ArrayList.Synchronized ArrayList.Synchronized ArrayList.Synchronized ArrayList.Synchronized Method

Definition

Returns a list wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

Overloads

Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList)

Returns an ArrayList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList)

Returns an IList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList) Synchronized(ArrayList)

Returns an ArrayList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

public:
 static System::Collections::ArrayList ^ Synchronized(System::Collections::ArrayList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.ArrayList Synchronized (System.Collections.ArrayList list);
static member Synchronized : System.Collections.ArrayList -> System.Collections.ArrayList
Public Shared Function Synchronized (list As ArrayList) As ArrayList

Parameters

list
ArrayList ArrayList ArrayList ArrayList

The ArrayList to synchronize.

Returns

An ArrayList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example shows how to lock the collection using the SyncRoot during the entire enumeration.

ArrayList^ myCollection = gcnew ArrayList();
bool lockTaken = false;
try
{
    Monitor::Enter(myCollection->SyncRoot, lockTaken);
    for each (Object^ item in myCollection);
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
finally
{
    if (lockTaken)
    {
        Monitor::Exit(myCollection->SyncRoot);
    }
}
ArrayList myCollection = new ArrayList();

lock(myCollection.SyncRoot)
{
    foreach (object item in myCollection)
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
Dim myCollection As New ArrayList()

SyncLock myCollection.SyncRoot
    For Each item As Object In myCollection
        ' Insert your code here.
    Next item
End SyncLock

This method is an O(1) operation.

The following code example shows how to synchronize an ArrayList, determine if an ArrayList is synchronized and use a synchronized ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList instance.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   
   // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ mySyncdAL = ArrayList::Synchronized( myAL );
   
   // Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
   String^ szRes = myAL->IsSynchronized ?  (String^)"synchronized" :  "not synchronized";
   Console::WriteLine(  "myAL is {0}.", szRes );
   String^ szSyncRes = mySyncdAL->IsSynchronized ?  (String^)"synchronized" :  "not synchronized";
   Console::WriteLine(  "mySyncdAL is {0}.", szSyncRes );
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 myAL is not synchronized.
 mySyncdAL is synchronized.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );

      // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
      ArrayList mySyncdAL = ArrayList.Synchronized( myAL );

      // Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
      Console.WriteLine( "mySyncdAL is {0}.", mySyncdAL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

myAL is not synchronized.
mySyncdAL is synchronized.
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList
    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        
        ' Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
        Dim mySyncdAL As ArrayList = ArrayList.Synchronized(myAL)
        
        ' Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
        Dim str As String
        If myAL.IsSynchronized Then
            str = "synchronized"
        Else
            str = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("myAL is {0}.", str)
        If mySyncdAL.IsSynchronized Then
            str = "synchronized"
        Else
            str = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("mySyncdAL is {0}.", str)
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' myAL is not synchronized.
' mySyncdAL is synchronized. 

Remarks

To guarantee the thread safety of the ArrayList, all operations must be done through this wrapper.

Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

See also

Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList) Synchronized(IList)

Returns an IList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

public:
 static System::Collections::IList ^ Synchronized(System::Collections::IList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.IList Synchronized (System.Collections.IList list);
static member Synchronized : System.Collections.IList -> System.Collections.IList
Public Shared Function Synchronized (list As IList) As IList

Parameters

list
IList IList IList IList

The IList to synchronize.

Returns

An IList wrapper that is synchronized (thread safe).

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example shows how to lock the collection using the SyncRoot during the entire enumeration.

ArrayList^ myCollection = gcnew ArrayList();
bool lockTaken = false;
try
{
    Monitor::Enter(myCollection->SyncRoot, lockTaken);
    for each (Object^ item in myCollection);
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
finally
{
    if (lockTaken)
    {
        Monitor::Exit(myCollection->SyncRoot);
    }
}
ArrayList myCollection = new ArrayList();

lock(myCollection.SyncRoot)
{
    foreach (object item in myCollection)
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
Dim myCollection As New ArrayList()

SyncLock myCollection.SyncRoot
    For Each item As Object In myCollection
        ' Insert your code here.
    Next item
End SyncLock

This method is an O(1) operation.

Remarks

To guarantee the thread safety of the ArrayList, all operations must be done through this wrapper.

Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

See also

Applies to