Azure Storage Analytics performs logging and provides metrics data for a storage account. You can use this data to trace requests, analyze usage trends, and diagnose issues with your storage account.
To use Storage Analytics, you must enable it individually for each service you want to monitor. You can enable it from the Azure portal. For details, see Monitor a storage account in the Azure portal. You can also enable Storage Analytics programmatically via the REST API or the client library. Use the Set Blob Service Properties, Set Queue Service Properties, Set Table Service Properties, and Set File Service Properties operations to enable Storage Analytics for each service.
The aggregated data is stored in a well-known blob (for logging) and in well-known tables (for metrics), which may be accessed using the Blob service and Table service APIs.
Storage Analytics has a 20 TB limit on the amount of stored data that is independent of the total limit for your storage account. For more information about storage account limits, see Scalability and performance targets for standard storage accounts.
For an in-depth guide on using Storage Analytics and other tools to identify, diagnose, and troubleshoot Azure Storage-related issues, see Monitor, diagnose, and troubleshoot Microsoft Azure Storage.
The features described in this article are now available to accounts that have a hierarchical namespace. To review limitations, see the Known issues with Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 article.
Billing for Storage Analytics
All metrics data is written by the services of a storage account. As a result, each write operation performed by Storage Analytics is billable. Additionally, the amount of storage used by metrics data is also billable.
The following actions performed by Storage Analytics are billable:
- Requests to create blobs for logging.
- Requests to create table entities for metrics.
If you have configured a data retention policy, you are not charged for delete transactions when Storage Analytics deletes old logging and metrics data. However, delete transactions from a client are billable. For more information about retention policies, see Setting a Storage Analytics Data Retention Policy.
Understanding billable requests
Every request made to an account's storage service is either billable or non-billable. Storage Analytics logs each individual request made to a service, including a status message that indicates how the request was handled. Similarly, Storage Analytics stores metrics for both a service and the API operations of that service, including the percentages and count of certain status messages. Together, these features can help you analyze your billable requests, make improvements on your application, and diagnose issues with requests to your services. For more information about billing, see Understanding Azure Storage Billing - Bandwidth, Transactions, and Capacity.
When looking at Storage Analytics data, you can use the tables in the Storage Analytics Logged Operations and Status Messages topic to determine what requests are billable. Then you can compare your logs and metrics data to the status messages to see if you were charged for a particular request. You can also use the tables in the previous topic to investigate availability for a storage service or individual API operation.