Visual Studio 系統管理員指南Visual Studio administrator guide

在企業環境中,系統管理員通常會透過網路共用,或是使用系統管理軟體,將安裝部署給終端使用者。In enterprise environments, system administrators typically deploy installations to end-users from a network share or by using systems management software. 我們已設計 Visual Studio 安裝程式引擎來支援企業部署,讓系統管理員可以建立網路安裝位置、預先設定安裝預設、在安裝程序期間部署產品金鑰,以及在成功推出後管理產品更新。We've designed the Visual Studio setup engine to support enterprise deployment by giving system administrators the ability to create a network install location, to pre-configure installation defaults, to deploy product keys during the installation process, and to manage product updates after a successful rollout.

此系統管理員指南針對網路環境中的企業部署,提供以案例為基礎的指導方針。This administrator guide provides scenario-based guidance for enterprise deployment in networked environments.

開始之前Before you begin

為整個組織部署 Visual Studio 之前,有幾個要制訂之決策和完成的工作:Before you deploy Visual Studio across your organization, there are a few decisions to make and tasks to complete:

  • 確認每部目標電腦都符合基本安裝需求Make sure that each target computer meets the minimum installation requirements.

  • 決定您的服務需求。Decide on your servicing needs.

    如果您的公司需要長時間使用功能集,但仍想要取得服務的定期更新,請計劃使用服務基準。If your company needs to stay on a feature set longer but still wants to get regular servicing updates, plan to use a servicing baseline. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Visual Studio 產品生命週期和服務頁面的<Enterprise 與 Professional 客戶的支援選項>一節,以及如何:在維護基底上時更新 Visual Studio頁面。For more information, see the Support options for Enterprise and Professional customers section of the Visual Studio product lifecycle and servicing page, as well as the How to: Update Visual Studio while on a servicing baseline page.

    如果您打算套用服務更新和累積的功能更新,您可以選擇最新版本。If you plan to apply servicing updates along with cumulative feature updates, then you can choose the latest bits.

  • 決定更新模型。Decide on the update model.

    您希望個別用戶端電腦在何處取得更新?Where do you want individual client machines to get updates? 具體來說,請決定要從網際網路或從全公司的本機共用取得更新。Specifically, decide whether you want to get updates from the internet or from a company-wide local share. 接著,如果您選擇使用本機的共用,請決定要由個別使用者更新自己的用戶端,或由系統管理員以程式設計方式更新用戶端。Then, if you choose to use a local share, decide whether individual users can update their own clients or if you want an admin to update the clients programmatically.

  • 決定您公司需要的工作負載和元件Decide which workloads and components your company needs.

  • 決定是否要使用回應檔案 (可簡化指令碼檔案中的詳細資料管理作業)。Decide whether to use a response file (that simplifies managing details in the script file).

  • 決定要啟用群組原則,還是要將 Visual Studio 設定為停用個別電腦上的客戶回函。Decide if you want to enable Group Policy, and if you want to configure Visual Studio to disable customer feedback on individual computers.

  • 確認每部目標電腦都符合基本安裝需求Make sure that each target computer meets the minimum installation requirements.

  • 決定您的服務需求。Decide on your servicing needs.

    如果您的公司需要長時間使用功能集,但仍想要取得服務的定期更新,請計劃使用服務基準。If your company needs to stay on a feature set longer but still wants to get regular servicing updates, plan to use a servicing baseline. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Visual Studio 產品生命週期和服務頁面的<對舊版 Visual Studio 的支援>一節,以及如何:在維護基底上時更新 Visual Studio頁面。For more information, see the Support for older versions of Visual Studio section of the Visual Studio product lifecycle and servicing page, as well as the How to: Update Visual Studio while on a servicing baseline page.

    如果您打算套用服務更新和累積的功能更新,您可以選擇最新版本。If you plan to apply servicing updates along with cumulative feature updates, then you can choose the latest bits.

  • 決定更新模型。Decide on the update model.

    您希望個別用戶端電腦在何處取得更新?Where do you want individual client machines to get updates? 具體來說,請決定要從網際網路或從全公司的本機共用取得更新。Specifically, decide whether you want to get updates from the internet or from a company-wide local share. 接著,如果您選擇使用本機的共用,請決定要由個別使用者更新自己的用戶端,或由系統管理員以程式設計方式更新用戶端。Then, if you choose to use a local share, decide whether individual users can update their own clients or if you want an admin to update the clients programmatically.

  • 決定您公司需要的工作負載和元件Decide which workloads and components your company needs.

  • 決定是否要使用回應檔案 (可簡化指令碼檔案中的詳細資料管理作業)。Decide whether to use a response file (that simplifies managing details in the script file).

  • 決定要啟用群組原則,還是要將 Visual Studio 設定為停用個別電腦上的客戶回函。Decide if you want to enable Group Policy, and if you want to configure Visual Studio to disable customer feedback on individual computers.

步驟 1 - 下載 Visual Studio 產品檔案Step 1 - Download Visual Studio product files

步驟 2 - 建置安裝指令碼Step 2 - Build an installation script

步驟 3 - 部署Step 3 - Deploy

  • 使用選擇的部署技術,在目標開發人員工作站上執行指令碼。Use your deployment technology of choice to execute your script onto your target developer workstations.

步驟 4 - 部署更新Step 4 - Deploy updates

步驟 5 - (選擇性) 使用 Visual Studio ToolsStep 5 - (Optional) Use Visual Studio tools

我們提供數種工具來協助您偵測和管理用戶端電腦上已安裝的 Visual Studio 執行個體We have several tools available to help you detect and manage installed Visual Studio instances on client machines.

步驟 1 - 下載 Visual Studio 產品檔案Step 1 - Download Visual Studio product files

步驟 2 - 建置安裝指令碼Step 2 - Build an installation script

步驟 3 - 部署Step 3 - Deploy

  • 使用選擇的部署技術,在目標開發人員工作站上執行指令碼。Use your deployment technology of choice to execute your script onto your target developer workstations.

步驟 4 - 部署更新Step 4 - Deploy updates

步驟 5 - (選擇性) 使用 Visual Studio ToolsStep 5 - (Optional) Use Visual Studio tools

我們提供數種工具來協助您偵測和管理用戶端電腦上已安裝的 Visual Studio 執行個體We have several tools available to help you detect and manage installed Visual Studio instances on client machines.

取得支援Get support

有時可能會發生一些問題。Sometimes, things can go wrong. 若 Visual Studio 安裝失敗,請參閱針對 Visual Studio 安裝和升級問題進行疑難排解中的逐步說明。If your Visual Studio installation fails, see Troubleshooting Visual Studio installation and upgrade issues for step-by-step guidance.

我們也提供即時聊天 (僅限英文) 支援選項,可回答有關安裝的相關問題。We also offer a live chat (English only) support option for installation-related issues.

以下是一些支援選項:Here are a few more support options:

另請參閱See also