Windows Server 安裝與升級Windows Server Installation and Upgrade

適用於:Windows Server 2016、WindowsServer 2012 R2、WindowsServer 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

是該移轉至較新 Windows Server 版本的時候了嗎?Is it time to move to a newer version of Windows Server? 根據您目前正在執行的版本,會有許多選項供您用來完成此作業。Depending on what you are running now, you have lots of options to get there.

安裝Installation

如果您想要在相同硬體上移轉至較新版本的 Windows Server,有一個必定有效的方法就是全新安裝,您只要直接在同一個硬體的舊版作業系統上安裝新版作業系統即可,這樣也會刪除先前的作業系統。If you want to move to a newer version of Windows Server on the same hardware, one way that always works is a clean installation, where you just install the newer operating system directly over the old one on the same hardware, thus deleting the previous operating system. 這是最簡單的方法,但是您必須先備份資料並規劃重新安裝應用程式。That is the simplest way, but you will need to back up your data first and plan to reinstall your applications. 有幾個事項需要注意,例如系統需求,因此請務必檢查 Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 的詳細資料。There are a few things to be aware of, such as system requirements, so be sure to check the details for Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012.

從任何發行前版本 (例如 Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview) 移轉至發行版本 (Windows Server 2016) 時,一定要進行全新安裝。Moving from any pre-release version (such as Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview) to the released version (Windows Server 2016) always requires a clean installation.

Windows Server [移轉] 文件可協助您一次將一個角色或功能從執行 Windows Server 的來源電腦移轉至另一台執行相同或較新版本 Windows Server 的目的地電腦。Windows Server [migration] documentation helps you migrate one role or feature at a time from a source computer that is running Windows Server to another destination computer that is running Windows Server, either the same or a newer version. 針對上述用途,我們將「移轉」定義為移動一個角色或功能及其資料到不同的電腦,而不是升級同一台電腦上的功能。For these purposes, migration is defined as moving one role or feature and its data to a different computer, not upgrading the feature on the same computer. 這是用來將現有工作負載及資料移到較新 Windows Server 版本的建議方式。This is the recommended manner in which to move your existing workload and data to a more recent version of Windows Server. 若要開始進行此作業,請查看 Windows Server 2016 的伺服器角色升級和移轉矩陣To get started, check the server role upgrade and migration matrix for Windows Server 2016.

叢集作業系統輪流升級Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade

叢集作業系統輪流升級是 WindowsServer 2016 中的新功能,可讓系統管理員將叢集節點的作業系統從 WindowsServer 2012 R2 升級至 WindowsServer 2016,而不需停止 Hyper-V 或「向外延展檔案伺服器」工作負載。Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade is a new feature in Windows Server 2016 that enables an administrator to upgrade the operating system of the cluster nodes from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 without stopping the Hyper-V or the Scale-Out File Server workloads. 這項功能可讓您避免可能影響服務等級協定的停機時間。This feature allows you to avoid downtime which could impact Service Level Agreements. Cluster operating system rolling upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級) 會更詳細地討論這項新功能。This new feature is discussed in more detail at Cluster operating system rolling upgrade.

授權轉換License Conversion

在某些作業系統版本中,您可使用簡單的命令與適當的授權金鑰執行一個步驟,就能將特定的版本轉換成另一種版本。In some operating system releases, you can convert a particular edition of the release to another edition of the same release in a single step with a simple command and the appropriate license key. 此方式稱為授權轉換This is called license conversion. 例如,如果您的伺服器執行 Windows Server 2016 Standard,可以將其轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter。For example, if your server is running Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert it to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter. 在某些版本的 Windows Server 中,您也可以使用相同的命令和適當的金鑰,免費在 OEM、大量授權和零售版本之間轉換。In some releases of Windows Server, you can also freely convert among OEM, volume-licensed, and retail versions with the same command and the appropriate key.

升級Upgrade

如果您想要在不使伺服器平階化的情況下保留相同硬體和所有伺服器角色,升級是一種選擇,但還有許多方式可以達到此目的。If you want to keep the same hardware and all the server roles you have set up without flattening the server, upgrading is an option—and there are lots of ways to do it. 在傳統型升級過程中,您會從舊版作業系統轉變到新版本,而您的設定、伺服器角色和資料則維持不變。In the classic upgrade, you go from an older operating system to a newer one, keeping your settings, server roles, and data intact. 舉例來說,如果您的伺服器執行 Windows Server 2012 R2,可以將其升級至 Windows Server 2016。For example, if your server is running Windows Server 2012 R2, you can upgrade it to Windows Server 2016. 不過,並非所有的舊版作業系統都途徑可以轉到每一個較新版本。However, not every older operating system has a pathway to every newer one.

注意

虛擬機器中的升級效果最佳,因為虛擬機器不需要特定 OEM 硬體驅動程式,就能成功升級。Upgrade works best in virtual machines where specific OEM hardware drivers are not needed for a successful upgrade.

您可以從評估版的作業系統升級到零售版,或從較舊的零售版升級到較新的版本,而在某些情況下,您甚至可以從大量授權版本的作業系統升級到一般的零售版。You can upgrade from an evaluation version of the operating system to a retail version, from an older retail version to a newer version, or, in some cases, from a volume-licensed edition of the operating system to an ordinary retail edition.

在您開始進行升級之前,請查看本頁面的表格以了解如何從您目前的版本轉換到您想要的版本。Before you get started with an upgrade, have a look at the tables on this page to see how to get from where you are to where you want to be.

如需有關 Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 可用安裝選項之間差異的詳細資訊 (包括每個選項所安裝的功能,以及安裝後提供的管理選項),請參閱 Windows Server 2016For information about the differences between the installation options available for Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview, including the features that are installed with each option and the management options available after installation, see Windows Server 2016.

注意

每當您移轉或升級到任何 Windows Server 版本時,都應該檢閱和了解該版本的支援週期原則與時間範圍,並進行適當規劃。Whenever you migrate or upgrade to any version of Windows Server, you should review and understand the support lifecycle policy and timeframe for that version and plan accordingly. 您可以針對感興趣的特定 Windows Server 版本搜尋週期資訊You can search for the lifecycle information for the particular Windows Server release that you are interested in.

升級至 Windows Server 2016Upgrading to Windows Server 2016

如需詳細資訊 (包括升級的重要注意事項和限制、Windows Server 2016 版本之間的授權轉換,以及評估版到零售版的轉換),請參閱 Windows Server 2016 支援的升級路徑For details, including important caveats and limitations on upgrade, license conversion between editions of Windows Server 2016, and conversion of evaluation editions to retail, see Supported Upgrade Paths for Windows Server 2016.

注意

注意:不支援將 Server Core 安裝切換到含桌面的伺服器安裝,以及將含桌面的伺服器安裝切換到 Server Core 安裝的升級。Note: Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported. 如果您要升級或轉換的舊版作業系統為 Server Core 安裝,結果仍然會是新版作業系統的 Server Core 安裝。If the older operating system you are upgrading or converting is a Server Core installation, the result will still be a Server Core installation of the newer operating system.

從舊版 Windows Server 零售版升級至 Windows Server 2016 零售版的支援路徑快速參考表:Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2016 retail editions:

如果您執行下列版本和版次:If you are running these versions and editions: 您可以升級到這些版本和版次:You can upgrade to these versions and editions:
Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
Hyper-V Server 2012 R2Hyper-V Server 2012 R2 HYPER-V Server 2016 (使用叢集作業系統輪流升級功能)Hyper-V Server 2016 (using Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade feature)
Windows Server 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials WindowsServer 2016 EssentialsWindows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows Storage Server 2012 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

授權轉換License conversion

您可以將 Windows Server 2016 Standard (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2016 Essentials (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Standard (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2016 Essentials (retail) to Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2016 Standard 評估版轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Standard (零售) 或 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard to either Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 評估版轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (retail).

升級至 Windows Server 2012 R2Upgrading to Windows Server 2012 R2

如需詳細資訊 (包括升級的重要注意事項和限制、Windows Server 2012 R2 版本之間的授權轉換,以及評估版到零售版的轉換),請參閱 Windows Server 2012 R2 升級選項For details, including important caveats and limitations on upgrade, license conversion between editions of Windows Server 2012 R2, and conversion of evaluation editions to retail, see Upgrade Options for Windows Server 2012 R2.

從舊版 Windows Server 零售版升級至 Windows Server 2012 R2 零售版的支援路徑快速參考表:Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2012 R2 retail editions:

如果您執行:If you are running: 您可以升級到這些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter (含 SP1)Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter with SP1 WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise (含 SP1)Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard (含 SP1)Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Web Server 2008 R2 (含 SP1)Windows Web Server 2008 R2 with SP1 WindowsServer 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard
Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Hyper-V Server 2012Hyper-V Server 2012 Hyper-V Server 2012 R2Hyper-V Server 2012 R2

授權轉換License conversion

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Essentials (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2012 Essentials (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Standard 評估版轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售) 或 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2012 Standard to either Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail).

升級至 Windows Server 2012Upgrading to Windows Server 2012

如需詳細資料 (包括升級的重要注意事項和限制,以及評估版到零售版的轉換),請參閱 Windows Server 2012 評估版和升級選項For details, including important caveats and limitations on upgrade, and conversion of evaluation editions to retail, see Evaluation Versions and Upgrade Options for Windows Server 2012.

從舊版 Windows Server 零售版升級至 Windows Server 2012 零售版的支援路徑快速參考表:Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2012 retail editions:

如果您執行:If you are running: 您可以升級到這些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
Windows Server 2008 Standard (含 SP2) 或 Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (含 SP2)Windows Server 2008 Standard with SP2 or Windows Server 2008 Enterprise with SP2 Windows Server 2012 Standard、Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter (含 SP2)Windows Server 2008 Datacenter with SP2
Windows Web Server 2008Windows Web Server 2008 Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard
Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard (含 SP1) 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise (含 SP1)Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard with SP1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise with SP1 Windows Server 2012 Standard、Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter (含 SP1)Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter with SP1 Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Web Server 2008 R2Windows Web Server 2008 R2 Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard

授權轉換License conversion

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Essentials (零售) 轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售)。You can convert Windows Server 2012 Essentials (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail).

您可以將 Windows Server 2012 Standard 評估版轉換為 Windows Server 2012 Standard (零售) 或 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2012 Standard to either Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail).

升級至 Windows Server 2008 R2Upgrading to Windows Server 2008 R2

如需詳細資訊 (包括重要注意事項和限制),請參閱 Windows Server 2008 R2 升級路徑For details, including important caveats and limitations, see Windows Server 2008 R2 Upgrade Paths.

從舊版 Windows Server 零售版升級至 Windows Server 2008 R2 零售版的支援路徑快速參考表:Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2008 R2 retail editions:

從 Windows Server 2003 (SP2、R2)From Windows Server 2003 (SP2, R2) 升級至 Windows Server 2008 R2Upgrade to Windows Server 2008 R2
DatacenterDatacenter DatacenterDatacenter
EnterpriseEnterprise Enterprise、DatacenterEnterprise, Datacenter
StandardStandard Standard、EnterpriseStandard, Enterprise
從 Windows Server 2008 (RTM-SP1、SP2)From Windows Server 2008 (RTM-SP1, SP2) 升級至 Windows Server 2008 R2Upgrade to Windows Server 2008 R2
DatacenterDatacenter DatacenterDatacenter
EnterpriseEnterprise Enterprise、DatacenterEnterprise, Datacenter
Foundation (僅限 SP2)Foundation (SP2 only) StandardStandard
StandardStandard Standard、EnterpriseStandard, Enterprise
WebWeb Standard、WebStandard, Web
從 Windows Server 2008 (RC、IDS、RTM)From Windows Server 2008 (RC, IDS, RTM) 升級至 Windows Server 2008 R2Upgrade to Windows Server 2008 R2
DatacenterDatacenter DatacenterDatacenter
EnterpriseEnterprise Enterprise 或 DatacenterEnterprise or Datacenter
FoundationFoundation Standard 或 FoundationStandard or Foundation
StandardStandard Standard 或 EnterpriseStandard or Enterprise
WebWeb Standard 或 WebStandard or Web