使用下列程序,為內部網路管理點輸入此 DNS 記錄。If you use Windows Server DNS, you can use the following procedure to enter this DNS record for intranet management points. 如果使用不同的 DNS 實作,請使用本節中有關欄位值的資訊,並參閱 DNS 文件以調整此程序。If you use a different implementation for DNS, use the information in this section about the field values and consult that DNS documentation to adapt this procedure.

若要設定自動發佈功能:To configure automatic publishing:
  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,展開 [系統管理] > [站台設定] > [站台] 。In the Configuration Manager console, expand Administration > Site Configuration > Sites.

  2. 選取您的網站,然後選擇 [設定網站元件] 。Select your site and then choose Configure Site Components.

  3. 選擇 [管理點] 。Choose Management Point.

  4. 選取您想要發佈的管理點。Select the management points that you want to publish. (此選項亦適用於發佈至 AD DS 與 DNS。)(This selection applies to publishing to AD DS and DNS.)

  5. 勾選方塊,以發佈至 DNS。Check the box to publish to DNS. 這個方塊︰This box:

    • 可讓您選取要發佈至 DNS 的管理點。Lets you select which management points to publish to DNS.

    • 不會設定發佈至 AD DS。Does not configure publishing to AD DS.

在 Windows Server 上手動將管理點發佈到 DNSTo manually publish management points to DNS on Windows Server
  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,指定站台系統的內部網際網路 FQDN。In the Configuration Manager console, specify the intranet FQDNs of site systems.

  2. 在 DNS 管理主控台中,選取管理點電腦的 DNS 區域。In the DNS management console, select the DNS zone for the management point computer.

  3. 確認其中有網站系統內部網路 FQDN 的主機記錄 (A 或 AAA)。Verify that there is a host record (A or AAAA) for the intranet FQDN of the site system. 如果此記錄不存在,請建立此記錄。If this record does not exist, create it.

  4. 使用 [新增其他記錄] 選項,選擇 [資源記錄類型] 對話方塊中的 [服務位置 (SRV)] ,選擇 [建立記錄] ,輸入下列資訊,然後選擇 [完成] :By using the New Other Records option, choose Service Location (SRV) in the Resource Record Type dialog box, choose Create Record, enter the following information, and then choose Done:

    • 網域:若有需要,請輸入管理點的 DNS 尾碼,例如 contoso.comDomain: If necessary, enter the DNS suffix of the management point, for example contoso.com.

    • 服務:鍵入 _mssms_mp<站台碼>,其中 <站台碼> 是管理點站台碼。Service: Type _mssms_mp<sitecode>, where <sitecode> is the management point's site code.

    • 通訊協定:鍵入 _tcpProtocol: Type _tcp.

    • 優先順序:Configuration Manager 不使用此欄位。Priority: Configuration Manager does not use this field.

    • 權重:Configuration Manager 不使用此欄位。Weight: Configuration Manager does not use this field.

    • 連接埠:輸入管理點所使用的連接埠號碼,例如 HTTP 為 80 ,而 HTTPS 為 443Port: Enter the port number that the management point uses, for example 80 for HTTP and 443 for HTTPS.

      注意

      SRV 記錄連接埠應符合管理點所使用的通訊埠。The SRV record port should match the communication port that the management point uses. 根據預設,HTTP 通訊為 80,HTTPS 通訊為 443By default, this is 80 for HTTP communication and 443 for HTTPS communication.

    • 提供這項服務的主機:輸入內部網路 FQDN,這是針對使用管理點站台角色設定的站台系統所指定。Host offering this service: Enter the intranet FQDN that is specified for the site system that is configured with the management point site role.

針對內部網路上要發佈到 DNS 的各管理點,重複執行這些步驟。Repeat these steps for each management point on the intranet that you want to publish to DNS.

WINSWINS

當其他服務位置機制失敗時,用戶端可檢查 WINS 以尋找初始管理點。When other service location mechanisms fail, clients can find an initial management point by checking WINS.

根據預設,主要網站會在網站上將針對 HTTP 和 HTTPS 設定的第一個管理點發佈到 WINS。By default, a primary site publishes to WINS the first management point at the site that is configured for HTTP and the first management point that is configured for HTTPS.

如果您不想讓用戶端找到 WINS 中的 HTTP 管理點,請使用 CCMSetup.exe Client.msi 內容 SMSDIRECTORYLOOKUP=NOWINS來設定用戶端。If you do not want clients to find an HTTP management point in WINS, configure clients with the CCMSetup.exe Client.msi property SMSDIRECTORYLOOKUP=NOWINS.