設計網站拓撲Designing the Site Topology

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Directory 服務網站拓撲是邏輯表示您的實體網路。A directory service site topology is a logical representation of your physical network. Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 設計的網站拓撲涉及規劃網域控制站位置設計的網站、子網路、網站的連結,並確保有效率路由查詢和複寫流量的網站連結橋樑。Designing a site topology for Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) involves planning for domain controller placement and designing sites, subnets, site links, and site link bridges to ensure efficient routing of query and replication traffic.

設計網站拓撲可協助您有效率路由傳送 client 查詢和 Active Directory 複寫傳輸。Designing a site topology helps you efficiently route client queries and Active Directory replication traffic. 完善的網站拓撲可協助您的組織達成下列優點:A well-designed site topology helps your organization achieve the following benefits:

  • 最小化複寫 Active Directory 資料的費用。Minimize the cost of replicating Active Directory data.

  • 最小化維護網站拓撲所需的系統管理工作。Minimize administrative efforts that are required to maintain the site topology.

  • 排程複寫,可讓慢或撥號網路連結峰複寫 Active Directory 資料的位置。Schedule replication that enables locations with slow or dial-up network links to replicate Active Directory data during off-peak hours.

  • 最佳化找出最近的資源,例如網域控制站和散發檔案系統 (DFS) 伺服器 client 電腦的能力。Optimize the ability of client computers to locate the nearest resources, such as domain controllers and Distributed File System (DFS) servers. 這有助於降低透過速度緩慢的網路流量網路 (WAN) 連結、改善登入及登出程序和加快檔案下載作業。This helps to reduce network traffic over slow wide area network (WAN) links, improve logon and logoff processes, and speed up file download operations.

設計網站拓撲您開始之前,您必須了解您的實體網路結構。Before you begin to design your site topology, you must understand your physical network structure. 此外,您必須先設計 Active Directory 邏輯結構,包括管理階層、樹系計劃,與每個樹系網域計劃。In addition, you must first design your Active Directory logical structure, including the administrative hierarchy, forest plan, and domain plan for each forest. 您還必須 AD ds 完成您的網域名稱系統」(DNS) 基礎結構設計。You must also complete your Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure design for AD DS. 如需關於設計 Active Directory 邏輯結構和 DNS 基礎結構的資訊,請查看設計邏輯結構適用於 Windows Server 2008 AD DSFor more information about designing your Active Directory logical structure and DNS infrastructure, see Designing the Logical Structure for Windows Server 2008 AD DS.

完成您的網站拓撲設計之後,您必須先確認您的網域控制站與 Windows Server 2008 標準、Windows Server 2008 企業版和 Windows Server 2008 Datacenter 的硬體需求。After you complete your site topology design, you must verify that your domain controllers meet the hardware requirements for Windows Server 2008 Standard , Windows Server 2008 Enterprise , and Windows Server 2008 Datacenter .

本指南In this guide