GridView.OnRowCommand(GridViewCommandEventArgs) Methode

Definition

Löst das RowCommand-Ereignis aus.Raises the RowCommand event.

protected:
 virtual void OnRowCommand(System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewCommandEventArgs ^ e);
protected virtual void OnRowCommand (System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewCommandEventArgs e);
abstract member OnRowCommand : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewCommandEventArgs -> unit
override this.OnRowCommand : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewCommandEventArgs -> unit
Protected Overridable Sub OnRowCommand (e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

Parameter

e
GridViewCommandEventArgs

Ein GridViewCommandEventArgs, das Ereignisdaten enthält.A GridViewCommandEventArgs that contains event data.

Beispiele

Für dieses Thema steht ein Visual Studio-Website Projekt mit Quellcode zur Verfügung: Herunterladen.A Visual Studio Web site project with source code is available to accompany this topic: Download.

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie eine Ereignis Behandlungsmethode für RowCommand das-Ereignis bereitgestellt wird.The following example demonstrates how provide an event-handling method for the RowCommand event. Wenn Sie auf die Schaltfläche hinzufügen für eine bestimmte Zeile GridView des-Steuer Elements klicken, wird der Name des ausgewählten Kunden ListBox einem-Steuerelement hinzugefügt.When the Add button is clicked for a given row of the GridView control, the name of the selected customer is added to a ListBox control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ContactsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ContactsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the contact in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[2].Text) + " " +
        Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[3].Text);

      // If the contact is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ContactsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ContactsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">
        <tr>
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:gridview id="ContactsGridView" 
              datasourceid="ContactsSource"
              allowpaging="true" 
              autogeneratecolumns="false"
              onrowcommand="ContactsGridView_RowCommand"
              runat="server">

              <columns>
                <asp:buttonfield buttontype="Link" 
                  commandname="Add" 
                  text="Add"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="ContactID" 
                  headertext="Contact ID"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="FirstName" 
                  headertext="First Name"/> 
                <asp:boundfield datafield="LastName" 
                  headertext="Last Name"/>
              </columns>

            </asp:gridview>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Contacts: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ContactsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/>

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ContactsSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName] From Person.Contact"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ContactsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then
    
      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)
            
      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row As GridViewRow = ContactsGridView.Rows(index)
            
      ' Create a new ListItem object for the contact in the row.     
      Dim item As New ListItem()
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(2).Text) & " " & _
        Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(3).Text)
            
      ' If the contact is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      ' object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      If Not ContactsListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then
      
        ContactsListBox.Items.Add(item)
        
      End If
      
    End If
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">
        <tr>
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:gridview id="ContactsGridView" 
              datasourceid="ContactsSource"
              allowpaging="true" 
              autogeneratecolumns="false"
              onrowcommand="ContactsGridView_RowCommand"
              runat="server">

              <columns>
                <asp:buttonfield buttontype="Link" 
                  commandname="Add" 
                  text="Add"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="ContactID" 
                  headertext="Contact ID"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="FirstName" 
                  headertext="First Name"/> 
                <asp:boundfield datafield="LastName" 
                  headertext="Last Name"/>
              </columns>

            </asp:gridview>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Contacts: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ContactsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/>

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ContactsSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName] From Person.Contact"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Hinweise

Das RowCommand -Ereignis wird ausgelöst, wenn GridView im-Steuerelement auf eine Schaltfläche geklickt wird.The RowCommand event is raised when a button is clicked in the GridView control. Dies ermöglicht es Ihnen, eine Ereignis Behandlungsmethode bereitzustellen, die immer dann eine benutzerdefinierte Routine ausführt, wenn dieses Ereignis auftritt.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs.

Durch das Auslösen eines Ereignisses wird der Ereignishandler über einen Delegaten aufgerufen.Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Behandeln und Auslösen von Ereignissen.For more information, see Handling and Raising Events.

Mit der OnRowCommand-Methode können auch abgeleitete Klassen das Ereignis ohne Anfügen eines Delegaten behandeln.The OnRowCommand method also allows derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. Dies ist das bevorzugte Verfahren für die Behandlung des Ereignisses in einer abgeleiteten Klasse.This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

Hinweise für Vererber

Wenn Sie OnRowCommand(GridViewCommandEventArgs) in einer abgeleiteten Klasse überschreiben, müssen Sie die OnRowCommand(GridViewCommandEventArgs)-Methode der Basisklasse aufrufen, damit registrierte Delegaten das Ereignis empfangen.When overriding OnRowCommand(GridViewCommandEventArgs) in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnRowCommand(GridViewCommandEventArgs) method so that registered delegates receive the event.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch