System Center Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center Operations Manager

本文詳述 System Center 2019 - Operations Manager 的系統需求。This article details the system requirements for System Center 2019 - Operations Manager.

System Center 2019 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 2019 - Operations Manager

下列各節描述適用於 System Center 2019 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與延展性指導方針。The following sections describe general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 2019 - Operations Manager. 這幾節也會提供各種工作負載的硬體設定建議。These sections also provide recommendations for hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

Operations Manager 的容量限制Capacity limits for Operations Manager

這項資訊有助於您了解支援管理群組的各種 Operations Manager 元件效能和延展性特性。This information helps you understand the performance and scalability characteristics of the various Operations Manager components supporting a management group.

受監視項目Monitored Item 建議限制Recommended Limit
同步 Operations 主控台Simultaneous Operations consoles 5050
向管理伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a management server 3,0003,000
向閘道伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a gateway server 2,0002,000
每部專用管理伺服器的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per dedicated management server 25,00025,000
每個管理群組的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per management group 100,000100,000
每個管理伺服器的集合用戶端監視的電腦Collective client monitored computers per management server 2,5002,500
每個用於多路連接的代理程式之管理伺服器Management servers per agent for multihoming 44
每部管理伺服器的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management server 1010
每個管理群組的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management group 6060
每個管理群組的代理程式管理以及 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦Agent-managed and UNIX or Linux computers per management group 6,000 (含 50 個開啟的主控台);15,000 (含 25 個開啟的主控台)6,000 (with 50 open consoles); 15,000 (with 25 open consoles)
每台專用管理伺服器的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers per dedicated management server 1,0001,000
每台專用閘道伺服器監視的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers monitored per dedicated gateway server 200200
由具有三部 (含) 以上管理伺服器之資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by a resource pool with three or more management servers 1,0001,000
由兩個資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by two resource pools 2,0002,000
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的代理程式Agents for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 700700
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的應用程式Applications for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 400400
每台專用管理伺服器監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management server 3,0003,000
每個專用管理群組監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management group 12,00012,000
每個代理程式監視的 URLURLs monitored per agent 5050

升級順序Upgrade sequence

如果您要升級的 System Center 2016/1801/1807 - Operations Manager 安裝整合一或多個 System Center 元件,則請務必以下列順序進行升級。If you are upgrading an installation of System Center 2016/1801/1807 - Operations Manager that is integrated with one or more System Center components, it is important that you upgrade in the following order.

  1. Orchestrator - 如果您已安裝 Operations Manager 整合套件來支援對 Operations Manager 管理群組執行自動化的 Runbook。Orchestrator - if you have the Operations Manager integration pack installed to support runbooks that perform automation against your Operations Manager management group.
  2. Service Manager - 如果您已設定連接器匯入從 Operations Manager 探索到並監視之物件的警示和設定項目資料。Service Manager - if you configured the connectors to import alert and configuration item data of objects discovered and monitored from Operations Manager.
  3. Data Protection Manager - 如已設定中央主控台集中管理 DPM 環境。Data Protection Manager - if you have configured the central console to centrally manage your DPM environment.
  4. Operations ManagerOperations Manager
  5. Virtual Machine Manager - 如果您已設定 Operations Manager 整合來監視 VMM 元件、虛擬機器和虛擬機器主機的健全狀況。Virtual Machine Manager - if you have configured integration with Operations Manager to monitor the health of your VMM components, the virtual machines and virtual machine hosts.

硬體需求Hardware requirements

請參閱這些資訊,並考量處理器、記憶體和磁碟空間的最小硬體需求,以評估您的硬體環境是否支援安裝或升級至 System Center 2019 - Operations Manager。Use this information to evaluate if your hardware environment is ready to support the installation of or upgrade to System Center 2019 - Operations Manager, considering the minimum hardware requirements for processor, memory, and disk space. 不論是要部署一或多個元件,您都應該參考這裡的資訊。如需特定詳細資訊以協助規劃新的 Operations Manager 部署所需的基礎結構量,請參閱 Operations Manager Sizing Helper (Operations Manager 規模調整小幫手)You should use the information here whether you are deploying one or multiple components and for more specific information to help plan the amount of infrastructure needed for a new Operations Manager deployment, see Operations Manager Sizing Helper

注意

儘管 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper 尚未更新以反映 Operations Manager 2016 和更新版本,提供的資訊仍然有效,可協助評估您的設計需求。While the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing helper has not been updated to reflect the 2016 and higher release of Operations Manager, the information provided is still valid to help you estimate for your design requirements. 不過,每部管理和閘道伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目 (如 [Unix 或 Linux 監視] 區段中所述) 並不正確。However, the number of UNIX/Linux computers per management and gateway server, as noted in the Unix or Linux Monitoring section is not correct. 每部伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目均已增加,並已在本文稍早的受監視項目容量表格中加以註明。The number of UNIX/Linux computers per server has increased and is noted in the monitored item capacity table earlier in this article.

Operations Manager 伺服器角色Operations Manager Server Role x64 處理器 (最低)x64 Processor (min) 記憶體 (最低)Memory (min) 磁碟空間 (最低)Disk space (min)
管理伺服器Management Server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
閘道伺服器最多可管理 2000 個代理程式Gateway Server managing up to 2000 agents 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 500 台網路裝置Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 500 network devices 八核心 2.66 GHz CPU8-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 32 GB32 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 100 台 UNIX/Linux 電腦Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 100 UNIX/Linux computers 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 4 GB RAM4 GB RAM 10 GB10 GB
Web 主控台伺服器Web Console server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
SQL Server Reporting Services 伺服器SQL Server Reporting Services server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB

Operations Manager 元件的軟體需求Software requirements for Operations Manager components

伺服器作業系統Server operating system

下列為 Operations Manager 元件支援的 Windows 伺服器作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows Server operating system are supported for the following Operations Manager components.

元件Component Windows Server 2016 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard, Datacenter Windows 2016 Server CoreWindows 2016 Server Core Windows Server 2019 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2019 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server 2019 Server CoreWindows Server 2019 Server Core
Operations Manager 管理伺服器Operations Manager Management Server yes yes yes yes
Operations Manager 閘道伺服器Operations Manager Gateway Server yes yes yes yes
Operations Manager Web 主控台Operations Manager Web Console yes yes
Operations Manager ACS 收集器Operations Manager ACS Collector yes yes
Operations Manager Operations 主控台Operations Manager Operations console yes 是 (使用 FOD)yes (with FOD) yes
Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲、Operations Manager Operational, Data Warehouse,
ACS 資料庫ACS database
yes yes yes yes
Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager Reporting server yes yes

Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲及 ACS 稽核資料庫Operations Manager operational, data warehouse, and ACS audit database

管理伺服器/閘道伺服器Management server/Gateway server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Windows 遠端管理:管理伺服器必須啟用 Windows 遠端管理。Windows Remote Management: Windows Remote Management must be enabled for the management server.
  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。.NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Operations Manager 主控台Operations Manager console

注意

報表檢視器相依於 Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014Report Viewer has a dependency on Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014. SQL Server System CLR Types 套件包含的元件可在 SQL Server 2014 中實作幾何、地理和階層識別碼類型。The SQL Server System CLR Types package contains the components implementing the geometry, geography, and hierarchy ID types in SQL Server 2014. 此元件可以在伺服器以外獨立安裝,以允許用戶端應用程式在伺服器以外使用這些類型。This component can be installed separately from the server to allow client applications to use these types outside of the server.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。.NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Web 主控台Web console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • 針對已啟用 Silverlight 儀表板的用戶端網頁瀏覽器: 對於已啟用 Silverlight 之儀表板的回溯相容性,Internet Explorer 11 和 Silverlight 5 皆為必要。Client web browser for Silverlight-enabled dashboards: For backwards compatibility with Silverlight-enabled dashboards, Internet Explorer 11 and Silverlight 5 is required.

    注意

    Operations Manager 2019 只包含 64 位元版本的 Operations 主控台。Operations Manager 2019 only includes the 64-bit version of the Operations console. Web 主控台不支援以相容性檢視來執行 IE,否則您將會在嘗試存取主控台時看到空白頁面。The Web console does not support running IE in Compatibility View, otherwise you will receive a blank page when attempting to access the console. 若要關閉相容性檢視功能,請參閱如何在 Internet Explorer 中使用相容性檢視 (機器翻譯)。To turn off Compatibility View feature, please see How to use Compatibility View in Internet Explorer.

  • HTML5 Web 主控台的用戶端網頁瀏覽器:Client web browser for HTML5 web console:

    • Internet Explorer 11 版Internet Explorer version 11
    • Microsoft Edge 40 和更新版本Microsoft Edge version 40 and later
    • Google Chrome 67 和更新版本Google Chrome version 67 and later
    • Internet Information Services:IIS 7.5 和更新版本,且已安裝 IIS 管理主控台和下列角色服務:Internet Information Services: IIS 7.5 and later versions with the IIS Management Console and the following role services installed:
    • 靜態內容Static Content
    • 預設文件Default Document
    • 目錄瀏覽Directory Browsing
    • HTTP 錯誤HTTP Errors
    • HTTP 記錄HTTP Logging
    • 要求監視器Request Monitor
    • 要求篩選Request Filtering
    • 靜態內容壓縮Static Content Compression
    • 網頁伺服器 (IIS) 支援Web Server (IIS) Support
    • IIS 6 Metabase 相容性IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • ASP.NET (需要 ASP.NET 的 3.5 和 4.5 兩種版本,或比其更高的版本。)ASP.NET (both the 3.5 and 4.5 or higher versions of ASP.NET are required.)
    • Windows 驗證Windows Authentication
  • 針對 Web 主控台選取的網站:需要已設定的 http 或 https 繫結。Selected website for web console: Requires a configured http or https binding.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。.NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

注意

安裝 Web 主控台時,需要針對 ASP.NET 4 啟用 IIS 中的 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。Installation of the web console requires that ISAPI and CGI Restrictions in IIS are enabled for ASP.NET 4. 若要啟用此功能,請在 [IIS 管理員] 中選取 Web 伺服器,然後按兩下 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。To enable this, select the web server in IIS Manager , and then double-click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 選取 [ASP.NET v4.0.30319] ,然後按一下 [允許] 。Select ASP.NET v4.0.30319 , and then click Allow.

Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager reporting server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Microsoft SQL Server:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server: See SQL Server Requirements.

  • 遠端登錄服務:必須啟用並啟動。Remote Registry Service: Must be enabled and started.

  • Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services: See SQL Server Requirements.

    注意

    System Center 2016 – Operations Manager 和更新版本只支援原生模式的 SQL Server Reporting Services,因此請不要使用 SharePoint 整合模式。System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and later supports SQL Server Reporting Services in native mode only; do not use SharePoint integrated mode.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。.NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

用戶端作業系統Client operating system

Operations Manager 2019 Operations 主控台支援 Windows 10 用戶端作業系統。Windows 10 client operating system is supported for the Operations Manager 2019 Operations console.

Microsoft Monitoring Agent 作業系統Microsoft Monitoring Agent operating system

注意

Operations Manager 2019 只包含 64 位元版本的代理程式。Operations Manager 2019 only includes the 64-bit version of the agent.

  • Windows Server 2019 - Standard、Datacenter、Server CoreWindows Server 2019 - Standard, Datacenter, Server Core

  • Windows Server 2016 - Standard、Datacenter、Server CoreWindows Server 2016 - Standard, Datacenter, Server Core

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 - Standard、Datacenter、Server CoreWindows Server 2012 R2 - Standard, Datacenter, Server Core

  • Windows Server 2012 – Standard、Datacenter、Server CoreWindows Server 2012 – Standard, Datacenter, Server Core

  • Windows 10 - 企業版、專業版Windows 10 - Enterprise, Pro

  • 檔案系統:%SYSTEMDRIVE% 必須使用 NTFS 檔案系統格式化。File system: %SYSTEMDRIVE% must be formatted with the NTFS file system.

  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.

  • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later.

    注意

    需具備 Windows PowerShell 才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並執行使用 PowerShell 指令碼的 System Center Operations Manager 管理組件。Windows PowerShell is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs, and to run System Center Operations Manager management packs that use PowerShell scripts. 需具備 Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並進行 .NET 應用程式效能監視。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs and .NET Application Performance Monitoring.

虛擬化Virtualization

Microsoft 支援在符合本文件所述之最低需求的任何實體或虛擬環境中,執行所有 System Center 2019 – Operations Manager 伺服器功能。Microsoft supports running all System Center 2019 – Operations Manager server features in any physical or virtual environment that meets the minimum requirements that are stated in this document. 適用於 Operations Manager 的虛擬化功能有某些限制。There are some restrictions on virtualization functionality that is applicable to Operations Manager. 具體來說,無論 Operations Manager 搭配使用何種虛擬化技術,Microsoft 皆不支援使用下列虛擬化功能:Specifically, Microsoft does not support the use of the following virtualization functionality no matter what virtualization technology is used with Operations Manager:

  • 如果對某些功能來說,並非所有虛擬電腦上的活動都能立即認可至虛擬硬碟,則不應讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦使用這些功能。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component must not make use of any functionality where all activity on the virtual computer is not immediately committed to the virtual hard drive. 這包括使用時間點快照集,以及將變更寫入暫存虛擬硬碟。This includes making use of point-in-time snapshots, and writing changes to a temporary virtual hard drive.
  • 您無法讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦暫停,或進入「儲存狀態」並重新啟動。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component cannot be paused or placed into a ‘save state’ status and restarted. 而只能像實體電腦一樣將其關閉和重新啟動。They can only be shut down and restarted just as would be done with a physical computer.

在 Microsoft Azure 中的虛擬機器上執行 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本時,其方式就如同在實體電腦系統上一樣。System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher runs on virtual machines in Microsoft Azure just as it does on physical computer systems. 建議您在 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器上執行 Operations Manager,以監視其他裝載於 Azure 的虛擬機器或資源,或監視裝載於內部部署的執行個體和工作負載。We recommend running Operations Manager on Microsoft Azure virtual machines to monitor other virtual machines or resources hosted in Azure, or monitor instances and workloads hosted on-premises. 您也可以在內部部署中執行 Operations Manager,並監視 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器或 Azure 中的其他資源。You can also run Operations Manager on-premises and monitor Microsoft Azure virtual machines or other resources in Azure.

  • 使用 Azure Site Recovery,可以將正在執行 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦複寫到另一個虛擬化環境。Virtual computers that are running Operations Manager components can be replicated to another virtualized environment by using Azure Site Recovery. 這裡所指的虛擬化環境可以位在內部部署或 Azure 上,並在發生任何災害時容錯移轉至此環境。The virtualized environment referred here, can be either on on-premises or Azure, and it would failover to this environment on account of any disaster.
  • 如果 Operations Manager 資料庫要裝載在虛擬的 SQL Server 上,基於效能考量,建議您將操作資料庫和資料倉儲資料庫儲存在直接連接的硬碟上,不要儲存在虛擬硬碟上。If the Operations Manager databases are to be hosted on virtualized SQL Server(s), for performance reasons, we recommend that you store the Operational database and data warehouse database on a directly attached physical hard drive and not on a virtual hard disk.

支援的共存Supported coexistence

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 2019 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 2019 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup Yes
Operations Manager 1801Operations Manager 1801 yes
Operations Manager 1807Operations Manager 1807 yes

就地升級In-place upgrade

System Center 2019 - Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center 2019 - Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2016System Center 2016
  • System Center 1801System Center 1801
  • System Center 1807System Center 1807

Active Directory 和 DNSActive Directory and DNS

Operations Manager 已與 Active Directory 整合以便進行驗證、權限指派和授權作業。Operations Manager integrates with Active Directory for authentication, rights assignment, and authorization. 而系統會使用 DNS 進行支援角色的名稱解析,包括在管理群組、電腦、網路裝置及其他受監視的工作負載 (例如 Web URL) 中的角色。DNS is leveraged for name resolution of the supporting roles in the management group as well as computers, network devices, and other monitored workloads such as web URLs.

Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services

System Center Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 執行許多服務,包括定義安全性原則、權限指派、驗證和授權。System Center Operations Manager relies on AD DS for a number of services, including definition of security principles, rights assignment, authentication, and authorization. Operations Manager 在執行電腦和服務探索時會查詢 AD DS,且可使用 AD DS 儲存和散發代理程式設定資訊。Operations Manager queries AD DS when performing computer and service discovery and can use AD DS for storing and distributing agent configuration information. 為了讓 Operations Manager 正常運作,AD DS 及其支援服務 (DNS) 必須狀況良好並具備特定的最低設定層級。For Operations Manager to function properly, AD DS and its supporting service, DNS, need to be healthy and at certain minimum configuration levels. 此外也必須遵循特定網域命名慣例。In addition, certain domain naming conventions must be followed.

網域空間命名Domain space naming

Operations Manager 管理群組無法安裝在具有一般 DNS 命名空間的根 Active Directory 網域。An Operations Manager management group cannot be installed into a root Active Directory domain that has a flat DNS namespace. 不過,您可以將管理群組安裝在根網域的子網域中。However, you can install the management group into child domains of the root domain. 例如,您有 DNS 名稱為 "Woodgrove" 的根網域。For example, you have a root domain that has a DNS name of "Woodgrove". 由於這個根網域具有一般 DNS 命名空間,因此您無法將 Operations Manager 管理群組安裝在 Woodgrove 網域中。Because this root domain has a flat DNS namespace, you cannot install an Operations Manager management group into the Woodgrove domain. 不過,如果 Woodgrove 網域有一個子網域的 DNS 名稱是 "National",該子網域的完整網域名稱就是 national.woodgrove。But, if the Woodgrove domain has a child domain with a DNS name of "National", the fully qualified domain name of the child domain would be national.woodgrove. 如需在 Windows 中使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定網域的詳細資訊,請參閱使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定 Active Directory 網域的相關資訊。For more information about configuring Windows for domains with single-label DNS names, see Information about configuring Active Directory domains by using single-label DNS names.

網域功能等級Domain functional level

Windows Server Active Directory 能夠以不同的功能等級運作。Windows Server Active Directory can operate at different functional levels. 這些等級以網域中存在的網域控制站上允許的 Windows Server 作業系統版本來區別。These levels are distinguished by the version of the Windows Server operating system that is permitted on the domain controllers present in the domain. System Center Operations Manager 沒有網域功能等級需求。System Center Operations Manager does not have a domain functional level requirement.

樹系功能等級Forest functional level

樹系功能等級與網域功能等級類似,會在整個樹系設定最低網域控制站作業系統等級。The forest functional level is similar to the domain functional level in that it sets a minimum domain controller operating system level across the whole forest. 設定之後,就無法將來自較低功能等級、具有舊版作業系統的網域控制站導入樹系。After it is set, domain controllers with down-level operating systems from lower functional levels cannot be introduced into the forest. Operations Manager 沒有樹系功能等級需求。Operations Manager does not have a forest functional level requirement.

DNSDNS

DNS 必須安裝且處於狀況良好的狀態才能支援 AD DS。DNS must be installed and in a healthy state to support AD DS. 除了 Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 運作外,沒有特定的 DNS 需求。Beyond the reliance of Operations Manager on AD DS, there are no specific DNS requirements.

此文章詳述 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的系統需求。This article details the system requirements for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager.

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

Operations Manager 的容量限制Capacity limits for Operations Manager

這項資訊有助於您了解支援管理群組的各種 Operations Manager 元件效能和延展性特性。This information helps you understand the performance and scalability characteristics of the various Operations Manager components supporting a management group.

受監視項目Monitored Item 建議限制Recommended Limit
同步 Operations 主控台Simultaneous Operations consoles 5050
向管理伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a management server 3,0003,000
向閘道伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a gateway server 2,0002,000
每部專用管理伺服器的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per dedicated management server 25,00025,000
每個管理群組的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per management group 100,000100,000
每個管理伺服器的集合用戶端監視的電腦Collective client monitored computers per management server 2,5002,500
每個用於多路連接的代理程式之管理伺服器Management servers per agent for multihoming 44
每部管理伺服器的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management server 1010
每個管理群組的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management group 6060
每個管理群組的代理程式管理以及 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦Agent-managed and UNIX or Linux computers per management group 6,000 (含 50 個開啟的主控台);15,000 (含 25 個開啟的主控台)6,000 (with 50 open consoles); 15,000 (with 25 open consoles)
每台專用管理伺服器的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers per dedicated management server 1,0001,000
每台專用閘道伺服器監視的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers monitored per dedicated gateway server 200200
由具有三部 (含) 以上管理伺服器之資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by a resource pool with three or more management servers 1,0001,000
由兩個資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by two resource pools 2,0002,000
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的代理程式Agents for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 700700
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的應用程式Applications for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 400400
每台專用管理伺服器監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management server 3,0003,000
每個專用管理群組監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management group 12,00012,000
每個代理程式監視的 URLURLs monitored per agent 5050

升級順序Upgrade sequence

如果您要升級的 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 或 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 安裝整合一或多個 System Center 元件,則請務必以下列順序進行升級。If you are upgrading an installation of System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager or System Center 2016 - Operations Manager that is integrated with one or more System Center components, it is important that you upgrade in the following order.

  1. Orchestrator - 如果您已安裝 Operations Manager 整合套件來支援對 Operations Manager 管理群組執行自動化的 Runbook。Orchestrator - if you have the Operations Manager integration pack installed to support runbooks that perform automation against your Operations Manager management group.
  2. Service Manager - 如果您已設定連接器匯入從 Operations Manager 探索到並監視之物件的警示和設定項目資料。Service Manager - if you configured the connectors to import alert and configuration item data of objects discovered and monitored from Operations Manager.
  3. Data Protection Manager - 如已設定中央主控台集中管理 DPM 環境。Data Protection Manager - if you have configured the central console to centrally manage your DPM environment.
  4. Operations ManagerOperations Manager
  5. Virtual Machine Manager - 如果您已設定 Operations Manager 整合來監視 VMM 元件、虛擬機器和虛擬機器主機的健全狀況。Virtual Machine Manager - if you have configured integration with Operations Manager to monitor the health of your VMM components, the virtual machines and virtual machine hosts.

硬體需求Hardware requirements

考量處理器、RAM 和磁碟空間的最小硬體需求,使用此資訊來評估您的硬體環境是否已準備好支援安裝或升級到 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本。Use this information to evaluate if your hardware environment is ready to support the installation of or upgrade to System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher, considering the minimum hardware requirements for processor, RAM, and disk space. 不論是要部署一或多個元件,您都應該參考這裡的資訊。如需特定的詳細資訊以協助規劃新的 Operations Manager 部署所需的基礎結構量,請參閱 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper (Operations Manager 2012 規模調整小幫手)。You should use the information here whether you are deploying one or multiple components and for more specific information to help plan the amount of infrastructure needed for a new Operations Manager deployment, refer to the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper.

注意

儘管 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper 尚未更新以反映 Operations Manager 2016 和更新版本,提供的資訊仍然有效,可協助評估您的設計需求。While the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing helper has not been updated to reflect the 2016 and higher release of Operations Manager, the information provided is still valid to help you estimate for your design requirements. 不過,每部管理和閘道伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目 (如 [Unix 或 Linux 監視] 區段中所述) 並不正確。However, the number of UNIX/Linux computers per management and gateway server, as noted in the Unix or Linux Monitoring section is not correct. 每部伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目均已增加,並已在本文稍早的受監視項目容量表格中加以註明。The number of UNIX/Linux computers per server has increased and is noted in the monitored item capacity table earlier in this article.

Operations Manager 伺服器角色Operations Manager Server Role x64 處理器 (最低)x64 Processor (min) 記憶體 (最低)Memory (min) 磁碟空間 (最低)Disk space (min)
管理伺服器Management Server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
閘道伺服器最多可管理 2000 個代理程式Gateway Server managing up to 2000 agents 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 500 台網路裝置Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 500 network devices 八核心 2.66 GHz CPU8-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 32 GB32 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 100 台 UNIX/Linux 電腦Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 100 UNIX/Linux computers 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 4 GB RAM4 GB RAM 10 GB10 GB
Web 主控台伺服器Web Console server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
SQL Server Reporting Services 伺服器SQL Server Reporting Services server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB

Operations Manager 元件的軟體需求Software requirements for Operations Manager components

伺服器作業系統Server operating system

下列為 Operations Manager 元件支援的 Windows 伺服器作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows Server operating system are supported for the following Operations Manager components.

元件Component Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server 2016 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server Core 2016Windows Server Core 2016
Operations Manager 管理伺服器Operations Manager Management Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager 閘道伺服器Operations Manager Gateway Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager Web 主控台Operations Manager Web Console yes yes
Operations Manager ACS 收集器Operations Manager ACS Collector yes yes
Operations Manager Operations 主控台Operations Manager Operations console yes yes
Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲、Operations Manager Operational, Data Warehouse,
ACS 資料庫ACS database
yes yes yes
Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager Reporting server yes yes

用戶端作業系統Client operating system

下列為 Operations Manager Operations 主控台支援的 Windows 用戶端作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows client operating system are supported for the Operations Manager Operations console.

Windows 7Windows 7 Windows 8Windows 8 Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Windows 10Windows 10
yes yes yes yes

Microsoft Monitoring Agent 作業系統Microsoft Monitoring Agent operating system

下列為支援連接 Microsoft Monitoring Agent 與 Operations Manager 的 Windows 作業系統版本:The following versions of Windows operating system are supported for the Microsoft Monitoring Agent connecting to Operations Manager.

Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2019 Server Core、 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Server Core、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2019 Server Core, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Server Core, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

  • 檔案系統:%SYSTEMDRIVE% 必須使用 NTFS 檔案系統格式化。File system: %SYSTEMDRIVE% must be formatted with the NTFS file system.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later

注意

需具備 Windows PowerShell 才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並執行使用 PowerShell 指令碼的 System Center Operations Manager 管理組件。Windows PowerShell is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs, and to run System Center Operations Manager management packs that use PowerShell scripts. 需具備 Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並進行 .NET 應用程式效能監視。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs and .NET Application Performance Monitoring.

Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲及 ACS 稽核資料庫Operations Manager operational, data warehouse, and ACS audit database

管理伺服器/閘道伺服器Management server/Gateway server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Windows 遠端管理:管理伺服器必須啟用 Windows 遠端管理。Windows Remote Management: Windows Remote Management must be enabled for the management server.
  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Operations Manager 主控台Operations Manager console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.

  • Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 執行階段Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 runtime.

    注意

    報表檢視器相依於 Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014Report Viewer has a dependency on Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014. SQL Server System CLR Types 套件包含的元件可在 SQL Server 2014 中實作幾何、地理和階層識別碼類型。The SQL Server System CLR Types package contains the components implementing the geometry, geography, and hierarchy ID types in SQL Server 2014. 此元件可以在伺服器以外獨立安裝,以允許用戶端應用程式在伺服器以外使用這些類型。This component can be installed separately from the server to allow client applications to use these types outside of the server.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Web 主控台Web console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • 針對已啟用 Silverlight 儀表板的用戶端網頁瀏覽器: 對於已啟用 Silverlight 之儀表板的回溯相容性,Internet Explorer 11 和 Silverlight 5 皆為必要。Client web browser for Silverlight-enabled dashboards: For backwards compatibility with Silverlight-enabled dashboards, Internet Explorer 11 and Silverlight 5 is required.

    注意

    Web 主控台不支援以相容性檢視來執行 IE,否則您將會在嘗試存取主控台時看到空白頁面。The Web console does not support running IE in Compatibility View, otherwise you will receive a blank page when attempting to access the console. 若要關閉相容性檢視功能,請參閱如何在 Internet Explorer 中使用相容性檢視 (機器翻譯)。To turn off Compatibility View feature, please see How to use Compatibility View in Internet Explorer.

  • HTML5 Web 主控台的用戶端網頁瀏覽器:Client web browser for HTML5 web console:

    • Internet Explorer 11 版Internet Explorer version 11
    • Microsoft Edge 40 和更高版本Microsoft Edge version 40 and higher
    • Google Chrome 61 和更高版本Google Chrome version 61 and higher
    • Firefox 56 和更高版本Firefox version 56 and higher
  • Internet Information Services:IIS 7.5 和更新版本,且已安裝 IIS 管理主控台和下列角色服務:Internet Information Services: IIS 7.5 and later versions, with the IIS Management Console and the following role services installed:

    • 靜態內容Static Content
    • 預設文件Default Document
    • 目錄瀏覽Directory Browsing
    • HTTP 錯誤HTTP Errors
    • HTTP 記錄HTTP Logging
    • 要求監視器Request Monitor
    • 要求篩選Request Filtering
    • 靜態內容壓縮Static Content Compression
    • 網頁伺服器 (IIS) 支援Web Server (IIS) Support
    • IIS 6 Metabase 相容性IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • ASP.NET (需要 ASP.NET 的 3.5 和 4.5 兩種版本,或比其更高的版本。)ASP.NET (both the 3.5 and 4.5 or higher versions of ASP.NET are required.)
    • Windows 驗證Windows Authentication
  • 針對 Web 主控台選取的網站:需要已設定的 http 或 https 繫結。Selected website for web console: Requires a configured http or https binding.

  • SharePoint 2010 和 SharePoint 2013 支援 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint 儀表板檢視器 Web 組件。The System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint Dashboard Viewer Web Part is supported on SharePoint 2010 and SharePoint 2013. 不過,在 Microsoft 365 中的 SharePoint 上並不支援。However, it is not supported on SharePoint in Microsoft 365.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

注意

安裝 Web 主控台時,需要針對 ASP.NET 4 啟用 IIS 中的 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。Installation of the web console requires that ISAPI and CGI Restrictions in IIS are enabled for ASP.NET 4. 若要啟用此功能,請在 [IIS 管理員] 中選取 Web 伺服器,然後按兩下 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。To enable this, select the web server in IIS Manager, and then double-click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 選取 [ASP.NET v4.0.30319] ,然後按一下 [允許] 。Select ASP.NET v4.0.30319, and then click Allow.

Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager reporting server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Microsoft SQL Server:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server: See SQL Server Requirements.

  • 遠端登錄服務:必須啟用並啟動。Remote Registry Service: Must be enabled and started.

  • Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services: See SQL Server Requirements.

    注意

    System Center 2016 – Operations Manager 和更新版本只支援原生模式的 SQL Server Reporting Services,因此請不要使用 SharePoint 整合模式。System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher supports SQL Server Reporting Services in native mode only; do not use SharePoint integrated mode.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

虛擬化Virtualization

Microsoft 支援在符合本文件所述之最低需求的任何實體或虛擬環境中,執行所有 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版伺服器功能。Microsoft supports running all System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher server features in any physical or virtual environment that meets the minimum requirements that are stated in this document. 適用於 Operations Manager 的虛擬化功能有某些限制。There are some restrictions on virtualization functionality that is applicable to Operations Manager. 具體來說,無論 Operations Manager 搭配使用何種虛擬化技術,Microsoft 皆不支援使用下列虛擬化功能:Specifically, Microsoft does not support the use of the following virtualization functionality no matter what virtualization technology is used with Operations Manager:

  • 如果對某些功能來說,並非所有虛擬電腦上的活動都能立即認可至虛擬硬碟,則不應讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦使用這些功能。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component must not make use of any functionality where all activity on the virtual computer is not immediately committed to the virtual hard drive. 這包括使用時間點快照集,以及將變更寫入暫存虛擬硬碟。This includes making use of point-in-time snapshots, and writing changes to a temporary virtual hard drive.
  • 您無法讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦暫停,或進入「儲存狀態」並重新啟動。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component cannot be paused or placed into a ‘save state’ status and restarted. 而只能像實體電腦一樣將其關閉和重新啟動。They can only be shut down and restarted just as would be done with a physical computer.

在 Microsoft Azure 中的虛擬機器上執行 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本時,其方式就如同在實體電腦系統上一樣。System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher runs on virtual machines in Microsoft Azure just as it does on physical computer systems. 建議您在 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器上執行 Operations Manager,以監視其他裝載於 Azure 的虛擬機器或資源,或監視裝載於內部部署的執行個體和工作負載。We recommend running Operations Manager on Microsoft Azure virtual machines to monitor other virtual machines or resources hosted in Azure, or monitor instances and workloads hosted on-premises. 您也可以在內部部署中執行 Operations Manager,並監視 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器或 Azure 中的其他資源。You can also run Operations Manager on-premises and monitor Microsoft Azure virtual machines or other resources in Azure.

  • 使用 Azure Site Recovery,可以將正在執行 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦複寫到另一個虛擬化環境。Virtual computers that are running Operations Manager components can be replicated to another virtualized environment by using Azure Site Recovery. 這裡所指的虛擬化環境可以位在內部部署或 Azure 上,並在發生任何災害時容錯移轉至此環境。The virtualized environment referred here, can be either on on-premises or Azure, and it would failover to this environment on account of any disaster.
  • 如果 Operations Manager 資料庫要裝載在虛擬的 SQL Server 上,基於效能考量,建議您將操作資料庫和資料倉儲資料庫儲存在直接連接的硬碟上,不要儲存在虛擬硬碟上。If the Operations Manager databases are to be hosted on virtualized SQL Server(s), for performance reasons, we recommend that you store the Operational database and data warehouse database on a directly attached physical hard drive and not on a virtual hard disk.

支援的共存Supported coexistence

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 2016 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 2016 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2012 R2Operations Manager 2012 R2 Yes

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 1801 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 1801 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup Yes
Operations Manager 2012 R2 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2012 R2 to the latest update rollup Yes

就地升級In-place upgrade

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center 2016 - Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations ManagerSystem Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations Manager
  • System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 更新彙總套件 9System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager with Update Rollup 9

System Center Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2012 R2 UR12 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2012 R2 UR12 to the latest update rollup
  • System Center 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup

Active Directory 和 DNSActive Directory and DNS

Operations Manager 已與 Active Directory 整合以便進行驗證、權限指派和授權作業。Operations Manager integrates with Active Directory for authentication, rights assignment, and authorization. 而系統會使用 DNS 進行支援角色的名稱解析,包括在管理群組、電腦、網路裝置及其他受監視的工作負載 (例如 Web URL) 中的角色。DNS is leveraged for name resolution of the supporting roles in the management group as well as computers, network devices, and other monitored workloads such as web URLs.

Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services

System Center Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 執行許多服務,包括定義安全性原則、權限指派、驗證和授權。System Center Operations Manager relies on AD DS for a number of services, including definition of security principles, rights assignment, authentication, and authorization. Operations Manager 在執行電腦和服務探索時會查詢 AD DS,而且可以使用 AD DS 儲存及散發代理程式設定資訊。Operations Manager queries AD DS when performing computer and service discovery and can use AD DS for storing and distributing agent configuration information. 為了讓 Operations Manager 正常運作,AD DS 與其支援服務 (DNS) 必須健康情況良好並具備特定的最低設定層級。For Operations Manager to function properly, AD DS and its supporting service, DNS, need to be healthy and at certain minimum configuration levels. 此外也必須遵循特定網域命名慣例。In addition, certain domain naming conventions must be followed.

網域空間命名Domain space naming

Operations Manager 管理群組無法安裝在具有一般 DNS 命名空間的根 Active Directory 網域。An Operations Manager management group cannot be installed into a root Active Directory domain that has a flat DNS namespace. 不過,您可以將管理群組安裝在根網域的子網域中。However, you can install the management group into child domains of the root domain. 例如,您有 DNS 名稱為 "Woodgrove" 的根網域。For example, you have a root domain that has a DNS name of "Woodgrove". 由於這個根網域具有一般 DNS 命名空間,因此您無法將 Operations Manager 管理群組安裝在 Woodgrove 網域中。Because this root domain has a flat DNS namespace, you cannot install an Operations Manager management group into the Woodgrove domain. 不過,如果 Woodgrove 網域有一個子網域的 DNS 名稱是 "National",該子網域的完整網域名稱就是 national.woodgrove。But, if the Woodgrove domain has a child domain with a DNS name of "National", the fully qualified domain name of the child domain would be national.woodgrove. 如需在 Windows 中使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定網域的詳細資訊,請參閱使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定 Active Directory 網域的相關資訊。For more information about configuring Windows for domains with single-label DNS names, see Information about configuring Active Directory domains by using single-label DNS names.

網域功能等級Domain functional level

Windows Server Active Directory 能夠以不同的功能等級運作。Windows Server Active Directory can operate at different functional levels. 這些等級以網域中存在的網域控制站上允許的 Windows Server 作業系統版本來區別。These levels are distinguished by the version of the Windows Server operating system that is permitted on the domain controllers present in the domain. System Center Operations Manager 沒有網域功能等級需求。System Center Operations Manager does not have a domain functional level requirement.

樹系功能等級Forest functional level

樹系功能等級與網域功能等級類似,會在整個樹系設定最低網域控制站作業系統等級。The forest functional level is similar to the domain functional level in that it sets a minimum domain controller operating system level across the whole forest. 設定之後,就無法將來自較低功能等級、具有舊版作業系統的網域控制站導入樹系。After it is set, domain controllers with down-level operating systems from lower functional levels cannot be introduced into the forest. Operations Manager 沒有樹系功能等級需求。Operations Manager does not have a forest functional level requirement.

DNSDNS

DNS 必須安裝且處於狀況良好的狀態才能支援 AD DS。DNS must be installed and in a healthy state to support AD DS. 除了 Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 運作外,沒有特定的 DNS 需求。Beyond the reliance of Operations Manager on AD DS, there are no specific DNS requirements.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

此文章詳述 System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的系統需求。This article details the system requirements for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager.

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

Operations Manager 的容量限制Capacity limits for Operations Manager

這項資訊有助於您了解支援管理群組的各種 Operations Manager 元件效能和延展性特性。This information helps you understand the performance and scalability characteristics of the various Operations Manager components supporting a management group.

受監視項目Monitored Item 建議限制Recommended Limit
同步 Operations 主控台Simultaneous Operations consoles 5050
向管理伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a management server 3,0003,000
向閘道伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a gateway server 2,0002,000
每部專用管理伺服器的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per dedicated management server 25,00025,000
每個管理群組的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per management group 100,000100,000
每個管理伺服器的集合用戶端監視的電腦Collective client monitored computers per management server 2,5002,500
每個用於多路連接的代理程式之管理伺服器Management servers per agent for multihoming 44
每部管理伺服器的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management server 1010
每個管理群組的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management group 6060
每個管理群組的代理程式管理以及 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦Agent-managed and UNIX or Linux computers per management group 6,000 (含 50 個開啟的主控台);15,000 (含 25 個開啟的主控台)6,000 (with 50 open consoles); 15,000 (with 25 open consoles)
每台專用管理伺服器的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers per dedicated management server 1,0001,000
每台專用閘道伺服器監視的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers monitored per dedicated gateway server 200200
由具有三部 (含) 以上管理伺服器之資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by a resource pool with three or more management servers 1,0001,000
由兩個資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by two resource pools 2,0002,000
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的代理程式Agents for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 700700
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的應用程式Applications for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 400400
每台專用管理伺服器監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management server 3,0003,000
每個專用管理群組監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management group 12,00012,000
每個代理程式監視的 URLURLs monitored per agent 5050

升級順序Upgrade sequence

如果您要升級的 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 或 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 安裝整合一或多個 System Center 元件,則請務必以下列順序進行升級。If you are upgrading an installation of System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager or System Center 2016 - Operations Manager that is integrated with one or more System Center components, it is important that you upgrade in the following order.

  1. Orchestrator - 如果您已安裝 Operations Manager 整合套件來支援對 Operations Manager 管理群組執行自動化的 Runbook。Orchestrator - if you have the Operations Manager integration pack installed to support runbooks that perform automation against your Operations Manager management group.
  2. Service Manager - 如果您已設定連接器匯入從 Operations Manager 探索到並監視之物件的警示和設定項目資料。Service Manager - if you configured the connectors to import alert and configuration item data of objects discovered and monitored from Operations Manager.
  3. Data Protection Manager - 如已設定中央主控台集中管理 DPM 環境。Data Protection Manager - if you have configured the central console to centrally manage your DPM environment.
  4. Operations ManagerOperations Manager
  5. Virtual Machine Manager - 如果您已設定 Operations Manager 整合來監視 VMM 元件、虛擬機器和虛擬機器主機的健全狀況。Virtual Machine Manager - if you have configured integration with Operations Manager to monitor the health of your VMM components, the virtual machines and virtual machine hosts.

硬體需求Hardware requirements

考量處理器、RAM 和磁碟空間的最小硬體需求,使用此資訊來評估您的硬體環境是否已準備好支援安裝或升級到 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本。Use this information to evaluate if your hardware environment is ready to support the installation of or upgrade to System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher, considering the minimum hardware requirements for processor, RAM, and disk space. 不論是要部署一或多個元件,您都應該參考這裡的資訊。如需特定的詳細資訊以協助規劃新的 Operations Manager 部署所需的基礎結構量,請參閱 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper (Operations Manager 2012 規模調整小幫手)。You should use the information here whether you are deploying one or multiple components and for more specific information to help plan the amount of infrastructure needed for a new Operations Manager deployment, refer to the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper.

注意

儘管 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper 尚未更新以反映 Operations Manager 2016 和更新版本,提供的資訊仍然有效,可協助評估您的設計需求。While the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing helper has not been updated to reflect the 2016 and higher release of Operations Manager, the information provided is still valid to help you estimate for your design requirements. 不過,每部管理和閘道伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目 (如 [Unix 或 Linux 監視] 區段中所述) 並不正確。However, the number of UNIX/Linux computers per management and gateway server, as noted in the Unix or Linux Monitoring section is not correct. 每部伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目均已增加,並已在本文稍早的受監視項目容量表格中加以註明。The number of UNIX/Linux computers per server has increased and is noted in the monitored item capacity table earlier in this article.

Operations Manager 伺服器角色Operations Manager Server Role x64 處理器 (最低)x64 Processor (min) 記憶體 (最低)Memory (min) 磁碟空間 (最低)Disk space (min)
管理伺服器Management Server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
閘道伺服器最多可管理 2000 個代理程式Gateway Server managing up to 2000 agents 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 500 台網路裝置Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 500 network devices 八核心 2.66 GHz CPU8-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 32 GB32 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 100 台 UNIX/Linux 電腦Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 100 UNIX/Linux computers 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 4 GB RAM4 GB RAM 10 GB10 GB
Web 主控台伺服器Web Console server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
SQL Server Reporting Services 伺服器SQL Server Reporting Services server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB

Operations Manager 元件的軟體需求Software requirements for Operations Manager components

伺服器作業系統Server operating system

下列為 Operations Manager 元件支援的 Windows 伺服器作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows Server operating system are supported for the following Operations Manager components.

元件Component Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server 2016 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server Core 2016Windows Server Core 2016
Operations Manager 管理伺服器Operations Manager Management Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager 閘道伺服器Operations Manager Gateway Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager Web 主控台Operations Manager Web Console yes yes
Operations Manager ACS 收集器Operations Manager ACS Collector yes yes
Operations Manager Operations 主控台Operations Manager Operations console yes yes
Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲、Operations Manager Operational, Data Warehouse,
ACS 資料庫ACS database
yes yes yes
Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager Reporting server yes yes

用戶端作業系統Client operating system

下列為 Operations Manager Operations 主控台支援的 Windows 用戶端作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows client operating system are supported for the Operations Manager Operations console.

Windows 7Windows 7 Windows 8Windows 8 Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Windows 10Windows 10
yes yes yes yes

Microsoft Monitoring Agent 作業系統Microsoft Monitoring Agent operating system

下列為支援連接 Microsoft Monitoring Agent 與 Operations Manager 的 Windows 作業系統版本:The following versions of Windows operating system are supported for the Microsoft Monitoring Agent connecting to Operations Manager.

Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2019 Server Core、 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Server Core、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2019 Server Core, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Server Core, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

  • 檔案系統:%SYSTEMDRIVE% 必須使用 NTFS 檔案系統格式化。File system: %SYSTEMDRIVE% must be formatted with the NTFS file system.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later

注意

需具備 Windows PowerShell 才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並執行使用 PowerShell 指令碼的 System Center Operations Manager 管理組件。Windows PowerShell is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs, and to run System Center Operations Manager management packs that use PowerShell scripts. 需具備 Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並進行 .NET 應用程式效能監視。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs and .NET Application Performance Monitoring.

Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲及 ACS 稽核資料庫Operations Manager operational, data warehouse, and ACS audit database

管理伺服器/閘道伺服器Management server/Gateway server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Windows 遠端管理:管理伺服器必須啟用 Windows 遠端管理。Windows Remote Management: Windows Remote Management must be enabled for the management server.
  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Operations Manager 主控台Operations Manager console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.

  • Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 執行階段Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 runtime.

    注意

    報表檢視器相依於 Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014Report Viewer has a dependency on Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014. SQL Server System CLR Types 套件包含的元件可在 SQL Server 2014 中實作幾何、地理和階層識別碼類型。The SQL Server System CLR Types package contains the components implementing the geometry, geography, and hierarchy ID types in SQL Server 2014. 此元件可以在伺服器以外獨立安裝,以允許用戶端應用程式在伺服器以外使用這些類型。This component can be installed separately from the server to allow client applications to use these types outside of the server.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Web 主控台Web console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • 針對已啟用 Silverlight 儀表板的用戶端網頁瀏覽器: 對於已啟用 Silverlight 之儀表板的回溯相容性,Internet Explorer 11 和 Silverlight 5 皆為必要。Client web browser for Silverlight-enabled dashboards: For backwards compatibility with Silverlight-enabled dashboards, Internet Explorer 11 and Silverlight 5 is required.

    注意

    Web 主控台不支援以相容性檢視來執行 IE,否則您將會在嘗試存取主控台時看到空白頁面。The Web console does not support running IE in Compatibility View, otherwise you will receive a blank page when attempting to access the console. 若要關閉相容性檢視功能,請參閱如何在 Internet Explorer 中使用相容性檢視 (機器翻譯)。To turn off Compatibility View feature, please see How to use Compatibility View in Internet Explorer.

  • HTML5 Web 主控台的用戶端網頁瀏覽器:Client web browser for HTML5 web console:

    • Internet Explorer 11 版Internet Explorer version 11
    • Microsoft Edge 40 和更高版本Microsoft Edge version 40 and higher
    • Google Chrome 61 和更高版本Google Chrome version 61 and higher
    • Firefox 56 和更高版本Firefox version 56 and higher
  • Internet Information Services:IIS 7.5 和更新版本,且已安裝 IIS 管理主控台和下列角色服務:Internet Information Services: IIS 7.5 and later versions, with the IIS Management Console and the following role services installed:

    • 靜態內容Static Content
    • 預設文件Default Document
    • 目錄瀏覽Directory Browsing
    • HTTP 錯誤HTTP Errors
    • HTTP 記錄HTTP Logging
    • 要求監視器Request Monitor
    • 要求篩選Request Filtering
    • 靜態內容壓縮Static Content Compression
    • 網頁伺服器 (IIS) 支援Web Server (IIS) Support
    • IIS 6 Metabase 相容性IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • ASP.NET (需要 ASP.NET 的 3.5 和 4.5 兩種版本,或比其更高的版本。)ASP.NET (both the 3.5 and 4.5 or higher versions of ASP.NET are required.)
    • Windows 驗證Windows Authentication
  • 針對 Web 主控台選取的網站:需要已設定的 http 或 https 繫結。Selected website for web console: Requires a configured http or https binding.

  • SharePoint 2010 和 SharePoint 2013 支援 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint 儀表板檢視器 Web 組件。The System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint Dashboard Viewer Web Part is supported on SharePoint 2010 and SharePoint 2013. 不過,在 Microsoft 365 中的 SharePoint 上並不支援。However, it is not supported on SharePoint in Microsoft 365.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

注意

安裝 Web 主控台時,需要針對 ASP.NET 4 啟用 IIS 中的 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。Installation of the web console requires that ISAPI and CGI Restrictions in IIS are enabled for ASP.NET 4. 若要啟用此功能,請在 [IIS 管理員] 中選取 Web 伺服器,然後按兩下 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。To enable this, select the web server in IIS Manager, and then double-click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 選取 [ASP.NET v4.0.30319] ,然後按一下 [允許] 。Select ASP.NET v4.0.30319, and then click Allow.

Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager reporting server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Microsoft SQL Server:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server: See SQL Server Requirements.

  • 遠端登錄服務:必須啟用並啟動。Remote Registry Service: Must be enabled and started.

  • Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services: See SQL Server Requirements.

    注意

    System Center 2016 – Operations Manager 和更新版本只支援原生模式的 SQL Server Reporting Services,因此請不要使用 SharePoint 整合模式。System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher supports SQL Server Reporting Services in native mode only; do not use SharePoint integrated mode.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

虛擬化Virtualization

Microsoft 支援在符合本文件所述之最低需求的任何實體或虛擬環境中,執行所有 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版伺服器功能。Microsoft supports running all System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher server features in any physical or virtual environment that meets the minimum requirements that are stated in this document. 適用於 Operations Manager 的虛擬化功能有某些限制。There are some restrictions on virtualization functionality that is applicable to Operations Manager. 具體來說,無論 Operations Manager 搭配使用何種虛擬化技術,Microsoft 皆不支援使用下列虛擬化功能:Specifically, Microsoft does not support the use of the following virtualization functionality no matter what virtualization technology is used with Operations Manager:

  • 如果對某些功能來說,並非所有虛擬電腦上的活動都能立即認可至虛擬硬碟,則不應讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦使用這些功能。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component must not make use of any functionality where all activity on the virtual computer is not immediately committed to the virtual hard drive. 這包括使用時間點快照集,以及將變更寫入暫存虛擬硬碟。This includes making use of point-in-time snapshots, and writing changes to a temporary virtual hard drive.
  • 您無法讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦暫停,或進入「儲存狀態」並重新啟動。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component cannot be paused or placed into a ‘save state’ status and restarted. 而只能像實體電腦一樣將其關閉和重新啟動。They can only be shut down and restarted just as would be done with a physical computer.

在 Microsoft Azure 中的虛擬機器上執行 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本時,其方式就如同在實體電腦系統上一樣。System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher runs on virtual machines in Microsoft Azure just as it does on physical computer systems. 建議您在 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器上執行 Operations Manager,以監視其他裝載於 Azure 的虛擬機器或資源,或監視裝載於內部部署的執行個體和工作負載。We recommend running Operations Manager on Microsoft Azure virtual machines to monitor other virtual machines or resources hosted in Azure, or monitor instances and workloads hosted on-premises. 您也可以在內部部署中執行 Operations Manager,並監視 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器或 Azure 中的其他資源。You can also run Operations Manager on-premises and monitor Microsoft Azure virtual machines or other resources in Azure.

  • 使用 Azure Site Recovery,可以將正在執行 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦複寫到另一個虛擬化環境。Virtual computers that are running Operations Manager components can be replicated to another virtualized environment by using Azure Site Recovery. 這裡所指的虛擬化環境可以位在內部部署或 Azure 上,並在發生任何災害時容錯移轉至此環境。The virtualized environment referred here, can be either on on-premises or Azure, and it would failover to this environment on account of any disaster.
  • 如果 Operations Manager 資料庫要裝載在虛擬的 SQL Server 上,基於效能考量,建議您將操作資料庫和資料倉儲資料庫儲存在直接連接的硬碟上,不要儲存在虛擬硬碟上。If the Operations Manager databases are to be hosted on virtualized SQL Server(s), for performance reasons, we recommend that you store the Operational database and data warehouse database on a directly attached physical hard drive and not on a virtual hard disk.

支援的共存Supported coexistence

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 2016 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 2016 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2012 R2Operations Manager 2012 R2 Yes

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 1801 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 1801 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup Yes
Operations Manager 2012 R2 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2012 R2 to the latest update rollup Yes

就地升級In-place upgrade

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center 2016 - Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations ManagerSystem Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations Manager
  • System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 更新彙總套件 9System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager with Update Rollup 9

System Center Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2012 R2 UR12 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2012 R2 UR12 to the latest update rollup
  • System Center 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup

Active Directory 和 DNSActive Directory and DNS

Operations Manager 已與 Active Directory 整合以便進行驗證、權限指派和授權作業。Operations Manager integrates with Active Directory for authentication, rights assignment, and authorization. 而系統會使用 DNS 進行支援角色的名稱解析,包括在管理群組、電腦、網路裝置及其他受監視的工作負載 (例如 Web URL) 中的角色。DNS is leveraged for name resolution of the supporting roles in the management group as well as computers, network devices, and other monitored workloads such as web URLs.

Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services

System Center Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 執行許多服務,包括定義安全性原則、權限指派、驗證和授權。System Center Operations Manager relies on AD DS for a number of services, including definition of security principles, rights assignment, authentication, and authorization. Operations Manager 在執行電腦和服務探索時會查詢 AD DS,而且可以使用 AD DS 儲存及散發代理程式設定資訊。Operations Manager queries AD DS when performing computer and service discovery and can use AD DS for storing and distributing agent configuration information. 為了讓 Operations Manager 正常運作,AD DS 與其支援服務 (DNS) 必須健康情況良好並具備特定的最低設定層級。For Operations Manager to function properly, AD DS and its supporting service, DNS, need to be healthy and at certain minimum configuration levels. 此外也必須遵循特定網域命名慣例。In addition, certain domain naming conventions must be followed.

網域空間命名Domain space naming

Operations Manager 管理群組無法安裝在具有一般 DNS 命名空間的根 Active Directory 網域。An Operations Manager management group cannot be installed into a root Active Directory domain that has a flat DNS namespace. 不過,您可以將管理群組安裝在根網域的子網域中。However, you can install the management group into child domains of the root domain. 例如,您有 DNS 名稱為 "Woodgrove" 的根網域。For example, you have a root domain that has a DNS name of "Woodgrove". 由於這個根網域具有一般 DNS 命名空間,因此您無法將 Operations Manager 管理群組安裝在 Woodgrove 網域中。Because this root domain has a flat DNS namespace, you cannot install an Operations Manager management group into the Woodgrove domain. 不過,如果 Woodgrove 網域有一個子網域的 DNS 名稱是 "National",該子網域的完整網域名稱就是 national.woodgrove。But, if the Woodgrove domain has a child domain with a DNS name of "National", the fully qualified domain name of the child domain would be national.woodgrove. 如需在 Windows 中使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定網域的詳細資訊,請參閱使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定 Active Directory 網域的相關資訊。For more information about configuring Windows for domains with single-label DNS names, see Information about configuring Active Directory domains by using single-label DNS names.

網域功能等級Domain functional level

Windows Server Active Directory 能夠以不同的功能等級運作。Windows Server Active Directory can operate at different functional levels. 這些等級以網域中存在的網域控制站上允許的 Windows Server 作業系統版本來區別。These levels are distinguished by the version of the Windows Server operating system that is permitted on the domain controllers present in the domain. System Center Operations Manager 沒有網域功能等級需求。System Center Operations Manager does not have a domain functional level requirement.

樹系功能等級Forest functional level

樹系功能等級與網域功能等級類似,會在整個樹系設定最低網域控制站作業系統等級。The forest functional level is similar to the domain functional level in that it sets a minimum domain controller operating system level across the whole forest. 設定之後,就無法將來自較低功能等級、具有舊版作業系統的網域控制站導入樹系。After it is set, domain controllers with down-level operating systems from lower functional levels cannot be introduced into the forest. Operations Manager 沒有樹系功能等級需求。Operations Manager does not have a forest functional level requirement.

DNSDNS

DNS 必須安裝且處於狀況良好的狀態才能支援 AD DS。DNS must be installed and in a healthy state to support AD DS. 除了 Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 運作外,沒有特定的 DNS 需求。Beyond the reliance of Operations Manager on AD DS, there are no specific DNS requirements.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

此文章詳述 System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的系統需求。This article details the system requirements for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager.

注意

您必須安裝 Operations Manager 1801,才能升級到 Operations Manager 1807。you must install Operations Manager 1801 in order to upgrade to Operations Manager 1807. 1801 與 1807 Operations Manager 的系統需求相同。The system requirements remain the same for 1801 and 1807 Operations Manager.

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 2016 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1801 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1801 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的系統需求System requirements for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager

此文章描述適用於 System Center 1807 - Operations Manager 的一般效能與可擴縮性指導方針。This article describes general performance and scalability guidance for System Center 1807 - Operations Manager. 會建議各種工作負載的硬體設定。It recommends hardware configurations for a variety of workloads. 由於 System Center Operations Manager 的設計理念是保障靈活性與可調整性,因此特定案例的硬體需求可能不同於此處所提供的指導方針。Because System Center Operations Manager is built to be flexible and scalable, the hardware requirements for specific scenarios may differ from the guidelines that are presented here. 規劃指南的其他章節中有詳細說明每個 Operations Manager 元件的效能影響因素,以便您針對特定的需求進行調整。A discussion of the factors that affect the performance of each Operations Manager component is detailed in other sections of the planning guide so that they can be adapted to specific requirements.

Operations Manager 的容量限制Capacity limits for Operations Manager

這項資訊有助於您了解支援管理群組的各種 Operations Manager 元件效能和延展性特性。This information helps you understand the performance and scalability characteristics of the various Operations Manager components supporting a management group.

受監視項目Monitored Item 建議限制Recommended Limit
同步 Operations 主控台Simultaneous Operations consoles 5050
向管理伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a management server 3,0003,000
向閘道伺服器報告並受代理程式監視的電腦Agent-monitored computers reporting to a gateway server 2,0002,000
每部專用管理伺服器的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per dedicated management server 25,00025,000
每個管理群組的無代理程式例外監控 (AEM) 的電腦Agentless Exception Monitored (AEM)-computers per management group 100,000100,000
每個管理伺服器的集合用戶端監視的電腦Collective client monitored computers per management server 2,5002,500
每個用於多路連接的代理程式之管理伺服器Management servers per agent for multihoming 44
每部管理伺服器的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management server 1010
每個管理群組的無代理程式管理的電腦Agentless-managed computers per management group 6060
每個管理群組的代理程式管理以及 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦Agent-managed and UNIX or Linux computers per management group 6,000 (含 50 個開啟的主控台);15,000 (含 25 個開啟的主控台)6,000 (with 50 open consoles); 15,000 (with 25 open consoles)
每台專用管理伺服器的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers per dedicated management server 1,0001,000
每台專用閘道伺服器監視的 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦UNIX or Linux computers monitored per dedicated gateway server 200200
由具有三部 (含) 以上管理伺服器之資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by a resource pool with three or more management servers 1,0001,000
由兩個資源集區管理的網路裝置Network devices managed by two resource pools 2,0002,000
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的代理程式Agents for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 700700
應用程式效能監視 (APM) 的應用程式Applications for Application Performance Monitoring (APM) 400400
每台專用管理伺服器監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management server 3,0003,000
每個專用管理群組監視的 URLURLs monitored per dedicated management group 12,00012,000
每個代理程式監視的 URLURLs monitored per agent 5050

升級順序Upgrade sequence

如果您要升級的 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 或 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 安裝整合一或多個 System Center 元件,則請務必以下列順序進行升級。If you are upgrading an installation of System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager or System Center 2016 - Operations Manager that is integrated with one or more System Center components, it is important that you upgrade in the following order.

  1. Orchestrator - 如果您已安裝 Operations Manager 整合套件來支援對 Operations Manager 管理群組執行自動化的 Runbook。Orchestrator - if you have the Operations Manager integration pack installed to support runbooks that perform automation against your Operations Manager management group.
  2. Service Manager - 如果您已設定連接器匯入從 Operations Manager 探索到並監視之物件的警示和設定項目資料。Service Manager - if you configured the connectors to import alert and configuration item data of objects discovered and monitored from Operations Manager.
  3. Data Protection Manager - 如已設定中央主控台集中管理 DPM 環境。Data Protection Manager - if you have configured the central console to centrally manage your DPM environment.
  4. Operations ManagerOperations Manager
  5. Virtual Machine Manager - 如果您已設定 Operations Manager 整合來監視 VMM 元件、虛擬機器和虛擬機器主機的健全狀況。Virtual Machine Manager - if you have configured integration with Operations Manager to monitor the health of your VMM components, the virtual machines and virtual machine hosts.

硬體需求Hardware requirements

考量處理器、RAM 和磁碟空間的最小硬體需求,使用此資訊來評估您的硬體環境是否已準備好支援安裝或升級到 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本。Use this information to evaluate if your hardware environment is ready to support the installation of or upgrade to System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher, considering the minimum hardware requirements for processor, RAM, and disk space. 不論是要部署一或多個元件,您都應該參考這裡的資訊。如需特定的詳細資訊以協助規劃新的 Operations Manager 部署所需的基礎結構量,請參閱 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper (Operations Manager 2012 規模調整小幫手)。You should use the information here whether you are deploying one or multiple components and for more specific information to help plan the amount of infrastructure needed for a new Operations Manager deployment, refer to the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper.

注意

儘管 Operations Manager 2012 Sizing Helper 尚未更新以反映 Operations Manager 2016 和更新版本,提供的資訊仍然有效,可協助評估您的設計需求。While the Operations Manager 2012 Sizing helper has not been updated to reflect the 2016 and higher release of Operations Manager, the information provided is still valid to help you estimate for your design requirements. 不過,每部管理和閘道伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目 (如 [Unix 或 Linux 監視] 區段中所述) 並不正確。However, the number of UNIX/Linux computers per management and gateway server, as noted in the Unix or Linux Monitoring section is not correct. 每部伺服器的 UNIX/Linux 電腦數目均已增加,並已在本文稍早的受監視項目容量表格中加以註明。The number of UNIX/Linux computers per server has increased and is noted in the monitored item capacity table earlier in this article.

Operations Manager 伺服器角色Operations Manager Server Role x64 處理器 (最低)x64 Processor (min) 記憶體 (最低)Memory (min) 磁碟空間 (最低)Disk space (min)
管理伺服器Management Server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
閘道伺服器最多可管理 2000 個代理程式Gateway Server managing up to 2000 agents 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 500 台網路裝置Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 500 network devices 八核心 2.66 GHz CPU8-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 32 GB32 GB 10 GB10 GB
資源集區中的閘道伺服器最多可管理 100 台 UNIX/Linux 電腦Gateway Server in resource pool managing up to 100 UNIX/Linux computers 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 4 GB RAM4 GB RAM 10 GB10 GB
Web 主控台伺服器Web Console server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB
SQL Server Reporting Services 伺服器SQL Server Reporting Services server 四核心 2.66 GHz CPU4-Core 2.66 GHz CPU 8 GB8 GB 10 GB10 GB

Operations Manager 元件的軟體需求Software requirements for Operations Manager components

伺服器作業系統Server operating system

下列為 Operations Manager 元件支援的 Windows 伺服器作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows Server operating system are supported for the following Operations Manager components.

元件Component Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server 2016 Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard, Datacenter Windows Server Core 2016Windows Server Core 2016
Operations Manager 管理伺服器Operations Manager Management Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager 閘道伺服器Operations Manager Gateway Server yes yes yes
Operations Manager Web 主控台Operations Manager Web Console yes yes
Operations Manager ACS 收集器Operations Manager ACS Collector yes yes
Operations Manager Operations 主控台Operations Manager Operations console yes yes
Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲、Operations Manager Operational, Data Warehouse,
ACS 資料庫ACS database
yes yes yes
Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager Reporting server yes yes

用戶端作業系統Client operating system

下列為 Operations Manager Operations 主控台支援的 Windows 用戶端作業系統版本。The following versions of Windows client operating system are supported for the Operations Manager Operations console.

Windows 7Windows 7 Windows 8Windows 8 Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Windows 10Windows 10
yes yes yes yes

Microsoft Monitoring Agent 作業系統Microsoft Monitoring Agent operating system

下列為支援連接 Microsoft Monitoring Agent 與 Operations Manager 的 Windows 作業系統版本:The following versions of Windows operating system are supported for the Microsoft Monitoring Agent connecting to Operations Manager.

Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2019 Server Core、 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Server Core、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2019 Server Core, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Server Core, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2016 Nano 伺服器、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1、Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2、Windows 10、Windows 8 Enterprise、Windows 8 Pro、Windows Embedded POSReady 2009、Windows 7、Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1。Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2016 Nano Server, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2, Windows 10, Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Pro, Windows Embedded POSReady 2009, Windows 7, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1.

  • 檔案系統:%SYSTEMDRIVE% 必須使用 NTFS 檔案系統格式化。File system: %SYSTEMDRIVE% must be formatted with the NTFS file system.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later

注意

需具備 Windows PowerShell 才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並執行使用 PowerShell 指令碼的 System Center Operations Manager 管理組件。Windows PowerShell is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs, and to run System Center Operations Manager management packs that use PowerShell scripts. 需具備 Microsoft.NET Framework 3.5 或更新版本才能本機收集 IntelliTrace 記錄檔,並進行 .NET 應用程式效能監視。Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 or later is required for local collection of IntelliTrace logs and .NET Application Performance Monitoring.

Operations Manager 操作、資料倉儲及 ACS 稽核資料庫Operations Manager operational, data warehouse, and ACS audit database

管理伺服器/閘道伺服器Management server/Gateway server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.
  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.
  • Windows 遠端管理:管理伺服器必須啟用 Windows 遠端管理。Windows Remote Management: Windows Remote Management must be enabled for the management server.
  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Operations Manager 主控台Operations Manager console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Windows PowerShell 版本:Windows PowerShell 2.0 版或 Windows PowerShell 3.0 版。Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0, or Windows PowerShell version 3.0.

  • Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 執行階段Microsoft Report Viewer 2015 runtime.

    注意

    報表檢視器相依於 Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014Report Viewer has a dependency on Microsoft CLR Types for SQL Server 2014. SQL Server System CLR Types 套件包含的元件可在 SQL Server 2014 中實作幾何、地理和階層識別碼類型。The SQL Server System CLR Types package contains the components implementing the geometry, geography, and hierarchy ID types in SQL Server 2014. 此元件可以在伺服器以外獨立安裝,以允許用戶端應用程式在伺服器以外使用這些類型。This component can be installed separately from the server to allow client applications to use these types outside of the server.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

Web 主控台Web console

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • 針對已啟用 Silverlight 儀表板的用戶端網頁瀏覽器: 對於已啟用 Silverlight 之儀表板的回溯相容性,Internet Explorer 11 和 Silverlight 5 皆為必要。Client web browser for Silverlight-enabled dashboards: For backwards compatibility with Silverlight-enabled dashboards, Internet Explorer 11 and Silverlight 5 is required.

    注意

    Web 主控台不支援以相容性檢視來執行 IE,否則您將會在嘗試存取主控台時看到空白頁面。The Web console does not support running IE in Compatibility View, otherwise you will receive a blank page when attempting to access the console. 若要關閉相容性檢視功能,請參閱如何在 Internet Explorer 中使用相容性檢視 (機器翻譯)。To turn off Compatibility View feature, please see How to use Compatibility View in Internet Explorer.

  • HTML5 Web 主控台的用戶端網頁瀏覽器:Client web browser for HTML5 web console:

    • Internet Explorer 11 版Internet Explorer version 11
    • Microsoft Edge 40 和更高版本Microsoft Edge version 40 and higher
    • Google Chrome 61 和更高版本Google Chrome version 61 and higher
    • Firefox 56 和更高版本Firefox version 56 and higher
  • Internet Information Services:IIS 7.5 和更新版本,且已安裝 IIS 管理主控台和下列角色服務:Internet Information Services: IIS 7.5 and later versions, with the IIS Management Console and the following role services installed:

    • 靜態內容Static Content
    • 預設文件Default Document
    • 目錄瀏覽Directory Browsing
    • HTTP 錯誤HTTP Errors
    • HTTP 記錄HTTP Logging
    • 要求監視器Request Monitor
    • 要求篩選Request Filtering
    • 靜態內容壓縮Static Content Compression
    • 網頁伺服器 (IIS) 支援Web Server (IIS) Support
    • IIS 6 Metabase 相容性IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • ASP.NET (需要 ASP.NET 的 3.5 和 4.5 兩種版本,或比其更高的版本。)ASP.NET (both the 3.5 and 4.5 or higher versions of ASP.NET are required.)
    • Windows 驗證Windows Authentication
  • 針對 Web 主控台選取的網站:需要已設定的 http 或 https 繫結。Selected website for web console: Requires a configured http or https binding.

  • SharePoint 2010 和 SharePoint 2013 支援 System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint 儀表板檢視器 Web 組件。The System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager SharePoint Dashboard Viewer Web Part is supported on SharePoint 2010 and SharePoint 2013. 不過,在 Microsoft 365 中的 SharePoint 上並不支援。However, it is not supported on SharePoint in Microsoft 365.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

注意

安裝 Web 主控台時,需要針對 ASP.NET 4 啟用 IIS 中的 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。Installation of the web console requires that ISAPI and CGI Restrictions in IIS are enabled for ASP.NET 4. 若要啟用此功能,請在 [IIS 管理員] 中選取 Web 伺服器,然後按兩下 [ISAPI 及 CGI 限制] 。To enable this, select the web server in IIS Manager, and then double-click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 選取 [ASP.NET v4.0.30319] ,然後按一下 [允許] 。Select ASP.NET v4.0.30319, and then click Allow.

Operations Manager 報表伺服器Operations Manager reporting server

  • 作業系統:請參閱伺服器作業系統需求Operating System: See Server Operating System requirements.

  • Microsoft SQL Server:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server: See SQL Server Requirements.

  • 遠端登錄服務:必須啟用並啟動。Remote Registry Service: Must be enabled and started.

  • Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services:請參閱 SQL Server 需求Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services: See SQL Server Requirements.

    注意

    System Center 2016 – Operations Manager 和更新版本只支援原生模式的 SQL Server Reporting Services,因此請不要使用 SharePoint 整合模式。System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher supports SQL Server Reporting Services in native mode only; do not use SharePoint integrated mode.

  • 需要 .NET Framework 4 或 .NET Framework 4.5。NET Framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5 is required.

虛擬化Virtualization

Microsoft 支援在符合本文件所述之最低需求的任何實體或虛擬環境中,執行所有 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版伺服器功能。Microsoft supports running all System Center 2016 – Operations Manager and higher server features in any physical or virtual environment that meets the minimum requirements that are stated in this document. 適用於 Operations Manager 的虛擬化功能有某些限制。There are some restrictions on virtualization functionality that is applicable to Operations Manager. 具體來說,無論 Operations Manager 搭配使用何種虛擬化技術,Microsoft 皆不支援使用下列虛擬化功能:Specifically, Microsoft does not support the use of the following virtualization functionality no matter what virtualization technology is used with Operations Manager:

  • 如果對某些功能來說,並非所有虛擬電腦上的活動都能立即認可至虛擬硬碟,則不應讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦使用這些功能。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component must not make use of any functionality where all activity on the virtual computer is not immediately committed to the virtual hard drive. 這包括使用時間點快照集,以及將變更寫入暫存虛擬硬碟。This includes making use of point-in-time snapshots, and writing changes to a temporary virtual hard drive.
  • 您無法讓執行任何 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦暫停,或進入「儲存狀態」並重新啟動。Virtual computers running any Operations Manager component cannot be paused or placed into a ‘save state’ status and restarted. 而只能像實體電腦一樣將其關閉和重新啟動。They can only be shut down and restarted just as would be done with a physical computer.

在 Microsoft Azure 中的虛擬機器上執行 System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 和更新版本時,其方式就如同在實體電腦系統上一樣。System Center 2016 - Operations Manager and higher runs on virtual machines in Microsoft Azure just as it does on physical computer systems. 建議您在 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器上執行 Operations Manager,以監視其他裝載於 Azure 的虛擬機器或資源,或監視裝載於內部部署的執行個體和工作負載。We recommend running Operations Manager on Microsoft Azure virtual machines to monitor other virtual machines or resources hosted in Azure, or monitor instances and workloads hosted on-premises. 您也可以在內部部署中執行 Operations Manager,並監視 Microsoft Azure 虛擬機器或 Azure 中的其他資源。You can also run Operations Manager on-premises and monitor Microsoft Azure virtual machines or other resources in Azure.

  • 使用 Azure Site Recovery,可以將正在執行 Operations Manager 元件的虛擬電腦複寫到另一個虛擬化環境。Virtual computers that are running Operations Manager components can be replicated to another virtualized environment by using Azure Site Recovery. 這裡所指的虛擬化環境可以位在內部部署或 Azure 上,並在發生任何災害時容錯移轉至此環境。The virtualized environment referred here, can be either on on-premises or Azure, and it would failover to this environment on account of any disaster.
  • 如果 Operations Manager 資料庫要裝載在虛擬的 SQL Server 上,基於效能考量,建議您將操作資料庫和資料倉儲資料庫儲存在直接連接的硬碟上,不要儲存在虛擬硬碟上。If the Operations Manager databases are to be hosted on virtualized SQL Server(s), for performance reasons, we recommend that you store the Operational database and data warehouse database on a directly attached physical hard drive and not on a virtual hard disk.

支援的共存Supported coexistence

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 2016 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 2016 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2012 R2Operations Manager 2012 R2 Yes

下表列出支援 Operations Manager 1801 和舊版 Operations Manager 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Operations Manager 1801 and earlier versions of Operations Manager is supported.

版本Version 管理群組共存Management Group Coexistence
Operations Manager 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup Yes
Operations Manager 2012 R2 到最新的更新彙總套件Operations Manager 2012 R2 to the latest update rollup Yes

就地升級In-place upgrade

System Center 2016 - Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center 2016 - Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations ManagerSystem Center 2016 Technical Preview 5 - Operations Manager
  • System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager 更新彙總套件 9System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager with Update Rollup 9

System Center Operations Manager 支援下列版本的就地升級:System Center Operations Manager supports an in-place upgrade from the following versions:

  • System Center 2012 R2 UR12 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2012 R2 UR12 to the latest update rollup
  • System Center 2016 RTM 到最新的更新彙總套件System Center 2016 RTM to the latest update rollup

Active Directory 和 DNSActive Directory and DNS

Operations Manager 已與 Active Directory 整合以便進行驗證、權限指派和授權作業。Operations Manager integrates with Active Directory for authentication, rights assignment, and authorization. 而系統會使用 DNS 進行支援角色的名稱解析,包括在管理群組、電腦、網路裝置及其他受監視的工作負載 (例如 Web URL) 中的角色。DNS is leveraged for name resolution of the supporting roles in the management group as well as computers, network devices, and other monitored workloads such as web URLs.

Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services

System Center Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 執行許多服務,包括定義安全性原則、權限指派、驗證和授權。System Center Operations Manager relies on AD DS for a number of services, including definition of security principles, rights assignment, authentication, and authorization. Operations Manager 在執行電腦和服務探索時會查詢 AD DS,而且可以使用 AD DS 儲存及散發代理程式設定資訊。Operations Manager queries AD DS when performing computer and service discovery and can use AD DS for storing and distributing agent configuration information. 為了讓 Operations Manager 正常運作,AD DS 與其支援服務 (DNS) 必須健康情況良好並具備特定的最低設定層級。For Operations Manager to function properly, AD DS and its supporting service, DNS, need to be healthy and at certain minimum configuration levels. 此外也必須遵循特定網域命名慣例。In addition, certain domain naming conventions must be followed.

網域空間命名Domain space naming

Operations Manager 管理群組無法安裝在具有一般 DNS 命名空間的根 Active Directory 網域。An Operations Manager management group cannot be installed into a root Active Directory domain that has a flat DNS namespace. 不過,您可以將管理群組安裝在根網域的子網域中。However, you can install the management group into child domains of the root domain. 例如,您有 DNS 名稱為 "Woodgrove" 的根網域。For example, you have a root domain that has a DNS name of "Woodgrove". 由於這個根網域具有一般 DNS 命名空間,因此您無法將 Operations Manager 管理群組安裝在 Woodgrove 網域中。Because this root domain has a flat DNS namespace, you cannot install an Operations Manager management group into the Woodgrove domain. 不過,如果 Woodgrove 網域有一個子網域的 DNS 名稱是 "National",該子網域的完整網域名稱就是 national.woodgrove。But, if the Woodgrove domain has a child domain with a DNS name of "National", the fully qualified domain name of the child domain would be national.woodgrove. 如需在 Windows 中使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定網域的詳細資訊,請參閱使用單一標籤 DNS 名稱設定 Active Directory 網域的相關資訊。For more information about configuring Windows for domains with single-label DNS names, see Information about configuring Active Directory domains by using single-label DNS names.

網域功能等級Domain functional level

Windows Server Active Directory 能夠以不同的功能等級運作。Windows Server Active Directory can operate at different functional levels. 這些等級以網域中存在的網域控制站上允許的 Windows Server 作業系統版本來區別。These levels are distinguished by the version of the Windows Server operating system that is permitted on the domain controllers present in the domain. System Center Operations Manager 沒有網域功能等級需求。System Center Operations Manager does not have a domain functional level requirement.

樹系功能等級Forest functional level

樹系功能等級與網域功能等級類似,會在整個樹系設定最低網域控制站作業系統等級。The forest functional level is similar to the domain functional level in that it sets a minimum domain controller operating system level across the whole forest. 設定之後,就無法將來自較低功能等級、具有舊版作業系統的網域控制站導入樹系。After it is set, domain controllers with down-level operating systems from lower functional levels cannot be introduced into the forest. Operations Manager 沒有樹系功能等級需求。Operations Manager does not have a forest functional level requirement.

DNSDNS

DNS 必須安裝且處於狀況良好的狀態才能支援 AD DS。DNS must be installed and in a healthy state to support AD DS. 除了 Operations Manager 依賴 AD DS 運作外,沒有特定的 DNS 需求。Beyond the reliance of Operations Manager on AD DS, there are no specific DNS requirements.

後續步驟Next Steps

規劃安裝Plan installation