X509Certificate2.PublicKey X509Certificate2.PublicKey X509Certificate2.PublicKey X509Certificate2.PublicKey Property

Definition

Gets a PublicKey object associated with a certificate.

public:
 property System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::PublicKey ^ PublicKey { System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::PublicKey ^ get(); };
public System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey PublicKey { get; }
member this.PublicKey : System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey
Public ReadOnly Property PublicKey As PublicKey

Property Value

Exceptions

The key value is not an RSA or DSA key, or the key is unreadable.

Examples

The following code example creates a command-line executable that takes a certificate file as an argument and prints various certificate properties to the console.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
int main()
{
   try
   {
      X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "MY",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
      store->Open( static_cast<OpenFlags>(OpenFlags::ReadOnly | OpenFlags::OpenExistingOnly) );
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ fcollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(collection->Find( X509FindType::FindByTimeValid, DateTime::Now, false ));
      X509Certificate2Collection ^ scollection = X509Certificate2UI::SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag::MultiSelection);
      Console::WriteLine( "Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection->Count, Environment::NewLine );
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = scollection->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
         array<Byte>^rawdata = x509->RawData;
         Console::WriteLine( "Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2::GetCertContentType( rawdata ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509->Verify(), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509->GetNameInfo( X509NameType::SimpleName, true ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509->SignatureAlgorithm->FriendlyName, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Private Key: {0}{1}", x509->PrivateKey->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Public Key: {0}{1}", x509->PublicKey->Key->ToXmlString( false ), Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509->Archived, Environment::NewLine );
         Console::WriteLine( "Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509->RawData->Length, Environment::NewLine );
         x509->Reset();
      }
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Information could not be written out for this certificate." );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class CertSelect
{
    static void Main()
    {
        X509Store store = new X509Store("MY",StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

        X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
        X509Certificate2Collection fcollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid,DateTime.Now,false);
        X509Certificate2Collection scollection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection);
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}",scollection.Count,Environment.NewLine);

        foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in scollection)
        {
            try
            {
                byte[] rawdata = x509.RawData;
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}",X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}",x509.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}",x509.Verify(),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}",x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName,true),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}",x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Private Key: {0}{1}",x509.PrivateKey.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}",x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}",x509.Archived,Environment.NewLine);
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}",x509.RawData.Length,Environment.NewLine);
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509);
                x509.Reset();
            }
            catch (CryptographicException)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
            }
        }
        store.Close();
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Class CertSelect

    Shared Sub Main()

        Dim store As New X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly Or OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)

        Dim collection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim fcollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid, DateTime.Now, False), X509Certificate2Collection)
        Dim scollection As X509Certificate2Collection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select", "Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate", X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection)
        Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}", scollection.Count, Environment.NewLine)
         
        For Each x509 As X509Certificate2 In scollection
            Try
                Dim rawdata As Byte() = x509.RawData
                Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}", X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}", x509.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}", x509.Verify(), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}", x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName, True), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}", x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Private Key: {0}{1}", x509.PrivateKey.ToXmlString(False), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}", x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(False), Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}", x509.Archived, Environment.NewLine)
                Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}", x509.RawData.Length, Environment.NewLine)
                X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509)
                x509.Reset()         
             Catch cExcept As CryptographicException
                 Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.")
             End Try
        Next x509

        store.Close()
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

This property returns a PublicKey object, which contains the object identifier (Oid) representing the public key algorithm, the ASN.1-encoded parameters, and the ASN.1-encoded key value.

You can also obtain the key as an AsymmetricAlgorithm object by referencing the PublicKey property. This property supports only RSA or DSA keys, so it returns either an RSACryptoServiceProvider or a DSACryptoServiceProvider object that represents the public key.

Applies to