FileStream.WriteAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32, CancellationToken) FileStream.WriteAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32, CancellationToken) FileStream.WriteAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32, CancellationToken) Method

Definition

Asynchronously writes a sequence of bytes to the current stream, advances the current position within this stream by the number of bytes written, and monitors cancellation requests.

public:
 override System::Threading::Tasks::Task ^ WriteAsync(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ buffer, int offset, int count, System::Threading::CancellationToken cancellationToken);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public override System.Threading.Tasks.Task WriteAsync (byte[] buffer, int offset, int count, System.Threading.CancellationToken cancellationToken);
override this.WriteAsync : byte[] * int * int * System.Threading.CancellationToken -> System.Threading.Tasks.Task
Parameters
buffer
Byte[]

The buffer to write data from.

offset
Int32 Int32 Int32

The zero-based byte offset in buffer from which to begin copying bytes to the stream.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32

The maximum number of bytes to write.

cancellationToken
CancellationToken CancellationToken CancellationToken

The token to monitor for cancellation requests.

Returns

A task that represents the asynchronous write operation.

Exceptions

The sum of offset and count is larger than the buffer length.

The stream is currently in use by a previous write operation.

Examples

The following example shows how to write asynchronously to a file.

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.IO;

namespace WpfApplication1
{
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private async void Button_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            UnicodeEncoding uniencoding = new UnicodeEncoding();
            string filename = @"c:\Users\exampleuser\Documents\userinputlog.txt";
           
            byte[] result = uniencoding.GetBytes(UserInput.Text);
            
            using (FileStream SourceStream = File.Open(filename, FileMode.OpenOrCreate))
            {
                SourceStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End);
                await SourceStream.WriteAsync(result, 0, result.Length);
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Class MainWindow
    Private Async Sub Button_Click(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Dim uniencoding As UnicodeEncoding = New UnicodeEncoding()
        Dim filename As String = "c:\Users\exampleuser\Documents\userinputlog.txt"

        Dim result As Byte() = uniencoding.GetBytes(UserInput.Text)

        Using SourceStream As FileStream = File.Open(filename, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)
            SourceStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End)
            Await SourceStream.WriteAsync(result, 0, result.Length)
        End Using
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

The WriteAsync method enables you to perform resource-intensive file operations without blocking the main thread. This performance consideration is particularly important in a Windows 8.x Store app or desktop app where a time-consuming stream operation can block the UI thread and make your app appear as if it is not working. The async methods are used in conjunction with the async and await keywords in Visual Basic and C#.

Use the CanWrite property to determine whether the current instance supports writing.

If the operation is canceled before it completes, the returned task contains the Canceled value for the Status property. If the handle to the file is disposed, the returned task contains the ObjectDisposedException exception in the Exception property.

Applies to

See Also