安裝 Power BI 報表伺服器的硬體和軟體需求Hardware and software requirements for installing Power BI Report Server

您會在這裡找到安裝並執行 Power BI 報表伺服器的最低硬體和軟體需求。Here you will find the minimum hardware and software requirements to install and run Power BI Report Server.

處理器、記憶體和作業系統需求Processor, Memory, and Operating System Requirements

元件Component 需求Requirement
.NET Framework.NET Framework 4.64.6

您可以從 Windows 的 Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6 (Web 安裝程式) 手動安裝 .NET Framework。You can manually install the .NET Framework from Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6 (Web Installer) for Windows.

如需 .NET Framework 4.6 的詳細資訊、建議和指導,請參閱開發人員的 .NET Framework 部署指南For more information, recommendations, and guidance about the .NET Framework 4.6 see .NET Framework Deployment Guide for Developers.

Windows 8.1 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 需要有 KB2919355 才能安裝 .NET Framework 4.6。Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 require KB2919355 before installing .NET Framework 4.6.
硬碟Hard Disk Power BI 報表伺服器至少需要 1 GB 的可用硬碟空間。Power BI Report Server requires a minimum of 1 GB of available hard-disk space.

裝載報表伺服器資料庫的資料庫伺服器則需要額外的空間。Addition space will be required on the database server that is hosting the report server database.
記憶體Memory 最小值:1 GBMinimum: 1 GB

建議值︰至少 4 GBRecommended: At least 4 GB
處理器速度Processor speed 最小值︰x64 處理器︰1.4 GHzMinimum: x64 Processor: 1.4 GHz

建議值:2.0 GHz 或更快Recommended: 2.0 GHz or faster
處理器類型Processor type x64 處理器︰AMD Opteron、AMD Athlon 64、具有 Intel EM64T 支援的 Intel Xeon、具有 EM64T 支援的 Intel Pentium IVx64 Processor: AMD Opteron, AMD Athlon 64, Intel Xeon with Intel EM64T support, Intel Pentium IV with EM64T support
作業系統Operating system Windows Server 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter

Windows Server 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard

Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter

Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard

Windows Server 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials

Windows Server 2012 R2 FoundationWindows Server 2012 R2 Foundation

Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter

Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard

Windows Server 2012 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 Essentials

Windows Server 2012 FoundationWindows Server 2012 Foundation

Windows 10 HomeWindows 10 Home

Windows 10 ProfessionalWindows 10 Professional

Windows 10 EnterpriseWindows 10 Enterprise

Windows 8.1Windows 8.1

Windows 8.1 ProWindows 8.1 Pro

Windows 8.1 EnterpriseWindows 8.1 Enterprise

Windows 8Windows 8

Windows 8 ProWindows 8 Pro

Windows 8 EnterpriseWindows 8 Enterprise

注意

只有 x64 處理器會支援 Power BI 報表伺服器的安裝。Installation of Power BI Report Server is supported on x64 processors only.

資料庫伺服器版本需求Database server version requirements

SQL Server 可用來裝載報表伺服器資料庫。SQL Server is used to host the report server databases. SQL Server 資料庫引擎執行個體可以是本機或遠端執行個體。The SQL Server Database Engine instance can be a local or remote instance. 以下是可用來裝載報表伺服器資料庫的 SQL Server 資料庫引擎支援版本:The following are the supported versions of SQL Server Database Engine that can be used to host the report server databases:

  • SQL Server 2017SQL Server 2017
  • SQL Server 2016SQL Server 2016
  • SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014
  • SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012
  • SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2
  • SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008

在遠端電腦上建立報表伺服器資料庫時,需要您設定連線以使用網域使用者帳戶,或具有網路存取權的服務帳戶。Creating the report server database on a remote computer requires that you configure the connection to use a domain user account or a service account that has network access. 如果您決定使用遠端 SQL Server 執行個體,請仔細考慮報表伺服器應該用來連線到 SQL Server 執行個體的認證。If you decide to use a remote SQL Server instance, consider carefully which credentials the report server should use to connect to the SQL Server instance. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Configure a Report Server Database Connection (設定報表伺服器資料庫連線)。For more information, see Configure a Report Server Database Connection.

考量Considerations

Power BI 報表伺服器會安裝預設值,以設定讓報表伺服器運作所需的核心設定。Power BI Report Server will install default values to configure the core settings required to make a report server operational. 它有下列需求︰It has the following requirements:

  • 在您設定報表伺服器資料庫前,SQL Server 資料庫引擎必須已安裝且可用。A SQL Server Database Engine must be available after setup and before you configure the database for the report server. 資料庫引擎執行個體裝載 Reporting Services 設定管理員會建立的報表伺服器資料庫。The Database Engine instance hosts the report server database that Reporting Services Configuration Manager will create. 實際的安裝體驗不需要資料庫引擎。The Database Engine is not required for the actual setup experience.
  • 執行安裝程式所用的使用者帳戶必須是本機系統管理員群組中的成員。The user account used to run Setup must be a member of the local Administrators group.
  • 用於 Reporting Services 設定管理員的使用者帳戶,在裝載報表伺服器資料庫的資料庫引擎執行個體上必須有權存取與建立資料庫。The user account used for Reporting Services Configuration Manager must have permission to access and create databases on the Database Engine instance that hosts the report server databases.
  • 安裝程式必須能夠使用預設值,以保留提供存取報表伺服器和入口網站的 URL。Setup must be able to use the default values to reserve the URLs that provide access to the report server and the web portal. 這些值為連接埠 80、強式萬用字元及格式為 ReportServerReports 的虛擬目錄名稱。These values are port 80, a strong wildcard, and the virtual directory names in the format ReportServer and Reports.

唯讀網域控制站 (RODC)Read-only domain controller (RODC)

雖然報表伺服器可以安裝在有唯讀網域控制站 (RODC) 的環境中,但 Reporting Services 需要存取讀寫網域控制站才能正常運作。While the report server can be installed in an environment that has a Read-Only Domain Controller (RODC), Reporting Services needs access to a Read-Write Domain Controller to function properly. 如果 Reporting Services 只能存取 RODC,您在嘗試管理服務時可能會發生錯誤。If Reporting Services only has access to a RODC, you may encounter errors when trying to administer the service.

Power BI 報表和 Analysis Services 即時連線Power BI reports and Analysis Services live connections

您可以使用即時連線針對表格式或多維度執行個體。You can use a live connection against tabular or multidimensional instances. 您的 Analysis Services 伺服器必須是適當的版本才能正常運作。Your Analysis Services server has to me the proper version and edition to work properly.

伺服器版本Server version 必要的 SKURequired SKU
2012 SP1 CU4 或更新版本2012 SP1 CU4 or later 商業智慧和企業版 SKUBusiness Intelligence and Enterprise SKU
20142014 商業智慧和企業版 SKUBusiness Intelligence and Enterprise SKU
2016 和更新版本2016 and later 標準 SKU 或更高版本Standard SKU or higher

後續步驟Next steps

使用者手冊User handbook
系統管理員手冊Administrator handbook
快速入門︰安裝 Power BI 報表伺服器Quickstart: Install Power BI Report Server
安裝報表產生器Install Report Builder
下載 SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)Download SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)

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