SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping.SourceOrdinal SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping.SourceOrdinal SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping.SourceOrdinal SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping.SourceOrdinal Property

Definition

The ordinal position of the source column within the data source.

public:
 property int SourceOrdinal { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int SourceOrdinal { get; set; }
member this.SourceOrdinal : int with get, set
Public Property SourceOrdinal As Integer

Property Value

The integer value of the SourceOrdinal property.

Examples

The following example bulk copies data from a source table in the AdventureWorks sample database to a destination table in the same database. Although the number of columns in the destination matches the number of columns in the source, the column names and ordinal positions do not match. SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping objects are used to create a column map for the bulk copy.

Important

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Set up the bulk copy object.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy =
                       new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns";

                // Set up the column mappings source and destination.
                SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping mapID = new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping();
                mapID.SourceOrdinal = 0;
                mapID.DestinationOrdinal = 0;
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapID);

                SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping mapName = new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping();
                mapName.SourceOrdinal = 1;
                mapName.DestinationOrdinal = 2;
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapName);

                SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping mapNumber = new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping();
                mapNumber.SourceOrdinal = 2;
                mapNumber.DestinationOrdinal = 1;
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapNumber);

                // Write from the source to the destination.
                try
                {
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    // object is automatically closed at the end
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination 
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using sourceConnection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            sourceConnection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns;", _
                sourceConnection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            Dim commandSourceData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
               "SELECT ProductID, Name, ProductNumber " & _
               "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection)
            Dim reader As SqlDataReader = commandSourceData.ExecuteReader

            ' Set up the bulk copy object.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = New SqlBulkCopy(connectionString)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = _
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns"

                ' Set up the column mappings source and destination.
                Dim mapID As New SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping()
                mapID.SourceOrdinal = 0
                mapID.DestinationOrdinal = 0
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapID)

                Dim mapName As New SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping()
                mapName.SourceOrdinal = 1
                mapName.DestinationOrdinal = 2
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapName)

                Dim mapNumber As New SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping()
                mapNumber.SourceOrdinal = 2
                mapNumber.DestinationOrdinal = 1
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add(mapNumber)

                ' Write from the source to the destination.
                Try
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)

                Finally
                    ' Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    ' object is automatically closed at the end
                    ' of the Using block.
                    reader.Close()
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

The SourceColumn and SourceOrdinal properties are mutually exclusive. The last value set takes precedence.

Applies to

See also