DataGrid.AlternatingItemStyle Eigenschaft

Definition

Ruft die Stileigenschaften für abwechselnde Elemente im DataGrid-Steuerelement ab.Gets the style properties for alternating items in the DataGrid control.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ AlternatingItemStyle { System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ get(); };
[System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode(System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle AlternatingItemStyle { get; }
member this.AlternatingItemStyle : System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property AlternatingItemStyle As TableItemStyle

Eigenschaftswert

Ein TableItemStyle-Objekt, das die Stileigenschaften für abwechselnde Elemente im DataGrid darstellt.A TableItemStyle object that represents the style properties for alternating items in the DataGrid. Der Standardwert ist ein leeres TableItemStyle-Objekt.The default value is an empty TableItemStyle object.

Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die AlternatingItemStyle-Eigenschaft verwendet wird, um eine andere Hintergrundfarbe für abwechselnde Elemente im DataGrid Steuerelement anzugeben.The following code example demonstrates how to use the AlternatingItemStyle property to specify a different background color for alternating items in the DataGrid control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         for (int i = 0; i <= 8; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            // Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }
      }
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="LightGreen">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Number" 
                 DataField="IntegerValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Description" 
                 DataField="StringValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

         </Columns>
 
      </asp:DataGrid>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
   
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
         Dim i As Integer
         Dim dv As DataView
 
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Integer)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
 
         For i = 0 to 8

            dr = dt.NewRow()
   
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " + i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i+1)
    
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
      
         Next i
 
         dv = New DataView(dt)
         CreateDataSource = dv
   
      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         If Not IsPostBack 
         
            ' Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()
          
         End If
         
      End Sub
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="LightGreen">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Number" 
                 DataField="IntegerValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Description" 
                 DataField="StringValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

         </Columns>
 
      </asp:DataGrid>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         // the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         // the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         // affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(string)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 to 4 
        
            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
  
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         ' the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         ' the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         ' affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie die AlternatingItemStyle-Eigenschaft, um ein benutzerdefiniertes Format für die abwechselnden Elemente im DataGrid Steuerelement bereitzustellen.Use the AlternatingItemStyle property to provide a custom style for the alternating items in the DataGrid control. Allgemeine Stil Attribute, die angepasst werden können, sind ForeColor, BackColor, Font und Content Alignment in der Zelle.Common style attributes that can be adjusted include forecolor, backcolor, font, and content alignment within the cell. Das Bereitstellen eines anderen Stils erhöht die Darstellung des DataGrid Steuer Elements.Providing a different style enhances the appearance of the DataGrid control.

Eigenschaften des Element Stils im DataGrid Steuerelement werden von einer Eigenschaft des Element Stils in eine andere über eine Hierarchie geerbt.Item style properties in the DataGrid control are inherited from one item style property to another through a hierarchy. Eigenschaften von Element Eigenschaften, die in der Hierarchie unten festgelegt sind, werden von Eigenschaften des Element Stils in der Hierarchie höher geerbtItem style properties set lower in the hierarchy are inherited by item style properties higher in the hierarchy. Wenn Sie z. b. eine rote Schriftart für die ItemStyle-Eigenschaft angeben, haben alle anderen Eigenschaften des Element Stils im DataGrid Steuerelement ebenfalls eine rote Schriftart.For example, if you specify a red font for the ItemStyle property, all other item style properties in the DataGrid control will also have a red font. Dadurch können Sie eine gemeinsame Darstellung für das Steuerelement bereitstellen, indem Sie eine Eigenschaft mit einem einzelnen Element Stil festlegen.This allows you to provide a common appearance for the control by setting a single item style property. Sie können die geerbten Stileinstellungen für eine Element Stil Eigenschaft überschreiben, die in der Hierarchie höher ist, indem Sie deren Stileigenschaften festlegen.You can override the inherited style settings for an item style property that is higher in the hierarchy by setting its style properties. Beispielsweise können Sie eine blaue Schriftart für die AlternatingItemStyle-Eigenschaft angeben und dabei die rote Schriftart überschreiben, die in der ItemStyle-Eigenschaft angegeben ist.For example, you can specify a blue font for the AlternatingItemStyle property, overriding the red font specified in the ItemStyle property. In der folgenden Tabelle ist die Reihenfolge der Hierarchie von oben nach unten aufgelistet.The following table lists the hierarchy order from highest to lowest.

RangfolgePrecedence Style-EigenschaftStyle Property
11 EditItemStyle
22 SelectedItemStyle
33 AlternatingItemStyle
44 ItemStyle
55 ControlStyle

Um einen benutzerdefinierten Stil für die abwechselnden Elemente anzugeben, platzieren Sie die <AlternatingItemStyle> Tags zwischen den öffnenden und schließenden Tags des DataGrid Steuer Elements.To specify a custom style for the alternating items, place the <AlternatingItemStyle> tags between the opening and closing tags of the DataGrid control. Anschließend können Sie die Stil Attribute innerhalb des öffnenden <AlternatingItemStyle> Tags auflisten.You can then list the style attributes within the opening <AlternatingItemStyle> tag.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch