RijndaelManaged.CreateEncryptor RijndaelManaged.CreateEncryptor RijndaelManaged.CreateEncryptor RijndaelManaged.CreateEncryptor Method

Definition

Overloads

CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor()
CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Creates a symmetric Rijndael encryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV).

CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor()

public:
 override System::Security::Cryptography::ICryptoTransform ^ CreateEncryptor();
public override System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform CreateEncryptor ();
override this.CreateEncryptor : unit -> System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform
Public Overrides Function CreateEncryptor () As ICryptoTransform

Returns

CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Creates a symmetric Rijndael encryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV).

public:
 override System::Security::Cryptography::ICryptoTransform ^ CreateEncryptor(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ rgbKey, cli::array <System::Byte> ^ rgbIV);
public override System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform CreateEncryptor (byte[] rgbKey, byte[] rgbIV);
override this.CreateEncryptor : byte[] * byte[] -> System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform
Public Overrides Function CreateEncryptor (rgbKey As Byte(), rgbIV As Byte()) As ICryptoTransform

Parameters

rgbKey
Byte[]

The secret key to be used for the symmetric algorithm. The key size must be 128, 192, or 256 bits.

rgbIV
Byte[]

The IV to be used for the symmetric algorithm.

Returns

Exceptions

The rgbKey parameter is null.

-or-

The rgbIV parameter is null.

Examples

The following code examples demonstrates how to encrypt a message using the CreateEncryptor method.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;


class RijndaelMemoryExample
{
public:
    static array<Byte>^ encryptStringToBytes_AES(String^ plainText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!plainText || plainText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV  || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // Declare the streams used
        // to encrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
		MemoryStream^   msEncrypt;
        CryptoStream^   csEncrypt;
        StreamWriter^   swEncrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to encrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
			aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform^ encryptor = aesAlg->CreateEncryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            msEncrypt = gcnew MemoryStream();
			csEncrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Write);
            swEncrypt = gcnew StreamWriter(csEncrypt);

            //Write all data to the stream.
            swEncrypt->Write(plainText);
			swEncrypt->Flush();
			csEncrypt->FlushFinalBlock();
			msEncrypt->Flush();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if(swEncrypt)
                swEncrypt->Close();
            if (csEncrypt)
                csEncrypt->Close();


            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return msEncrypt->ToArray();
    }

    static String^ decryptStringFromBytes_AES(array<Byte>^ cipherText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!cipherText || cipherText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // TDeclare the streams used
        // to decrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
        MemoryStream^ msDecrypt;
        CryptoStream^ csDecrypt;
        StreamReader^ srDecrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        String^ plaintext;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
			aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
			ICryptoTransform^ decryptor = aesAlg->CreateDecryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.
            msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream(cipherText);
			csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Read);
            srDecrypt = gcnew StreamReader(csDecrypt);

            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
            // and place them in a string.
            plaintext = srDecrypt->ReadToEnd();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if (srDecrypt)
                srDecrypt->Close();
            if (csDecrypt)
                csDecrypt->Close();
            if (msDecrypt)
                msDecrypt->Close();

            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }
};

int main()
{
    try
    {
        String^ original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

        // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
        // class.  This generates a new key and initialization
        // vector (IV).
        RijndaelManaged^ myRijndael = gcnew RijndaelManaged();

        // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
		array<Byte>^ encrypted = RijndaelMemoryExample::encryptStringToBytes_AES(original, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
        String^ roundtrip = RijndaelMemoryExample::decryptStringFromBytes_AES(encrypted, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
		Console::WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
		Console::WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
    }
    catch (Exception^ e)
    {
		Console::WriteLine("Error: {0}", e->Message);
    }

	return 0;
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RijndaelManaged_Example
{
    class RijndaelExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {

                string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

                // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
                // class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
                // vector (IV).
                using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
                {

					myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                	myRijndael.GenerateIV();
                    // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                    byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                    string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                    Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
                    Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
                }

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message);
            }
        }
        static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");
            byte[] encrypted;
            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for encryption.
                using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {

                            //Write all data to the stream.
                            swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }


            // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
            return encrypted;

        }

        static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");

            // Declare the string used to hold
            // the decrypted text.
            string plaintext = null;

            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for decryption.
                using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                        {
                            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                            // and place them in a string.
                            plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }

            }

            return plaintext;

        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Class RijndaelExample

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try

            Dim original As String = "Here is some data to encrypt!"

            ' Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
            ' class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
            ' vector (IV).
            Using myRijndael As New RijndaelManaged()
            
            	myRijndael.GenerateKey()
                myRijndael.GenerateIV()

                ' Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                Dim encrypted As Byte() = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                ' Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                Dim roundtrip As String = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                'Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original)
                Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip)
            End Using
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub 'Main

    Shared Function EncryptStringToBytes(ByVal plainText As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        ' Check arguments.
        If plainText Is Nothing OrElse plainText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("plainText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        Dim encrypted() As Byte
        
        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged()

            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim encryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)
            ' Create the streams used for encryption.
            Using msEncrypt As New MemoryStream()
                Using csEncrypt As New CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
                    Using swEncrypt As New StreamWriter(csEncrypt)
                        'Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText)
                    End Using
                    encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray()
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        ' Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        Return encrypted

    End Function 'EncryptStringToBytes

    Shared Function DecryptStringFromBytes(ByVal cipherText() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        ' Check arguments.
        If cipherText Is Nothing OrElse cipherText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("cipherText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        ' Declare the string used to hold
        ' the decrypted text.
        Dim plaintext As String = Nothing

        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged
            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim decryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)

            ' Create the streams used for decryption.
            Using msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(cipherText)

                Using csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)

                    Using srDecrypt As New StreamReader(csDecrypt)


                        ' Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        ' and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd()
                    End Using
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        Return plaintext

    End Function 'DecryptStringFromBytes 
End Class

Remarks

Use the CreateDecryptor overload with the same signature to decrypt the result of this method.

The rgbkey size must be 128, 192, or 256 bits.

See also

Applies to