Use data transfer tools in Azure Stack Hub Storage
Azure Stack Hub provides a set of storage services for disks, blobs, tables, queues, and account management functions. Some Azure Storage tools are available if you want to manage or move data to or from Azure Stack Hub Storage. This article provides an overview of the available tools.
Your requirements determine which of the following tools works best for you:
A storage-specific, command-line utility that you can download to copy data from one object to another object within or between your storage accounts.
A task-based, command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration.
An open-source, cross-platform tool that provides a set of commands for working with the Azure and Azure Stack Hub platforms.
An easy-to-use stand-alone app with a user interface.
A virtual file system driver for Azure Blob Storage, which allows you to access your existing block blob data in your storage account through the Linux file system.
Because of storage services differences between Azure and Azure Stack Hub, there might be some specific requirements for each tool described in the following sections. For a comparison between Azure Stack Hub Storage and Azure Storage, see Azure Stack Hub Storage: Differences and considerations.
AzCopy is a command-line utility designed to copy data to and from Microsoft Azure blob and table storage using simple commands with optimal performance. You can copy data from one object to another within or between your storage accounts.
Download and install AzCopy
- For the 1811 update or newer versions, download AzCopy V10+.
- For previous versions (1802 to 1809 update), download AzCopy 7.1.0.
AzCopy 10.1 configuration and limits
AzCopy 10.1 is now able to be configured to use older API versions. This enables (limited) support for Azure Stack Hub.
To configure the API version for AzCopy to support Azure Stack Hub, set the
AZCOPY_DEFAULT_SERVICE_API_VERSION environment variable to
|Windows||In a command prompt use:
In PowerShell use:
In AzCopy 10.1, the following features are supported for Azure Stack Hub:
|Manage container||Create a container
List contents of containers
|Manage job||Display jobs
Resume a job
|Remove blob||Remove a single blob
Remove entire or partial virtual directory
|Upload file||Upload a file
Upload a directory
Upload the contents of a directory
|Download file||Download a file
Download a directory
Download the contents of a directory
|Synchronize file||Synchronize a container to a local file system
Synchronize a local file system to a container
- Azure Stack Hub doesn't support providing authorization credentials to AzCopy by using Azure Active Directory (AD). You must access storage objects on Azure Stack Hub using a Shared Access Signature (SAS) token.
- Azure Stack Hub doesn't support synchronous data transfer between two Azure Stack Hub blob locations, and between Azure Storage and Azure Stack Hub. You can't use "azcopy cp" to move data from Azure Stack Hub to Azure Storage (or the other way around) directly with AzCopy 10.1.
AzCopy command examples for data transfer
The following examples follow typical scenarios for copying data to and from Azure Stack Hub blobs. To learn more, see Get started with AzCopy.
Download all blobs to a local disk
azcopy cp "https://[account].blob.core.windows.net/[container]/[path/to/directory]?[SAS]" "/path/to/dir" --recursive=true
Upload single file to virtual directory
azcopy cp "/path/to/file.txt" "https://[account].blob.core.windows.net/[container]/[path/to/blob]?[SAS]"
AzCopy known issues
- Any AzCopy operation on a file storage isn't available because file storage isn't yet available in Azure Stack Hub.
- If you want to transfer data between two Azure Stack Hub blob locations—or between Azure Stack Hub and Azure Storage by using AzCopy 10.1—you need to download the data to a local location first, and then reupload to the target directory on Azure Stack Hub or Azure Storage. Or you can use AzCopy 7.1, and specify the transfer with the /SyncCopy option to copy the data.
- The Linux version of AzCopy only supports the 1802 update or later versions and it doesn't support Table service.
- If you want to copy data to and from your Azure Table storage service, then install AzCopy version 7.3.0
Azure PowerShell is a module that provides cmdlets for managing services on both Azure and Azure Stack Hub. It's a task-based, command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration.
Install and Configure PowerShell for Azure Stack Hub
Azure Stack Hub compatible Azure PowerShell modules are required to work with Azure Stack Hub. For more information, see Install PowerShell for Azure Stack Hub and Configure the Azure Stack Hub user's PowerShell environment.
PowerShell Sample script for Azure Stack Hub
This sample assumes you have successfully Installed PowerShell for Azure Stack Hub. This script will help you complete the configuration and ask your Azure Stack Hub tenant credentials to add your account to the local PowerShell environment. The script will then set the default Azure subscription, create a new storage account in Azure, create a new container in this new storage account, and upload an existing image file (blob) to that container. After the script lists all blobs in that container, it will create a new destination directory on your local computer and download the image file.
- Install Azure Stack Hub-compatible Azure PowerShell modules.
- Download the tools required to work with Azure Stack Hub.
- Open Windows PowerShell ISE and Run as Administrator, then click File > New to create a new script file.
- Copy the script below and paste it to the new script file.
- Update the script variables based on your configuration settings.
This script has to be run at the root directory for AzureStack_Tools.
# begin $ARMEvnName = "AzureStackUser" # set AzureStackUser as your Azure Stack Hub environment name $ARMEndPoint = "https://management.local.azurestack.external" $GraphAudience = "https://graph.windows.net/" $AADTenantName = "<myDirectoryTenantName>.onmicrosoft.com" $SubscriptionName = "basic" # Update with the name of your subscription. $ResourceGroupName = "myTestRG" # Give a name to your new resource group. $StorageAccountName = "azsblobcontainer" # Give a name to your new storage account. It must be lowercase. $Location = "Local" # Choose "Local" as an example. $ContainerName = "photo" # Give a name to your new container. $ImageToUpload = "C:\temp\Hello.jpg" # Prepare an image file and a source directory in your local computer. $DestinationFolder = "C:\temp\download" # A destination directory in your local computer. # Import the Connect PowerShell module" Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned -Scope CurrentUser -Force Import-Module .\Connect\AzureStack.Connect.psm1 # Configure the PowerShell environment # Register an AzureRM environment that targets your Azure Stack Hub instance Add-AzureRmEnvironment -Name $ARMEvnName -ARMEndpoint $ARMEndPoint # Login $TenantID = Get-AzsDirectoryTenantId -AADTenantName $AADTenantName -EnvironmentName $ARMEvnName Add-AzureRmAccount -EnvironmentName $ARMEvnName -TenantId $TenantID # Set a default Azure subscription. Select-AzureRmSubscription -SubscriptionName $SubscriptionName # Create a new Resource Group New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location # Create a new storage account. New-AzureRmStorageAccount -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -Name $StorageAccountName -Location $Location -Type Standard_LRS # Set a default storage account. Set-AzureRmCurrentStorageAccount -StorageAccountName $StorageAccountName -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName # Create a new container. New-AzureStorageContainer -Name $ContainerName -Permission Off # Upload a blob into a container. Set-AzureStorageBlobContent -Container $ContainerName -File $ImageToUpload # List all blobs in a container. Get-AzureStorageBlob -Container $ContainerName # Download blobs from the container: # Get a reference to a list of all blobs in a container. $blobs = Get-AzureStorageBlob -Container $ContainerName # Create the destination directory. New-Item -Path $DestinationFolder -ItemType Directory -Force # Download blobs into the local destination directory. $blobs | Get-AzureStorageBlobContent -Destination $DestinationFolder # end
PowerShell known issues
The current compatible Azure PowerShell module version for Azure Stack Hub is 1.2.11 for the user operations. It's different from the latest version of Azure PowerShell. This difference impacts storage services operation in the following way:
The return value format of
Get-AzureRmStorageAccountKey in version 1.2.11 has two properties:
Key2, while the current Azure version returns an array containing all the account keys.
# This command gets a specific key for a storage account, # and works for Azure PowerShell version 1.4, and later versions. (Get-AzureRmStorageAccountKey -ResourceGroupName "RG01" ` -AccountName "MyStorageAccount").Value # This command gets a specific key for a storage account, # and works for Azure PowerShell version 1.3.2, and previous versions. (Get-AzureRmStorageAccountKey -ResourceGroupName "RG01" ` -AccountName "MyStorageAccount").Key1
For more information, see Get-AzureRmStorageAccountKey.
The Azure CLI is Azure's command-line experience for managing Azure resources. You can install it on macOS, Linux, and Windows and run it from the command line.
Azure CLI is optimized for managing and administering Azure resources from the command line, and for building automation scripts that work against the Azure Resource Manager. It provides many of the same functions found in the Azure Stack Hub portal, including rich data access.
Azure Stack Hub requires Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. For more information about installing and configuring Azure CLI with Azure Stack Hub, see Install and configure Azure Stack Hub CLI. For more information about how to use the Azure CLI to perform several tasks working with resources in your Azure Stack Hub storage account, see Using the Azure CLI with Azure storage.
Azure CLI sample script for Azure Stack Hub
Once you complete the CLI installation and configuration, you can try the following steps to work with a small shell sample script to interact with Azure Stack Hub storage resources. The script completes the following actions:
- Creates a new container in your storage account.
- Uploads an existing file (as a blob) to the container.
- Lists all blobs in the container.
- Downloads the file to a destination on your local computer that you specify.
Before you run this script, make sure that you can successfully connect and sign in to the target Azure Stack Hub.
- Open your favorite text editor, then copy and paste the preceding script into the editor.
- Update the script's variables to reflect your configuration settings.
- After you've updated the necessary variables, save the script, and exit your editor. The next steps assume you've named your script my_storage_sample.sh.
- Mark the script as executable, if necessary:
chmod +x my_storage_sample.sh
- Execute the script. For example, in Bash:
#!/bin/bash # A simple Azure Stack Hub storage example script export AZURESTACK_RESOURCE_GROUP=<resource_group_name> export AZURESTACK_RG_LOCATION="local" export AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME=<storage_account_name> export AZURESTACK_STORAGE_CONTAINER_NAME=<container_name> export AZURESTACK_STORAGE_BLOB_NAME=<blob_name> export FILE_TO_UPLOAD=<file_to_upload> export DESTINATION_FILE=<destination_file> echo "Creating the resource group..." az group create --name $AZURESTACK_RESOURCE_GROUP --location $AZURESTACK_RG_LOCATION echo "Creating the storage account..." az storage account create --name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME --resource-group $AZURESTACK_RESOURCE_GROUP --account-type Standard_LRS echo "Creating the blob container..." az storage container create --name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_CONTAINER_NAME --account-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME echo "Uploading the file..." az storage blob upload --container-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_CONTAINER_NAME --file $FILE_TO_UPLOAD --name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_BLOB_NAME --account-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME echo "Listing the blobs..." az storage blob list --container-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_CONTAINER_NAME --account-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME --output table echo "Downloading the file..." az storage blob download --container-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_CONTAINER_NAME --account-name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME --name $AZURESTACK_STORAGE_BLOB_NAME --file $DESTINATION_FILE --output table echo "Done"
Microsoft Azure Storage Explorer
Azure Storage Explorer is a standalone app from Microsoft. It allows you to easily work with both Azure Storage and Azure Stack Hub Storage data on Windows, macOS, and Linux computers. If you want an easy way to manage your Azure Stack Hub Storage data, then consider using Microsoft Azure Storage Explorer.
- To learn more about configuring Azure Storage Explorer to work with Azure Stack Hub, see Connect Storage Explorer to an Azure Stack Hub subscription.
- To learn more about Microsoft Azure Storage Explorer, see Get started with storage explorer
Blobfuse is a virtual file system driver for Azure Blob Storage, which allows you to access your existing block blob data in your storage account through the Linux file system. Azure Blob Storage is an object storage service and therefore doesn't have a hierarchical namespace. Blobfuse provides this namespace using the virtual directory scheme with the use of forward-slash
/ as a delimiter. Blobfuse works on both Azure and Azure Stack Hub.
To learn more about mounting blob storage as a file system with Blobfuse on Linux, see How to mount Blob storage as a file system with Blobfuse.
For Azure Stack Hub, blobEndpoint needs to be specified while configuring your storage account credentials along with accountName, accountKey/sasToken, and containerName.
In the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), the blobEndpoint should be
myaccount.blob.local.azurestack.external. In Azure Stack Hub integrated system, contact your cloud admin if you're not sure about your endpoint.
accountKey and sasToken can only be configured one at a time. When a storage account key is given, the credentials configuration file is in the following format:
accountName myaccount accountKey myaccesskey== containerName mycontainer blobEndpoint myaccount.blob.local.azurestack.external
When a shared access token is given, the credentials configuration file is in the following format:
accountName myaccount sasToken ?mysastoken containerName mycontainer blobEndpoint myaccount.blob.local.azurestack.external