Tutorial: Azure Active Directory single sign-on (SSO) integration with FortiGate SSL VPN
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to integrate FortiGate SSL VPN with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). When you integrate FortiGate SSL VPN with Azure AD, you can:
- Control in Azure AD who has access to FortiGate SSL VPN.
- Enable your users to be automatically signed-in to FortiGate SSL VPN with their Azure AD accounts.
- Manage your accounts in one central location - the Azure portal.
To learn more about SaaS app integration with Azure AD, see What is application access and single sign-on with Azure Active Directory.
To get started, you need the following items:
- An Azure AD subscription. If you don't have a subscription, you can get a free account.
- FortiGate SSL VPN single sign-on (SSO) enabled subscription.
In this tutorial, you configure and test Azure AD SSO in a test environment.
- FortiGate SSL VPN supports SP initiated SSO
- Once you configure FortiGate SSL VPN you can enforce session control, which protects exfiltration and infiltration of your organization’s sensitive data in real time. Session control extends from Conditional Access. Learn how to enforce session control with Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Adding FortiGate SSL VPN from the gallery
To configure the integration of FortiGate SSL VPN into Azure AD, you need to add FortiGate SSL VPN from the gallery to your list of managed SaaS apps.
- Sign in to the Azure portal using either a work or school account, or a personal Microsoft account.
- On the left navigation pane, select the Azure Active Directory service.
- Navigate to Enterprise Applications and then select All Applications.
- To add new application, select New application.
- In the Add from the gallery section, type FortiGate SSL VPN in the search box.
- Select FortiGate SSL VPN from results panel and then add the app. Wait a few seconds while the app is added to your tenant.
Configure and test Azure AD SSO for FortiGate SSL VPN
Configure and test Azure AD SSO with FortiGate SSL VPN using a test user called B.Simon. For SSO to work, you need to establish a link relationship between an Azure AD user and the related user in FortiGate SSL VPN.
To configure and test Azure AD SSO with FortiGate SSL VPN, complete the following building blocks:
- Configure Azure AD SSO - to enable your users to use this feature.
- Configure FortiGate SSL VPN SSO - to configure the single sign-on settings on application side.
- Create FortiGate SSL VPN test user - to have a counterpart of B.Simon in FortiGate SSL VPN that is linked to the Azure AD representation of user.
- Test SSO - to verify whether the configuration works.
Configure Azure AD SSO
Follow these steps to enable Azure AD SSO in the Azure portal.
In the Azure portal, on the FortiGate SSL VPN application integration page, find the Manage section and select single sign-on.
On the Select a single sign-on method page, select SAML.
On the Set up single sign-on with SAML page, click the edit/pen icon for Basic SAML Configuration to edit the settings.
On the Set up single sign-on with SAML page, enter the values for the following fields:
a. In the Sign on URL text box, type a URL using the following pattern:
b. In the Identifier text box, type a URL using the following pattern:
c. In the Reply URL text box, type a URL using the following pattern:
d. In the Logout URL text box, type a URL using the following pattern:
These values are not real. Update these values with the actual Sign on URL, Identifier, Reply URL and Logout URL. Contact FortiGate SSL VPN Client support team to get these values. You can also refer to the patterns shown in the Basic SAML Configuration section in the Azure portal.
FortiGate SSL VPN application expects the SAML assertions in a specific format, which requires you to add custom attribute mappings to your SAML token attributes configuration. The following screenshot shows the list of default attributes.
In addition to above, FortiGate SSL VPN application expects few more attributes to be passed back in SAML response which are shown below. These attributes are also pre populated but you can review them as per your requirements.
Name Source Attribute username user.userprincipalname group user.groups
On the Set up single sign-on with SAML page, in the SAML Signing Certificate section, find Certificate (Base64) and select Download to download the certificate and save it on your computer.
On the Set up FortiGate SSL VPN section, copy the appropriate URL(s) based on your requirement.
Create an Azure AD test user
In this section, you'll create a test user in the Azure portal called B.Simon.
- From the left pane in the Azure portal, select Azure Active Directory, select Users, and then select All users.
- Select New user at the top of the screen.
- In the User properties, follow these steps:
- In the Name field, enter
- In the User name field, enter the email@example.com. For example,
- Select the Show password check box, and then write down the value that's displayed in the Password box.
- Click Create.
- In the Name field, enter
Assign the Azure AD test user
In this section, you'll enable B.Simon to use Azure single sign-on by granting access to FortiGate SSL VPN.
In the Azure portal, select Enterprise Applications, and then select All applications.
In the applications list, select FortiGate SSL VPN.
In the app's overview page, find the Manage section and select Users and groups.
Select Add user, then select Users and groups in the Add Assignment dialog.
In the Users and groups dialog, select B.Simon from the Users list, then click the Select button at the bottom of the screen.
If you're expecting any role value in the SAML assertion, in the Select Role dialog, select the appropriate role for the user from the list and then click the Select button at the bottom of the screen.
In the Add Assignment dialog, click the Assign button.
Create a security group for the test user
In this section, you'll create a security group in Azure Active Directory for the test user. This security group will be used by FortiGate to grant the user network access via the VPN.
- From the left pane in the Azure portal, select Azure Active Directory, and then select Groups.
- Select New group at the top of the screen.
- In the New Group properties, follow these steps:
- In the Group type field, select Security.
- In the Name field, enter
- In the Group description field, enter
Group for granting FortiGate VPN access.
- For the Azure AD roles can be assigned to the group (Preview) settings, select No.
- In the Membership type field, select Assigned.
- Under Members, select No members selected.
- In the Users and groups dialog, select B.Simon from the Users list, then click the Select button at the bottom of the screen.
- Select Create.
- Once you've been returned to the Groups blade in Azure Active Directory, locate the FortiGate Access group and take note of the Object Id for later use.
Configure FortiGate SSL VPN SSO
Upload the Base64 SAML Certificate to the FortiGate appliance
After completing the SAML configuration of the FortiGate app in your tenant, you downloaded the Base64 encoded SAML certificate. This must be uploaded to the FortiGate appliance:
- Sign in to the management portal of your FortiGate appliance.
- In the left-hand menu, click System.
- Under System, click Certificates.
- Click Import -> Remote Certificate.
- Browse to the certificate downloaded from the FortiGate App deployment in the Azure tenant, select it, and click OK
After the certificate has uploaded, take note of its name under System > Certificates > Remote Certificate. By default, it will be named REMOTE_Cert_N where N is an integer value.
Perform FortiGate command-line configuration
The following steps require the Azure logout URL to be configured. This URL contains a question mark (?). Special steps are required to submit this character successfully. The steps can't be performed from the FortiGate CLI Console. Instead, establish an SSH session to the FortiGate applicance using a tool like PuTTY. If your FortiGate appliance is an Azure virtual machine, you can perform the following steps from the Azure virtual machine serial console.
To perform these steps, you will need the values recorded earlier:
- Entity ID
- Reply URL
- Logout URL
- Azure Login URL
- Azure AD Identifier
- Azure Logout URL
- Base64 SAML Certificate Name (REMOTE_Cert_N)
Establish an SSH session to your FortiGate applicance and sign in with a FortiGate Administrator account.
Perform the following commands:
config user saml edit azure set entity-id <Entity ID> set single-sign-on-url <Reply URL> set single-logout-url <Logout URL> set idp-single-sign-on-url <Azure Login URL> set idp-entity-id <Azure AD Identifier> set idp-single-logout-url <Azure Logout URL> set idp-cert <Base64 SAML Certificate Name> set user-name username set group-name group end
The Azure Logout URL contains a
?character. You must enter a special key sequence to correctly provide the URL to the FortiGate serial console. The URL usually is
To enter the Azure Logout URL in the serial console, enter
set idp-single-logout-url https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/wsfederation.
Then, select CTRL+V and paste the rest of the URL to complete the line:
set idp-single-logout-url https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/wsfederation?wa=wsignout1.0.
Configure FortiGate for Group Matching
In this section, you will configure FortiGate to recognize the Object Id of the Security Group in which the test user resides. This will allow FortiGate to make access decisions based on this group membership.
To perform these steps you will need the Object Id of the FortiGateAccess security group created earlier
Establish an SSH session to your FortiGate Applicance and sign-in with a FortiGate Administrator account.
Perform the following commands:
config user group edit FortiGateAccess set member azure config match edit 1 set server-name azure set group-name <Object Id> next end next end
Create FortiGate VPN Portals and Firewall Policy
In this section, you configure FortiGate VPN Portals and Firewall Policy that grant access to the security group, FortiGateAccess created above.
Work with the FortiGate support team to add the VPN Portals and Firewall Policy to the FortiGate VPN platform. These steps must be complete before you use single sign-on.
Test Single Sign-On
In this section, you test your Azure AD single sign-on configuration using the Access Panel.
When you click the FortiGate SSL VPN tile in the Access Panel, you should be automatically signed in to the FortiGate SSL VPN for which you set up SSO. For more information about the Access Panel, see Introduction to the Access Panel.
Microsoft and FortiGate recommend that you use the Fortinet VPN client, FortiClient for the best end user experience.