ObjectDataSource.Deleted ObjectDataSource.Deleted ObjectDataSource.Deleted ObjectDataSource.Deleted Event

Definition

Tritt ein, wenn ein Delete()-Vorgang abgeschlossen wurde.Occurs when a Delete() operation has completed.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler ^ Deleted;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler Deleted;
member this.Deleted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Deleted As ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler 

Beispiele

Dieser Abschnitt enthält zwei Codebeispiele.This section contains two code examples. Im ersten Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein ObjectDataSource -Objekt mit einem Geschäftsobjekt und GridView einem-Steuerelement verwendet wird, um Daten zu löschen.The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource object with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. Das zweite Codebeispiel zeigt die EmployeeLogic -Klasse, die im ersten Codebeispiel verwendet wird.The second code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the first code example.

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein ObjectDataSource -Steuerelement mit einem Geschäftsobjekt GridView und einem-Steuerelement verwendet wird, um Daten zu löschen.The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. Anfänglich zeigt GridView das Steuerelement eine Menge aller Mitarbeiter an, wobei die von der SelectMethod -Eigenschaft angegebene Methode zum Abrufen der Daten aus dem EmployeeLogic -Objekt verwendet wird.Initially, the GridView control displays a set of all employees, using the method that is specified by the SelectMethod property to retrieve the data from the EmployeeLogic object. Da die AutoGenerateDeleteButton -Eigenschaft auf fest truegelegt ist GridView , zeigt das-Steuerelement automatisch eine Lösch Schaltfläche an.Because the AutoGenerateDeleteButton property is set to true, the GridView control automatically displays a Delete button.

Wenn Sie auf die Schaltfläche " Löschen " klicken, wird der Löschvorgang mit der von der DeleteMethod -Eigenschaft angegebenen Methode und allen in der DeleteParameters -Auflistung angegebenen Parametern ausgeführt.If you click the Delete button, the delete operation is performed using the method that is specified by the DeleteMethod property and any parameters that are specified in the DeleteParameters collection. In diesem Codebeispiel werden auch einige Schritte zur Vorverarbeitung und Nachbearbeitung ausgeführt.In this code example, some preprocessing and post-processing steps are also performed. Der NorthwindEmployeeDeleting Delegat wird aufgerufen, um Deleting das-Ereignis zu behandeln, bevor der NorthwindEmployeeDeleted -Vorgang ausgeführt wird, und Deleted der Delegat wird aufgerufen, um das Ereignis zu behandeln, nachdem der Vorgang abgeschlossen wurde, um die AusnahmebehandlungThe NorthwindEmployeeDeleting delegate is called to handle the Deleting event before the operation is performed and the NorthwindEmployeeDeleted delegate is called to handle the Deleted event after the operation has completed to perform exception handling. In diesem Codebeispiel wird die- NorthwindDataException Methode von der NorthwindEmployeeDeleted -Methode behandelt, wenn eine ausgelöst wird.In this code example, if a NorthwindDataException is thrown, it is handled by the NorthwindEmployeeDeleted method.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
private void NorthwindEmployeeDeleting(object source, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs e)
{
  // The GridView passes the ID of the employee
  // to be deleted. However, the buisiness object, EmployeeLogic,
  // requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter, named "ne". Create
  // it now and add it to the parameters collection.
  IDictionary paramsFromPage = e.InputParameters;
  if (paramsFromPage["EmpID"] != null) {
    NorthwindEmployee ne
      = new NorthwindEmployee( Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage["EmpID"].ToString()));
    // Remove the old EmpID parameter.
    paramsFromPage.Clear();
    paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne);
  }
}

private void NorthwindEmployeeDeleted(object source, ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs e)
{
  // Handle the Exception if it is a NorthwindDataException
  if (e.Exception != null)
  {

    // Handle the specific exception type. The ObjectDataSource wraps
    // any Exceptions in a TargetInvokationException wrapper, so
    // check the InnerException property for expected Exception types.
    if (e.Exception.InnerException is NorthwindDataException)
    {
      Label1.Text = e.Exception.InnerException.Message;
      // Because the exception is handled, there is
      // no reason to throw it.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
    }
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratedeletebutton="true"
          autogeneratecolumns="false"
          datakeynames="EmpID">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="EmpID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="First Name" datafield="FirstName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Last Name" datafield="LastName" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          deletemethod="DeleteEmployee"
          ondeleting="NorthwindEmployeeDeleting"
          ondeleted="NorthwindEmployeeDeleted"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic">
          <deleteparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="EmpID" type="Int32" />
          </deleteparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <asp:label id="Label1" runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
' Called before a Delete operation.
    Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeDeleting(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs)

        ' The GridView passes the ID of the employee
        ' to be deleted. However, the business object, EmployeeLogic,
        ' requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter, named "ne". Create
        ' it now and add it to the parameters collection.
        Dim paramsFromPage As IDictionary = e.InputParameters
  
        If Not paramsFromPage("EmpID") Is Nothing Then
    
            Dim ne As New NorthwindEmployee(paramsFromPage("EmpID").ToString())
            ' Remove the old EmpID parameter.
            paramsFromPage.Clear()
            paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne)
    
    
        End If
    End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeDeleting

    ' Called after a Delete operation.
    Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeDeleted(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs)
        ' Handle the Exception if it is a NorthwindDataException.
        If Not e.Exception Is Nothing Then

            ' Handle the specific exception type. The ObjectDataSource wraps
            ' any Exceptions in a TargetInvokationException wrapper, so
            ' check the InnerException property for the expected Exception types.
            If e.Exception.InnerException.GetType().Equals(GetType(NorthwindDataException)) Then

                Label1.Text = e.Exception.InnerException.Message
                ' Because the exception is handled, there is
                ' no reason to throw it.
                e.ExceptionHandled = True
      
            End If
        End If
    End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeDeleted
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratedeletebutton="true"
          autogeneratecolumns="false"
          datakeynames="EmpID">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="EmpID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="First Name" datafield="FirstName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Last Name" datafield="LastName" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          deletemethod="DeleteEmployee"
          ondeleting="NorthwindEmployeeDeleting"
          ondeleted="NorthwindEmployeeDeleted"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic">
          <deleteparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="EmpID" type="Int32" />
          </deleteparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <asp:label id="Label1" runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Das folgende Codebeispiel zeigt die EmployeeLogic -Klasse, die im vorangehenden Codebeispiel verwendet wird.The following code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the preceding code example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      // Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      // ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      return new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Delete();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("Employee delete failed."); }
      // Delete the object in memory.
      ne = null;
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployeeByID(int anID) {
        NorthwindEmployee tempEmp = new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
        DeleteEmployee(tempEmp);
    }
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee () {
      ID = DBNull.Value;
      lastName = "";
      firstName = "";
    }

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection (cts.ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName        = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName         = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public object EmpID {
      get { return ID; }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }
    public bool Delete () {
      if (ID.Equals(DBNull.Value)) {
        // The Employee object is not persisted.
        return true;
      }
      else {
        // The Employee object is persisted.
        // Use the SqlDataSource control as a convenient wrapper for
        // the ADO.NET code needed to delete a record from the database.
        ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];
        SqlDataSource sds = new SqlDataSource();

        try {
          sds.ConnectionString = cts.ConnectionString;
          sds.DeleteParameters.Add(new Parameter("empID", TypeCode.Int32, this.ID.ToString()));
          sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM [Order Details] " + 
              "WHERE OrderID IN (SELECT OrderID FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID)";
          sds.Delete();
          sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID";
          sds.Delete();
          sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM EmployeeTerritories WHERE EmployeeID=@empID";
          sds.Delete();
          sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE EmployeeID=@empID";
          sds.Delete();
          return true;
        }
        finally {
          // Clean up resources.
          sds.Dispose();
        }
      }
    }
  }

  public class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB
'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
Public Class EmployeeLogic

   ' Return a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection
      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      ' Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      ' ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, _
                                  "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")
      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator()
         While enumerator.MoveNext()
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Dim row As DataRowView = CType(enumerator.Current,DataRowView)
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         End While
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees


   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      Return New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
   End Function 'GetEmployee


   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Delete()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("Employee delete failed.")
      End If ' Delete the object in memory.
      ne = Nothing
   End Sub


   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployeeByID(anID As Integer)
      Dim tempEmp As New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
      DeleteEmployee(tempEmp)
   End Sub

End Class

Public Class NorthwindEmployee

   Public Sub New()
      ID = DBNull.Value
      aLastName = ""
      aFirstName = ""
   End Sub


   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)
      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)
      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub

   Private ID As Object
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As Object
      Get
         Return ID
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aLastName As String
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Delete() As Boolean
      If ID.Equals(DBNull.Value) Then
         ' The Employee object is not persisted.
         Return True
      Else
         ' The Employee object is persisted.
         ' Use the SqlDataSource control as a convenient wrapper for
         ' the ADO.NET code needed to delete a record from the database.
         Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
         Dim sds As New SqlDataSource()
         Try
            sds.ConnectionString = cts.ConnectionString
            sds.DeleteParameters.Add(New Parameter("empID", TypeCode.Int32, Me.ID.ToString()))
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM [Order Details] " & _
                "WHERE OrderID IN (SELECT OrderID FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID)"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM EmployeeTerritories WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            Return True
         Finally
            ' Clean up resources.
            sds.Dispose()
         End Try
      End If
   End Function 'Delete
End Class

Public Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub

End Class
End Namespace

Hinweise

Behandeln Sie Deleted das-Ereignis, um die Werte eines Rückgabewerts oder der Ausgabeparameter zu überprüfen, oder, um zu bestimmen Delete , ob eine Ausnahme ausgelöst wurde, nachdem ein-Vorgang abgeschlossen wurde.Handle the Deleted event to examine the values of a return value or output parameters, or to determine whether an exception was thrown after a Delete operation has completed. Die Eigenschaften Rückgabewert, Ausgabeparameter und Ausnahmebehandlung sind für das ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs -Objekt verfügbar, das dem Ereignis zugeordnet ist.The return value, output parameters, and exception handling properties are available from the ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs object that is associated with the event.

Sie können die- AffectedRows Eigenschaft ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs des-Objekts verwenden, um die Anzahl der Zeilen zurückzugeben, die Delete aus der-Methode gelöscht wurden.You can use the AffectedRows property of the ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs object to return the number of rows that were deleted from the Delete method. Legen Sie hierzu die AffectedRows -Eigenschaft fest.To do this, set the AffectedRows property. Wenn Sie die Anzahl der gelöschten Zeilen aus der Methode zurückgeben, die von DeleteMethod der-Eigenschaft angegeben wird, ist der ReturnValue -Wert in ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs der-Eigenschaft des-Objekts verfügbar.If you return the number of deleted rows from the method that is specified by the DeleteMethod property, the value is available from the ReturnValue property of the ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs object.

Weitere Informationen zum Behandeln von Ereignissen finden Sie unter behandeln und Auslösen von Ereignissen.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch