GridView.SortDirection Eigenschaft

Definition

Ruft die Sortierrichtung der Spalte ab, die sortiert wird.Gets the sort direction of the column being sorted.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::SortDirection SortDirection { System::Web::UI::WebControls::SortDirection get(); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
[System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode(System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection SortDirection { get; }
member this.SortDirection : System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property SortDirection As SortDirection

Eigenschaftswert

Einer der SortDirection-Werte.One of the SortDirection values. Die Standardeinstellung ist SortDirection.Ascending.The default is SortDirection.Ascending.

Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die SortDirection -Eigenschaft verwendet wird, um die Sortierrichtung GridView eines-Steuer Elements Programm gesteuert zu bestimmen.The following example demonstrates how to use the SortDirection property to programmatically determine the sort direction of a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomersGridView_DataBound(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    
    // Get the header row.
    GridViewRow headerRow = CustomersGridView.HeaderRow;   
    
    // Get the footer row.
    GridViewRow footerRow = CustomersGridView.FooterRow; 

    // Set the font color of the header and footer rows
    // based on the sort direction. 
    switch (CustomersGridView.SortDirection)
    {
      case SortDirection.Ascending:
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;
        break;
      case SortDirection.Descending:
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
        break;
      default:
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black;
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black;
        break;
    }

    // Display the sort order in the footer row.
    footerRow.Cells[0].Text = "Sort Order = " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString();
      
  }
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView HeaderRow and FooterRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView HeaderRow and FooterRow Example</h3>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        allowpaging="true" 
        showheader="true"
        showfooter="true"
        ondatabound="CustomersGridView_DataBound"    
        runat="server">
        
        <headerstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
          forecolor="MediumBlue"/>
                    
        <footerstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
          forecolor="MediumBlue"/>
                        
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomersGridView_DataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
      
    ' Get the header row.
    Dim headerRow As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.HeaderRow
    
    ' Get the footer row.
    Dim footerRow As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.FooterRow

    ' Set the font color of the header and footer rows
    ' based on the sort direction. 
    Select Case CustomersGridView.SortDirection

      Case SortDirection.Ascending
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green
      Case SortDirection.Descending
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red
      Case Else
        headerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black
        footerRow.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black
        
    End Select

    ' Display the sort order in the footer row.
    footerRow.Cells(0).Text = "Sort Order = " & CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString()
      
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView HeaderRow and FooterRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView HeaderRow and FooterRow Example</h3>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        allowpaging="true" 
        showheader="true"
        showfooter="true"
        ondatabound="CustomersGridView_DataBound"    
        runat="server">
        
        <headerstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
          forecolor="MediumBlue"/>
                    
        <footerstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
          forecolor="MediumBlue"/>
                        
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Hinweise

Mithilfe der SortDirection -Eigenschaft können Sie ermitteln, ob die sortierte Spalte in aufsteigender oder absteigender Reihenfolge sortiert wird.Use the SortDirection property to determine whether the column being sorted is sorted in ascending or descending order.

Hinweis

Das GridView -Steuerelement verfügt über eine integrierte Sortierfunktion, mit der diese Eigenschaft automatisch festgelegt wird.The GridView control has a built-in sorting feature that automatically sets this property. Diese Eigenschaft wird in der Regel nur verwendet, wenn Sie die Sortierrichtung Programm gesteuert bestimmen müssen oder wenn Sie einem Steuerelement eine GridView eigene benutzerdefinierte Sortierfunktion hinzufügen.This property is typically used only when you need to programmatically determine the sort direction or when you are adding your own custom sorting functionality to a GridView control.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch