Microsoft Project service description
Microsoft Project offers the following applications to help meet your organization's needs for project and work management:
- Project for the web
- Project Online
- Project Online desktop client
This article will help you understand which applications are provided in each Project subscription and what capabilities each application offers.
Project for the web
Project for the web is Microsoft's most recent offering for cloud-based work and project management. Project for the web provides simple, powerful work management capabilities to meet most needs and roles. Project managers and team members can use Project for the web to plan and manage work of any size.
Project for the web is built on the Microsoft Power Platform. The Power Platform consists of PowerApps, Power Automate, Power BI, and the Microsoft Dataverse. Project for the web data is stored in the Microsoft Dataverse.
Project for the web is available through three subscriptions: Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5. Features listed in Project for the web features interact only with data in the Project for the web data store.
Project Online is a flexible online solution for Project Portfolio Management (PPM) and everyday work. Project Online provides powerful project management capabilities for planning, prioritizing, and managing projects and project portfolio investments—from almost anywhere on almost any device. Project Online can be used by administrators, portfolio managers and viewers, project and resource managers, and team leads and members.
Project Online is built on the SharePoint platform, and it stores data in the SharePoint data store.
Project Online is available through two subscriptions: Project Plan 3 and Project Plan 5. Features listed in Project Online features interact only with data in the Project Online SharePoint data store.
Team member functionality for Project Online is available through a Project Online Essentials or Project Plan 1 subscription. Project Online Essentials is a team member add-on subscription for customers who have Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscriptions. Project Online Essentials and Project Plan 1 subscriptions gives team members a web interface to perform task and time updates to projects managed in Project Online.
Team members with Project Online Essentials or Project Plan 1 subscriptions can perform the following Project Online functions:
- Use a web-based interface
- Update tasks, issues, and risks
- Submit timesheets
- Share documents and collaborate with Microsoft Teams or Skype for Business users
Project Online Essentials does not include Project for the web. Project Plan 1 includes both Project for the web and Project Online Essentials.
Project Online desktop client
Microsoft Project Online desktop client is a project management program that features automated scheduling, project resource management, and built-in reporting. Project Online desktop client can be used as a standalone application or it can connect to Project Online. Project Online desktop client is the subscription version of the Project Professional desktop client and is available in Project Plan 3 and Project Plan 5 subscriptions.
Using Project for the web and Project Online together
Although Project for the web and Project Online are separate applications, you can use them side by side. You can see all your projects from both applications in Project Home. You can use the Project Roadmap capability to build roadmaps that include projects from both applications. And you can use Power BI and the Project for the web Power BI content pack to gain insights into projects and resources across the two applications.3
This diagram shows how the applications can work together side by side.
Going forward, Microsoft will focus on Project for the web innovations. However, you can continue using Project Online with confidence as it will continue to receive key performance and security improvements.
Microsoft Project subscriptions
Microsoft Project is available through three different subscriptions to best meet the needs of your organization. These subscriptions are Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5. To compare features across subscriptions, see Feature availability across applications and subscriptions.
|Product||Plan 1||Plan 3||Plan 5|
|Project for the web||x||x x||x x|
|Project Online||x||x x||x x x|
|Project Online desktop client||x||x|
In the table above, the number of checks (x) indicates the general level of capabilities provided by a plan. For example, for Project Online, Plan 5 provides more capabilities than Plan 3.
Feature availability across applications and subscriptions
Project for the web features
Features listed in this section interact only with data in the Project for the web data store. All these features are available in all Microsoft Project subscriptions: Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5.
|Feature||Description||Office 365 licenses||Plan 1||Plan 3||Plan 5|
|Project, task, and time management|
|Board view||Track project tasks visually for improved workflow and status monitoring by using out-of-the-box and custom task boards.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Dependencies||Set and visually track dependencies between tasks.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Grid view||Plan and manage projects by using a hierarchical grid view of tasks.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Milestones||Establish and track important project and task milestones.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Project Home||Track and manage deliverables using start and end dates and automated scheduling.||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Task scheduling||Get a birds-eye view of projects that you've worked on recently, as well as important projects that you need to monitor closely.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Timeline view (Gantt chart)||Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a hierarchical timeline view.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Summary tasks||Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases by using summary tasks.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Create and use task custom fields||Add local custom fields to tasks in a project, add data to these fields, or update data in these fields.||View Only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Microsoft Teams integration||Collaborate on projects in Microsoft Teams.1||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Resource and program management|
|Project team setup||Manage a project team by adding and removing members and setting the working calendar.||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Roadmaps||Build visual, interactive roadmaps across projects from Microsoft Project Online, Microsoft Project for the web, and Azure Boards projects.2 With Project Plan 1 you get read-only access to roadmaps. With Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5, you can also create roadmaps.||View only||View only||Yes||Yes|
|Read reports from Project for the web data||View out-of-the-box or custom reports, and dashboards to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data.||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Create reports using Project for the web data||Understand the data important to your organization by building custom reports based on out-of-box reports or from scratch.
Build custom dashboards to help meet specific organizational needs.
|Coauthoring||Work together with stakeholders and team members to simultaneously build, edit, and update task lists, project schedules, and more.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Graphical indicators||Understand task status, assignments, and more with graphical indicators.||View only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Customization and integration|
|Use the out-of-the-box Project application||Use the out-of-the-box Project application to view a project, create a new project, add new data to a project, or update existing project data.||View Only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Customize views and forms 4||Customize only views and forms in the out-of-the-box Project application.||View Only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Use custom columns||View, add, update, or delete data in a column added to a table.||View Only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Use custom tables 5||Create and define custom tables to hold additional data you need for your projects, portfolios, etc.||View Only||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Power Automate Workflows and Business Process Flows 7|
|Define and use Power Automate Cloud flows that utilize Project data including custom tables and columns.||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Define Power Automate Business Process flows that utilize Project data including custom tables and columns.||No||No||Yes||Yes|
|Use Power Automate Business Process flows that utilize Project data.||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Security and user management|
|Office Modern Groups||Build a project team to collaborate with and easily set up a collection of resources for team members to share.||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Connect to Project for the web with third-party apps4||Use a custom or third-party application to view, create, update, or delete Project data in any native Project table.||View Only11||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Project Online features
Features listed in this section interact only with data in the Project Online SharePoint data store. Team members with Project Online Essentials or Project Plan 1 subscriptions can perform some Project Online functions. For more information, see Microsoft Project service description - Service Descriptions | Microsoft Docs.
|Feature||Description||Project Plan 3||Project Plan 5|
|Project, task, and time management|
|Alerts and reminders||Stay on schedule for important upcoming tasks and project events with reminders in Outlook and Microsoft Teams.1||Yes||Yes|
|Baselines||Set project baselines to monitor current performance against past performance using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Board view||Visually track project tasks for improved workflow and status monitoring.||Yes||Yes|
|Critical path||Visually track the tasks that represent the longest path through the project using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Deliverable management||Track and manage deliverables using start and end dates and automated scheduling.||Yes||Yes|
|Dependencies||Set and visually track dependencies between tasks.||Yes||Yes|
|Gantt view||Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments on a hierarchical Gantt chart using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Grid view||Plan and manage projects using a hierarchical grid view of tasks using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Issue and risk management||Identify and track issues and risks at the project and task level.||Yes||Yes|
|Master projects||Group smaller related projects under a single master project using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Notifications||Stay on top of task assignments, status, and important project events with Outlook and Teams notifications.1||Yes||Yes|
|Project Home||Get a birds-eye view of projects that you've worked on recently, as well as important projects that you need to monitor closely.||Yes||Yes|
|Project versioning||Compare different versions of a project with a report that shows what changed between versions.||Yes||Yes|
|Summary tasks||Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases using summary tasks in the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Task scheduling||Use task start and end dates, effort, work, lead and lag times, and dependencies to get an accurate schedule of project dates using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Task updates||Capture time and status with comments on project tasks, non-project work, and non-working time.||Yes||Yes|
|Timelines||Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments on a timeline view using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Timesheets||Team members can enter time and status against tasks, non-project work, and non-working time.||Yes||Yes|
|Timesheet approvals||Team members can submit timesheets for approval. Resource managers and supervisors can review, approve, and decline submitted timesheets.||Yes||Yes|
|Non-working time setup||Add vacation, holidays, medical leave, and other nonworking time into your project schedule.||No||Yes|
|Attachments||Attach documents, images, and other files at the team, project, or task level. Manage these attachments in a central library at the team or project level.||Yes||Yes|
|External team members||Collaborate with people from outside of your organization by granting them access to view and interact with your projects, tasks, and documents.6||Yes||Yes|
|Project sites||Create and customize a hub for collaboration and documents for a project.||Yes||Yes|
|Microsoft Teams integration||Collaborate on projects in Microsoft Teams.1||Yes||Yes|
|Project request approval workflow setup||Build the workflows you need to evaluate, prioritize, and approve incoming demand.||No||Yes|
|Project request forms creation||Capture important data about incoming demand to help you evaluate and prioritize new work.||No||Yes|
|Project requests||Track, manage, evaluate, and prioritize incoming demand from within your organization and from external customers and partners.||Yes||Yes|
|Resource, program, and portfolio management|
|Project costing and budgeting||Compare planned progress and budget against actual time and costs using the Project Web App.||Yes||Yes|
|Project team setup||Manage a project team by adding and removing members, setting allocation levels, and adding external members.||Yes||Yes|
|Resource capacity views||Track and manage resource capacity at the project, team, and organization level.||Yes||Yes|
|Resource costing||Track and manage the resource costs of your project.||Yes||Yes|
|Resource engagements (bookings)||Project managers can submit requests for resources by role, skills, or name. Resource managers can review requests and assign the best resources available.||Yes8||Yes9|
|Resource capacity planning||Track and manage resource capacity at the project, team, and organization level.||No||Yes|
|Roadmaps||Build visual, interactive roadmaps across projects from Microsoft Project Online, Microsoft Project for the web, and Azure Boards projects.2||Yes||Yes|
|Portfolio analysis and prioritization||Identify, select, and deliver project portfolios that best align with your organization's business strategy and maximize your return on investment (ROI).||No||Yes|
|Dashboards/portals||Understand status, prioritization, and more at the portfolio, program, project, task, team, and resource level with real-time interactive dashboards.||Yes||Yes|
|Work, generic, and material resources||Add resources to a project, such as work resources like people, generic resources like carpenters, and materials resources like computers and cement.||Yes||Yes|
|Out-of-box reporting||Use pre-built reports to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data.||Yes||Yes|
|Custom reports||Understand the data important to your organization by building custom reports based on out-of-box reports or from scratch.||Yes||Yes|
|Dashboards and portals||Build custom dashboards and portals to help meet specific organizational needs.||Yes||Yes|
|Customization and integration|
|Custom branding||Customize your Project deployment using your own brand, logo, and colors.||No||Yes|
|Custom fields||Add custom fields at the project, task, and resource level to track data important to your organization and projects.||Yes||Yes|
|Formulas||Calculate and capture important data using formulas across tasks and projects.||Yes||Yes|
|PowerApps||Build and consume solutions for web and mobile (through OData) with PowerApps.4||Yes||Yes|
|Workflows||Automate and integrate business processes (through OData) with Power Automate.7||Yes||Yes|
|Microsoft 365 integration||Collaborate, manage documents, and more using familiar Microsoft tools and applications.1||Yes||Yes|
|Microsoft Planner integration||Connect Project tasks to a Planner plan and track detailed work in Planner.1||Yes||Yes|
|Security, user, and service management|
|Active Directory integration||Build teams from any member of your organization's Active Directory.10||Yes||Yes|
|User management||Manage user and group roles and permissions at the project, team, and organization level.||No||Yes|
|Service administration||Plan, install and configure, maintain, and extend your Microsoft Project environment as part of your Office 3651 environment.||No||Yes|
1 Requires an Office or Microsoft 365 commercial subscription. 2 Azure Boards acquired separately. 3 Reporting for Project for the web and Project Online using Power BI requires a Power BI license. 4 Building and using separate Power Apps beyond the out-of-the-box Project application that access Project for the web or Project Online customer data requires a separate Power Apps subscription. 5 Limited to 5 custom tables. 6 Project Online licensing for external users follows the same policy as that for internal users. Any interaction on a Project Online site requires a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription. 7 Power Automate use within Project is limited to the context of the Project application. What this means is that for both triggers and actions, flow entitlements included with Project can:
- Connect to any data source within the use rights of the Project application:
- Data sources available via standard connectors
- Project data via the Microsoft Dataverse connector
- Be triggered directly from within the Project application (via built-in trigger/action)
If the flow is isolated and has nothing to do with the Project application, then a platform license will need to be purchased. 8 Users with a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription can submit resource engagement requests. They cannot review, fulfill, or approve resource engagement requests. 9 Users with a Project Plan 5 subscription can review, fulfill, and approve resource engagement requests. 10 Active Directory requires a separate subscription. 11 View only entitlements are granted only from within a Power App.
Project Online desktop client features
|Project and task management|
|Baselines||Set project baselines to monitor current performance against past performance.|
|Calendar view||Track important project and task deadlines and milestones on a weekly or monthly calendar view.|
|Critical path||Visually track the tasks that represent the longest path through the project.|
|Deadlines||Establish and track important project and task deadlines.|
|Dependencies||Set and visually track dependencies between tasks.|
|Gantt view||Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a hierarchical Gantt view.|
|Grid view||Plan and manage projects using a hierarchical grid view of tasks.|
|Master projects||Group smaller related projects under a single master project.|
|Milestones||Establish and track important project and task milestones.|
|Network diagram||View tasks, dependencies, and the critical path of your project in a network diagram view.|
|Task scheduling||Use task start and end dates, effort, work, lead and lag times, and dependencies to get an accurate schedule of project dates|
|Team planner||Track the allocation and capacity of all project team members, including non-project work and non-working time.|
|Timelines||Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a timeline view.|
|Inactive tasks||Use inactive tasks to track work without affecting resource availability or allocation and without affecting the project schedule.|
|Summary tasks||Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases using summary tasks.|
|Task inspector||View factors that affect the scheduling of a task, such as a changed start date or error messages.|
|Task path analysis||See how one task connects to other tasks by highlighting its task path throughout the project.|
|Resource and financial management|
|Resource leveling||Resolve resource conflicts or overallocations by automatically leveling the assignments.|
|Work, generic, and material resources||Add resources to a project, such as work resources like people, generic resources like carpenters, and materials resources like computers and cement.|
|Project costing and budgeting||Compare planned progress and budget to actual time and costs.|
|Resource costing||Track and manage the resource costs of your project.|
|Custom reports||Build custom reports for projects, programs, portfolios, and resources.|
|Out-of-box reporting||Use pre-built reports to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data.|
|PDF and XPS output||Save a Project file as a PDF or XPS file.|
|Auto-complete||Get suggestions for task or resource names and dependencies as you type.|
|Filtered views||Filter project plans by any value in the plan|
|Graphical indicators||Understand task status, assignments, and more with graphical indicators.|
|Multi-level undo||Undo multiple changes at the same time by using the Undo menu.|
|Sorting and grouping||Use custom sorting and grouping to get a focused view of your project, tasks, and resources.|
|Customization and integration|
|Custom fields||Add custom fields at the project, task, and resource level to track data important to your organization and projects.|
|Forms||Create and deploy custom forms to capture important project data.|
|Formulas||Calculate and capture important data using formulas across tasks and projects.|
|Templates||Create templates for common projects including project plans, teams, and assignments.|
|.mpp import/export||Create new projects from existing .mpp files or create an .mpp file of an existing project.|
|Excel import/export||Create new projects from Excel files or create an Excel file of an existing project.|
Project for the web is currently unavailable for GCC, GCC High, and DoD. We're working on delivering Project for the web to you but are unable to share a firm timeframe at this time.
- Any interaction on a Project Online site requires at least a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription within the tenant.
- When your last Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, or Project Plan 5 subscription expires, your Project for the web instances will not be automatically deleted until you have no active subscriptions that depend on the Microsoft Dataverse.
- When your last Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription expires, your Project Online instances will be deleted after 120 days.
- For Project Online trial subscriptions, your trial instances will be deleted 30 days after your trial period ends.
- For Project for the web trial subscriptions, your trial instances will not be deleted until you have no active subscriptions that depend on the Microsoft Dataverse.
Use of SharePoint Online
Project Online requires the use of SharePoint Online, which is provisioned as part of Project Online. Rights to the SharePoint Online functionality provided with Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscriptions are limited to storing and accessing data to support Project Online.
Project Roadmap and Power Automate
Project Roadmap requires the use of Power Automate, which is provisioned as part of your Project subscription. Rights to Power Automate functionality are limited to those Power Automate capabilities required by Project Roadmap. Power Automate functionality required by Project Roadmap appears as the Data Integration for Project with Flow service plan in the Apps section of the Microsoft 365 admin center.
Project for the web and Microsoft Dataverse
Project for the web requires the use of the Microsoft Dataverse for storing its data. A Microsoft Dataverse database is provisioned as part of your Project subscription. Rights to Microsoft Dataverse functionality are limited to storing and accessing data to support Project for the web. Microsoft Dataverse functionality required by Project appears as the Common Data Service for Project service plan in the Apps section of the Microsoft 365 admin center.
For Project Customers with five (5) or more Project for the web licenses, Project for the web customers may deploy to Power Platform Production and Sandbox environments.
|Capacity Included/Accrued||Project P1||Project P3||Project P5|
|Dataverse (formerly Common Data Service) Database: Included/tenant||3 GB||5 GB||5 GB|
|Dataverse Database: Accrued/User Subscription License (USL)||50 MB||250 MB||250 MB|
|Dataverse Log: Included/tenant||2 GB||2 GB||2 GB|
|Dataverse File: Included/tenant||20 GB||20 GB||20 GB|
|Dataverse File: Accrued/USL||400 MB||2 GB||2 GB|
Data backup and retention
Project for the web and Project Online both have the same data backup and retention policy as Office 365. For details, see Data Retention, Deletion, and Destruction in Office 365.
- To learn more about data encryption in Project Online see Data Encryption in OneDrive for Business and SharePoint Online - Microsoft 365 Compliance | Microsoft Docs
- To learn more about data encryption in Project for the web, see Encryption in Microsoft Dynamics 365 - Microsoft 365 Compliance | Microsoft Docs
Project for the web boundaries and limitations
Project for the web has some limitations, which are described in the following table.
|Max. hierarchy level for task||10 levels|
|Max. links (successor + predecessor) for a task||20|
|Max. duration of leaf task||1250 days|
|Max. duration of summary task||3650 days (10 years)|
|Max. resources that can be assigned to a task||20 resources|
|Supported date range for task||1/1/1984 – 12/31/2149|
|Max. total tasks for the project||500|
|Max. total duration of the project||3650 days (10 years)|
|Max. total resources for the project||150|
|Max. total links (successor only) for the project||600|
Project Online boundaries and limitations
Project Online has some limitations. For details, see Project Online: software boundaries and limits.