AD DS 設計需求AD DS Design Requirements

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

設計的 Active Directory 邏輯結構Designing the Active Directory logical structure

部署 Windows Server 2008 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 之前,您必須計劃,並為您的環境設計 AD DS 邏輯結構。Before you deploy Windows Server 2008 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), you must plan for and design the AD DS logical structure for your environment. AD DS 邏輯結構判斷組織 directory 物件的方式,並提供有效的方法管理帳號網路和共用的資源。The AD DS logical structure determines how your directory objects are organized, and it provides an effective method for managing your network accounts and shared resources. 當您設計您 AD DS 邏輯結構時,您定義重大網路基礎結構貴組織的一部分。When you design your AD DS logical structure, you define a significant part of the network infrastructure of your organization.

若要設計 AD DS 邏輯結構,判斷您的組織所需的樹系的數字,然後建立網域、基礎結構網域名稱系統」(DNS) 和組織單位 (Ou) 的設計。To design the AD DS logical structure, determine the number of forests that your organization requires, and then create designs for domains, Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure, and organizational units (OUs). 下圖顯示設計的邏輯結構程的序。The following illustration shows the process for designing the logical structure.

AD DS 設計需求

如需詳細資訊,請查看設計邏輯結構適用於 Windows Server 2008 AD DSFor more information, see Designing the Logical Structure for Windows Server 2008 AD DS.

設計網站拓撲Designing the site topology

您的基礎結構 AD DS 設計邏輯結構後,您必須設計網站拓撲為您的網路。After you design the logical structure for your AD DS infrastructure, you must design the site topology for your network. 網站拓撲是邏輯表示您的實體網路。The site topology is a logical representation of your physical network. 它包含 AD DS 網域控制站在每個網站的網站的連結和支援 AD DS 複寫之間網站的網站連結橋接器 AD DS 網站的位置的相關資訊。It contains information about the location of AD DS sites, the AD DS domain controllers within each site, and the site links and site link bridges that support AD DS replication between sites. 下圖顯示網站拓撲設計程序。The following illustration shows the site topology design process.

AD DS 設計需求

如需詳細資訊,請查看設計網站拓撲適用於 Windows Server 2008 AD DSFor more information, see Designing the Site Topology for Windows Server 2008 AD DS.

規劃網域控制站容量Planning domain controller capacity

為了確保有效率 AD DS,您必須判斷適當數目的網域控制站的每個網站,並確認它們符合 Windows Server 2008 的硬體需求。To ensure efficient AD DS performance, you must determine the appropriate number of domain controllers for each site and verify that they meet the hardware requirements for Windows Server 2008 . 規劃網域控制站謹慎容量可確保您請勿低估硬體需求,可能會造成不佳的網域控制站效能和應用程式的回應時間。Careful capacity planning for your domain controllers ensures that you do not underestimate hardware requirements, which can cause poor domain controller performance and application response time. 下圖顯示程序的網域控制站容量計劃。The following illustration shows the process of domain controller capacity planning.

AD DS 設計需求

讓 Windows Server 2008 進階功能 AD DSEnabling Windows Server 2008 advanced AD DS features

您可以使用 Windows Server 2008 AD DS,您的環境進階的功能引入網域或森林功能層級。You can use Windows Server 2008 AD DS to introduce advanced features into your environment by raising the domain or forest functional level. 執行 Windows Server 2008 網域或森林中的所有網域控制站時,您可以提高以 Windows Server 2008 的功能層級。You can raise the functional level to Windows Server 2008 when all domain controllers in the domain or forest are running Windows Server 2008 .

如需詳細資訊,請查看讓進階功能 AD DSFor more information, see Enabling Advanced Features for AD DS.