EventQuery Constructors

Definition

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class.

Overloads

EventQuery()

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class. This is the parameterless constructor.

EventQuery(String)

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class for the specified query.

EventQuery(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class for the specified language and query.

EventQuery()

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class. This is the parameterless constructor.

public:
 EventQuery();
public EventQuery ();
Public Sub New ()

Examples

The following example shows how the client receives notification when an instance of Win32_Process is created because the event class is __InstanceCreationEvent. For more information, see the Windows Management Instrumentation documentation. The client receives events synchronously by calling the WaitForNextEvent method. This example can be tested by starting a process, such as Notepad, while the example code is running.

using System;
using System.Management;

// This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
// The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

public class EventWatcherPolling 
{
    public static int Main(string[] args) 
    {
        // Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        // a change in a service
        EventQuery query = new EventQuery();
        query.QueryString = "SELECT * FROM" +
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " + 
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa \"Win32_Process\"";

        // Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        // that match this query
        ManagementEventWatcher watcher =
            new ManagementEventWatcher(query);
        // times out watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = new TimeSpan(0,0,5);
      
        // Block until the next event occurs 
        // Note: this can be done in a loop if waiting for 
        //        more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.");
        ManagementBaseObject e = watcher.WaitForNextEvent();

        //Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Process {0} has been created, path is: {1}", 
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["Name"],
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["ExecutablePath"]);

        //Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop();
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.Management

' This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
' The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

Public Class EventWatcherPolling
    Public Overloads Shared Function _
        Main(ByVal args() As String) As Integer

        ' Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        ' a change in a service
        Dim query As New EventQuery
        query.QueryString = "SELECT * FROM" & _
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " & _
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa ""Win32_Process"""

        ' Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        ' that match this query
        Dim watcher As New ManagementEventWatcher(query)
        ' times watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = New TimeSpan(0, 0, 50)

        ' Block until the next event occurs 
        ' Note: this can be done in a loop
        ' if waiting for more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine( _
          "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.")
        Dim e As ManagementBaseObject = _
            watcher.WaitForNextEvent()

        'Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Process {0} has created, path is: {1}", _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("Name"), _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("ExecutablePath"))

        'Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop()
        Return 0

    End Function 'Main
End Class

Remarks

.NET Framework Security

Full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted code. For more information, see Using Libraries from Partially Trusted Code.

EventQuery(String)

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class for the specified query.

public:
 EventQuery(System::String ^ query);
public EventQuery (string query);
new System.Management.EventQuery : string -> System.Management.EventQuery
Public Sub New (query As String)

Parameters

query
String

A textual representation of the event query.

Examples

The following example shows how the client receives notification when an instance of Win32_Process is created because the event class is __InstanceCreationEvent. For more information, see the Windows Management Instrumentation documentation. The client receives events synchronously by calling the WaitForNextEvent method. This example can be tested by starting a process, such as Notepad, while the example code is running.

using System;
using System.Management;

// This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
// The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

public class EventWatcherPolling 
{
    public static int Main(string[] args) 
    {
        // Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        // a change in a service
        EventQuery query = new EventQuery(
            "SELECT * FROM" +
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " + 
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa \"Win32_Process\"");

        // Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        // that match this query
        ManagementEventWatcher watcher =
            new ManagementEventWatcher(query);
        // times out watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = new TimeSpan(0,0,5);
      
        // Block until the next event occurs 
        // Note: this can be done in a loop if waiting for 
        //        more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.");
        ManagementBaseObject e = watcher.WaitForNextEvent();

        //Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Process {0} has been created, path is: {1}", 
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["Name"],
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["ExecutablePath"]);

        //Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop();
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.Management

' This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
' The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

Public Class EventWatcherPolling
    Public Overloads Shared Function _
        Main(ByVal args() As String) As Integer

        ' Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        ' a change in a service
        Dim query As New EventQuery( _
            "SELECT * FROM" & _
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " & _
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa ""Win32_Process""")

        ' Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        ' that match this query
        Dim watcher As New ManagementEventWatcher(query)
        ' times watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = New TimeSpan(0, 0, 50)

        ' Block until the next event occurs 
        ' Note: this can be done in a loop
        ' if waiting for more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine( _
          "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.")
        Dim e As ManagementBaseObject = _
            watcher.WaitForNextEvent()

        'Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Process {0} has created, path is: {1}", _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("Name"), _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("ExecutablePath"))

        'Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop()
        Return 0

    End Function 'Main
End Class

Remarks

.NET Framework Security

Full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted code. For more information, see Using Libraries from Partially Trusted Code.

EventQuery(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the EventQuery class for the specified language and query.

public:
 EventQuery(System::String ^ language, System::String ^ query);
public EventQuery (string language, string query);
new System.Management.EventQuery : string * string -> System.Management.EventQuery
Public Sub New (language As String, query As String)

Parameters

language
String

The language in which the query string is specified.

query
String

The string representation of the query.

Examples

The following example shows how the client receives notification when an instance of Win32_Process is created because the event class is __InstanceCreationEvent. For more information, see the Windows Management Instrumentation documentation. The client receives events synchronously by calling the WaitForNextEvent method. This example can be tested by starting a process, such as Notepad, while the example code is running.

using System;
using System.Management;

// This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
// The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

public class EventWatcherPolling 
{
    public static int Main(string[] args) 
    {
        // Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        // a change in a service
        EventQuery query = new EventQuery("WQL", 
            "SELECT * FROM" +
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " + 
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa \"Win32_Process\"");

        // Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        // that match this query
        ManagementEventWatcher watcher =
            new ManagementEventWatcher(query);
        // times out watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = new TimeSpan(0,0,5);
      
        // Block until the next event occurs 
        // Note: this can be done in a loop if waiting for 
        //        more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.");
        ManagementBaseObject e = watcher.WaitForNextEvent();

        //Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Process {0} has been created, path is: {1}", 
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["Name"],
            ((ManagementBaseObject)e
            ["TargetInstance"])["ExecutablePath"]);

        //Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop();
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.Management

' This example shows synchronous consumption of events. 
' The client is blocked while waiting for events. 

Public Class EventWatcherPolling
    Public Overloads Shared Function _
        Main(ByVal args() As String) As Integer

        ' Create event query to be notified within 1 second of 
        ' a change in a service
        Dim query As New EventQuery("WQL", _
            "SELECT * FROM" & _
            " __InstanceCreationEvent WITHIN 1 " & _
            "WHERE TargetInstance isa ""Win32_Process""")

        ' Initialize an event watcher and subscribe to events 
        ' that match this query
        Dim watcher As New ManagementEventWatcher(query)
        ' times watcher.WaitForNextEvent in 5 seconds
        watcher.Options.Timeout = New TimeSpan(0, 0, 50)

        ' Block until the next event occurs 
        ' Note: this can be done in a loop
        ' if waiting for more than one occurrence
        Console.WriteLine( _
          "Open an application (notepad.exe) to trigger an event.")
        Dim e As ManagementBaseObject = _
            watcher.WaitForNextEvent()

        'Display information from the event
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Process {0} has created, path is: {1}", _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("Name"), _
            CType(e("TargetInstance"), _
                ManagementBaseObject)("ExecutablePath"))

        'Cancel the subscription
        watcher.Stop()
        Return 0

    End Function 'Main
End Class

Remarks

.NET Framework Security

Full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted code. For more information, see Using Libraries from Partially Trusted Code.

Applies to