Understand Cost Management data
This article helps you better understand what data is included in Azure Cost Management. And it explains how frequently data is processed, collected, shown, and closed. You're billed for Azure usage monthly. However, your Azure subscription type determines when your billing month ends. How often Cost Management receives usage data varies based on different factors. Such factors include how long it takes to process the data and how frequently Azure services emit usage to the billing system.
Cost Management includes all usage and purchases, including reservations and third-party offerings for Enterprise Agreement (EA) accounts. Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) accounts and pay-as-you-go subscriptions only include usage from Azure and Marketplace services. Support and other costs are not included. Costs are estimated until an invoice is generated and do not factor in credits.
Supported Microsoft offers
The following information shows the currently supported Microsoft Azure offers in Azure Cost Management. An Azure offer is the type of the Azure subscription that you have.
|Category||Offer name||Quota ID||Offer number|
|Azure Germany||Azure Germany Pay-As-You-Go||PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-DE-0003P|
|Azure Government||Azure Government Enterprise||EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-USGOV-0017P|
|Enterprise Agreement (EA)||Enterprise Dev/Test||MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0148P|
|Enterprise Agreement (EA)||Microsoft Azure Enterprise||EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0017P|
|Microsoft Customer Agreement||Microsoft Azure Plan||EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01||N/A|
|Microsoft Customer Agreement||Microsoft Azure Plan for Dev/Test||MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01||N/A|
|Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN)||MSDN Platforms||MSDN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0062P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Microsoft Partner Network||MPN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0025P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Azure in Open||AzureInOpen_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0111P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Azure for Students||AzureForStudents_2018-01-01||MS-AZR-0170P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Azure Pass||AzurePass_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0120P, MS-AZR-0122P - MS-AZR-0125P, MS-AZR-0128P - MS-AZR-0130P|
|Visual Studio||Visual Studio Enterprise – MPN||MPN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0029P|
|Visual Studio||Visual Studio Professional||MSDN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0059P|
|Visual Studio||Visual Studio Test Professional||MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0060P|
|Visual Studio||Visual Studio Enterprise||MSDN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0063P|
|Visual Studio||Visual Studio Enterprise: BizSpark||MSDN_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0064P|
The following table shows unsupported offers.
|Category||Offer name||Quota ID||Offer number|
|Cloud Solution Provider (CSP)||Microsoft Azure||CSP_2015-05-01||MS-AZR-0145P|
|Cloud Solution Provider (CSP)||Azure Government CSP||CSP_2015-05-01||MS-AZR-USGOV-0145P|
|Cloud Solution Provider (CSP)||Azure Germany in CSP for Microsoft Cloud Germany||CSP_2015-05-01||MS-AZR-DE-0145P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Azure for Students Starter||DreamSpark_2015-02-01||MS-AZR-0144P|
|Pay-As-You-Go||Microsoft Azure Sponsorship||Sponsored_2016-01-01||MS-AZR-0036P|
|Support Plans||Standard support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0041P|
|Support Plans||Professional Direct support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0042P|
|Support Plans||Developer support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-0043P|
|Support Plans||Germany support plan||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-DE-0043P|
|Support Plans||Azure Government Standard Support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-USGOV-0041P|
|Support Plans||Azure Government Pro-Direct Support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-USGOV-0042P|
|Support Plans||Azure Government Developer Support||Default_2014-09-01||MS-AZR-USGOV-0043P|
For customers with Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offer categories, data is available in Cost Management starting from 10/02/2018. To access data for your subscription before 10/02/2018, you can use the Azure Account Center to download your usage details in a CSV file or you can use the Usage Details API.
Determine your offer type
If you don't see data for a subscription and you want to determine if your subscription falls under the supported offers, you can validate that your subscription is supported. To validate that an Azure subscription is supported, sign-in to the Azure portal. Then select All Services in the left menu pane. In the list of services, select Subscriptions. In the subscription list menu, click on the subscription that you want to verify. Your subscription is shown on the Overview tab and you can see the Offer and Offer ID. The following image shows an example.
Costs included in Cost Management
The following tables show data that's included or isn't in Cost Management. All costs are estimated until an invoice is generated. Costs shown do not include free and prepaid credits.
Cost and usage data
|Azure service usage1||Reservation purchases – For more information, see APIs for Azure reservation automation.|
|Marketplace offering usage2||Marketplace purchases – For more information, see Third-party service charges.|
|Support charges - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.|
|Taxes - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.|
|Credits - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.|
1 Azure service usage is based on reservation and negotiated prices.
2 Marketplace offering usage is not available for Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers at this time.
|Resource tags3||Resource group tags|
3 Resource tags are applied as usage is emitted from each service and aren't available retroactively to historical usage.
Rated usage data refresh schedule
Cost and usage data is available in Cost Management + Billing in the Azure portal and supporting APIs. Keep the following points in mind as you review costs:
- Estimated charges for the current billing period are updated six times per day.
- Estimated charges for the current billing period can change as you incur more usage.
- Each update is cumulative and includes all the line items and information from the previous update.
- Azure finalizes or closes the current billing period up to 72 hours (three calendar days) after the billing period ends.
The following examples illustrate how billing periods could end.
Enterprise Agreement (EA) subscriptions – If the billing month ends on March 31, estimated charges are updated up to 72 hours later. In this example, by midnight (UTC) April 4.
Pay-as-you-go subscriptions – If the billing month ends on May 15, then the estimated charges might get updated up to 72 hours later. In this example, by midnight (UTC) May 19.
Whether you use the Cost Management APIs, Power BI, or the Azure portal to retrieve data, expect the current billing period's charges to get re-rated, and consequently change, until the invoice is closed.
Usage data update frequency varies
The availability of your incurred usage data in Cost Management depends on a couple of factors, including:
- How frequently Azure services (such as Storage, Compute, CDN, and SQL) emit usage.
- The time taken to process the usage data through the rating engine and cost management pipelines.
Some services emit usage more frequently than others. So, you might see data in Cost Management for some services sooner than other services that emit data less frequently. Typically, usage for services takes 8-24 hours to appear in Cost Management. Keep in mind that data for an open month gets refreshed as you incur more usage because updates are cumulative.
Historical data might not match invoice
Historical data for credit-based and pay-in-advance offers might not match your invoice. Some Azure Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers can have Azure credits and advanced payments applied to the invoice. However, the historical data shown in Cost Management is based on your estimated consumption charges only. Cost Management historical data doesn't include payments and credits. As a result, the historical data shown for the following offers may not match exactly with your invoice.
- If you haven't already completed the first quickstart for Cost Management, read it at Start analyzing costs.