CollectionsUtil CollectionsUtil CollectionsUtil CollectionsUtil Class

Definition

Creates collections that ignore the case in strings.

public ref class CollectionsUtil
public class CollectionsUtil
type CollectionsUtil = class
Public Class CollectionsUtil
Inheritance
CollectionsUtilCollectionsUtilCollectionsUtilCollectionsUtil

Examples

The following example uses two collections, a hash table and a sorted list, to hold population values for a group of cities. The values are retrieved from the collections by using the city names as keys. The city names are in mixed case to show their use as case-insensitive keys.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

ref class TestCollectionsUtils
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        Hashtable^ population1 = CollectionsUtil::CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable();

        population1["Trapperville"] = 15;
        population1["Doggerton"] = 230;
        population1["New Hollow"] = 1234;
        population1["McHenry"] = 185;

        // Select cities from the table using mixed case.
        Console::WriteLine("Case insensitive hashtable results:\n");
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population1["trapperville"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population1["DOGGERTON"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population1["New hoLLow"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population1["MchenrY"]);

        SortedList^ population2 = CollectionsUtil::CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList();

        for each (String^ city in population1->Keys)
        {
            population2->Add(city, population1[city]);
        }

        // Select cities from the sorted list using mixed case.
        Console::WriteLine("\nCase insensitive sorted list results:\n");
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population2["trapPeRVille"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population2["dOGGeRtON"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population2["nEW hOLLOW"]);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population2["MchEnrY"]);
    }
};

int main()
{
    TestCollectionsUtils::Main();
}

// This program displays the following output to the console
//
// Case insensitive hashtable results:
//
// Trapperville's population is: 15
// Doggerton's population is: 230
// New Hollow's population is: 1234
// McHenry's population is: 185
//
// Case insensitive sorted list results:
//
// Trapperville's population is: 15
// Doggerton's population is: 230
// New Hollow's population is: 1234
// McHenry's population is: 185
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

class TestCollectionsUtils
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Hashtable population1 = CollectionsUtil.CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable();

        population1["Trapperville"] = 15;
        population1["Doggerton"] = 230;
        population1["New Hollow"] = 1234;
        population1["McHenry"] = 185;

        // Select cities from the table using mixed case.
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive hashtable results:\n");
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population1["trapperville"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population1["DOGGERTON"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population1["New hoLLow"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population1["MchenrY"]);

        SortedList population2 = CollectionsUtil.CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList();

        foreach (string city in population1.Keys)
        {
           population2.Add(city, population1[city]);
        }

        // Select cities from the sorted list using mixed case.
        Console.WriteLine("\nCase insensitive sorted list results:\n");
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population2["trapPeRVille"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population2["dOGGeRtON"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population2["nEW hOLLOW"]);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population2["MchEnrY"]);
    }
}

// This program displays the following output to the console
//
// Case insensitive hashtable results:
//
// Trapperville's population is: 15
// Doggerton's population is: 230
// New Hollow's population is: 1234
// McHenry's population is: 185
//
// Case insensitive sorted list results:
//
// Trapperville's population is: 15
// Doggerton's population is: 230
// New Hollow's population is: 1234
// McHenry's population is: 185
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Class TestCollectionsUtils
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim population1 As Hashtable = CollectionsUtil.CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable()

        population1("Trapperville") = 15
        population1("Doggerton") = 230
        population1("New Hollow") = 1234
        population1("McHenry") = 185

        ' Select cities from the table using mixed case.
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive hashtable results:" + vbNewLine)
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population1("trapperville"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population1("DOGGERTON"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population1("New hoLLow"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population1("MchenrY"))

        Dim population2 As SortedList = CollectionsUtil.CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList()

        For Each city As String In population1.Keys
            population2.Add(city, population1(city))
        Next city

        ' Select cities from the sorted list using mixed case.
        Console.WriteLine(vbNewLine + "Case insensitive sorted list results:" + vbNewLine)
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Trapperville", population2("trapPeRVille"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "Doggerton", population2("dOGGeRtON"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "New Hollow", population2("nEW hOLLOW"))
        Console.WriteLine("{0}'s population is: {1}", "McHenry", population2("MchEnrY"))
    End Sub
End Class

' This program displays the following output to the console
'
' Case insensitive hashtable results:
'
' Trapperville's population is: 15
' Doggerton's population is: 230
' New Hollow's population is: 1234
' McHenry's population is: 185
'
' Case insensitive sorted list results:
'
' Trapperville's population is: 15
' Doggerton's population is: 230
' New Hollow's population is: 1234
' McHenry's population is: 185

Remarks

These methods generate a case-insensitive instance of the collection using case-insensitive implementations of the hash code provider and the comparer. The resulting instance can be used like any other instances of that class, although it may behave differently.

For example, suppose two objects with the keys "hello" and "HELLO" are to be added to a hash table. A case-sensitive hash table would create two different entries; whereas, a case-insensitive hash table would throw an exception when adding the second object.

Constructors

CollectionsUtil() CollectionsUtil() CollectionsUtil() CollectionsUtil()

Initializes a new instance of the CollectionsUtil class.

Methods

CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable() CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable() CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable() CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable()

Creates a new case-insensitive instance of the Hashtable class with the default initial capacity.

CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(IDictionary) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(IDictionary) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(IDictionary) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(IDictionary)

Copies the entries from the specified dictionary to a new case-insensitive instance of the Hashtable class with the same initial capacity as the number of entries copied.

CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(Int32) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(Int32) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(Int32) CreateCaseInsensitiveHashtable(Int32)

Creates a new case-insensitive instance of the Hashtable class with the specified initial capacity.

CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList() CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList() CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList() CreateCaseInsensitiveSortedList()

Creates a new instance of the SortedList class that ignores the case of strings.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

Thread Safety

A Hashtable can support one writer and multiple readers concurrently. To support multiple writers, all operations must be done through the wrapper returned by the Synchronized(Hashtable) method.

A SortedList can support multiple readers concurrently, as long as the collection is not modified. To guarantee the thread safety of the SortedList, all operations must be done through the wrapper returned by the Synchronized(SortedList) method.

Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread safe procedure. Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

See also