Understand Cost Management data

This article helps you better understand what data is included in Azure Cost Management. And it explains how frequently data is processed, collected, shown, and closed. You're billed for Azure usage monthly. However, your Azure subscription type determines when your billing month ends. How often Cost Management receives usage data varies based on different factors. Such factors include how long it takes to process the data and how frequently Azure services emit usage to the billing system.

Cost Management includes all usage and purchases, including reservations and third-party offerings for Enterprise Agreement (EA) accounts. Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) accounts and pay-as-you-go subscriptions only include usage from Azure and Marketplace services. Support and other costs are not included. Costs are estimated until an invoice is generated and do not factor in credits.

Supported Microsoft offers

The following information shows the currently supported Microsoft Azure offers in Azure Cost Management. An Azure offer is the type of the Azure subscription that you have.

Category Offer name Quota ID Offer number
Azure Germany Azure Germany Pay-As-You-Go PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-DE-0003P
Azure Government Azure Government Enterprise EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0017P
Enterprise Agreement (EA) Enterprise Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0148P
Enterprise Agreement (EA) Microsoft Azure Enterprise EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0017P
Microsoft Customer Agreement Microsoft Azure Plan EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 N/A
Microsoft Customer Agreement Microsoft Azure Plan for Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 N/A
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) MSDN Platforms MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0062P
Pay-As-You-Go Pay-As-You-Go PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0003P
Pay-As-You-Go Pay-As-You-Go Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0023P
Pay-As-You-Go Microsoft Partner Network MPN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0025P
Pay-As-You-Go Free Trial FreeTrial_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0044P
Pay-As-You-Go Azure in Open AzureInOpen_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0111P
Pay-As-You-Go Azure for Students AzureForStudents_2018-01-01 MS-AZR-0170P
Pay-As-You-Go Azure Pass AzurePass_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0120P, MS-AZR-0122P - MS-AZR-0125P, MS-AZR-0128P - MS-AZR-0130P
Visual Studio Visual Studio Enterprise – MPN MPN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0029P
Visual Studio Visual Studio Professional MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0059P
Visual Studio Visual Studio Test Professional MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0060P
Visual Studio Visual Studio Enterprise MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0063P
Visual Studio Visual Studio Enterprise: BizSpark MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0064P

The following table shows unsupported offers.

Category Offer name Quota ID Offer number
Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) Microsoft Azure CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-0145P
Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) Azure Government CSP CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0145P
Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) Azure Germany in CSP for Microsoft Cloud Germany CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-DE-0145P
Pay-As-You-Go Azure for Students Starter DreamSpark_2015-02-01 MS-AZR-0144P
Pay-As-You-Go Microsoft Azure Sponsorship Sponsored_2016-01-01 MS-AZR-0036P
Support Plans Standard support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0041P
Support Plans Professional Direct support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0042P
Support Plans Developer support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0043P
Support Plans Germany support plan Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-DE-0043P
Support Plans Azure Government Standard Support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0041P
Support Plans Azure Government Pro-Direct Support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0042P
Support Plans Azure Government Developer Support Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0043P

For customers with Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offer categories, data is available in Cost Management starting from 10/02/2018. To access data for your subscription before 10/02/2018, you can use the Azure Account Center to download your usage details in a CSV file or you can use the Usage Details API.

Determine your offer type

If you don't see data for a subscription and you want to determine if your subscription falls under the supported offers, you can validate that your subscription is supported. To validate that an Azure subscription is supported, sign-in to the Azure portal. Then select All Services in the left menu pane. In the list of services, select Subscriptions. In the subscription list menu, click on the subscription that you want to verify. Your subscription is shown on the Overview tab and you can see the Offer and Offer ID. The following image shows an example.

Example of the Subscription Overview tab showing Offer and Offer ID

Costs included in Cost Management

The following tables show data that's included or isn't in Cost Management. All costs are estimated until an invoice is generated. Costs shown do not include free and prepaid credits.

Cost and usage data

Included Not included
Azure service usage1 Reservation purchases – For more information, see APIs for Azure reservation automation.
Marketplace offering usage2 Marketplace purchases – For more information, see Third-party service charges.
Support charges - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.
Taxes - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.
Credits - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.

1 Azure service usage is based on reservation and negotiated prices.

2 Marketplace offering usage is not available for Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers at this time.

Metadata

Included Not included
Resource tags3 Resource group tags

3 Resource tags are applied as usage is emitted from each service and aren't available retroactively to historical usage.

Rated usage data refresh schedule

Cost and usage data is available in Cost Management + Billing in the Azure portal and supporting APIs. Keep the following points in mind as you review costs:

  • Estimated charges for the current billing period are updated six times per day.
  • Estimated charges for the current billing period can change as you incur more usage.
  • Each update is cumulative and includes all the line items and information from the previous update.
  • Azure finalizes or closes the current billing period up to 72 hours (three calendar days) after the billing period ends.

The following examples illustrate how billing periods could end.

Enterprise Agreement (EA) subscriptions – If the billing month ends on March 31, estimated charges are updated up to 72 hours later. In this example, by midnight (UTC) April 4.

Pay-as-you-go subscriptions – If the billing month ends on May 15, then the estimated charges might get updated up to 72 hours later. In this example, by midnight (UTC) May 19.

Rerated data

Whether you use the Cost Management APIs, Power BI, or the Azure portal to retrieve data, expect the current billing period's charges to get re-rated, and consequently change, until the invoice is closed.

Usage data update frequency varies

The availability of your incurred usage data in Cost Management depends on a couple of factors, including:

  • How frequently Azure services (such as Storage, Compute, CDN, and SQL) emit usage.
  • The time taken to process the usage data through the rating engine and cost management pipelines.

Some services emit usage more frequently than others. So, you might see data in Cost Management for some services sooner than other services that emit data less frequently. Typically, usage for services takes 8-24 hours to appear in Cost Management. Keep in mind that data for an open month gets refreshed as you incur more usage because updates are cumulative.

Historical data might not match invoice

Historical data for credit-based and pay-in-advance offers might not match your invoice. Some Azure Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers can have Azure credits and advanced payments applied to the invoice. However, the historical data shown in Cost Management is based on your estimated consumption charges only. Cost Management historical data doesn't include payments and credits. As a result, the historical data shown for the following offers may not match exactly with your invoice.

  • MS-AZR-0029P
  • MS-AZR-0064P
  • MS-AZR-0170P
  • MS-AZR-0062P
  • MS-AZR-0123P
  • MS-AZR-0129P
  • MS-AZR-0044P
  • MS-AZR-0128P
  • MS-AZR-0120P
  • MS-AZR-0125P
  • MS-AZR-0059P
  • MS-AZR-0063P
  • MS-AZR-0060P
  • MS-AZR-0111P

See also

  • If you haven't already completed the first quickstart for Cost Management, read it at Start analyzing costs.