DES.Create Method

Definition

Creates an instance of a cryptographic object to perform the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm.

Overloads

Create()

Creates an instance of a cryptographic object to perform the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm.

Create(String)

Creates an instance of a cryptographic object to perform the specified implementation of the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm.

Create()

Creates an instance of a cryptographic object to perform the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm.

public:
 static System::Security::Cryptography::DES ^ Create();
public static System.Security.Cryptography.DES Create ();
static member Create : unit -> System.Security.Cryptography.DES
Public Shared Function Create () As DES

Returns

DES

A cryptographic object.

Examples

The following code example shows how to create and use a DES object to encrypt and decrypt data in a file.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
void EncryptTextToFile( String^ Data, String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file.
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,DESalg->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
      StreamWriter^ sWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( cStream );
      
      // Write the data to the stream 
      // to encrypt it.
      sWriter->WriteLine( Data );
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sWriter->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromFile( String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file. 
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,DESalg->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
      StreamReader^ sReader = gcnew StreamReader( cStream );
      
      // Read the data from the stream 
      // to decrypt it.
      String^ val = sReader->ReadLine();
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sReader->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
      
      // Return the string. 
      return val;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new DES object to generate a key
      // and initialization vector (IV).
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      String^ FileName = "CText.txt";
      
      // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      EncryptTextToFile( sData, FileName, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromFile( FileName, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class DESSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new DES object to generate a key
            // and initialization vector (IV).
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            string FileName = "CText.txt";

            // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static void EncryptTextToFile(String Data, String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file.
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName,FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write); 

            // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            StreamWriter sWriter = new StreamWriter(cStream);

            // Write the data to the stream 
            // to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data);
  
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sWriter.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromFile(String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file. 
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();
  
            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read); 

            // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            StreamReader sReader = new StreamReader(cStream);

            // Read the data from the stream 
            // to decrypt it.
            string val = sReader.ReadLine();
    
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sReader.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();

            // Return the string. 
            return val;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module DESSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new DES object to generate a key
            ' and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."
            Dim FileName As String = "CText.txt"

            ' Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Sub EncryptTextToFile(ByVal Data As String, ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte)
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file.
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                           DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                           CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sWriter As New StreamWriter(cStream)

            ' Write the data to the stream 
            ' to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data)

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sWriter.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function DecryptTextFromFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file. 
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                            DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sReader As New StreamReader(cStream)

            ' Read the data from the stream 
            ' to decrypt it.
            Dim val As String = sReader.ReadLine()

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sReader.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()

            ' Return the string. 
            Return val
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

The following code example shows how to create and use a DES object to encrypt and decrypt data in memory.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
array<Byte>^ EncryptTextToMemory( String^ Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a MemoryStream.
      MemoryStream^ mStream = gcnew MemoryStream;
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( mStream,DESalg->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
      array<Byte>^toEncrypt = (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetBytes( Data );
      
      // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
      cStream->Write( toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt->Length );
      cStream->FlushFinalBlock();
      
      // Get an array of bytes from the 
      // MemoryStream that holds the 
      // encrypted data.
      array<Byte>^ret = mStream->ToArray();
      
      // Close the streams.
      cStream->Close();
      mStream->Close();
      
      // Return the encrypted buffer.
      return ret;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromMemory( array<Byte>^Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
      // array of encrypted data.
      MemoryStream^ msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream( Data );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream( msDecrypt,DESalg->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
      array<Byte>^fromEncrypt = gcnew array<Byte>(Data->Length);
      
      // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
      // and place it into the temporary buffer.
      csDecrypt->Read( fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt->Length );
      
      //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
      return (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetString( fromEncrypt );
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new DES object to generate a key
      // and initialization vector (IV).
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      
      // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
      array<Byte>^Data = EncryptTextToMemory( sData, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromMemory( Data, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class DESSample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new DES object to generate a key
            // and initialization vector (IV).
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";

            // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            byte[] Data = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static byte[] EncryptTextToMemory(string Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a MemoryStream.
            MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream();

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(mStream, 
                DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            byte[] toEncrypt = new ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data);

            // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length);
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock();
        
            // Get an array of bytes from the 
            // MemoryStream that holds the 
            // encrypted data.
            byte[] ret = mStream.ToArray();

            // Close the streams.
            cStream.Close();
            mStream.Close();

            // Return the encrypted buffer.
            return ret;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromMemory(byte[] Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            // array of encrypted data.
            MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(Data);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, 
                DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            byte[] fromEncrypt = new byte[Data.Length];

            // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            // and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length);

            //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            return new ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt);
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module DESSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new DES object to generate a key
            ' and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."

            ' Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            Dim Data As Byte() = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function EncryptTextToMemory(ByVal Data As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        Try
            ' Create a MemoryStream.
            Dim mStream As New MemoryStream

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(mStream, _
                                            DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            Dim toEncrypt As Byte() = New ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data)

            ' Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length)
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock()

            ' Get an array of bytes from the 
            ' MemoryStream that holds the 
            ' encrypted data.
            Dim ret As Byte() = mStream.ToArray()

            ' Close the streams.
            cStream.Close()
            mStream.Close()

            ' Return the encrypted buffer.
            Return ret
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function


    Function DecryptTextFromMemory(ByVal Data() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            ' array of encrypted data.
            Dim msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(Data)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, _
                                              DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                              CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            Dim fromEncrypt(Data.Length - 1) As Byte

            ' Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            ' and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length)

            'Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            Return New ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt)
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

Creates an instance of the DES object that can be used for encrypting and decrypting data.

See also

Create(String)

Creates an instance of a cryptographic object to perform the specified implementation of the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm.

public:
 static System::Security::Cryptography::DES ^ Create(System::String ^ algName);
public static System.Security.Cryptography.DES Create (string algName);
static member Create : string -> System.Security.Cryptography.DES
Public Shared Function Create (algName As String) As DES

Parameters

algName
String

The name of the specific implementation of DES to use.

Returns

DES

A cryptographic object.

Examples

The following code example shows how to create and use a DES object to encrypt and decrypt data in a file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
void EncryptTextToFile( String^ Data, String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file.
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,DESalg->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
      StreamWriter^ sWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( cStream );
      
      // Write the data to the stream 
      // to encrypt it.
      sWriter->WriteLine( Data );
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sWriter->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromFile( String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file. 
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,DESalg->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
      StreamReader^ sReader = gcnew StreamReader( cStream );
      
      // Read the data from the stream 
      // to decrypt it.
      String^ val = sReader->ReadLine();
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sReader->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
      
      // Return the string. 
      return val;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new DES object to generate a key 
      // and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
      // of the recognized simple names for this 
      // algorithm.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create( "DES" );
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      String^ FileName = "CText.txt";
      
      // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      EncryptTextToFile( sData, FileName, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromFile( FileName, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class DESSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new DES object to generate a key 
            // and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
            // of the recognized simple names for this 
            // algorithm.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create("DES");

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            string FileName = "CText.txt";

            // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static void EncryptTextToFile(String Data, String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file.
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName,FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write); 

            // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            StreamWriter sWriter = new StreamWriter(cStream);

            // Write the data to the stream 
            // to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data);
  
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sWriter.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromFile(String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file. 
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();
  
            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read); 

            // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            StreamReader sReader = new StreamReader(cStream);

            // Read the data from the stream 
            // to decrypt it.
            string val = sReader.ReadLine();
    
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sReader.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();

            // Return the string. 
            return val;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module DESSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new DES object to generate a key 
            ' and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
            ' of the recognized simple names for this 
            ' algorithm.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create("DES")

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."
            Dim FileName As String = "CText.txt"

            ' Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Sub EncryptTextToFile(ByVal Data As String, ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte)
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file.
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                           DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                           CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sWriter As New StreamWriter(cStream)

            ' Write the data to the stream 
            ' to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data)

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sWriter.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function DecryptTextFromFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file. 
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                            DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sReader As New StreamReader(cStream)

            ' Read the data from the stream 
            ' to decrypt it.
            Dim val As String = sReader.ReadLine()

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sReader.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()

            ' Return the string. 
            Return val
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

The following code example shows how to create and use a DES object to encrypt and decrypt data in memory.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
array<Byte>^ EncryptTextToMemory( String^ Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a MemoryStream.
      MemoryStream^ mStream = gcnew MemoryStream;
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( mStream,DESalg->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
      array<Byte>^toEncrypt = (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetBytes( Data );
      
      // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
      cStream->Write( toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt->Length );
      cStream->FlushFinalBlock();
      
      // Get an array of bytes from the 
      // MemoryStream that holds the 
      // encrypted data.
      array<Byte>^ret = mStream->ToArray();
      
      // Close the streams.
      cStream->Close();
      mStream->Close();
      
      // Return the encrypted buffer.
      return ret;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromMemory( array<Byte>^Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
      // array of encrypted data.
      MemoryStream^ msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream( Data );
      
      // Create a new DES object.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create();
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream( msDecrypt,DESalg->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
      array<Byte>^fromEncrypt = gcnew array<Byte>(Data->Length);
      
      // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
      // and place it into the temporary buffer.
      csDecrypt->Read( fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt->Length );
      
      //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
      return (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetString( fromEncrypt );
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new DES object to generate a key 
      // and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
      // of the recognized simple names for this 
      // algorithm.
      DES^ DESalg = DES::Create( "DES" );
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      
      // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
      array<Byte>^Data = EncryptTextToMemory( sData, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromMemory( Data, DESalg->Key, DESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class DESSample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new DES object to generate a key 
            // and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
            // of the recognized simple names for this 
            // algorithm.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create("DES");

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";

            // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            byte[] Data = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static byte[] EncryptTextToMemory(string Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a MemoryStream.
            MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream();

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(mStream, 
                DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            byte[] toEncrypt = new ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data);

            // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length);
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock();
        
            // Get an array of bytes from the 
            // MemoryStream that holds the 
            // encrypted data.
            byte[] ret = mStream.ToArray();

            // Close the streams.
            cStream.Close();
            mStream.Close();

            // Return the encrypted buffer.
            return ret;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromMemory(byte[] Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            // array of encrypted data.
            MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(Data);

            // Create a new DES object.
            DES DESalg = DES.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, 
                DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            byte[] fromEncrypt = new byte[Data.Length];

            // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            // and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length);

            //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            return new ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt);
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module DESPSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new DES object to generate a key 
            ' and initialization vector (IV).  Specify one 
            ' of the recognized simple names for this 
            ' algorithm.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create("DES")

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."

            ' Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            Dim Data As Byte() = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, DESalg.Key, DESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function EncryptTextToMemory(ByVal Data As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        Try
            ' Create a MemoryStream.
            Dim mStream As New MemoryStream

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(mStream, _
                                            DESalg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            Dim toEncrypt As Byte() = New ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data)

            ' Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length)
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock()

            ' Get an array of bytes from the 
            ' MemoryStream that holds the 
            ' encrypted data.
            Dim ret As Byte() = mStream.ToArray()

            ' Close the streams.
            cStream.Close()
            mStream.Close()

            ' Return the encrypted buffer.
            Return ret
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function


    Function DecryptTextFromMemory(ByVal Data() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            ' array of encrypted data.
            Dim msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(Data)

            ' Create a new DES object.
            Dim DESalg As DES = DES.Create

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, _
                                              DESalg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                              CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            Dim fromEncrypt(Data.Length - 1) As Byte

            ' Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            ' and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length)

            'Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            Return New ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt)
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

See also

Applies to