Windows 即服務概觀Overview of Windows as a service

適用對象:Applies to

  • Windows10Windows10
  • Windows10 IoT 行動裝置版Windows 10 IoT Mobile

尋找消費者資訊嗎?Looking for consumer information? 請參閱 Windows Update:常見問題集See Windows Update: FAQ

Windows10 作業系統引入新的「Windows 即服務」方式來建置、部署和維護 Windows。The Windows 10 operating system introduces a new way to build, deploy, and service Windows: Windows as a service. Microsoft 重新構思程序的每個部份以簡化 IT 專業人員的工作,並為客戶維持一致的 Windows10 體驗。Microsoft has reimagined each part of the process, to simplify the lives of IT pros and maintain a consistent Windows 10 experience for its customers. 這些改良著重在讓客戶能以最大程度參與 Windows 開發、簡化部署和維護 Windows 用戶端電腦,以及平衡部署和隨時間維護 Windows 所需的資源。These improvements focus on maximizing customer involvement in Windows development, simplifying the deployment and servicing of Windows client computers, and leveling out the resources needed to deploy and maintain Windows over time.

建置Building

在 Windows10 之前,Microsoft 每隔幾年會發行一個新的 Windows 版本。Prior to Windows 10, Microsoft released new versions of Windows every few years. 因為有很大的功能修訂,所以這個傳統部署排程對使用者會造成訓練上的負擔。This traditional deployment schedule imposed a training burden on users because the feature revisions were often significant. 該排程也表示需要等待很長時間而沒有新的功能 — 這種方式已經不適合現今快速變動的世界,現在需要新的安全性、管理和部署功能才能應付挑戰。That schedule also meant waiting long periods without new features — a scenario that doesn’t work in today’s rapidly changing world, a world in which new security, management, and deployment capabilities are necessary to address challenges. Windows 即服務每年會提供二次較小型的功能更新以協助應付這些問題,大約是三月或九月。Windows as a service will deliver smaller feature updates two times per year, around March and September, to help address these issues.

過去,當 Microsoft 開發了新的 Windows 版本,通常會在開發流程接近後期 (當 Windows 幾乎已準備好推出) 時發行技術預覽。In the past, when Microsoft developed new versions of Windows, it typically released technical previews near the end of the process, when Windows was nearly ready to ship. Windows 10 的新功能將會在開發週期內,透過稱為正式發行前小眾測試的程序,儘速傳遞至 Windows 測試人員社群中,以便組織可以確切了解 Microsoft 開發的內容並儘速開始進行測試。With Windows 10, new features will be delivered to the Windows Insider community as soon as possible — during the development cycle, through a process called flighting — so that organizations can see exactly what Microsoft is developing and start their testing as soon as possible.

Microsoft 也會根據整個開發程序期間從組織所收到的意見反應盡快進行調整,而不是等到發行之後。Microsoft also depends on receiving feedback from organizations throughout the development process so that it can make adjustments as quickly as possible rather than waiting until after release. 如需有關 Windows 測試人員計畫,以及如何註冊的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 測試人員一節。For more information about the Windows Insider Program and how to sign up, see the section Windows Insider.

當然,Microsoft 在將組建發行到 Windows 測試人員計畫之前,也會讓工程團隊每天安裝新的組建、讓更多的員工群組經常安裝組建,執行大量的內部測試。Of course Microsoft also performs extensive internal testing, with engineering teams installing new builds daily, and larger groups of employees installing builds frequently, all before those builds are ever released to the Windows Insider Program.

部署Deploying

部署 Windows10 比部署舊版 Windows 還要簡單。Deploying Windows 10 is simpler than with previous versions of Windows. 從舊版 Windows 移轉時,可以使用輕鬆就地升級程序自動保留所有 app、設定和資料。When migrating from earlier versions of Windows, an easy in-place upgrade process can be used to automatically preserve all apps, settings, and data. 而且執行 Windows10 之後,部署 Windows10 的功能更新將會非常簡單。And once running Windows 10, deployment of Windows 10 feature updates will be equally simple.

組織要部署新版本的 Windows 時其中一個最大的挑戰是相容性測試。One of the biggest challenges for organizations when it comes to deploying a new version of Windows is compatibility testing. 鑑於相容性是組織先前升級到新版本 Windows 的一項考量因素,Windows10 與 Windows7 或更新版本上能夠執行的大部分硬體和軟體相容。Whereas compatibility was previously a concern for organizations upgrading to a new version of Windows, Windows 10 is compatible with most hardware and software capable of running on Windows 7 or later. 因為有高度的相容性,所以可以大幅簡化 app 相容性的測試程序。Because of this high level of compatibility, the app compatibility testing process can be greatly simplified.

應用程式相容性Application compatibility

部署或升級 Windows 時,應用程式相容性測試在過去是一種負擔。Application compatibility testing has historically been a burden when approaching a Windows deployment or upgrade. 以傳統型應用程式、網站以及在通用 Windows 平台 (UWP) 上建置的 app 的觀點來看,Windows10 的應用程式相容性已經有極大的改進。With Windows 10, application compatibility from the perspective of desktop applications, websites, and apps built on the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) has improved tremendously. Microsoft 了解組織從 WindowsXP 作業系統移轉到 Windows7 時所遭遇的挑戰,因此一直努力讓 Windows10 升級有更好的經驗。Microsoft understands the challenges organizations experienced when they migrated from the Windows XP operating system to Windows 7 and has been working to make Windows 10 upgrades a much better experience.

大部分與 Windows7 相容的傳統型應用程式將與 Windows10 直接相容。Most Windows 7–compatible desktop applications will be compatible with Windows 10 straight out of the box. Windows10 能達成如此高度的相容性,是因為現有的 Win32 應用程式開發介面變更非常少。Windows 10 achieved such high compatibility because the changes in the existing Win32 application programming interfaces were minimal. 加上透過 Windows 測試人員計畫的寶貴意見反應和診斷資料,因此可以透過每個功能更新維持這個程度的相容性。Combined with valuable feedback via the Windows Insider Program and diagnostic data, this level of compatibility can be maintained through each feature update. 至於網站,Windows10 包括 Internet Explorer 11 和針對舊版網站的回溯相容性模式。As for websites, Windows 10 includes Internet Explorer 11 and its backward-compatibility modes for legacy websites. 最後,UWP app 遵循類似於傳統型應用程式的相容性模式,因此大部分 app 將與 Windows10 相容。Finally, UWP apps follow a compatibility story similar to desktop applications, so most of them will be compatible with Windows 10.

對於最重要的業務關鍵應用程式,組織仍然應該定期執行測試來驗證與新組建的相容性。For the most important business-critical applications, organizations should still perform testing on a regular basis to validate compatibility with new builds. 對於其他應用程式,則考慮在試驗部署程序時進行驗證,減少相容性測試所花費的時間。For remaining applications, consider validating them as part of a pilot deployment process to reduce the time spent on compatibility testing. 桌面分析 s 與 Configuration Manager 整合的雲端服務。Desktop Analytics s a cloud-based service that integrates with Configuration Manager. 此服務可為您提供洞察力與情報,讓您針對 Windows 端點的更新準備情況作出更明智的決策,包括評估現有的應用程式。The service provides insight and intelligence for you to make more informed decisions about the update readiness of your Windows endpoints, including assessment of your existing applications. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 適用于新式桌面停用常見問題的準備For more, see Ready for modern desktop retirement FAQ.

裝置相容性Device compatibility

Windows10 中的裝置相容性也非常強大。Windows10 不需要新的硬體,因為能夠在 Windows7 或更新版本上執行的任何裝置都可以在 Windows10 上執行。Device compatibility in Windows 10 is also very strong; new hardware is not needed for Windows 10 as any device capable of running Windows 7 or later can run Windows 10. 事實上,執行 Windows10 的最低硬體需求與 Windows7 的需求相同。In fact, the minimum hardware requirements to run Windows 10 are the same as those required for Windows 7. 在 Windows8.1、Windows8 或 Windows7 中運作的大部分硬體驅動程式都能繼續在 Windows10 中運作。Most hardware drivers that functioned in Windows 8.1, Windows 8, or Windows 7 will continue to function in Windows 10.

維護Servicing

傳統的 Windows 維護包含幾個版本類型︰主要的修訂版 (亦即,Windows8.1、Windows8 和 Windows7 作業系統)、Service Pack 以及每月更新。Traditional Windows servicing has included several release types: major revisions (e.g., the Windows 8.1, Windows 8, and Windows 7 operating systems), service packs, and monthly updates. Windows10 有兩個版本類型︰每年新增二次功能的功能更新,以及每個月提供至少一次安全性及可靠性修正程式的品質更新。With Windows 10, there are two release types: feature updates that add new functionality twice per year, and quality updates that provide security and reliability fixes at least once a month.

使用 Windows10,組織必須改變部署更新的方式。With Windows 10, organizations will need to change the way they approach deploying updates. 維護通道是第一種方式,將使用者分成不同的部署群組以便進行功能更新和品質更新。Servicing channels are the first way to separate users into deployment groups for feature and quality updates. 介紹維護通道時會帶出一個部署更新步調的概念,這只是一種針對後續的部署分批,將部署群組和維護通道的組合分類成群組裝置的方式。With the introduction of servicing channels comes the concept of a deployment ring, which is simply a way to categorize the combination of a deployment group and a servicing channel to group devices for successive waves of deployment. 如需開發運用維護通道和部署更新步調之部署策略的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows10 更新的維護策略For more information about developing a deployment strategy that leverages servicing channels and deployment rings, see Plan servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates.

如需 Windows10 可用的每種維護工具的相關資訊,請參閱維護工具For information about each servicing tool available for Windows 10, see Servicing tools.

為了配合此種新的更新傳遞模型,Windows10 有三種維護通道,每一個通道在將這些更新傳遞到用戶端電腦的時機方面有不同程度的彈性。To align with this new update delivery model, Windows 10 has three servicing channels, each of which provides different levels of flexibility over when these updates are delivered to client computers. 如需 Windows10 中可用的維護通道的相關資訊,請參閱維護通道For information about the servicing channels available in Windows 10, see Servicing channels.

命名變更Naming changes

Windows 10 目前有兩種發行通道:There are currently two release channels for Windows 10:

  • 半年通道每年會收到功能更新兩次。The Semi-Annual Channel receives feature updates twice per year.
  • 長期維護通道是針對特殊裝置 (通常不會執行 Office 的裝置) 的使用所設計,例如控制醫療設備或是自動提款機的裝置,每二至三年會接收一次新發行的功能。The Long Term Servicing Channel, which is designed to be used only for specialized devices (which typically don't run Office) such as those that control medical equipment or ATM machines, receives new feature releases every two to three years.

重要

在每個半年通道版本中,我們建議您立即開始部署至選取的裝置,以供預先決定 (已設定目標驗證) 並逐步提升整個部署。With each Semi-Annual Channel release, we recommend beginning deployment right away to devices selected for early adoption (targeted validation) and ramp up to full deployment at your discretion. 這可讓您盡早存取新的功能、體驗及整合式安全性。This will enable you to gain access to new features, experiences, and integrated security as soon as possible. 已不再使用 [半年通道 (以目標為) "。The "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" designation is no longer used. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 10 版博客文章 和 [消失] SACFor more information, see the blog post Windows 10 and the "disappearing" SAC-T.

注意

如需其他資訊,請參閱有關維護通道一節。For additional information, see the section about Servicing Channels.

您也可以使用 [簡化] [和 對齊 Waas] 來深入閱讀博客文章,並提供此變更的詳細資料。You can also read the blog post Waas simplified and aligned, with details on this change.

重要

半年通道上的裝置必須將其診斷資料設定為 **1 (基本) ** 或更新版本,才能確保服務以預期品質執行。Devices on the Semi-Annual Channel must have their diagnostic data set to 1 (Basic) or higher, in order to ensure that the service is performing at the expected quality. 如需設定診斷資料層級的指示,請參閱設定 作業系統診斷資料層級For instructions to set the diagnostic data level, see Configure the operating system diagnostic data level.

功能更新Feature updates

在 Windows10 中,Microsoft 將新功能封裝成可以使用現有的管理工具來部署的功能更新。With Windows 10, Microsoft will package new features into feature updates that can be deployed using existing management tools. 因為功能更新會比舊版 Windows 更常傳遞 (每年 2 次,大約是三月和九月,而不是每 3-5 年一次),所以變更會是接近位元組大小的區塊,而不是一次傳遞所有變更,使用者準備的時間也會比較短。Because feature updates are delivered more frequently than with previous Windows releases — twice per year, around March and September, rather than every 3–5 years — changes will be in bite-sized chunks rather than all at once and end user readiness time much shorter.

品質更新Quality updates

舊版 Windows 中的每月更新經常因為每個月有大量更新而讓人難以忍受。Monthly updates in previous Windows versions were often overwhelming because of the sheer number of updates available each month. 許多組織會選擇想要安裝和不想要安裝的更新,這會造成組織部署重要的安全性更新但只挑選一些非安全性修正程式等無以計數的狀況。Many organizations selectively chose which updates they wanted to install and which they didn’t, and this created countless scenarios in which organizations deployed essential security updates but picked only a subset of non-security fixes.

在 Windows10 中不會每個月接收幾個更新並且嘗試找出組織需要的更新 (最後導致平台變得片段),系統管理員將會看到一個接替上個月更新的每月累積更新,包含安全性及非安全性修正程式。In Windows 10, rather than receiving several updates each month and trying to figure out which the organization needs, which ultimately causes platform fragmentation, administrators will see one cumulative monthly update that supersedes the previous month’s update, containing both security and non-security fixes. 這個方法讓修補作業變得比較簡單,確保客戶的裝置能夠更符合 Microsoft 完成的測試,減少修補作業所造成的未預期問題。This approach makes patching simpler and ensures that customers’ devices are more closely aligned with the testing done at Microsoft, reducing unexpected issues resulting from patching. 圖 1 左側提供企業中 Windows 7 裝置的範例,以及目前的修補層級可能的外觀。The left side of Figure 1 provides an example of Windows 7 devices in an enterprise and what their current patch level might look like. 右側是 Microsoft 的測試環境裝置所包含的內容。On the right is what Microsoft’s test environment devices contain. 這個極端的差異會造成與 Windows 更新相關的許多相容性問題和系統異常。This drastic difference is the basis for many compatibility issues and system anomalies related to Windows updates.

圖 1Figure 1

比較企業與測試的修補環境

維護通道Servicing channels

為了配合 Windows 10 中傳遞功能更新和品質更新的新方法,Microsoft 引進維護通道的概念,讓客戶能夠指定其個別裝置進行更新的積極程度。To align with the new method of delivering feature updates and quality updates in Windows 10, Microsoft introduced the concept of servicing channels to allow customers to designate how frequently their individual devices are updated. 例如,組織可能會有一些測試裝置讓 IT 部門可以儘速使用新功能進行更新,而特殊的裝置則需要較長的功能更新週期以確保連續性。For example, an organization may have test devices that the IT department can update with new features as soon as possible, and then specialized devices that require a longer feature update cycle to ensure continuity.

考慮到這一點,Windows 10 提供了三個服務通道。With that in mind, Windows 10 offers three servicing channels. Windows 測試人員計畫提供機會讓組織進行測試,並對將在下一次功能更新當中推出的功能提出意見反應。The Windows Insider Program provides organizations with the opportunity to test and provide feedback on features that will be shipped in the next feature update. 半年通道是透過每年兩次的功能更新發行提供新功能。The Semi-Annual Channel provides new functionality with twice-per-year feature update releases. 組織可以選擇何時要從半年通道部署更新。Organizations can choose when to deploy updates from the Semi-Annual Channel. 長期維護通道是針對特殊裝置 (通常不會執行 Office 的裝置) 的使用所設計,例如控制醫療設備或是自動提款機的裝置,每二至三年會接收一次新發行的功能。The Long Term Servicing Channel, which is designed to be used only for specialized devices (which typically don't run Office) such as those that control medical equipment or ATM machines, receives new feature releases every two to three years. 如需每個維護通道中相關版本的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 10 版本資訊For details about the versions in each servicing channel, see Windows 10 release information.

維護通道是新的概念,但是組織可以使用與在舊版 Windows 中用來管理更新與升級相同的管理工具。The concept of servicing channels is new, but organizations can use the same management tools they used to manage updates and upgrades in previous versions of Windows. 如需 Windows10 的維護工具選項及其功能的詳細資訊,請參閱維護工具For more information about the servicing tool options for Windows 10 and their capabilities, see Servicing tools.

注意

使用更新時,維護通道並不是將裝置分組的唯一方式。Servicing channels are not the only way to separate groups of devices when consuming updates. 每個通道可以包含裝置子集,這會更進一步錯開維護作業。Each channel can contain subsets of devices, which staggers servicing even further. 如需 Windows10 的維護策略以及進行中的部署程序,包括維護通道角色的相關資訊,請參閱規劃 Windows10 更新的維護策略For information about the servicing strategy and ongoing deployment process for Windows 10, including the role of servicing channels, see Plan servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates.

半年通道Semi-Annual Channel

在半年度維護通道中,功能更新一經 Microsoft 發行時就可以使用。In the Semi-Annual servicing channel, feature updates are available as soon as Microsoft releases them. Windows10 (版本 1511) 只有少數幾個維護工具選項可以延遲功能更新,半年度維護通道的使用受到限制。Windows 10, version 1511, had few servicing tool options to delay feature updates, limiting the use of the Semi-Annual servicing channel. 從 Windows 10 版本1607開始,有更多可延遲最多365天功能更新的服務工具。Starting with Windows 10, version 1607, more servicing tools that can delay feature updates for up to 365 days are available. 此服務模型適用于試驗部署和測試 Windows 10 功能更新,以及適用于需要立即使用最新功能的使用者(例如開發人員)。This servicing model is ideal for pilot deployments and testing of Windows 10 feature updates and for users such as developers who need to work with the latest features immediately. 在最新版本完成試驗部署和測試之後,您就可以選擇它進入廣泛部署的時間。Once the latest release has gone through pilot deployment and testing, you will be able to choose the timing at which it goes into broad deployment.

當 Microsoft 正式發行 Windows 10 的功能更新時,任何未設定為可推遲功能更新的裝置,都能使用它,讓這些裝置可以立即安裝它。When Microsoft officially releases a feature update for Windows 10, it is made available to any device not configured to defer feature updates so that those devices can immediately install it. 使用 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 、Microsoft 端點建構管理員或商務用 Windows Update 的組織,可以將功能更新推遲到選擇性裝置上,方法是將其核准和部署。Organizations that use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, or Windows Update for Business, however, can defer feature updates to selective devices by withholding their approval and deployment. 在此案例中,提供給半年通道的內容會是可用,但不須立即強制執行,根據管理系統的原則而定。In this scenario, the content available for the Semi-Annual Channel will be available but not necessarily immediately mandatory, depending on the policy of the management system. 如需 Windows10 維護工具的詳細資訊,請參閱維護工具For more details about Windows 10 servicing tools, see Servicing tools.

組織預期會在半年通道版本上啟動目標部署。Organizations are expected to initiate targeted deployment on Semi-Annual Channel releases. 所有客戶、獨立的軟體廠商 (Isv) ,以及合作夥伴都應該在其環境中使用此時間進行測試和試驗。All customers, independent software vendors (ISVs), and partners should use this time for testing and piloting within their environments. 2-4 個月之後,我們將會轉換成廣泛的部署,鼓勵客戶與合作夥伴展開並加速發行的部署。After 2-4 months, we will transition to broad deployment and encourage customers and partners to expand and accelerate the deployment of the release. 針對使用商務用 Windows Update 的客戶,半年通道在需要更新到下一個版本之前,先提供3個月的額外總部署時間。For customers using Windows Update for Business, the Semi-Annual Channel provides three months of additional total deployment time before being required to update to the next release.

注意

Windows 10 的所有版本都有 18 個月的所有版本服務--這些更新提供版本的安全性和功能更新。All releases of Windows 10 have 18 months of servicing for all editions--these updates provide security and feature updates for the release. 不過, 企業版和教育版 版本中的 [秋季式發行] 會在 特定的 Windows 10 發行中有12個月的服務,每次最初版本都有30個月However, fall releases of the Enterprise and Education editions will have an additional 12 months of servicing for specific Windows 10 releases, for a total of 30 months from initial release. 此延伸的服務視窗適用于從 Windows 10 版本1607開始的企業版和教育版。This extended servicing window applies to Enterprise and Education editions starting with Windows 10, version 1607.

注意

組織可以使用<維護工具>一節中所描述的其中一種維護工具,視需要分多個階段選擇性延遲功能更新。Organizations can electively delay feature updates into as many phases as they wish by using one of the servicing tools mentioned in the section Servicing tools.

長期維護通道Long-term Servicing Channel

專用系統(例如控制醫療裝置、銷售點系統和 Atm 的裝置)通常需要較長的服務選項,因為其用途。Specialized systems—such as devices that control medical equipment, point-of-sale systems, and ATMs—often require a longer servicing option because of their purpose. 這些裝置通常會執行單一而重要的工作,不需要像組織中其他裝置一樣經常進行功能更新。These devices typically perform a single important task and don’t need feature updates as frequently as other devices in the organization. 比起使用者介面變更保持最新狀態,這些裝置更重要的任務是盡可能保持穩定和安全。It’s more important that these devices be kept as stable and secure as possible than up to date with user interface changes. LTSC 維護模型能防止 Windows10 企業版 LTSB 裝置接收一般的功能更新,並且只提供品質更新以確保裝置的安全性保持在最新狀態。The LTSC servicing model prevents Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB devices from receiving the usual feature updates and provides only quality updates to ensure that device security stays up to date. 請記住,品質更新仍然會立即提供給 Windows10 企業版 LTSB 用戶端,但是客戶可以使用<維護工具>一節中所描述的其中一種維護工具選擇延遲。With this in mind, quality updates are still immediately available to Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB clients, but customers can choose to defer them by using one of the servicing tools mentioned in the section Servicing tools.

注意

Windows 10 企業版 LTSB 是個別的長期維護通道版本。Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB is a separate Long Term Servicing Channel version.

長期服務通道不是用於在組織中的大部分或所有裝置上進行部署;它只適用于特殊用途的裝置。Long-term Servicing channel is not intended for deployment on most or all the devices in an organization; it should be used only for special-purpose devices. 一般來說,安裝 Microsoft Office 的裝置是一般用途的裝置,通常是由資訊工作者使用,因此它更適合半年服務通道。As a general guideline, a device with Microsoft Office installed is a general-purpose device, typically used by an information worker, and therefore it is better suited for the Semi-Annual servicing channel.

Microsoft 永遠不會透過 Windows Update 對執行 Windows10 企業版 LTSB 的裝置發佈功能更新。Microsoft never publishes feature updates through Windows Update on devices that run Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB. 通常會每隔 2-3 年提供新的 LTSC 版本,組織可以選擇安裝它們做為就地升級,或甚至略過 10 年生命週期的版本。Instead, it typically offers new LTSC releases every 2–3 years, and organizations can choose to install them as in-place upgrades or even skip releases over a 10-year life cycle.

注意

Windows 10 LTSB 將在 LTSB 發行時支援目前發行的處理器和晶片組。Windows 10 LTSB will support the currently released processors and chipsets at the time of release of the LTSB. 隨著未來的 CPU 代數發行,系統會透過客戶可為這些系統部署的未來 Windows 10 LTSB 發行版本本來建立支援。As future CPU generations are released, support will be created through future Windows 10 LTSB releases that customers can deploy for those systems. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱週期支援原則常見問題集 - Windows 產品中的 Windows 對最新的處理器和晶片組的支援For more information, see Supporting the latest processor and chipsets on Windows in Lifecycle support policy FAQ - Windows Products.

長期維護通道僅在 Windows10 企業版 LTSB 版本中提供。The Long-term Servicing Channel is available only in the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition. 此版本的 Windows 不包含許多應用程式(例如 Microsoft Edge、Microsoft Store、Cortana (,但在有限的搜尋功能中仍可使用) 、Microsoft Mail、行事曆、OneNote、天氣、新聞、體育、金錢、相片、相機、音樂及時鐘等。This edition of Windows doesn’t include a number of applications, such as Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Store, Cortana (though limited search capabilities remain available), Microsoft Mail, Calendar, OneNote, Weather, News, Sports, Money, Photos, Camera, Music, and Clock. Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition 不支援這些 app,即使您是使用側載進行安裝也一樣。These apps are not supported in Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition, even if you install by using sideloading.

注意

如果組織有裝置目前正在執行 Windows10 企業版 LTSB,而想要變更為半年通道,可以變更而不會遺失使用者資料。If an organization has devices currently running Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB that it would like to change to the Semi-Annual Channel, it can make the change without losing user data. 不過,由於 LTSB 是它本身的 SKU,因此 Windows10 企業版 LTSB 必須升級為 Windows10 企業版,才能支援半年通道。Because LTSB is its own SKU, however, an upgrade is required from Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB to Windows 10 Enterprise, which supports the Semi-Annual Channel.

Windows 測試人員Windows Insider

對於許多 IT 專業人員來說,在半年通道可用之前及早掌握功能更新,對於未來的使用者是有趣和寶貴的資訊,同時能為下一次半年通道發行的任何問題提供測試方法。For many IT pros, gaining visibility into feature updates early—before they’re available to the Semi-Annual Channel — can be both intriguing and valuable for future end user communications as well as provide the means to test for any issues on the next Semi-Annual Channel release. Windows10 的正式發行前小眾測試功能可以讓 Windows 測試人員使用生產前的程式碼並部署到其測試電腦,及早掌握下一個組建。With Windows 10, feature flighting enables Windows Insiders to consume and deploy preproduction code to their test machines, gaining early visibility into the next build. 測試 Windows10 的早期組建有助於 Microsoft 及其客戶在更新正式推出之前有機會找出可能的問題,並報告給 Microsoft。Testing the early builds of Windows 10 helps both Microsoft and its customers because they have the opportunity to discover possible issues before the update is ever publicly available and can report it to Microsoft.

Microsoft 建議所有組織至少有幾個在 Windows 測試人員計畫中註冊的裝置,並提供其遇到的任何問題的意見反應。Microsoft recommends that all organizations have at least a few devices enrolled in the Windows Insider Program and provide feedback on any issues they encounter. 如需商務用 Windows 測試人員計畫的相關資訊,請移至商務用 Windows 測試人員計畫For information about the Windows Insider Program for Business, go to Windows Insider Program for Business.

注意

Microsoft 建議所有組織至少已在 Windows 測試人員計畫中註冊幾個裝置,以便在其部署方案中加入 Windows 測試人員計畫,並透過我們的意見反應中心 app 提供對 Microsoft 所遇到之任何問題的意見反應。Microsoft recommends that all organizations have at least a few devices enrolled in the Windows Insider Program, to include the Windows Insider Program in their deployment plans and to provide feedback on any issues they encounter to Microsoft via our Feedback Hub app.

Windows 測試人員計畫不是為了取代組織中的半年通道部署。The Windows Insider Program isn’t intended to replace Semi-Annual Channel deployments in an organization. 而是要提供發行前版本的 Windows 組建給 IT 專業人員及其他相關協力廠商進行測試並提供意見反應給 Microsoft。Rather, it provides IT pros and other interested parties with pre-release Windows builds that they can test and ultimately provide feedback on to Microsoft.

維護工具Servicing tools

IT 專業人員有許多工具可以維護 Windows 即服務。There are many tools with which IT pros can service Windows as a service. 每個選項都有其優點和缺點,有各種功能和控制項可以簡化和降低系統管理需求。Each option has its pros and cons, ranging from capabilities and control to simplicity and low administrative requirements. 以下是可用來管理 Windows 即服務更新的維護工具範例︰The following are examples of the servicing tools available to manage Windows as a service updates:

  • Windows Update (獨立) 對功能更新提供有限的控制,IT 專業人員可以手動設定要在半年通道中的裝置。Windows Update (stand-alone) provides limited control over feature updates, with IT pros manually configuring the device to be in the Semi-Annual Channel. 組織可以在 Windows 10 裝置上,選取 Start\Settings\Update & Security\Advanced 選項中的 [延遲升級] 核取方塊,以設定延遲更新的裝置。Organizations can target which devices defer updates by selecting the Defer upgrades check box in Start\Settings\Update & Security\Advanced Options on a Windows 10 device.
  • 商務用 Windows Update 是維護 Windows 即服務的第二種選項。Windows Update for Business is the second option for servicing Windows as a service. 此維護工具對更新延遲包含比較多的控制,並使用群組原則提供集中式的管理。This servicing tool includes control over update deferment and provides centralized management using Group Policy. 商務用 Windows Update 可用於延遲更新最多達 365 天,根據版本而定。Windows Update for Business can be used to defer updates by up to 365 days, depending on the version. 這些部署選項可供半年通道中的用戶端使用。These deployment options are available to clients in the Semi-Annual Channel. 除了能夠使用群組原則來管理商務用 Windows Update,使用 Intune 可以設定任一個選項而不需要任何內部部署基礎結構。In addition to being able to use Group Policy to manage Windows Update for Business, either option can be configured without requiring any on-premises infrastructure by using Intune.
  • WindowsServer Update Services (WSUS) 提供比 Windows10 更新更加廣泛的控制,而且內建在 WindowsServer 作業系統中。Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) provides extensive control over Windows 10 updates and is natively available in the Windows Server operating system. 除了延遲更新的能力,組織可以新增更新的核准層,並選擇在電腦就緒時將更新部署至特定的電腦或一組電腦。In addition to the ability to defer updates, organizations can add an approval layer for updates and choose to deploy them to specific computers or groups of computers whenever ready.
  • Microsoft 端點設定管理員 提供最大的控制服務的方式。Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager provides the greatest control over servicing Windows as a service. IT 專業人員可以延遲更新、核准更新,而且有多個選項可以設定部署,以及管理頻寬的使用方式和部署時間。IT pros can defer updates, approve them, and have multiple options for targeting deployments and managing bandwidth usage and deployment times.

雖然具備所有選項,組織要選擇哪一種選項則取決於其 IT 組織已經擁有的資源、職員及專業知識。With all these options, which an organization chooses depends on the resources, staff, and expertise its IT organization already has. 例如,如果它已使用 Microsoft 端點 Configuration Manager 來管理 Windows 更新,就可以繼續使用它。For example, if IT already uses Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager to manage Windows updates, it can continue to use it. 同樣地,如果 IT 正使用 WSUS,就可以繼續使用。Similarly, if IT is using WSUS, it can continue to use that. 如果要綜合檢視每個工具的好處,請參閱表 1。For a consolidated look at the benefits of each tool, see Table 1.

表 1Table 1

維護工具Servicing tool 可以延遲更新?Can updates be deferred? 能夠核准更新Ability to approve updates 對等選項Peer-to-peer option 其他功能Additional features
Windows UpdateWindows Update 是 (手動)Yes (manual) No 傳遞最佳化Delivery Optimization None
商務用 Windows UpdateWindows Update for Business Yes No 傳遞最佳化Delivery Optimization 其他群組原則物件Other Group Policy objects
WSUSWSUS Yes Yes BranchCache 或傳遞最佳化BranchCache or Delivery Optimization 上游/下游伺服器延展性Upstream/downstream server scalability
Configuration ManagerConfiguration Manager Yes Yes BranchCache、用戶端對等快取或傳遞優化。BranchCache, Client Peer Cache, or Delivery Optimization. 針對後者,請參閱 對等內容發佈優化 Windows 10 更新傳遞For the latter, see peer-to-peer content distribution and Optimize Windows 10 Update Delivery 發佈點、多個部署選項Distribution points, multiple deployment options

注意

由於 命名變更,因此在我們的部分產品(例如在群組原則中)中,可能仍會顯示 CB 與 CBB 等較舊的字詞。Due to naming changes, older terms like CB and CBB might still be displayed in some of our products, such as in Group Policy. 如果您遇到這些詞彙,「CB」是指半年通道 (目標) --該頻道已不再使用,而「CBB」則代表半年頻道。If you encounter these terms, "CB" refers to the Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)--which is no longer used--while "CBB" refers to the Semi-Annual Channel.


管理 Windows 10 更新的步驟Steps to manage updates for Windows 10

完成 了解更新與維護通道 (此主題)Learn about updates and servicing channels (this topic)
待辦事項 為 Windows10 更新準備維護策略Prepare servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates
待辦事項 為 Windows10 更新建置部署更新步調Build deployment rings for Windows 10 updates
待辦事項 指派裝置到維護通道進行 Windows10 更新Assign devices to servicing channels for Windows 10 updates
待辦事項 為 Windows10 更新最佳化更新傳遞Optimize update delivery for Windows 10 updates
待辦事項 使用商務用 Windows Update 來部署更新Deploy updates using Windows Update for Business
使用 WindowsServer Update Services 來部署 Windows10 更新or Deploy Windows 10 updates using Windows Server Update Services
使用 Microsoft 端點 Configuration Manager 部署 Windows 10 更新or Deploy Windows 10 updates using Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager

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