Quickstart: Create an Azure data factory using PowerShell

This quickstart describes how to use PowerShell to create an Azure data factory. The pipeline you create in this data factory copies data from one folder to another folder in an Azure blob storage. For a tutorial on how to transform data using Azure Data Factory, see Tutorial: Transform data using Spark.

Note

This article does not provide a detailed introduction of the Data Factory service. For an introduction to the Azure Data Factory service, see Introduction to Azure Data Factory.

Prerequisites

Azure subscription

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Azure roles

To create Data Factory instances, the user account that you use to sign in to Azure must be a member of the contributor or owner role, or an administrator of the Azure subscription. To view the permissions that you have in the subscription, go to the Azure portal, select your username in the upper-right corner, select More options (...), and then select My permissions. If you have access to multiple subscriptions, select the appropriate subscription.

To create and manage child resources for Data Factory - including datasets, linked services, pipelines, triggers, and integration runtimes - the following requirements are applicable:

  • To create and manage child resources in the Azure portal, you must belong to the Data Factory Contributor role at the resource group level or above.
  • To create and manage child resources with PowerShell or the SDK, the contributor role at the resource level or above is sufficient.

For sample instructions about how to add a user to a role, see the Add roles article.

For more info, see the following articles:

Azure storage account

You use a general-purpose Azure storage account (specifically Blob storage) as both source and destination data stores in this quickstart. If you don't have a general-purpose Azure storage account, see Create a storage account to create one.

Get the storage account name

You will need the name of your Azure storage account for this quickstart. The following procedure provides steps to get the name of your storage account:

  1. In a web browser, go to the Azure portal and sign in using your Azure username and password.
  2. Select All services > Storage > Storage accounts.
  3. In the Storage accounts page, filter for your storage account (if needed), and then select your storage account.

Create a blob container

In this section, you create a blob container named adftutorial in Azure Blob storage.

  1. From the storage account page, select Overview > Blobs.

  2. On the <Account name> - Blobs page's toolbar, select Container.

  3. In the New container dialog box, enter adftutorial for the name, and then select OK. The <Account name> - Blobs page is updated to include adftutorial in the list of containers.

    List of containers

Add an input folder and file for the blob container

In this section, you create a folder named input in the container you just created, and then upload a sample file to the input folder. Before you begin, open a text editor such as Notepad, and create a file named emp.txt with the following content:

John, Doe
Jane, Doe

Save the file in the C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder. (If the folder doesn't already exist, create it.) Then return to the Azure portal and follow these steps:

  1. In the <Account name> - Blobs page where you left off, select adftutorial from the updated list of containers. (If you closed the window or went to another page, sign in to the Azure portal again, select All services > Storage > Storage accounts, select your storage account, and then select Blobs > adftutorial.)

  2. On the adftutorial container page's toolbar, select Upload.

  3. In the Upload blob page, select the Files box, and then browse to and select the emp.txt file.

  4. Expand the Advanced heading. The page now displays as shown:

    Select Advanced link

  5. In the Upload to folder box, enter input.

  6. Select the Upload button. You should see the emp.txt file and the status of the upload in the list.

  7. Select the Close icon (an X) to close the Upload blob page.

Keep the adftutorial container page open. You use it to verify the output at the end of this quickstart.

Azure PowerShell

Note

This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December 2020. To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. For Az module installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.

Install the latest Azure PowerShell modules by following instructions in How to install and configure Azure PowerShell.

Log in to PowerShell

  1. Launch PowerShell on your machine. Keep PowerShell open until the end of this quickstart. If you close and reopen, you need to run these commands again.

  2. Run the following command, and enter the same Azure user name and password that you use to sign in to the Azure portal:

    Connect-AzAccount
    
  3. Run the following command to view all the subscriptions for this account:

    Get-AzSubscription
    
  4. If you see multiple subscriptions associated with your account, run the following command to select the subscription that you want to work with. Replace SubscriptionId with the ID of your Azure subscription:

    Select-AzSubscription -SubscriptionId "<SubscriptionId>"
    

Create a data factory

  1. Define a variable for the resource group name that you use in PowerShell commands later. Copy the following command text to PowerShell, specify a name for the Azure resource group in double quotes, and then run the command. For example: "ADFQuickStartRG".

    $resourceGroupName = "ADFQuickStartRG";
    

    If the resource group already exists, you may not want to overwrite it. Assign a different value to the $ResourceGroupName variable and run the command again

  2. To create the Azure resource group, run the following command:

    $ResGrp = New-AzResourceGroup $resourceGroupName -location 'East US'
    

    If the resource group already exists, you may not want to overwrite it. Assign a different value to the $ResourceGroupName variable and run the command again.

  3. Define a variable for the data factory name.

    Important

    Update the data factory name to be globally unique. For example, ADFTutorialFactorySP1127.

    $dataFactoryName = "ADFQuickStartFactory";
    
  4. To create the data factory, run the following Set-AzDataFactoryV2 cmdlet, using the Location and ResourceGroupName property from the $ResGrp variable:

    $DataFactory = Set-AzDataFactoryV2 -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName `
        -Location $ResGrp.Location -Name $dataFactoryName
    

Note the following points:

  • The name of the Azure data factory must be globally unique. If you receive the following error, change the name and try again.

    The specified Data Factory name 'ADFv2QuickStartDataFactory' is already in use. Data Factory names must be globally unique.
    
  • To create Data Factory instances, the user account you use to log in to Azure must be a member of contributor or owner roles, or an administrator of the Azure subscription.

  • For a list of Azure regions in which Data Factory is currently available, select the regions that interest you on the following page, and then expand Analytics to locate Data Factory: Products available by region. The data stores (Azure Storage, Azure SQL Database, etc.) and computes (HDInsight, etc.) used by data factory can be in other regions.

Create a linked service

Create linked services in a data factory to link your data stores and compute services to the data factory. In this quickstart, you create an Azure Storage linked service that is used as both the source and sink stores. The linked service has the connection information that the Data Factory service uses at runtime to connect to it.

  1. Create a JSON file named AzureStorageLinkedService.json in C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder with the following content: (Create the folder ADFv2QuickStartPSH if it does not already exist.).

    Important

    Replace <accountName> and <accountKey> with name and key of your Azure storage account before saving the file.

    {
        "name": "AzureStorageLinkedService",
        "properties": {
            "annotations": [],
            "type": "AzureBlobStorage",
            "typeProperties": {
                "connectionString": "DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;AccountName=<accountName>;AccountKey=<accountKey>;EndpointSuffix=core.windows.net"
            }
        }
    }
    

    If you are using Notepad, select All files for the Save as type filed in the Save as dialog box. Otherwise, it may add .txt extension to the file. For example, AzureStorageLinkedService.json.txt. If you create the file in File Explorer before opening it in Notepad, you may not see the .txt extension since the Hide extensions for known files types option is set by default. Remove the .txt extension before proceeding to the next step.

  2. In PowerShell, switch to the ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder.

    Set-Location 'C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH'
    
  3. Run the Set-AzDataFactoryV2LinkedService cmdlet to create the linked service: AzureStorageLinkedService.

    Set-AzDataFactoryV2LinkedService -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
        -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName -Name "AzureStorageLinkedService" `
        -DefinitionFile ".\AzureStorageLinkedService.json"
    

    Here is the sample output:

    LinkedServiceName : AzureStorageLinkedService
    ResourceGroupName : <resourceGroupName>
    DataFactoryName   : <dataFactoryName>
    Properties        : Microsoft.Azure.Management.DataFactory.Models.AzureBlobStorageLinkedService
    

Create datasets

In this procedure, you create two datasets: InputDataset and OutputDataset. These datasets are of type Binary. They refer to the Azure Storage linked service that you created in the previous section. The input dataset represents the source data in the input folder. In the input dataset definition, you specify the blob container (adftutorial), the folder (input), and the file (emp.txt) that contain the source data. The output dataset represents the data that's copied to the destination. In the output dataset definition, you specify the blob container (adftutorial), the folder (output), and the file to which the data is copied.

  1. Create a JSON file named InputDataset.json in the C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder, with the following content:

    {
        "name": "InputDataset",
        "properties": {
            "linkedServiceName": {
                "referenceName": "AzureStorageLinkedService",
                "type": "LinkedServiceReference"
            },
            "annotations": [],
            "type": "Binary",
            "typeProperties": {
                "location": {
                    "type": "AzureBlobStorageLocation",
                    "fileName": "emp.txt",
                    "folderPath": "input",
                    "container": "adftutorial"
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
  2. To create the dataset: InputDataset, run the Set-AzDataFactoryV2Dataset cmdlet.

    Set-AzDataFactoryV2Dataset -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
        -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName -Name "InputDataset" `
        -DefinitionFile ".\InputDataset.json"
    

    Here is the sample output:

    DatasetName       : InputDataset
    ResourceGroupName : <resourceGroupname>
    DataFactoryName   : <dataFactoryName>
    Structure         :
    Properties        : Microsoft.Azure.Management.DataFactory.Models.BinaryDataset
    
  3. Repeat the steps to create the output dataset. Create a JSON file named OutputDataset.json in the C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder, with the following content:

    {
        "name": "OutputDataset",
        "properties": {
            "linkedServiceName": {
                "referenceName": "AzureStorageLinkedService",
                "type": "LinkedServiceReference"
            },
            "annotations": [],
            "type": "Binary",
            "typeProperties": {
                "location": {
                    "type": "AzureBlobStorageLocation",
                    "folderPath": "output",
                    "container": "adftutorial"
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
  4. Run the Set-AzDataFactoryV2Dataset cmdlet to create the OutDataset.

    Set-AzDataFactoryV2Dataset -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
        -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName -Name "OutputDataset" `
        -DefinitionFile ".\OutputDataset.json"
    

    Here is the sample output:

    DatasetName       : OutputDataset
    ResourceGroupName : <resourceGroupname>
    DataFactoryName   : <dataFactoryName>
    Structure         :
    Properties        : Microsoft.Azure.Management.DataFactory.Models.BinaryDataset
    

Create a pipeline

In this procedure, you create a pipeline with a copy activity that uses the input and output datasets. The copy activity copies data from the file you specified in the input dataset settings to the file you specified in the output dataset settings.

  1. Create a JSON file named Adfv2QuickStartPipeline.json in the C:\ADFv2QuickStartPSH folder with the following content:

    {
        "name": "Adfv2QuickStartPipeline",
        "properties": {
            "activities": [
                {
                    "name": "CopyFromBlobToBlob",
                    "type": "Copy",
                    "dependsOn": [],
                    "policy": {
                        "timeout": "7.00:00:00",
                        "retry": 0,
                        "retryIntervalInSeconds": 30,
                        "secureOutput": false,
                        "secureInput": false
                    },
                    "userProperties": [],
                    "typeProperties": {
                        "source": {
                            "type": "BinarySource",
                            "storeSettings": {
                                "type": "AzureBlobStorageReadSettings",
                                "recursive": true
                            }
                        },
                        "sink": {
                            "type": "BinarySink",
                            "storeSettings": {
                                "type": "AzureBlobStorageWriteSettings"
                            }
                        },
                        "enableStaging": false
                    },
                    "inputs": [
                        {
                            "referenceName": "InputDataset",
                            "type": "DatasetReference"
                        }
                    ],
                    "outputs": [
                        {
                            "referenceName": "OutputDataset",
                            "type": "DatasetReference"
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ],
            "annotations": []
        }
    }
    
  2. To create the pipeline: Adfv2QuickStartPipeline, Run the Set-AzDataFactoryV2Pipeline cmdlet.

    $DFPipeLine = Set-AzDataFactoryV2Pipeline `
        -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
        -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName `
        -Name "Adfv2QuickStartPipeline" `
        -DefinitionFile ".\Adfv2QuickStartPipeline.json"
    

Create a pipeline run

In this step, you create a pipeline run.

Run the Invoke-AzDataFactoryV2Pipeline cmdlet to create a pipeline run. The cmdlet returns the pipeline run ID for future monitoring.

```powershell
$RunId = Invoke-AzDataFactoryV2Pipeline `
    -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
    -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName `
    -PipelineName $DFPipeLine.Name 
```

Monitor the pipeline run

  1. Run the following PowerShell script to continuously check the pipeline run status until it finishes copying the data. Copy/paste the following script in the PowerShell window, and press ENTER.

    while ($True) {
        $Run = Get-AzDataFactoryV2PipelineRun `
            -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName `
            -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName `
            -PipelineRunId $RunId
    
        if ($Run) {
            if ($run.Status -ne 'InProgress') {
                Write-Output ("Pipeline run finished. The status is: " +  $Run.Status)
                $Run
                break
            }
            Write-Output "Pipeline is running...status: InProgress"
        }
    
        Start-Sleep -Seconds 10
    }
    

    Here is the sample output of pipeline run:

    Pipeline is running...status: InProgress
    Pipeline run finished. The status is:  Succeeded
    
    ResourceGroupName : ADFQuickStartRG
    DataFactoryName   : ADFQuickStartFactory
    RunId             : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000000000000
    PipelineName      : Adfv2QuickStartPipeline
    LastUpdated       : 8/27/2019 7:23:07 AM
    Parameters        : {}
    RunStart          : 8/27/2019 7:22:56 AM
    RunEnd            : 8/27/2019 7:23:07 AM
    DurationInMs      : 11324
    Status            : Succeeded
    Message           : 
    
  2. Run the following script to retrieve copy activity run details, for example, size of the data read/written.

    Write-Output "Activity run details:"
    $Result = Get-AzDataFactoryV2ActivityRun -DataFactoryName $DataFactory.DataFactoryName -ResourceGroupName $ResGrp.ResourceGroupName -PipelineRunId $RunId -RunStartedAfter (Get-Date).AddMinutes(-30) -RunStartedBefore (Get-Date).AddMinutes(30)
    $Result
    
    Write-Output "Activity 'Output' section:"
    $Result.Output -join "`r`n"
    
    Write-Output "Activity 'Error' section:"
    $Result.Error -join "`r`n"
    
  3. Confirm that you see the output similar to the following sample output of activity run result:

    ResourceGroupName : ADFQuickStartRG
    DataFactoryName   : ADFQuickStartFactory
    ActivityRunId     : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
    ActivityName      : CopyFromBlobToBlob
    PipelineRunId     : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
    PipelineName      : Adfv2QuickStartPipeline
    Input             : {source, sink, enableStaging}
    Output            : {dataRead, dataWritten, filesRead, filesWritten...}
    LinkedServiceName :
    ActivityRunStart  : 8/27/2019 7:22:58 AM
    ActivityRunEnd    : 8/27/2019 7:23:05 AM
    DurationInMs      : 6828
    Status            : Succeeded
    Error             : {errorCode, message, failureType, target}
    
    Activity 'Output' section:
    "dataRead": 20
    "dataWritten": 20
    "filesRead": 1
    "filesWritten": 1
    "sourcePeakConnections": 1
    "sinkPeakConnections": 1
    "copyDuration": 4
    "throughput": 0.01
    "errors": []
    "effectiveIntegrationRuntime": "DefaultIntegrationRuntime (Central US)"
    "usedDataIntegrationUnits": 4
    "usedParallelCopies": 1
    "executionDetails": [
      {
        "source": {
          "type": "AzureBlobStorage"
        },
        "sink": {
          "type": "AzureBlobStorage"
        },
        "status": "Succeeded",
        "start": "2019-08-27T07:22:59.1045645Z",
        "duration": 4,
        "usedDataIntegrationUnits": 4,
        "usedParallelCopies": 1,
        "detailedDurations": {
          "queuingDuration": 3,
          "transferDuration": 1
        }
      }
    ]
    
    Activity 'Error' section:
    "errorCode": ""
    "message": ""
    "failureType": ""
    "target": "CopyFromBlobToBlob"
    

Verify the output

The pipeline automatically creates the output folder in the adftutorial blob container. Then, it copies the emp.txt file from the input folder to the output folder.

  1. In the Azure portal, on the adftutorial container page, click Refresh to see the output folder.

    Refresh

  2. Click output in the folder list.

  3. Confirm that the emp.txt is copied to the output folder.

    Refresh

Clean up resources

You can clean up the resources that you created in the Quickstart in two ways. You can delete the Azure resource group, which includes all the resources in the resource group. If you want to keep the other resources intact, delete only the data factory you created in this tutorial.

Deleting a resource group deletes all resources including data factories in it. Run the following command to delete the entire resource group:

Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Note: dropping a resource group may take some time. Please be patient with the process

If you want to delete just the data factory, not the entire resource group, run the following command:

Remove-AzDataFactoryV2 -Name $dataFactoryName -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName

Next steps

The pipeline in this sample copies data from one location to another location in an Azure blob storage. Go through the tutorials to learn about using Data Factory in more scenarios.