Develop U-SQL scripts by using Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio

Azure Data Lake and Stream Analytics Tools include functionality related to two Azure services, Azure Data Lake Analytics and Azure Stream Analytics. For more information on the Azure Stream Analytics scenarios, see Azure Stream Analytics tools for Visual Studio.

This article describes how to use Visual Studio to create Azure Data Lake Analytics accounts, define jobs in U-SQL, and submit jobs to the Data Lake Analytics service. For more information about Data Lake Analytics, see Azure Data Lake Analytics overview.


Microsoft recommends you upgrade to Azure Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio version 2.3.3000.4 or later. The previous versions are no longer available for download and are now deprecated.

What do I need to do?

  1. Check if you are using an earlier version than 2.3.3000.4 of Azure Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio.

    Check tool version

  2. If your version is an earlier version of 2.3.3000.4, update your Azure Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio by visiting the download center:


Install Azure Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio

This tutorial requires that Data Lake Tools for Visual Studio is installed. Follow the installation instructions.

Connect to an Azure Data Lake Analytics account

  1. Open Visual Studio.

  2. Open Server Explorer by selecting View > Server Explorer.

  3. Right-click Azure. Then select Connect to Microsoft Azure Subscription and follow the instructions.

  4. In Server Explorer, select Azure > Data Lake Analytics. You see a list of your Data Lake Analytics accounts.

Write your first U-SQL script

The following text is a simple U-SQL script. It defines a small dataset and writes that dataset to the default Data Lake Store as a file called /data.csv.

@a  = 
            ("Contoso", 1500.0),
            ("Woodgrove", 2700.0)
        ) AS 
              D( customer, amount );
    TO "/data.csv"
    USING Outputters.Csv();

Submit a Data Lake Analytics job

  1. Select File > New > Project.

  2. Select the U-SQL Project type, and then click OK. Visual Studio creates a solution with a Script.usql file.

  3. Paste the previous script into the Script.usql window.

  4. In the upper-left corner of the Script.usql window, specify the Data Lake Analytics account.

    Submit U-SQL Visual Studio project

  5. In the upper-left corner of the Script.usql window, select Submit.

  6. After the job submission, the Job view tab opens to show the job progress. To see the latest job status and refresh the screen, click Refresh.

    U-SQL Visual Studio Data Lake Analytics job performance graph

    • Job Summary shows the summary of the job.
    • Job Graph visualizes the progress of the job.
    • MetaData Operations shows all the actions that were taken on the U-SQL catalog.
    • Data shows all the inputs and outputs.
    • State History shows the timeline and state details.
    • AU Analysis shows how many AUs were used in the job and explore simulations of different AUs allocation strategies.
    • Diagnostics provides an advanced analysis for job execution and performance optimization.

Check job status

  1. In Server Explorer, select Azure > Data Lake Analytics.

  2. Expand the Data Lake Analytics account name.

  3. Double-click Jobs.

  4. Select the job that you previously submitted.

See the job output

  1. In Server Explorer, browse to the job you submitted.

  2. Click the Data tab.

  3. In the Job Outputs tab, select the "/data.csv" file.

Next steps