TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider Class

Definition

Defines a wrapper object to access the cryptographic service provider (CSP) version of the TripleDES algorithm. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider sealed : System::Security::Cryptography::TripleDES
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider : System.Security.Cryptography.TripleDES
Public NotInheritable Class TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider
Inherits TripleDES
Inheritance
TripleDESCryptoServiceProviderTripleDESCryptoServiceProviderTripleDESCryptoServiceProvider
Attributes

Examples

The following code example creates a TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object and uses it to encrypt and decrypt data in a file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
void EncryptTextToFile( String^ Data, String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file.
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,(gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider)->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
      StreamWriter^ sWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( cStream );
      
      // Write the data to the stream 
      // to encrypt it.
      sWriter->WriteLine( Data );
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sWriter->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file access error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromFile( String^ FileName, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create or open the specified file. 
      FileStream^ fStream = File::Open( FileName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( fStream,(gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider)->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
      StreamReader^ sReader = gcnew StreamReader( cStream );
      
      // Read the data from the stream 
      // to decrypt it.
      String^ val = sReader->ReadLine();
      
      // Close the streams and
      // close the file.
      sReader->Close();
      cStream->Close();
      fStream->Close();
      
      // Return the string. 
      return val;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }
   catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A file access error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
      // to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
      TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESalg = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      String^ FileName = "CText.txt";
      
      // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      EncryptTextToFile( sData, FileName, tDESalg->Key, tDESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromFile( FileName, tDESalg->Key, tDESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class TrippleDESCSPSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
            // to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESalg = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            string FileName = "CText.txt";

            // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
       
    }

    public static void EncryptTextToFile(String Data, String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file.
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName,FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateEncryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write); 

            // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            StreamWriter sWriter = new StreamWriter(cStream);

            // Write the data to the stream 
            // to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data);
  
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sWriter.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file access error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }

    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromFile(String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file. 
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);
  
            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream, 
                new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateDecryptor(Key,IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read); 

            // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            StreamReader sReader = new StreamReader(cStream);

            // Read the data from the stream 
            // to decrypt it.
            string val = sReader.ReadLine();
    
            // Close the streams and
            // close the file.
            sReader.Close();
            cStream.Close();
            fStream.Close();

            // Return the string. 
            return val;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException  e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file access error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module TrippleDESCSPSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
            ' to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim tDESalg As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."
            Dim FileName As String = "CText.txt"

            ' Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Sub EncryptTextToFile(ByVal Data As String, ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte)
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file.
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                            New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sWriter As New StreamWriter(cStream)

            ' Write the data to the stream 
            ' to encrypt it.
            sWriter.WriteLine(Data)

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sWriter.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function DecryptTextFromFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create or open the specified file. 
            Dim fStream As FileStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(fStream, _
                                            New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            Dim sReader As New StreamReader(cStream)

            ' Read the data from the stream 
            ' to decrypt it.
            Dim val As String = sReader.ReadLine()

            ' Close the streams and
            ' close the file.
            sReader.Close()
            cStream.Close()
            fStream.Close()

            ' Return the string. 
            Return val
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        Catch e As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

The following code example creates a TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object and uses it to encrypt and decrypt data in memory.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
array<Byte>^ EncryptTextToMemory( String^ Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a MemoryStream.
      MemoryStream^ mStream = gcnew MemoryStream;
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ cStream = gcnew CryptoStream( mStream,(gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider)->CreateEncryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Write );
      
      // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
      array<Byte>^toEncrypt = (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetBytes( Data );
      
      // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
      cStream->Write( toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt->Length );
      cStream->FlushFinalBlock();
      
      // Get an array of bytes from the 
      // MemoryStream that holds the 
      // encrypted data.
      array<Byte>^ret = mStream->ToArray();
      
      // Close the streams.
      cStream->Close();
      mStream->Close();
      
      // Return the encrypted buffer.
      return ret;
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

String^ DecryptTextFromMemory( array<Byte>^Data, array<Byte>^Key, array<Byte>^IV )
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
      // array of encrypted data.
      MemoryStream^ msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream( Data );
      
      // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
      // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
      CryptoStream^ csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream( msDecrypt,(gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider)->CreateDecryptor( Key, IV ),CryptoStreamMode::Read );
      
      // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
      array<Byte>^fromEncrypt = gcnew array<Byte>(Data->Length);
      
      // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
      // and place it into the temporary buffer.
      csDecrypt->Read( fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt->Length );
      
      //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
      return (gcnew ASCIIEncoding)->GetString( fromEncrypt );
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e->Message );
      return nullptr;
   }

}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
      // to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
      TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESalg = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
      
      // Create a string to encrypt.
      String^ sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
      
      // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
      array<Byte>^Data = EncryptTextToMemory( sData, tDESalg->Key, tDESalg->IV );
      
      // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
      String^ Final = DecryptTextFromMemory( Data, tDESalg->Key, tDESalg->IV );
      
      // Display the decrypted string to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( Final );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class TrippleDESCSPSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
            // to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESalg = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";

            // Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            byte[] Data = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV);

            // Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV);
            
            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
       
    }

    public static byte[] EncryptTextToMemory(string Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a MemoryStream.
            MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(mStream, 
                new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            byte[] toEncrypt = new ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data);

            // Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length);
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock();
        
            // Get an array of bytes from the 
            // MemoryStream that holds the 
            // encrypted data.
            byte[] ret = mStream.ToArray();

            // Close the streams.
            cStream.Close();
            mStream.Close();

            // Return the encrypted buffer.
            return ret;
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }

    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromMemory(byte[] Data,  byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            // array of encrypted data.
            MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(Data);

            // Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, 
                new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), 
                CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            byte[] fromEncrypt = new byte[Data.Length];

            // Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            // and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length);

            //Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            return new ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt);
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

Module TrippleDESCSPSample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            ' Create a new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider object
            ' to generate a key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim tDESalg As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider

            ' Create a string to encrypt.
            Dim sData As String = "Here is some data to encrypt."

            ' Encrypt the string to an in-memory buffer.
            Dim Data As Byte() = EncryptTextToMemory(sData, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV)

            ' Decrypt the buffer back to a string.
            Dim Final As String = DecryptTextFromMemory(Data, tDESalg.Key, tDESalg.IV)

            ' Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


    Function EncryptTextToMemory(ByVal Data As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        Try
            ' Create a MemoryStream.
            Dim mStream As New MemoryStream

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim cStream As New CryptoStream(mStream, _
                                            New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateEncryptor(Key, IV), _
                                            CryptoStreamMode.Write)

            ' Convert the passed string to a byte array.
            Dim toEncrypt As Byte() = New ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(Data)

            ' Write the byte array to the crypto stream and flush it.
            cStream.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length)
            cStream.FlushFinalBlock()

            ' Get an array of bytes from the 
            ' MemoryStream that holds the 
            ' encrypted data.
            Dim ret As Byte() = mStream.ToArray()

            ' Close the streams.
            cStream.Close()
            mStream.Close()

            ' Return the encrypted buffer.
            Return ret
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function


    Function DecryptTextFromMemory(ByVal Data() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        Try
            ' Create a new MemoryStream using the passed 
            ' array of encrypted data.
            Dim msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(Data)

            ' Create a CryptoStream using the MemoryStream 
            ' and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            Dim csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, _
                                              New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider().CreateDecryptor(Key, IV), _
                                              CryptoStreamMode.Read)

            ' Create buffer to hold the decrypted data.
            Dim fromEncrypt(Data.Length - 1) As Byte

            ' Read the decrypted data out of the crypto stream
            ' and place it into the temporary buffer.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, fromEncrypt.Length)

            'Convert the buffer into a string and return it.
            Return New ASCIIEncoding().GetString(fromEncrypt)
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message)
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

This algorithm supports key lengths from 128 bits to 192 bits in increments of 64 bits.

Note

A newer symmetric encryption algorithm, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), is available. Consider using the AesCryptoServiceProvider class instead of the TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider class. Use TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider only for compatibility with legacy applications and data.

Constructors

TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider() TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider() TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()

Initializes a new instance of the TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider class.

Properties

BlockSize BlockSize BlockSize
FeedbackSize FeedbackSize FeedbackSize
IV IV IV
Key Key Key
KeySize KeySize KeySize
LegalBlockSizes LegalBlockSizes LegalBlockSizes
LegalKeySizes LegalKeySizes LegalKeySizes
Mode Mode Mode
Padding Padding Padding

Methods

Clear() Clear() Clear()

Releases all resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm class.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
CreateDecryptor() CreateDecryptor() CreateDecryptor()
CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Creates a symmetric TripleDES decryptor object with the specified key (Key) and initialization vector (IV).

CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor()
CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Creates a symmetric TripleDES encryptor object with the specified key (Key) and initialization vector (IV).

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the current instance of the SymmetricAlgorithm class.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GenerateIV() GenerateIV() GenerateIV()

Generates a random initialization vector (IV) to use for the algorithm.

GenerateKey() GenerateKey() GenerateKey()

Generates a random Key to be used for the algorithm.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
ValidKeySize(Int32) ValidKeySize(Int32) ValidKeySize(Int32)

Determines whether the specified key size is valid for the current algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)

Fields

BlockSizeValue BlockSizeValue BlockSizeValue

Represents the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
FeedbackSizeValue FeedbackSizeValue FeedbackSizeValue

Represents the feedback size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
IVValue IVValue IVValue

Represents the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
KeySizeValue KeySizeValue KeySizeValue

Represents the size, in bits, of the secret key used by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
KeyValue KeyValue KeyValue

Represents the secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
LegalBlockSizesValue LegalBlockSizesValue LegalBlockSizesValue

Specifies the block sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
LegalKeySizesValue LegalKeySizesValue LegalKeySizesValue

Specifies the key sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
ModeValue ModeValue ModeValue

Represents the cipher mode used in the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
PaddingValue PaddingValue PaddingValue

Represents the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)

Applies to