MessageQueue.Path MessageQueue.Path MessageQueue.Path MessageQueue.Path Property

Definition

Gets or sets the queue's path. Setting the Path causes the MessageQueue to point to a new queue.

public:
 property System::String ^ Path { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Diagnostics.Design.StringValueConverter, System.Design, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.Messaging.MessagingDescription("MQ_Path")]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Diagnostics.Design.StringValueConverter, System.Design, Version=1.0.5000.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.ComponentModel.SettingsBindable(true)]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Diagnostics.Design.StringValueConverter, System.Design, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
public string Path { get; set; }
member this.Path : string with get, set
Public Property Path As String

Property Value

The queue that is referenced by the MessageQueue. The default depends on which MessageQueue() constructor you use; it is either null or is specified by the constructor's path parameter.

Exceptions

The path is not valid, possibly because the syntax is not valid.

Examples

The following code example creates new MessageQueue objects using various path name syntax types. In each case, it sends a message to the queue whose path is defined in the constructor.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:

   // References public queues.
   void SendPublic()
   {
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
      myQueue->Send( "Public queue by path name." );
      return;
   }


   // References private queues.
   void SendPrivate()
   {
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\Private$\\myQueue" );
      myQueue->Send( "Private queue by path name." );
      return;
   }


   // References queues by label.
   void SendByLabel()
   {
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( "Label:TheLabel" );
      myQueue->Send( "Queue by label." );
      return;
   }


   // References queues by format name.
   void SendByFormatName()
   {
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( "FormatName:Public=5A5F7535-AE9A-41d4 -935C-845C2AFF7112" );
      myQueue->Send( "Queue by format name." );
      return;
   }


   // References computer journal queues.
   void MonitorComputerJournal()
   {
      MessageQueue^ computerJournal = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\Journal$" );
      while ( true )
      {
         Message^ journalMessage = computerJournal->Receive();
         
         // Process the journal message.
      }
   }


   // References queue journal queues.
   void MonitorQueueJournal()
   {
      MessageQueue^ queueJournal = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue\\Journal$" );
      while ( true )
      {
         Message^ journalMessage = queueJournal->Receive();
         
         // Process the journal message.
      }
   }


   // References dead-letter queues.
   void MonitorDeadLetter()
   {
      MessageQueue^ deadLetter = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\DeadLetter$" );
      while ( true )
      {
         Message^ deadMessage = deadLetter->Receive();
         
         // Process the dead-letter message.
      }
   }


   // References transactional dead-letter queues.
   void MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter()
   {
      MessageQueue^ TxDeadLetter = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\XactDeadLetter$" );
      while ( true )
      {
         Message^ txDeadLetter = TxDeadLetter->Receive();
         
         // Process the transactional dead-letter message.
      }
   }

};


//*************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//         
// This example demonstrates several ways to set
// a queue's path.
//*************************************************
int main()
{
   
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;
   myNewQueue->SendPublic();
   myNewQueue->SendPrivate();
   myNewQueue->SendByLabel();
   myNewQueue->SendByFormatName();
   myNewQueue->MonitorComputerJournal();
   myNewQueue->MonitorQueueJournal();
   myNewQueue->MonitorDeadLetter();
   myNewQueue->MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter();
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.Messaging;

namespace MyProject
{
	/// <summary>
	/// Provides a container class for the example.
	/// </summary>
	public class MyNewQueue
	{

		//**************************************************
		// Provides an entry point into the application.
		//		 
		// This example demonstrates several ways to set
		// a queue's path.
		//**************************************************

		public static void Main()
		{
			// Create a new instance of the class.
			MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

			myNewQueue.SendPublic();
			myNewQueue.SendPrivate();
			myNewQueue.SendByLabel();
			myNewQueue.SendByFormatName();
			myNewQueue.MonitorComputerJournal();
			myNewQueue.MonitorQueueJournal();
			myNewQueue.MonitorDeadLetter();
			myNewQueue.MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter();

			return;
		}
		
		// References public queues.
		public void SendPublic()
		{
			MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");
			myQueue.Send("Public queue by path name.");

			return;
		}

		// References private queues.
		public void SendPrivate()
		{
			MessageQueue myQueue = new 
				MessageQueue(".\\Private$\\myQueue");
			myQueue.Send("Private queue by path name.");

			return;
		}

		// References queues by label.
		public void SendByLabel()
		{
			MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue("Label:TheLabel");
			myQueue.Send("Queue by label.");

			return;
		}

		// References queues by format name.
		public void SendByFormatName()
		{
			MessageQueue myQueue = new 
				MessageQueue("FormatName:Public=5A5F7535-AE9A-41d4" + 
				"-935C-845C2AFF7112");
			myQueue.Send("Queue by format name.");

			return;
		}

		// References computer journal queues.
		public void MonitorComputerJournal()
		{
			MessageQueue computerJournal = new 
				MessageQueue(".\\Journal$");
			while(true)
			{
				Message journalMessage = computerJournal.Receive();
				// Process the journal message.
			}
		}

		// References queue journal queues.
		public void MonitorQueueJournal()
		{
			MessageQueue queueJournal = new 
				MessageQueue(".\\myQueue\\Journal$");
			while(true)
			{
				Message journalMessage = queueJournal.Receive();
				// Process the journal message.
			}
		}
		
		// References dead-letter queues.
		public void MonitorDeadLetter()
		{
			MessageQueue deadLetter = new 
				MessageQueue(".\\DeadLetter$");
			while(true)
			{
				Message deadMessage = deadLetter.Receive();
				// Process the dead-letter message.
			}
		}

		// References transactional dead-letter queues.
		public void MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter()
		{
			MessageQueue TxDeadLetter = new 
				MessageQueue(".\\XactDeadLetter$");
			while(true)
			{
				Message txDeadLetter = TxDeadLetter.Receive();
				// Process the transactional dead-letter message.
			}
		}

	}
}
Imports System.Messaging

Public Class MyNewQueue


        
        ' Provides an entry point into the application.
        '		 
        ' This example demonstrates several ways to set
        ' a queue's path.
        

        Public Shared Sub Main()

            ' Create a new instance of the class.
            Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()

            myNewQueue.SendPublic()
            myNewQueue.SendPrivate()
            myNewQueue.SendByLabel()
            myNewQueue.SendByFormatName()
            myNewQueue.MonitorComputerJournal()
            myNewQueue.MonitorQueueJournal()
            myNewQueue.MonitorDeadLetter()
            myNewQueue.MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter()

            Return

        End Sub 'Main


        ' References public queues.
        Public Sub SendPublic()

            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            myQueue.Send("Public queue by path name.")

            Return

        End Sub 'SendPublic


        ' References private queues.
        Public Sub SendPrivate()

            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\Private$\myQueue")
            myQueue.Send("Private queue by path name.")

            Return

        End Sub 'SendPrivate


        ' References queues by label.
        Public Sub SendByLabel()

            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue("Label:TheLabel")
            myQueue.Send("Queue by label.")

            Return

        End Sub 'SendByLabel


        ' References queues by format name.
        Public Sub SendByFormatName()

            Dim myQueue As New _
                MessageQueue("FormatName:Public=" + _
                    "5A5F7535-AE9A-41d4-935C-845C2AFF7112")
            myQueue.Send("Queue by format name.")

            Return

        End Sub 'SendByFormatName


        ' References computer journal queues.
        Public Sub MonitorComputerJournal()

            Dim computerJournal As New MessageQueue(".\Journal$")

            While True

                Dim journalMessage As Message = _
                    computerJournal.Receive()

                ' Process the journal message.

            End While

            Return
        End Sub 'MonitorComputerJournal


        ' References queue journal queues.
        Public Sub MonitorQueueJournal()

            Dim queueJournal As New _
                            MessageQueue(".\myQueue\Journal$")

            While True

                Dim journalMessage As Message = _
                    queueJournal.Receive()

                ' Process the journal message.

            End While

            Return
        End Sub 'MonitorQueueJournal


        ' References dead-letter queues.
        Public Sub MonitorDeadLetter()
            Dim deadLetter As New MessageQueue(".\DeadLetter$")

            While True

                Dim deadMessage As Message = deadLetter.Receive()

                ' Process the dead-letter message.

            End While

            Return

        End Sub 'MonitorDeadLetter


        ' References transactional dead-letter queues.
        Public Sub MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter()

            Dim TxDeadLetter As New MessageQueue(".\XactDeadLetter$")

            While True

                Dim txDeadLetterMessage As Message = _
                    TxDeadLetter.Receive()

                ' Process the transactional dead-letter message.

            End While

            Return

        End Sub 'MonitorTransactionalDeadLetter

End Class 'MyNewQueue 

Remarks

The syntax for the Path property depends on the type of queue it points to, as shown in the following table.

Queue type Syntax
Public queue MachineName\QueueName
Private queue MachineName\Private$\QueueName
Journal queue MachineName\QueueName\Journal$
Machine journal queue MachineName\Journal$
Machine dead-letter queue MachineName\Deadletter$
Machine transactional dead-letter queue MachineName\XactDeadletter$

Use "." to represent the local computer.

The MachineName, Path, and QueueName properties are related. Changing the MachineName property causes the Path property to change. It is built from the new MachineName and the QueueName. Changing the Path (for example, to use the format name syntax) resets the MachineName and QueueName properties to refer to the new queue.

Alternatively, you can use the FormatName or Label to describe the queue path, as shown in the following table.

Reference Syntax Example
Format name FormatName: [ format name ] FormatName:Public= 5A5F7535-AE9A-41d4-935C-845C2AFF7112
Label Label: [ label ] Label: TheLabel

If you use the label syntax for the Path property when you send the message, an exception will be thrown if the Label is not unique.

To work offline, you must use the format name syntax, rather than the friendly name syntax in the first table. Otherwise, an exception is thrown because the primary domain controller (on which Active Directory resides) is not available to resolve the path to the format name.

Setting a new path closes the message queue and releases all handles.

The following table shows whether this property is available in various Workgroup modes.

Workgroup mode Available
Local computer Yes
Local computer and direct format name Yes
Remote computer Yes
Remote computer and direct format name Yes

Note

In workgroup mode you can only use private queues. You specify the path using the private queue syntax MachineName\Private$\QueueName.

Applies to

See also