BitConverter.ToString BitConverter.ToString BitConverter.ToString BitConverter.ToString Method

Definition

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified array of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

Overloads

ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[])

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified array of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32)

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified subarray of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified subarray of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[]) ToString(Byte[])

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified array of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

public:
 static System::String ^ ToString(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ value);
public static string ToString (byte[] value);
static member ToString : byte[] -> string
Public Shared Function ToString (value As Byte()) As String

Parameters

value
Byte[]

An array of bytes.

Returns

A string of hexadecimal pairs separated by hyphens, where each pair represents the corresponding element in value; for example, "7F-2C-4A-00".

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example converts Byte arrays to String objects with the ToString method.

// Example of the BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ] ) method.
using namespace System;

// Display a byte array with a name.
void WriteByteArray( array<unsigned char>^bytes, String^ name )
{
   String^ underLine = "--------------------------------";
   Console::WriteLine( name );
   Console::WriteLine( underLine->Substring( 0, Math::Min( name->Length, underLine->Length ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( BitConverter::ToString( bytes ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   array<unsigned char>^arrayOne = {0,1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128,255};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayTwo = {32,0,0,42,0,65,0,125,0,197,0,168,3,41,4,172,32};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayThree = {15,0,0,128,16,39,240,216,241,255,127};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayFour = {15,0,0,0,0,16,0,255,3,0,0,202,154,59,255,255,255,255,127};
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the "
   "BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ] ) \n"
   "method generates the following output.\n" );
   WriteByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
   WriteByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
   WriteByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
   WriteByteArray( arrayFour, "arrayFour" );
}

/*
This example of the BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ] )
method generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-01-02-04-08-10-20-40-80-FF

arrayTwo
--------
20-00-00-2A-00-41-00-7D-00-C5-00-A8-03-29-04-AC-20

arrayThree
----------
0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F

arrayFour
---------
0F-00-00-00-00-10-00-FF-03-00-00-CA-9A-3B-FF-FF-FF-FF-7F
*/
// Example of the BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ] ) method.
using System;

class BytesToStringDemo
{
    // Display a byte array with a name.
    public static void WriteByteArray( byte[ ] bytes, string name )
    {
        const string underLine = "--------------------------------";

        Console.WriteLine( name );
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, 
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) );
        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes ) );
        Console.WriteLine( );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        byte[ ] arrayOne = {
             0,   1,   2,   4,   8,  16,  32,  64, 128, 255 };

        byte[ ] arrayTwo = {
            32,   0,   0,  42,   0,  65,   0, 125,   0, 197,
             0, 168,   3,  41,   4, 172,  32 };

        byte[ ] arrayThree = {
            15,   0,   0, 128,  16,  39, 240, 216, 241, 255, 
           127 };

        byte[ ] arrayFour = {
            15,   0,   0,   0,   0,  16,   0, 255,   3,   0, 
             0, 202, 154,  59, 255, 255, 255, 255, 127 };

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the " +
            "BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ] ) \n" +
            "method generates the following output.\n" );

        WriteByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
        WriteByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
        WriteByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
        WriteByteArray( arrayFour, "arrayFour" );
    }
}

/*
This example of the BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ] )
method generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-01-02-04-08-10-20-40-80-FF

arrayTwo
--------
20-00-00-2A-00-41-00-7D-00-C5-00-A8-03-29-04-AC-20

arrayThree
----------
0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F

arrayFour
---------
0F-00-00-00-00-10-00-FF-03-00-00-CA-9A-3B-FF-FF-FF-FF-7F
*/
' Example of the BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ) ) method.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module BytesToStringDemo

    ' Display a Byte array with a name.
    Sub WriteByteArray( bytes( ) As Byte, name As String )
       
        Const underLine As String = "--------------------------------"

        Console.WriteLine( name )
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, _
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) )
        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes ) )
        Console.WriteLine( )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Dim arrayOne as Byte( ) = { _
              0,   1,   2,   4,   8,  16,  32,  64, 128, 255 }

        Dim arrayTwo as Byte( ) = { _
             32,   0,   0,  42,   0,  65,   0, 125,   0, 197, _
              0, 168,   3,  41,   4, 172,  32 }

        Dim arrayThree as Byte( ) = { _
             15,   0,   0, 128,  16,  39, 240, 216, 241, 255, _
            127 }

        Dim arrayFour as Byte( ) = { _
             15,   0,   0,   0,   0,  16,   0, 255,   3,   0, _
              0, 202, 154,  59, 255, 255, 255, 255, 127 }

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the " & _
            "BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ) ) " & vbCrLf & _
            "method generates the following output." & vbCrLf )

        WriteByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" )
        WriteByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" )
        WriteByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" )
        WriteByteArray( arrayFour, "arrayFour" )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ) )
' method generates the following output.
' 
' arrayOne
' --------
' 00-01-02-04-08-10-20-40-80-FF
' 
' arrayTwo
' --------
' 20-00-00-2A-00-41-00-7D-00-C5-00-A8-03-29-04-AC-20
' 
' arrayThree
' ----------
' 0F-00-00-80-10-27-F0-D8-F1-FF-7F
' 
' arrayFour
' ---------
' 0F-00-00-00-00-10-00-FF-03-00-00-CA-9A-3B-FF-FF-FF-FF-7F

Remarks

All the elements of value are converted. The order of hexadecimal strings returned by the ToString method depends on whether the computer architecture is little-endian or big-endian.

ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32)

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified subarray of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

public:
 static System::String ^ ToString(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ value, int startIndex);
public static string ToString (byte[] value, int startIndex);
static member ToString : byte[] * int -> string
Public Shared Function ToString (value As Byte(), startIndex As Integer) As String

Parameters

value
Byte[]

An array of bytes.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The starting position within value.

Returns

A string of hexadecimal pairs separated by hyphens, where each pair represents the corresponding element in a subarray of value; for example, "7F-2C-4A-00".

Exceptions

startIndex is less than zero or greater than the length of value minus 1.

Examples

The following code example converts the part of a Byte array starting at the specified startIndex to a String with the ToString method.

// Example of some BitConverter::ToString( ) method overloads.
using namespace System;

// Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
void WriteMultiLineByteArray( array<unsigned char>^bytes, String^ name )
{
   const int rowSize = 20;
   String^ underLine = "--------------------------------";
   int iter;
   Console::WriteLine( name );
   Console::WriteLine( underLine->Substring( 0, Math::Min( name->Length, underLine->Length ) ) );
   for ( iter = 0; iter < bytes->Length - rowSize; iter += rowSize )
   {
      Console::Write( BitConverter::ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "-" );

   }
   Console::WriteLine( BitConverter::ToString( bytes, iter ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   array<unsigned char>^arrayOne = {0,0,0,0,128,63,0,0,112,65,0,255,127,71,0,0,128,59,0,0,128,47,73,70,131,5,75,6,158,63,77,6,158,63,80,6,158,63,30,55,190,121,255,255,127,255,255,127,127,1,0,0,0,192,255,0,0,128,255,0,0,128,127};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayTwo = {255,255,255,0,0,20,0,33,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,100,167,179,182,224,13,0,202,154,59,0,143,91,0,170,170,170,170,170,170,0,0,232,137,4,35,199,138,255,232,244,255,252,205,255,255,129};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayThree = {0,222,0,0,0,224,111,64,0,0,224,255,255,255,239,65,0,0,131,0,0,0,112,63,0,143,0,100,0,0,240,61,223,136,30,28,254,116,170,1,250,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,251,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,252,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,82,211,187,188,232,126,255,255,255,244,255,239,127,1,0,0,0,10,17,0,0,248,255,0,88,0,91,0,0,240,255,0,0,240,157};
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the\n"
   "  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int ) and \n"
   "  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int, int ) \n"
   "methods generates the following output.\n" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
}

/*
This example of the
  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int ) and
  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int, int )
methods generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
00-80-7F

arrayTwo
--------
FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81

arrayThree
----------
00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D
*/
// Example of some BitConverter.ToString( ) method overloads.
using System;

class BytesToStringDemo
{
    // Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    public static void WriteMultiLineByteArray( byte[ ] bytes, 
        string name )
    {
        const int rowSize = 20;
        const string underLine = "--------------------------------";
        int iter;

        Console.WriteLine( name );
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, 
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) );

        for( iter = 0; iter < bytes.Length - rowSize; iter += rowSize )
        {
            Console.Write( 
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) );
            Console.WriteLine( "-" );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) );
        Console.WriteLine( );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        byte[ ] arrayOne = {
              0,   0,   0,   0, 128,  63,   0,   0, 112,  65, 
              0, 255, 127,  71,   0,   0, 128,  59,   0,   0, 
            128,  47,  73,  70, 131,   5,  75,   6, 158,  63, 
             77,   6, 158,  63,  80,   6, 158,  63,  30,  55, 
            190, 121, 255, 255, 127, 255, 255, 127, 127,   1, 
              0,   0,   0, 192, 255,   0,   0, 128, 255,   0, 
              0, 128, 127 };

        byte[ ] arrayTwo = {
            255, 255, 255,   0,   0,  20,   0,  33,   0,   0, 
              0,   1,   0,   0,   0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224, 
             13,   0, 202, 154,  59,   0, 143,  91,   0, 170, 
            170, 170, 170, 170, 170,   0,   0, 232, 137,   4, 
             35, 199, 138, 255, 232, 244, 255, 252, 205, 255, 
            255, 129 };

        byte[ ] arrayThree = {
              0, 222,   0,   0,   0, 224, 111,  64,   0,   0, 
            224, 255, 255, 255, 239,  65,   0,   0, 131,   0, 
              0,   0, 112,  63,   0, 143,   0, 100,   0,   0, 
            240,  61, 223, 136,  30,  28, 254, 116, 170,   1, 
            250,  89, 140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 251,  89, 
            140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 252,  89, 140,  66, 
            202, 192, 243,  63,  82, 211, 187, 188, 232, 126, 
            255, 255, 255, 244, 255, 239, 127,   1,   0,   0, 
              0,  10,  17,   0,   0, 248, 255,   0,  88,   0, 
             91,   0,   0, 240, 255,   0,   0, 240, 157 };

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the\n" +
            "  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int ) and \n" +
            "  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int, int ) \n" +
            "methods generates the following output.\n" );

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
    }
}

/*
This example of the
  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int ) and
  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int, int )
methods generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
00-80-7F

arrayTwo
--------
FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81

arrayThree
----------
00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D
*/
' Example of some BitConverter.ToString( ) method overloads.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module BytesToStringDemo

    ' Display a Byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    Sub WriteMultiLineByteArray( bytes( ) As Byte, name As String )
       
        Const rowSize As Integer = 20 
        Const underLine As String = "--------------------------------"
        Dim iter As Integer

        Console.WriteLine( name )
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, _
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) )

        For iter = 0 To bytes.Length - rowSize - 1 Step rowSize
            Console.Write( _
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) )
            Console.WriteLine( "-" )
        Next iter

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) )
        Console.WriteLine( )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Dim arrayOne as Byte( ) = { _
              0,   0,   0,   0, 128,  63,   0,   0, 112,  65, _
              0, 255, 127,  71,   0,   0, 128,  59,   0,   0, _
            128,  47,  73,  70, 131,   5,  75,   6, 158,  63, _
             77,   6, 158,  63,  80,   6, 158,  63,  30,  55, _
            190, 121, 255, 255, 127, 255, 255, 127, 127,   1, _
              0,   0,   0, 192, 255,   0,   0, 128, 255,   0, _
              0, 128, 127 }

        Dim arrayTwo as Byte( ) = { _
            255, 255, 255,   0,   0,  20,   0,  33,   0,   0, _
              0,   1,   0,   0,   0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224, _
             13,   0, 202, 154,  59,   0, 143,  91,   0, 170, _
            170, 170, 170, 170, 170,   0,   0, 232, 137,   4, _
             35, 199, 138, 255, 232, 244, 255, 252, 205, 255, _
            255, 129 }

        Dim arrayThree as Byte( ) = { _
              0, 222,   0,   0,   0, 224, 111,  64,   0,   0, _
            224, 255, 255, 255, 239,  65,   0,   0, 131,   0, _
              0,   0, 112,  63,   0, 143,   0, 100,   0,   0, _
            240,  61, 223, 136,  30,  28, 254, 116, 170,   1, _
            250,  89, 140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 251,  89, _
            140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 252,  89, 140,  66, _
            202, 192, 243,  63,  82, 211, 187, 188, 232, 126, _
            255, 255, 255, 244, 255, 239, 127,   1,   0,   0, _
              0,  10,  17,   0,   0, 248, 255,   0,  88,   0, _
             91,   0,   0, 240, 255,   0,   0, 240, 157 }

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the" & vbCrLf & _
            "  BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer ) and " & _
            vbCrLf & "  BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), " & _
            "Integer, Integer ) " & vbCrLf & "methods generates " & _
            "the following output." & vbCrLf )

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" )
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" )
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the
'   BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer ) and
'   BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer, Integer )
' methods generates the following output.
' 
' arrayOne
' --------
' 00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
' 80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
' BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
' 00-80-7F
' 
' arrayTwo
' --------
' FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
' 0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
' 23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81
' 
' arrayThree
' ----------
' 00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
' 00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
' FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
' CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
' 00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D

Remarks

The elements from array position startIndex to the end of the array are converted. The order of hexadecimal strings returned by the ToString method depends on whether the computer architecture is little-endian or big-endian.

ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32) ToString(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Converts the numeric value of each element of a specified subarray of bytes to its equivalent hexadecimal string representation.

public:
 static System::String ^ ToString(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ value, int startIndex, int length);
public static string ToString (byte[] value, int startIndex, int length);
static member ToString : byte[] * int * int -> string
Public Shared Function ToString (value As Byte(), startIndex As Integer, length As Integer) As String

Parameters

value
Byte[]

An array of bytes.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The starting position within value.

length
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of array elements in value to convert.

Returns

A string of hexadecimal pairs separated by hyphens, where each pair represents the corresponding element in a subarray of value; for example, "7F-2C-4A-00".

Exceptions

startIndex or length is less than zero.

-or-

startIndex is greater than zero and is greater than or equal to the length of value.

The combination of startIndex and length does not specify a position within value; that is, the startIndex parameter is greater than the length of value minus the length parameter.

Examples

The following example uses the ToString method to convert part of a byte array, starting at the specified startIndex and with the specified length, to a string.

// Example of some BitConverter::ToString( ) method overloads.
using namespace System;

// Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
void WriteMultiLineByteArray( array<unsigned char>^bytes, String^ name )
{
   const int rowSize = 20;
   String^ underLine = "--------------------------------";
   int iter;
   Console::WriteLine( name );
   Console::WriteLine( underLine->Substring( 0, Math::Min( name->Length, underLine->Length ) ) );
   for ( iter = 0; iter < bytes->Length - rowSize; iter += rowSize )
   {
      Console::Write( BitConverter::ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "-" );

   }
   Console::WriteLine( BitConverter::ToString( bytes, iter ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   array<unsigned char>^arrayOne = {0,0,0,0,128,63,0,0,112,65,0,255,127,71,0,0,128,59,0,0,128,47,73,70,131,5,75,6,158,63,77,6,158,63,80,6,158,63,30,55,190,121,255,255,127,255,255,127,127,1,0,0,0,192,255,0,0,128,255,0,0,128,127};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayTwo = {255,255,255,0,0,20,0,33,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,100,167,179,182,224,13,0,202,154,59,0,143,91,0,170,170,170,170,170,170,0,0,232,137,4,35,199,138,255,232,244,255,252,205,255,255,129};
   array<unsigned char>^arrayThree = {0,222,0,0,0,224,111,64,0,0,224,255,255,255,239,65,0,0,131,0,0,0,112,63,0,143,0,100,0,0,240,61,223,136,30,28,254,116,170,1,250,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,251,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,252,89,140,66,202,192,243,63,82,211,187,188,232,126,255,255,255,244,255,239,127,1,0,0,0,10,17,0,0,248,255,0,88,0,91,0,0,240,255,0,0,240,157};
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the\n"
   "  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int ) and \n"
   "  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int, int ) \n"
   "methods generates the following output.\n" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
   WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
}

/*
This example of the
  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int ) and
  BitConverter::ToString( unsigned char[ ], int, int )
methods generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
00-80-7F

arrayTwo
--------
FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81

arrayThree
----------
00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D
*/
// Example of some BitConverter.ToString( ) method overloads.
using System;

class BytesToStringDemo
{
    // Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    public static void WriteMultiLineByteArray( byte[ ] bytes, 
        string name )
    {
        const int rowSize = 20;
        const string underLine = "--------------------------------";
        int iter;

        Console.WriteLine( name );
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, 
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) );

        for( iter = 0; iter < bytes.Length - rowSize; iter += rowSize )
        {
            Console.Write( 
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) );
            Console.WriteLine( "-" );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) );
        Console.WriteLine( );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        byte[ ] arrayOne = {
              0,   0,   0,   0, 128,  63,   0,   0, 112,  65, 
              0, 255, 127,  71,   0,   0, 128,  59,   0,   0, 
            128,  47,  73,  70, 131,   5,  75,   6, 158,  63, 
             77,   6, 158,  63,  80,   6, 158,  63,  30,  55, 
            190, 121, 255, 255, 127, 255, 255, 127, 127,   1, 
              0,   0,   0, 192, 255,   0,   0, 128, 255,   0, 
              0, 128, 127 };

        byte[ ] arrayTwo = {
            255, 255, 255,   0,   0,  20,   0,  33,   0,   0, 
              0,   1,   0,   0,   0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224, 
             13,   0, 202, 154,  59,   0, 143,  91,   0, 170, 
            170, 170, 170, 170, 170,   0,   0, 232, 137,   4, 
             35, 199, 138, 255, 232, 244, 255, 252, 205, 255, 
            255, 129 };

        byte[ ] arrayThree = {
              0, 222,   0,   0,   0, 224, 111,  64,   0,   0, 
            224, 255, 255, 255, 239,  65,   0,   0, 131,   0, 
              0,   0, 112,  63,   0, 143,   0, 100,   0,   0, 
            240,  61, 223, 136,  30,  28, 254, 116, 170,   1, 
            250,  89, 140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 251,  89, 
            140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 252,  89, 140,  66, 
            202, 192, 243,  63,  82, 211, 187, 188, 232, 126, 
            255, 255, 255, 244, 255, 239, 127,   1,   0,   0, 
              0,  10,  17,   0,   0, 248, 255,   0,  88,   0, 
             91,   0,   0, 240, 255,   0,   0, 240, 157 };

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the\n" +
            "  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int ) and \n" +
            "  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int, int ) \n" +
            "methods generates the following output.\n" );

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" );
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" );
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" );
    }
}

/*
This example of the
  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int ) and
  BitConverter.ToString( byte[ ], int, int )
methods generates the following output.

arrayOne
--------
00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
00-80-7F

arrayTwo
--------
FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81

arrayThree
----------
00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D
*/
' Example of some BitConverter.ToString( ) method overloads.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module BytesToStringDemo

    ' Display a Byte array, using multiple lines if necessary.
    Sub WriteMultiLineByteArray( bytes( ) As Byte, name As String )
       
        Const rowSize As Integer = 20 
        Const underLine As String = "--------------------------------"
        Dim iter As Integer

        Console.WriteLine( name )
        Console.WriteLine( underLine.Substring( 0, _
            Math.Min( name.Length, underLine.Length ) ) )

        For iter = 0 To bytes.Length - rowSize - 1 Step rowSize
            Console.Write( _
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) )
            Console.WriteLine( "-" )
        Next iter

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) )
        Console.WriteLine( )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Dim arrayOne as Byte( ) = { _
              0,   0,   0,   0, 128,  63,   0,   0, 112,  65, _
              0, 255, 127,  71,   0,   0, 128,  59,   0,   0, _
            128,  47,  73,  70, 131,   5,  75,   6, 158,  63, _
             77,   6, 158,  63,  80,   6, 158,  63,  30,  55, _
            190, 121, 255, 255, 127, 255, 255, 127, 127,   1, _
              0,   0,   0, 192, 255,   0,   0, 128, 255,   0, _
              0, 128, 127 }

        Dim arrayTwo as Byte( ) = { _
            255, 255, 255,   0,   0,  20,   0,  33,   0,   0, _
              0,   1,   0,   0,   0, 100, 167, 179, 182, 224, _
             13,   0, 202, 154,  59,   0, 143,  91,   0, 170, _
            170, 170, 170, 170, 170,   0,   0, 232, 137,   4, _
             35, 199, 138, 255, 232, 244, 255, 252, 205, 255, _
            255, 129 }

        Dim arrayThree as Byte( ) = { _
              0, 222,   0,   0,   0, 224, 111,  64,   0,   0, _
            224, 255, 255, 255, 239,  65,   0,   0, 131,   0, _
              0,   0, 112,  63,   0, 143,   0, 100,   0,   0, _
            240,  61, 223, 136,  30,  28, 254, 116, 170,   1, _
            250,  89, 140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 251,  89, _
            140,  66, 202, 192, 243,  63, 252,  89, 140,  66, _
            202, 192, 243,  63,  82, 211, 187, 188, 232, 126, _
            255, 255, 255, 244, 255, 239, 127,   1,   0,   0, _
              0,  10,  17,   0,   0, 248, 255,   0,  88,   0, _
             91,   0,   0, 240, 255,   0,   0, 240, 157 }

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the" & vbCrLf & _
            "  BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer ) and " & _
            vbCrLf & "  BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), " & _
            "Integer, Integer ) " & vbCrLf & "methods generates " & _
            "the following output." & vbCrLf )

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayOne, "arrayOne" )
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayTwo, "arrayTwo" )
        WriteMultiLineByteArray( arrayThree, "arrayThree" )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the
'   BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer ) and
'   BitConverter.ToString( Byte( ), Integer, Integer )
' methods generates the following output.
' 
' arrayOne
' --------
' 00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
' 80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
' BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
' 00-80-7F
' 
' arrayTwo
' --------
' FF-FF-FF-00-00-14-00-21-00-00-00-01-00-00-00-64-A7-B3-B6-E0-
' 0D-00-CA-9A-3B-00-8F-5B-00-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-AA-00-00-E8-89-04-
' 23-C7-8A-FF-E8-F4-FF-FC-CD-FF-FF-81
' 
' arrayThree
' ----------
' 00-DE-00-00-00-E0-6F-40-00-00-E0-FF-FF-FF-EF-41-00-00-83-00-
' 00-00-70-3F-00-8F-00-64-00-00-F0-3D-DF-88-1E-1C-FE-74-AA-01-
' FA-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FB-59-8C-42-CA-C0-F3-3F-FC-59-8C-42-
' CA-C0-F3-3F-52-D3-BB-BC-E8-7E-FF-FF-FF-F4-FF-EF-7F-01-00-00-
' 00-0A-11-00-00-F8-FF-00-58-00-5B-00-00-F0-FF-00-00-F0-9D

Remarks

The length elements from array position startIndex are converted. If length equals zero, the method returns String.Empty.

The order of hexadecimal strings returned by the ToString method depends on whether the computer architecture is little-endian or big-endian.

Applies to