CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes) Metoda

Definice

Načte seznam podporovaných kultur filtrovaných zadaným parametrem CultureTypes.Gets the list of supported cultures filtered by the specified CultureTypes parameter.

public:
 static cli::array <System::Globalization::CultureInfo ^> ^ GetCultures(System::Globalization::CultureTypes types);
public static System.Globalization.CultureInfo[] GetCultures (System.Globalization.CultureTypes types);
static member GetCultures : System.Globalization.CultureTypes -> System.Globalization.CultureInfo[]
Public Shared Function GetCultures (types As CultureTypes) As CultureInfo()

Parametry

types
CultureTypes

Bitová kombinace hodnot výčtu, které filtrují jazykové verze, které mají být načteny.A bitwise combination of the enumeration values that filter the cultures to retrieve.

Návraty

Pole, které obsahuje jazykové verze určené parametrem types.An array that contains the cultures specified by the types parameter. Pole kultur není seřazeno.The array of cultures is unsorted.

Výjimky

types určuje neplatnou kombinaci hodnot CultureTypes.types specifies an invalid combination of CultureTypes values.

Příklady

Následující příklad kódu ukazuje několik vlastností neutrálních kultur.The following code example displays several properties of the neutral cultures.

Poznámka

V tomto příkladu se zobrazí kultury zh-CHS a zh-CHT s identifikátory jazykové verze 0x0004 a 0x7C04.The example displays the zh-CHS and zh-CHT cultures with the 0x0004 and 0x7C04 culture identifiers, respectively. Aplikace systému Windows Vista však musí místo zh-CHT používat název zh-Hans namísto zh-CHS a název zh-Hant.However, your Windows Vista applications should use the zh-Hans name instead of zh-CHS and the zh-Hant name instead of zh-CHT. Názvy zh-Hans a zh-Hant reprezentují aktuální Standard a měly by být použity, pokud nemáte důvod pro použití starších názvů.The zh-Hans and zh-Hant names represent the current standard, and should be used unless you have a reason for using the older names.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
   Console::WriteLine( "CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME" );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ enum0 = CultureInfo::GetCultures( CultureTypes::NeutralCultures )->GetEnumerator();
   while ( enum0->MoveNext() )
   {
      CultureInfo^ ci = safe_cast<CultureInfo^>(enum0->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0,-7}", ci->Name );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->TwoLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-40}", ci->DisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0,-40}", ci->EnglishName );
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo
{

   public static void Main()
   {

      // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME");
      foreach (CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures))
      {
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName);
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName);
      }

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Module Module1

   Public Sub Main()

      ' Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME")
      Dim ci As CultureInfo
      For Each ci In CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures)
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName)
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName)
      Next ci

   End Sub



'This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.
'
'CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
'ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
'bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
'ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
'zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
'cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
'da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
'de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
'el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
'en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
'es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
'fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
'zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
'zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
'zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
'zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

End Module

Poznámky

Metoda GetCultures je nejčastěji volána s parametrem types nastaveným na následující hodnoty:The GetCultures method is most commonly called with the types parameter set to the following values:

  • SpecificCultures, která vrátí všechny konkrétní jazykové verze.SpecificCultures, which returns all specific cultures.

  • NeutralCultures, která vrátí všechny neutrální jazykové verze a invariantní jazykovou verzi.NeutralCultures, which returns all neutral cultures and the invariant culture.

  • AllCultures, která vrátí všechny neutrální a specifické jazykové verze, jazykové verze nainstalované v systému Windows a vlastní jazykové verze vytvořené uživatelem.AllCultures, which returns all neutral and specific cultures, cultures installed in the Windows system, and custom cultures created by the user.

  • UserCustomCulture, která vrátí všechny vlastní jazykové verze, například ty, které jsou zaregistrovány třídou CultureAndRegionInfoBuilder.UserCustomCulture, which returns all custom cultures, such as those registered by the CultureAndRegionInfoBuilder class. Ve verzích Windows před Windows 10 se hodnota UserCustomCulture vztahuje na všechny uživatelsky definované vlastní jazykové verze.In versions of Windows before Windows 10, the UserCustomCulture value applies to all user-defined custom cultures. Počínaje systémem Windows 10 platí pro systémové jazykové verze, které neobsahují kompletní kulturní data a které nemají jedinečný místní identifikátor, jak je uvedeno v hodnotě vlastnosti LCID.Starting with Windows 10, it applies to system cultures that lack complete cultural data and that do not have a unique local identifier, as indicated by the LCID property value. V důsledku toho bude při spuštění ve Windows 10 a ve starší verzi Windows vracet jiné výsledky, jako například následující.As a result, code such as the following will return different results when run on Windows 10 and on an earlier version of Windows.

    using System;
    using System.Globalization;
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
           CultureInfo[] cultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture |
                                                            CultureTypes.SpecificCultures);
          int ctr = 0;
          foreach (var culture in cultures)
             if ((culture.CultureTypes & CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture) == CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture)
                ctr++;
    
          Console.WriteLine("Number of Specific Custom Cultures: {0}", ctr);
       }
    }
    // If run under Windows 8, the example displays output like the following:
    //      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 6
    // If run under Windows 10, the example displays output like the following:
    //      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 279
    
    Imports System.Globalization
    
    Module Example
       Sub Main()
           Dim cultures() As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture Or
                                                                   CultureTypes.SpecificCultures)
          Dim ctr As Integer = 0
          For Each culture In cultures
             If (culture.CultureTypes And CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture) = CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture Then
                ctr += 1
             End If
          Next
          Console.WriteLine("Number of Specific Custom Cultures: {0}", ctr)
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' If run under Windows 8, the example displays output like the following:
    '      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 6
    ' If run under Windows 10, the example displays output like the following:
    '      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 279
    

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