DateTime.ToFileTime Method

Definition

Converts the value of the current DateTime object to a Windows file time.

public:
 long ToFileTime();
public long ToFileTime ();
member this.ToFileTime : unit -> int64
Public Function ToFileTime () As Long

Returns

The value of the current DateTime object expressed as a Windows file time.

Exceptions

The resulting file time would represent a date and time before 12:00 midnight January 1, 1601 C.E. UTC.

Examples

The following example demonstrates the ToFileTime method.

int main()
{
   System::Console::WriteLine( "Enter the file path:" );
   String^ filePath = System::Console::ReadLine();
   if ( System::IO::File::Exists( filePath ) )
   {
      System::DateTime fileCreationDateTime = System::IO::File::GetCreationTime( filePath );
      __int64 fileCreationFileTime = fileCreationDateTime.ToFileTime();
      System::Console::WriteLine( "{0} in file time is {1}.", fileCreationDateTime, fileCreationFileTime );
   }
   else
   {
      System::Console::WriteLine( "{0} is an invalid file", filePath );
   }
}

static void Main(string[] args)
{
    System.Console.WriteLine("Enter the file path:");
    string filePath = System.Console.ReadLine();

    if (System.IO.File.Exists(filePath)) {
        System.DateTime fileCreationDateTime = 
            System.IO.File.GetCreationTime(filePath);

        long fileCreationFileTime = fileCreationDateTime.ToFileTime();

        System.Console.WriteLine("{0} in file time is {1}.",
                                 fileCreationDateTime,
                                 fileCreationFileTime);
    } 
    else {
        System.Console.WriteLine("{0} is an invalid file", filePath);
    }
}
Public Shared Sub Main()

   System.Console.WriteLine("Enter the file path:")
   Dim filePath As String
   filePath = System.Console.ReadLine()

   If System.IO.File.Exists(filePath) Then
      Dim fileCreationDateTime As System.DateTime
      fileCreationDateTime = System.IO.File.GetCreationTime(filePath)

      Dim fileCreationFileTime As Long
      fileCreationFileTime = fileCreationDateTime.ToFileTime()

      System.Console.WriteLine("{0} in file time is {1}.", _
                               fileCreationDateTime, _
                               fileCreationFileTime)
   Else
      System.Console.WriteLine("{0} is an invalid file", filePath)
   End If
End Sub

Remarks

A Windows file time is a 64-bit value that represents the number of 100-nanosecond intervals that have elapsed since 12:00 midnight, January 1, 1601 A.D. (C.E.) Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Windows uses a file time to record when an application creates, accesses, or writes to a file.

The ToFileTime method uses the Kind property to determine whether the current DateTime object is a local time, a UTC time, or an unspecified kind of time which is treated as a local time.

Notes to Callers

Ordinarily, the FromFileTime(Int64) method restores a DateTime value that was saved by the ToFileTime() method. However, the two values may differ under the following conditions:

  • If the serialization and deserialization of the DateTime value occur in different time zones. For example, if a DateTime value with a time of 12:30 P.M. in the U.S. Eastern Time zone is serialized, and then deserialized in the U.S. Pacific Time zone, the original value of 12:30 P.M. is adjusted to 9:30 A.M. to reflect the difference between the two time zones.

  • If the DateTime value that is serialized represents an invalid time in the local time zone. In this case, the ToFileTime() method adjusts the restored DateTime value so that it represents a valid time in the local time zone.

    For example, the transition from standard time to daylight saving time occurs in the U.S. Pacific Time zone on March 14, 2010, at 2:00 A.M., when the time advances by one hour, to 3:00 A.M. This hour interval is an invalid time, that is, a time interval that does not exist in this time zone. The following example shows that when a time that falls within this range is converted to a long integer value by the ToFileTime() method and is then restored by the FromFileTime(Int64) method, the original value is adjusted to become a valid time. You can determine whether a particular date and time value may be subject to modification by passing it to the IsInvalidTime(DateTime) method, as the example illustrates.

    using System;
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
          DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 3, 14, 2, 30, 00);
          Console.WriteLine("Invalid Time: {0}", 
                            TimeZoneInfo.Local.IsInvalidTime(date1));
          long ft = date1.ToFileTime();
          DateTime date2 = DateTime.FromFileTime(ft);
          Console.WriteLine("{0} -> {1}", date1, date2); 
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //       Invalid Time: True
    //       3/14/2010 2:30:00 AM -> 3/14/2010 3:30:00 AM
    
    Module Example
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim date1 As New DateTime(2010, 3, 14, 2, 30, 00)
          Console.WriteLine("Invalid Time: {0}", TimeZoneInfo.Local.IsInvalidTime(date1))
          Dim ft As Long = date1.ToFileTime()
          Dim date2 As DateTime = DateTime.FromFileTime(ft)
          Console.WriteLine("{0} -> {1}", date1, date2) 
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '       Invalid Time: True
    '       3/14/2010 2:30:00 AM -> 3/14/2010 3:30:00 AM
    

Applies to

See also