Tutorial: Azure Active Directory integration with Google Apps

In this tutorial, you learn how to integrate Google Apps with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).

Integrating Google Apps with Azure AD provides you with the following benefits:

  • You can control in Azure AD who has access to Google Apps.
  • You can enable your users to automatically get signed-on to Google Apps (Single Sign-On) with their Azure AD accounts.
  • You can manage your accounts in one central location - the Azure portal.

If you want to know more details about SaaS app integration with Azure AD, see what is application access and single sign-on with Azure Active Directory.

Prerequisites

To configure Azure AD integration with Google Apps, you need the following items:

  • An Azure AD subscription
  • A Google Apps single sign-on enabled subscription

Note

To test the steps in this tutorial, we do not recommend using a production environment.

To test the steps in this tutorial, you should follow these recommendations:

  • Do not use your production environment, unless it is necessary.
  • If you don't have an Azure AD trial environment, you can get a one-month trial.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Q: Are Chromebooks and other Chrome devices compatible with Azure AD single sign-on?

    A: Yes, users are able to sign into their Chromebook devices using their Azure AD credentials. See this Google Apps support article for information on why users may get prompted for credentials twice.

  2. Q: If I enable single sign-on, will users be able to use their Azure AD credentials to sign into any Google product, such as Google Classroom, GMail, Google Drive, YouTube, and so on?

    A: Yes, depending on which Google apps you choose to enable or disable for your organization.

  3. Q: Can I enable single sign-on for only a subset of my Google Apps users?

    A: No, turning on single sign-on immediately requires all your Google Apps users to authenticate with their Azure AD credentials. Because Google Apps doesn't support having multiple identity providers, the identity provider for your Google Apps environment can either be Azure AD or Google -- but not both at the same time.

  4. Q: If a user is signed in through Windows, are they automatically authenticate to Google Apps without getting prompted for a password?

    A: There are two options for enabling this scenario. First, users could sign into Windows 10 devices via Azure Active Directory Join. Alternatively, users could sign into Windows devices that are domain-joined to an on-premises Active Directory that has been enabled for single sign-on to Azure AD via an Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) deployment. Both options require you to perform the steps in the following tutorial to enable single sign-on between Azure AD and Google Apps.

Scenario description

In this tutorial, you test Azure AD single sign-on in a test environment. The scenario outlined in this tutorial consists of two main building blocks:

  1. Adding Google Apps from the gallery
  2. Configuring and testing Azure AD single sign-on

To configure the integration of Google Apps into Azure AD, you need to add Google Apps from the gallery to your list of managed SaaS apps.

To add Google Apps from the gallery, perform the following steps:

  1. In the Azure portal, on the left navigation panel, click Azure Active Directory icon.

    The Azure Active Directory button

  2. Navigate to Enterprise applications. Then go to All applications.

    The Enterprise applications blade

  3. To add new application, click New application button on the top of dialog.

    The New application button

  4. In the search box, type Google Apps, select Google Apps from result panel then click Add button to add the application.

    Google Apps in the results list

Configure and test Azure AD single sign-on

In this section, you configure and test Azure AD single sign-on with Google Apps based on a test user called "Britta Simon".

For single sign-on to work, Azure AD needs to know what the counterpart user in Google Apps is to a user in Azure AD. In other words, a link relationship between an Azure AD user and the related user in Google Apps needs to be established.

In Google Apps, assign the value of the user name in Azure AD as the value of the Username to establish the link relationship.

To configure and test Azure AD single sign-on with Google Apps, you need to complete the following building blocks:

  1. Configure Azure AD Single Sign-On - to enable your users to use this feature.
  2. Create an Azure AD test user - to test Azure AD single sign-on with Britta Simon.
  3. Create a Google Apps test user - to have a counterpart of Britta Simon in Google Apps that is linked to the Azure AD representation of user.
  4. Assign the Azure AD test user - to enable Britta Simon to use Azure AD single sign-on.
  5. Test single sign-on - to verify whether the configuration works.

Configure Azure AD single sign-on

In this section, you enable Azure AD single sign-on in the Azure portal and configure single sign-on in your Google Apps application.

To configure Azure AD single sign-on with Google Apps, perform the following steps:

  1. In the Azure portal, on the Google Apps application integration page, click Single sign-on.

    Configure single sign-on link

  2. On the Single sign-on dialog, select Mode as SAML-based Sign-on to enable single sign-on.

    Single sign-on dialog box

  3. On the Google Apps Domain and URLs section, perform the following steps:

    Google Apps Domain and URLs single sign-on information

    a. In the Sign-on URL textbox, type a URL using the following pattern: https://mail.google.com/a/<yourdomain.com>

    b. In the Identifier textbox, type a URL using the following pattern:

    google.com
    http://google.com
    google.com/<yourdomain.com>
    http://google.com/a/<yourdomain.com>

    Note

    These values are not real. Update these values with the actual Sign-On URL and Identifier. Contact Google Apps Client support team to get these values.

  4. On the SAML Signing Certificate section, click Certificate and then save the certificate file on your computer.

    The Certificate download link

  5. Click Save button.

    Configure Single Sign-On Save button

  6. On the Google Apps Configuration section, click Configure Google Apps to open Configure sign-on window. Copy the Sign-Out URL, SAML Single Sign-On Service URL and Change password URL from the Quick Reference section.

    Google Apps Configuration

  7. Open a new tab in your browser, and sign into the Google Apps Admin Console using your administrator account.

  8. Click Security. If you don't see the link, it may be hidden under the More Controls menu at the bottom of the screen.

    Click Security.

  9. On the Security page, click Set up single sign-on (SSO).

    Click SSO.

  10. Perform the following configuration changes:

    Configure SSO

    a. Select Setup SSO with third-party identity provider.

    b. In the Sign-in page URL field in Google Apps, paste the value of Single Sign-On Service URL which you have copied from Azure portal.

    c. In the Sign-out page URL field in Google Apps, paste the value of Sign-Out URL which you have copied from Azure portal.

    d. In the Change password URL field in Google Apps, paste the value of Change password URL which you have copied from Azure portal.

    e. In Google Apps, for the Verification certificate, upload the certificate that you have downloaded from Azure portal.

    f. Click Save Changes.

Tip

You can now read a concise version of these instructions inside the Azure portal, while you are setting up the app! After adding this app from the Active Directory > Enterprise Applications section, simply click the Single Sign-On tab and access the embedded documentation through the Configuration section at the bottom. You can read more about the embedded documentation feature here: Azure AD embedded documentation

Create an Azure AD test user

The objective of this section is to create a test user in the Azure portal called Britta Simon.

Create an Azure AD test user

To create a test user in Azure AD, perform the following steps:

  1. In the Azure portal, in the left pane, click the Azure Active Directory button.

    The Azure Active Directory button

  2. To display the list of users, go to Users and groups, and then click All users.

    The "Users and groups" and "All users" links

  3. To open the User dialog box, click Add at the top of the All Users dialog box.

    The Add button

  4. In the User dialog box, perform the following steps:

    The User dialog box

    a. In the Name box, type BrittaSimon.

    b. In the User name box, type the email address of user Britta Simon.

    c. Select the Show Password check box, and then write down the value that's displayed in the Password box.

    d. Click Create.

Create a Google Apps test user

The objective of this section is to create a user called Britta Simon in Google Apps Software. Google Apps supports auto provisioning, which is by default enabled. There is no action for you in this section. If a user doesn't already exist in Google Apps Software, a new one is created when you attempt to access Google Apps Software.

Note

If you need to create a user manually, contact the Google support team.

Assign the Azure AD test user

In this section, you enable Britta Simon to use Azure single sign-on by granting access to Google Apps.

Assign the user role

To assign Britta Simon to Google Apps, perform the following steps:

  1. In the Azure portal, open the applications view, and then navigate to the directory view and go to Enterprise applications then click All applications.

    Assign User

  2. In the applications list, select Google Apps.

    The Google Apps link in the Applications list

  3. In the menu on the left, click Users and groups.

    The "Users and groups" link

  4. Click Add button. Then select Users and groups on Add Assignment dialog.

    The Add Assignment pane

  5. On Users and groups dialog, select Britta Simon in the Users list.

  6. Click Select button on Users and groups dialog.

  7. Click Assign button on Add Assignment dialog.

Test single sign-on

In this section, you test your Azure AD single sign-on configuration using the Access Panel.

When you click the Google Apps tile in the Access Panel, you should get automatically signed-on to your Google Apps application. For more information about the Access Panel, see Introduction to the Access Panel.

Additional resources