BigInteger.Log BigInteger.Log BigInteger.Log BigInteger.Log Method

Definition

Returns the logarithm of a specified number.

Overloads

Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger)

Returns the natural (base e) logarithm of a specified number.

Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double)

Returns the logarithm of a specified number in a specified base.

Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger) Log(BigInteger)

Returns the natural (base e) logarithm of a specified number.

public:
 static double Log(System::Numerics::BigInteger value);
public static double Log (System.Numerics.BigInteger value);
static member Log : System.Numerics.BigInteger -> double
Public Shared Function Log (value As BigInteger) As Double

Parameters

value
BigInteger BigInteger BigInteger BigInteger

The number whose logarithm is to be found.

Returns

The natural (base e) logarithm of value, as shown in the table in the Remarks section.

Exceptions

Remarks

The value parameter is specified as a base 10 number.

The precise return value of this method depends on the sign of value, as the following table shows.

Sign of value parameter Return value
Positive The natural logarithm of value; that is, ln value, or log evalue.
Zero NegativeInfinity.
Negative NaN.

To calculate the base 10 logarithm of a BigInteger value, call the Log10 method. To calculate the logarithm of a number in another base, call the Log(BigInteger, Double) method.

You can find the square root of a number by calling the Log method along with the Math.Exp method. Note that the result is Double.PositiveInfinity if the result is greater than Double.MaxValue. The following example calculates the square root of each element in an array of BigInteger values.

using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      BigInteger[] values = { 2, 100, BigInteger.Pow(1000, 100), 
                              BigInteger.Pow(2, 64) };
      foreach (var value in values)                                    
         Console.WriteLine("The square root of {0} is {1}", value, 
                           Math.Exp(BigInteger.Log(value) / 2));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The square root of 2 is 1.41421356237309
//    The square root of 100 is 10
//    The square root of 1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
//    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
//    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
//    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
//     is 9.99999999999988E+149
//    The square root of 18446744073709551616 is 4294967296
Imports System.Numerics

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As BigInteger = { 2, 100, BigInteger.Pow(1000, 100), 
                                     BigInteger.Pow(2, 64) }
      For Each value In values                                    
         Console.WriteLine("The square root of {0} is {1}", value, 
                           Math.Exp(BigInteger.Log(value) / 2))
      Next                                     
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    The square root of 2 is 1.41421356237309
'    The square root of 100 is 10
'    The square root of 1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
'    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
'    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
'    00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
'     is 9.99999999999988E+149
'    The square root of 18446744073709551616 is 4294967296

This method corresponds to the Math.Log(Double) method for the primitive numeric types.

See also

Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double) Log(BigInteger, Double)

Returns the logarithm of a specified number in a specified base.

public:
 static double Log(System::Numerics::BigInteger value, double baseValue);
public static double Log (System.Numerics.BigInteger value, double baseValue);
static member Log : System.Numerics.BigInteger * double -> double
Public Shared Function Log (value As BigInteger, baseValue As Double) As Double

Parameters

value
BigInteger BigInteger BigInteger BigInteger

A number whose logarithm is to be found.

baseValue
Double Double Double Double

The base of the logarithm.

Returns

The base baseValue logarithm of value, as shown in the table in the Remarks section.

Exceptions

Remarks

The value and baseValue parameters are specified as base 10 numbers.

The precise return value of the method depends on the sign of value and on the sign and value of baseValue, as the following table shows.

value parameter baseValue parameter Return value
value > 0 (0 < baseValue < 1) -or-(baseValue > 1) logbaseValue(value)
value < 0 (any value) Double.NaN
(any value) baseValue < 0 Double.NaN
value != 1 baseValue = 0 Double.NaN
value != 1 baseValue = Double.PositiveInfinity Double.NaN
(any value) baseValue = Double.NaN Double.NaN
(any value) baseValue = 1 Double.NaN
value = 0 0 < baseValue < 1 Double.PositiveInfinity
value = 0 baseValue > 1 Double.PositiveInfinity
value = 1 baseValue = 0 0
value = 1 baseValue = Double.PositiveInfinity 0

To calculate the base 10 logarithm of a BigInteger value, call the Log10 method. To calculate the natural logarithm of a number, call the Log(BigInteger) method.

This method corresponds to the Math.Log method for the primitive numeric types.

See also

Applies to