什麼是內部部署的資料閘道?What is an on-premises data gateway?

注意

我們最近已修訂內部部署資料閘道文件。我們會將它們分割成 Power BI 的特定內容適用於所有閘道支援服務的一般內容We recently revised the on-premises data gateway docs. We split them into content that's specific to Power BI and general content that applies to all services that the gateway supports. 您目前正在瀏覽 Power BI 內容。You're currently in the Power BI content. 若要提供關於本文或整體閘道文件體驗的意見反應,請向下捲動至本文底部。To provide feedback on this article, or the overall gateway docs experience, scroll to the bottom of the article.

內部資料閘道可作為橋接器,在內部部署資料 (不在雲端中的資料) 和數種 Microsoft 雲端服務之間提供快速且安全的資料傳輸。The on-premises data gateway acts as a bridge to provide quick and secure data transfer between on-premises data (data that isn't in the cloud) and several Microsoft cloud services. 這些雲端服務包括 Power BI、PowerApps、Power Automate、Azure Analysis Services 和 Azure Logic Apps。These cloud services include Power BI, PowerApps, Power Automate, Azure Analysis Services, and Azure Logic Apps. 使用閘道,組織便能將資料庫和其他資料來源保留在它們的內部部署網路上,同時安全地在雲端服務中使用內部部署資料。By using a gateway, organizations can keep databases and other data sources on their on-premises networks, yet securely use that on-premises data in cloud services.

閘道運作方式How the gateway works

閘道概觀

如需閘道運作方式的詳細資訊,請參閱內部部署的資料閘道架構For more information on how the gateway works, see On-premises data gateway architecture.

閘道類型Types of gateways

閘道有兩種不同的類型,分別適用於不同案例:There are two different types of gateways, each for a different scenario:

  • 內部部署的資料閘道 允許多個使用者連線到多個內部部署資料來源。On-premises data gateway allows multiple users to connect to multiple on-premises data sources. 您可以透過單一閘道安裝來使用具備所有支援服務的內部部署資料閘道。You can use an on-premises data gateway with all supported services, with a single gateway installation. 此閘道非常適合有許多人存取多個資料來源的複雜案例。This gateway is well-suited to complex scenarios with multiple people accessing multiple data sources.

  • 內部部署的資料閘道 (個人模式) 可讓一位使用者連線至來源,但不能與其他人共用。On-premises data gateway (personal mode) allows one user to connect to sources, and can’t be shared with others. 內部部署資料閘道 (個人模式) 僅能搭配 Power BI 使用。An on-premises data gateway (personal mode) can be used only with Power BI. 此閘道非常適合您是建立報表的唯一人員,且不需要與其他人共用任何資料來源的案例。This gateway is well-suited to scenarios where you’re the only person who creates reports, and you don't need to share any data sources with others.

  • 虛擬網路資料閘道 可讓多個使用者連線到多個受虛擬網路保護的資料來源。Virtual network data gateway allows multiple users to connect to multiple data sources secured by Virtual networks. 因為這是 Microsoft 管理的服務,所以沒有安裝必要。There is no installation requried since this is a Microsoft managed service. 此閘道非常適合有許多人存取多個資料來源的複雜案例。This gateway is well-suited to complex scenarios with multiple people accessing multiple data sources.

使用閘道Use a gateway

使用閘道有四個主要步驟。There are four main steps for using a gateway.

  1. 在本機電腦上下載並安裝閘道Download and install the gateway on a local computer.
  2. 根據您的防火牆和其他網路要求,設定閘道。Configure the gateway based on your firewall and other network requirements.
  3. 新增閘道系統管理員,讓他們管理其他網路要求。Add gateway admins who can also manage and administer other network requirements.
  4. 使用閘道重新整理內部部署資料來源。Use the gateway to refresh an on-premises data source.
  5. 發生錯誤時,針對閘道進行疑難排解Troubleshoot the gateway in case of errors.

下一步Next steps

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